police innovation contrasting perspectives cambridge studies in criminology

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Police Innovation

Author : David Weisburd
ISBN : 9781139454339
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 72. 66 MB
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Over the last three decades American policing has gone through a period of significant change and innovation. In what is a relatively short historical time frame the police began to reconsider their fundamental mission, the nature of the core strategies of policing, and the character of their relationships with the communities that they serve. This volume brings together leading police scholars to examine eight major innovations which emerged during this period: community policing, broken windows policing, problem oriented policing, pulling levers policing, third party policing, hot spots policing, Compstat and evidence-based policing. Including advocates and critics of each of the eight police innovations, this comprehensive book assesses the evidence on impacts of police innovation on crime and public safety, the extent of the implementation of these new approaches in police departments, and the dilemmas these approaches have created for police management. This book will appeal to students, scholars and researchers.

Police Innovation

Author : David Weisburd
ISBN : 052183628X
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 79. 31 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
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Over the last three decades American policing has gone through a period of significant change and innovation. In what is a relatively short historical time frame the police began to reconsider their fundamental mission, the nature of the core strategies of policing, and the character of their relationships with the communities that they serve. This volume brings together leading police scholars to examine eight major innovations which emerged during this period. Including advocates and critics of the innovations, this comprehensive book assesses the impacts of police innovation on crime and public safety.

Police Innovation

Author : David Weisburd
ISBN : 1108405916
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 27. 97 MB
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Policing Problem Places

Author : Anthony Allan Braga
ISBN : 9780195341966
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 89. 2 MB
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In recent years, crime scholars and practitioners have pointed to the potential benefits of focusing crime prevention efforts on crime places. A number of studies suggest that crime is not spread evenly across city landscapes. Rather, there is significant clustering of crime in small places, or "hot spots," that generate a vastly disproportionate number of criminal events. Even within the most crime-ridden neighborhoods, crime clusters at a few discrete locations and other areas are relatively crime free. A number of researchers have argued that many crime problems can be addressed more efficiently if police officers focus their attention on these deviant places. The appeal of focusing limited resources on a small number of high-activity crime places is straightforward. If crime can be prevented at these problem places, then police will be well positioned to lower citywide crime rates. In Policing Problem Places, Anthony A. Braga and David L. Weisburd make the case that hotspots policing is an effective approach to crime prevention that should be engaged by police departments in the United States and other countries. There is a strong and growing body of rigorous scientific evidence that the police can control crime hot spots without simply displacing crime problems to other places. Indeed, putting police officers in high crime locations is an old and well-established idea. However, the age and popularity of this idea does not necessarily mean that it is being done properly. Police officers should strive to use problem-oriented policing and situational crime prevention techniques to address the place dynamics, situations, and characteristics that cause a "spot" to be "hot." Braga and Weisburd further suggest that the strategies used to police problem places can have more or less desirable effects on police-community relations. Particularly in minority neighborhoods where residents have long suffered from elevated crime problems and historically poorpolice service, police officers should make an effort to develop positive and collaborative relationships with residents and not engage strategies that will undermine the legitimacy of police agencies, such as indiscriminant enforcement tactics. This book argues that it is time for police departments to shift away from a focus on catching criminal offenders and move towards dealing with crime at problem places as a central crime prevention strategy.

Beyond 911 Nine Hundred And Eleven

Author : Malcolm K. Sparrow
ISBN : STANFORD:36105002530660
Genre : History
File Size : 72. 15 MB
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Case studies highlight new approaches to urban police work that can offer hope for better crime control and an improved quality of life

Plea Bargaining

Author : Milton Heumann
ISBN : 0226331881
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 64. 40 MB
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"That relatively few criminal cases in this country are resolved by full Perry Mason-style strials is fairly common knowledge. Most cases are settled by a guilty plea after some form of negotiation over the charge or sentence. But why? The standard explanation is case pressure: the enormous volume of criminal cases, to be processed with limited staff, time and resources. . . . But a large body of new empirical research now demands that we re-examine plea negotiation. Milton Heumann's book, Plea Bargaining, strongly and explicitly attacks the case-pressure argument and suggests an alternative explanation for plea bargaining based on the adaptation of attorneys and judges to the local criminal court. The book is a significant and welcome addition to the literature. Heumann's investigation of case pressure and plea negotiation demonstrates solid research and careful analysis."—Michigan Law Review

Policing Space

Author : Steven Kelly Herbert
ISBN : 0816628653
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 26. 48 MB
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Policing Space is a fascinating firsthand account of how the Los Angeles Police Department attempts to control its vast, heterogeneous territory. As such, the book offers a rare, ground-level look at the relationship between the control of space and the exercise of power. Author Steve Herbert spent eight months observing one patrol division of the LAPD on the job. A compelling story in itself, his fieldwork with the officers in the Wilshire Division affords readers a close view of the complex factors at play in how the police define and control territory, how they make and mark space. A remarkable ethnography of a powerful police department, underscored throughout with telling on-the-scene vignettes, this book is also an unusually intensive analysis of the exercise of territorial power-and of territoriality as a key component of police power. Unique in its application of fieldwork and theory to this complex subject, it should prove valuable to readers in urban and political geography, urban and political sociology, and criminology, as well as those who wonder about the workings of the LAPD.

Danger Duty And Disillusion

Author : Joan C. Barker
ISBN : STANFORD:36105028590649
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 31. 45 MB
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This book provides a new perspective on police literature, examining how police officers feel about their profession and how they form community. Barker's (anthropology, Santa Monica College) analysis of in-depth interviews revealed that there are five phases of occupational socialization which she labels as: hitting the streets, hitting their stride, hitting the wall, regrouping, and deciding to retire. B&w pictures and the personal narrative of "Fred" enhance the insider perspective Barker tries to relate. A study guide following the text supplies thoughtful questions with the page number where the answers can be found. No index. Annotation c. Book News, Inc., Portland, OR (booknews.com)

Changing Police Culture

Author : Janet B. L. Chan
ISBN : 0521564557
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 79. 93 MB
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In this case study of police racism and police reform in Australia, the author provides a critical assessment of police initiative in response to the problem of police/minorities relations.

Problem Oriented Policing And Crime Prevention

Author : Anthony Allan Braga
ISBN : 9781881798781
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 62 MB
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According to Dr Braga's comprehensive overview of worldwide research, problem-oriented policing (POP) has been proven effective in a wide range of programs to prevent crime. The author also explains why POP programs have obtained such positive results.This is the only book recommended by the Center for Problem-Oriented Policing for all modules of its Model POP Curriculum, including courses for undergraduates and graduate students, and training programs for pre-service and in-service police personnel. The second edition has been greatly expanded to include many more analyses of key concepts, results from real-world applications, and recommendations for improved POP programming.

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