post holocaust politics britain the united states and jewish refugees 1945 1948

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Post Holocaust Politics

Author : Arieh J. Kochavi
ISBN : 9780807875094
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 62. 81 MB
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Between 1945 and 1948, more than a quarter of a million Jews fled countries in Eastern Europe and the Balkans and began filling hastily erected displaced persons camps in Germany and Austria. As one of the victorious Allies, Britain had to help find a solution for the vast majority of these refugees who refused repatriation. Drawing on extensive research in British, American, and Israeli archives, Arieh Kochavi presents a comprehensive analysis of British policy toward Jewish displaced persons and reveals the crucial role the United States played in undermining that policy. Kochavi argues that political concerns--not human considerations--determined British policy regarding the refugees. Anxious to secure its interests in the Middle East, Britain feared its relations with Arab nations would suffer if it appeared to be too lax in thwarting Zionist efforts to bring Jewish Holocaust survivors to Palestine. In the United States, however, the American Jewish community was able to influence presidential policy by making its vote hinge on a solution to the displaced persons problem. Setting his analysis against the backdrop of the escalating Cold War, Kochavi reveals how, ironically, the Kremlin as well as the White House came to support the Zionists' goals, albeit for entirely different reasons.

Jahrbuch Des Simon Dubnow Instituts Simon Dubnow Institute Yearbook Xv 2016

Author : Raphael Gross
ISBN : 9783647369457
Genre : History
File Size : 35. 92 MB
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Das Jahrbuch 2016 des Simon-Dubnow-Instituts widmet sich in zwei Schwerpunkten aus unterschiedlichen Blickwinkeln Stationen jüdischer beziehungsweise israelischer Diplomatiegeschichte. Der erste Schwerpunkt befasst sich mit Problemfeldern bei der Ausgestaltung des modernen Staatensystems seit dem 19. Jahrhundert, die für die europäischen Judenheiten von zentraler Bedeutung waren. Gezeigt wird, wie und in welcher Form Fragen von Staatsbürgerschaft, Emanzipation, Minderheitenschutz und humanitärer Intervention in den modernen Debatten zur internationalen Politik hervortraten und welche Lösungsansätze jüdische Protagonisten entwickelten. Der zweite Schwerpunkt untersucht mit dem deutsch-israelischen Wissenschaftsaustausch seit 1959 einen besonders belasteten Fall internationaler Beziehungen. Anlässlich des fünfzigsten Jahrestages der diplomatischen Kontaktaufnahme zwischen beiden Ländern werden vor allem die Widersprüche und Ungleichzeitigkeiten der wissenschaftlichen Zusammenarbeit in den Blick genommen. Inwiefern wurde an Traditionen deutsch-jüdischen Geisteslebens angeknüpft und wie bildete sich der Zivilisationsbruch des Holocaust in ihnen nach. Im Allgemeinen Teil und in den Rubriken des Jahrbuchs finden sich Beiträge zur politischen Ideengeschichte, zur Nationalismusforschung, Staatsbildung und Minderheitenfrage, zur Buber-Scholem-Kontroverse und zur deutsch-jüdischen Nachkriegsgeschichte.

Reporting The Holocaust In The British Swedish And Finnish Press 1945 50

Author : A. Holmila
ISBN : 9780230305861
Genre : Social Science
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Examining how the press in Britain, Sweden and Finland responded to the Holocaust immediately after the Second World War, Holmila offers new insights into the challenge posed by the Holocaust for liberal democracies by looking at the reporting of the liberation of the camps, the Nuremberg trial and the Jewish immigration to Palestine.

