police and profiling in the united states applying theory to criminal investigations

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Police And Profiling In The United States

Author : Lauren M. Barrow
ISBN : 9781466504356
Genre : Law
File Size : 33. 98 MB
Format : PDF
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Traditionally, criminal profiling texts have focused exclusively on the technicalities of conducting an investigation, but recent developments in criminal justice have encouraged greater consideration of the related fields of psychiatry, forensics, and sociology. Highlighting the current paradigm shift in criminology towards a cross-disciplinary understanding of behavior, Police and Profiling in the United States: Applying Theory to Criminal Investigations provides investigators with the insight necessary to view events, data, and evidence in the context of contemporary theory. Topics include: Classical and determinist views on criminal behavior and social theories on crime Inductive and deductive logic and the dangers of fallacies in logical reasoning Childhood deviant behaviors and research on the historical search for an explanation of criminal behavior Developing typologies based on different criminal characteristics Sexually based offenses, serial and rage killings, and hero complex killers The critical role of crime scenes in investigations and the Locard exchange principle The value of geographic profiling in solving crimes and modern approaches such as COMPSTAT Balancing the role of victims in crime solving with concern for their well-being The book concludes with scintillating profiles of 13 of the most notorious serial killers. Written in a practical and approachable manner, this book enables investigators to combine theory, instinct, and hunches with contemporary technology to construct a solid criminal profile.

The Psychology Of Criminal Investigation

Author : Andy Griffiths
ISBN : 9781317267355
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 55. 18 MB
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The contribution of psychological research to the prevention of miscarriages of justice and the development of effective investigative techniques is now established to a point where law enforcement agencies in numerous countries either employ psychologists as part of their staff, or work in cooperation with academic institutions. The application of psychology to investigation is particularly effective when academics and practitioners work together. This book brings together leading experts to discuss the application of psychology to criminal investigation. This book offers an overview of models of investigation from a psychological and practical view point, covering topics such as investigative decision making, the presentation of evidence, witness testimony, the detection of deception, interviewing suspects and evidence-based police training. It is essential reading for students, researchers and practitioners engaged with police practice, investigation and forensic psychology.

Sexually Motivated Crimes

Author : Janet R. Oliva
ISBN : 9781466588776
Genre : Law
File Size : 48. 72 MB
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In cases where minimal or no physical evidence exists, behavioral evidence may be all that investigators have available to help them focus the investigation. It may be the only aspect of the case that can link one unsolved case to another, or to numerous other unsolved cases. Sexually Motivated Crimes: Understanding the Profile of the Sex Offender and Applying Theory to Practice discusses the dynamics and behaviors associated with sex offenders and explains their direct application to both the criminal investigation and to society. Content chapters include an introduction to the subject matter, a discussion of the existing research and literature regarding the issue, and an explanation of the topic’s importance and application through practical illustrations. These chapters are followed by actual case studies that illustrate practical application of the content. The book presents the foundational concepts of the nature of criminal sexuality and then explores: The importance of recognizing nuisance offenses—commonly dismissed by police officers—as a precursor to more serious crimes of violence Essential literature pertaining to rapists, including basic motivations, typologies, methods of approach, and levels of force, as well as the importance of a proper victim interview The definition of sexual homicide and the dynamics between victims and offenders Reasons why child sex offenders choose to offend children, and reasons children fail to disclose or delay in disclosing their abuse The three components of child sexual exploitation: molestation, pornography, and prostitution Written in an accessible style geared to police officers and practitioners, this volume builds and expands upon the existing literature, uses unique theories and perspectives derived from the author’s years of training and investigative experience, and provides clear and precise information that law enforcement officers can apply to their daily work.

Profiling And Serial Crime

Author : Wayne Petherick
ISBN : 9780124059016
Genre : Law
File Size : 58. 73 MB
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Profiling and Serial Crime examines the principles of behavioral profiling and then applies them to serial crime. This book is a completely revised and updated edition of an excellent text on behavioral profiling and serial crime. It provides a theoretical and practical foundation for understanding the motivation and dynamics in a range of serial offenses. Part I of the book deals with the history, crucial issues, methods, theory, and treatment in the mainstream media. Part II discusses serial crime in detail, including bullying, stalking, rape, murder, and arson. The title of this edition reflects the focus on profiling as well as serial crime and has been updated throughout with the latest research. New to this edition are five all-new chapters, including serial harassment and cyber-bullying and the motivations of victim and offender; two replacement chapters on serial rape and serial arson; enhanced pedagogy to keep students focused on what’s important; and new ancillary materials for both instructor and student. The book consists of ancillary online materials for instructors and students, including lecture slides, test bank and case studies. Numerous case examples are included to show the real world uses of behavioral profiling in investigations. This book will appeal to professionals and students in criminal justice and forensic psychology programs, as well as those taking courses in criminal profiling, especially courses on serial crime. Provides a theoretical and practical foundation for understanding the motivation and dynamics in a range of serial offenses Ancillary online materials for instructors and students, including lecture slides, test bank and case studies Numerous case examples show the real world uses of behavioral profiling in investigations

Transnational Crime And Policing

Author : James Sheptycki
ISBN : 9781351538572
Genre : Law
File Size : 81. 18 MB
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This collection of essays on transnational crime and policing covers a broad range of themes: the relationship between global policing and the transnational-state-system; the impact of advanced technologies on policing practice; the changing morphology of occupational policing subculture; and the transnational practices of police agencies. The essays include case studies and are based on empirical fieldwork that began in the early 1990s and continued for over a decade well into the post 9-11 period. This collection also provides valuable accounts of the 'secret social world' of transnational police, demonstrates that the developmental trajectory of transnational practices was already established prior to the 'age of Homeland Security' and addresses the controversial issue of how transnational policing in all of its complex manifestations might be made politically accountable in the interests of the general global commonwealth.