After The Nazi Racial State

Author : Rita Chin
ISBN : 9780472025787
Genre : History
File Size : 31. 43 MB
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"After the Nazi Racial State offers a comprehensive, persuasive, and ambitious argument in favor of making 'race' a more central analytical category for the writing of post-1945 history. This is an extremely important project, and the volume indeed has the potential to reshape the field of post-1945 German history." ---Frank Biess, University of California, San Diego What happened to "race," race thinking, and racial distinctions in Germany, and Europe more broadly, after the demise of the Nazi racial state? This book investigates the afterlife of "race" since 1945 and challenges the long-dominant assumption among historians that it disappeared from public discourse and policy-making with the defeat of the Third Reich and its genocidal European empire. Drawing on case studies of Afro-Germans, Jews, and Turks---arguably the three most important minority communities in postwar Germany---the authors detail continuities and change across the 1945 divide and offer the beginnings of a history of race and racialization after Hitler. A final chapter moves beyond the German context to consider the postwar engagement with "race" in France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, where waves of postwar, postcolonial, and labor migration troubled nativist notions of national and European identity. After the Nazi Racial State poses interpretative questions for the historical understanding of postwar societies and democratic transformation, both in Germany and throughout Europe. It elucidates key analytical categories, historicizes current discourse, and demonstrates how contemporary debates about immigration and integration---and about just how much "difference" a democracy can accommodate---are implicated in a longer history of "race." This book explores why the concept of "race" became taboo as a tool for understanding German society after 1945. Most crucially, it suggests the social and epistemic consequences of this determined retreat from "race" for Germany and Europe as a whole. Rita Chin is Associate Professor of History at the University of Michigan. Heide Fehrenbach is Presidential Research Professor at Northern Illinois University. Geoff Eley is Karl Pohrt Distinguished University Professor of Contemporary History at the University of Michigan. Atina Grossmann is Professor of History at Cooper Union. Cover illustration: Human eye, © Stockexpert.com.

The Liberation Of The Camps

Author : Dan Stone
ISBN : 9780300216035
Genre : History
File Size : 80. 89 MB
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Seventy years have passed since the tortured inmates of Hitler’s concentration and extermination camps were liberated. When the horror of the atrocities came fully to light, it was easy for others to imagine the joyful relief of freed prisoners. Yet for those who had survived the unimaginable, the experience of liberation was a slow, grueling journey back to life. In this unprecedented inquiry into the days, months, and years following the arrival of Allied forces at the Nazi camps, a foremost historian of the Holocaust draws on archival sources and especially on eyewitness testimonies to reveal the complex challenges liberated victims faced and the daunting tasks their liberators undertook to help them reclaim their shattered lives. Historian Dan Stone focuses on the survivors—their feelings of guilt, exhaustion, fear, shame for having survived, and devastating grief for lost family members; their immense medical problems; and their later demands to be released from Displaced Persons camps and resettled in countries of their own choosing. Stone also tracks the efforts of British, American, Canadian, and Russian liberators as they contended with survivors’ immediate needs, then grappled with longer-term issues that shaped the postwar world and ushered in the first chill of the Cold War years ahead.

Arisierung Und Wiedergutmachung In Deutschen St Dten

Author : Christiane Fritsche
ISBN : 9783412221607
Genre : Aryanization
File Size : 68. 1 MB
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"Arisierung" und Wiedergutmachung werden in der historischen Forschung oft getrennt voneinander betrachtet. Der vorliegende Band nimmt beide Prozesse in den Blick und verbindet damit aktuelle Ergebnisse zu diesen beiden Forschungsfeldern. Im Mittelpunkt steht der Umgang der deutschen Städte mit "Arisierung" und "Wiedergutmachung", schließlich berührten beide Vorgänge die Kommunen unmittelbar. Die einzelnen Beiträge spüren den lokalen Unterschieden nach und analysieren das Verhalten von Stadtverwaltungen sowie anderen Akteuren vor Ort. Dabei spannt der Band einen weiten Bogen von der Vernichtung jüdischer Gewerbetätigkeit in deutschen sowie österreichischen Städten und der "Arisierung" von Kunstsammlungen über die finanzielle Ausplünderung und die "Verwertung" von jüdischem Besitz nach den Deportationen bis hin zur Soforthilfe für jüdische Überlebende nach 1945 und den Entschädigungsleistungen durch die Bundesrepublik Deutschland. Christiane Fritsche ist promovierte und freiberufliche Historikerin, zusammen mit Johannes Paulmann, Direktor des Leibniz-Instituts für Europäische Geschichte in Mainz, hat sie von 2009 bis 2012 das Forschungsprojekt zu Arisierung und Wiedergutmachung in Mannheim bearbeitet bzw. geleitet.

Angst

Author : Jan T. Gross
ISBN : 9783518782002
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 41 MB
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Bei Pogromen gegen Juden wurden in Polen nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg mehr als 1500 Menschen getötet. Woher kam dieser Haß? Wieso nahm der Antisemitismus derart aggressive Formen an? Jan T. Gross zeigt, wie sich der traditionelle katholische Antisemitismus durch die deutsche Besatzung radikalisierte und nach der Befreiung durch die Rote Armee fortbestand, vor allem im Glauben an einen »jüdischen Bolschewismus«. Der Autor schildert die Auseinandersetzungen innerhalb der polnischen Gesellschaft um das Verhältnis zu den Juden, er zeigt detailliert, wie es 1945 und 1946 zu den großen Pogromen von Rzeszów, Krakau und Kielce kam. Diese waren keine Erscheinungen am Rande der Gesellschaft, sondern sie fanden mit Unterstützung der Bevölkerung statt. Gross sieht im polnischen Antisemitismus ein Zeichen der »Angst«: die Angst vor den Rückkehrern und nicht zuletzt die Angst, den Besitz der jüdischen Nachbarn wieder zu verlieren, den man sich unter den Deutschen angeeignet hatte.

Der Judenstaat Versuch Einer Modernen L Sung Der Judenfrage

Author : Theodor Herzl
ISBN : 9781465551580
Genre :
File Size : 48. 31 MB
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Confronting Captivity

Author : Arieh J. Kochavi
ISBN : 0807876402
Genre : History
File Size : 59. 13 MB
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How was it possible that almost all of the nearly 300,000 British and American troops who fell into German hands during World War II survived captivity in German POW camps and returned home almost as soon as the war ended? In Confronting Captivity, Arieh J. Kochavi offers a behind-the-scenes look at the living conditions in Nazi camps and traces the actions the British and American governments took--and didn't take--to ensure the safety of their captured soldiers. Concern in London and Washington about the safety of these POWs was mitigated by the recognition that the Nazi leadership tended to adhere to the Geneva Convention when it came to British and U.S. prisoners. Following the invasion of Normandy, however, Allied apprehension over the safety of POWs turned into anxiety for their very lives. Yet Britain and the United States took the calculated risk of counting on a swift conclusion to the war as the Soviets approached Germany from the east. Ultimately, Kochavi argues, it was more likely that the lives of British and American POWs were spared because of their race rather than any actions their governments took on their behalf.

The Wonder Of Their Voices

Author : Alan Rosen
ISBN : 9780199889563
Genre : History
File Size : 65. 99 MB
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Over the last several decades, video testimony with aging Holocaust survivors has brought these witnesses into the limelight. Yet the success of these projects has made it seem that little survivor testimony took place in earlier years. In truth, thousands of survivors began to recount their experience at the earliest opportunity. This book provides the first full-length case study of early postwar Holocaust testimony, focusing on David Boder's 1946 displaced persons interview project. In July 1946, Boder, a psychologist, traveled to Europe to interview victims of the Holocaust who were in the Displaced Persons (DP) camps and what he called "shelter houses." During his nine weeks in Europe, Boder carried out approximately 130 interviews in nine languages and recorded them on a wire recorder. Likely the earliest audio recorded testimony of Holocaust survivors, the interviews are valuable today for the spoken word (that of the DP narrators and of Boder himself) and also for the song sessions and religious services that Boder recorded. Eighty sessions were eventually transcribed into English, most of which were included in a self-published manuscript. Alan Rosen sets Boder's project in the context of the postwar response to displaced persons, sketches the dramatic background of his previous life and work, chronicles in detail the evolving process of interviewing both Jewish and non-Jewish DPs, and examines from several angles the implications for the history of Holocaust testimony. Such early postwar testimony, Rosen avers, deserves to be taken on its own terms rather than to be enfolded into earlier or later schemas of testimony. Moreover, Boder's efforts and the support he was given for them demonstrate that American postwar response to the Holocaust was not universally indifferent but rather often engaged, concerned, and resourceful.

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