Fixing Broken Windows

Author : George L. Kelling
ISBN : 9780684837383
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 46. 82 MB
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Cites successful examples of community-based policing

Investigative Psychology

Author : David Canter
ISBN : 9780470023976
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 57. 26 MB
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This ground-breaking text is the first to provide a detailed overview of Investigative Psychology, from the earliest work through to recent studies, including descriptions of previously unpublished internal reports. Crucially it provides a framework for students to explore this exciting terrain, combining Narrative Theory and an Action Systems framework. It includes empirically tested models for Offender Profiling and guidance for investigations, as well as an agenda for research in Investigative Psychology. Investigative Psychology features: The full range of crimes from fraud to terrorism, including burglary, serial killing, arson, rape, and organised crime Important methodologies including multi-dimensional scaling and the Radex approach as well as Social Network Analysis Geographical Offender Profiling, supported by detailed analysis of the underlying psychological processes that make this such a valuable investigative decision support tool The full range of investigative activities, including effective information collection, detecting deception and the development of decision support systems. In effect, this text introduces an exciting new paradigm for a wide range of psychological contributions to all forms of investigation within and outside of law enforcement. Each chapter has actual cases and quotations from offenders and ends with questions for discussion and research, making this a valuable text for undergraduate and postgraduate courses in Applied and Forensic Psychology, Criminology, Socio-Legal Studies and related disciplines.

Criminal Profiling

Author : Richard N. Kocsis
ISBN : 9781603271462
Genre : Medical
File Size : 53. 11 MB
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In this book, renowned profiler Dr. Richard Kocsis presents a distinct approach to profiling called Crime Action Profiling or CAP. The volume explains the scope and methodology employed in the studies that the author has undertaken over the past decade and a half. CAP adopts the view that profiling essentially represents a psychological technique that has its foundations in the disciplinary knowledge of forensic psychology.

Criminal Profiling

Author : Richard N. Kocsis
ISBN : 9781597451093
Genre : Medical
File Size : 20. 9 MB
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Criminal Profiling: Principles and Practice provides a compendium of original scientific research on constructing a criminal profile for crimes that are not readily resolvable by conventional police investigative methods. Leading profiling expert Richard N. Kocsis, PhD, utilizes a distinct approach referred to as Crime Action Profiling (CAP), a technique that has its foundations in the disciplinary knowledge of forensic psychology. The initial four chapters examine the skills, accuracy, components, and processes surrounding the construction of a criminal profile. The next two chapters focus on CAP research, the methods developed for the profiling of violent crimes and describing a systematic method for the interpretation and use of the CAP models. The subsequent three chapters canvass the respective CAP studies undertaken for crimes of serial rape, serial/sexual murder, and serial arson. An explanation for how each of the models is developed is also given. The final chapters of the book are devoted to the geographical analysis of crime patterns and to a discussion of the format conventions and procedural guidelines for developing a criminal profile. Offering a scientifically grounded method for the construction of a criminal profile, Criminal Profiling: Principles and Practice provides law enforcement personnel, forensic psychologists and psychiatrists, criminologists, and forensic investigators with a step-by-step, practical guide for understanding and applying CAP techniques for the construction of a criminal profile in a systematic and replicable manner.

Forensic Criminology

Author : Wayne Petherick
ISBN : 0123785731
Genre : Law
File Size : 72. 82 MB
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Forensic Criminology gives students of criminology and criminal justice an introduction to the forensic realm and the applied forensic issues they will face when working cases within the justice system. It effectively bridges the theoretical world of social criminology with the applied world of the criminal justice system. While most of the competing textbooks on criminology adequately address the application and the social theory to the criminal justice system, the vast majority do not include casework or real-world issues that criminologists face. This book focuses on navigating casework in forensic contexts by case-working criminologists, rather than broad social theory. It also allows criminology/criminal justice instructors outside of the forensic sciences the ability to develop and instruct a core course that might otherwise be considered beyond their expertise, or in conflict with forensic courses taught in chemistry, biology, or medical programs at their institutions because of its focus on criminology and criminal justice careers. With its practical approach, this textbook is well-suited for forensic criminology subjects being taught and developed in law, criminology, and criminal justice programs around the world. Approaches the study of criminology from an applied standpoint, moving away from the purely theoretical Contains relevant and contemporary case examples to demonstrate the application of forensic criminology Provides an integrated philosophy with respect to criminology, forensic casework, criminal investigations, and the law Useful for students and professionals in the area of criminology, criminal justice, criminal investigation, forensic science, and the law

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