post holocaust politics britain the united states and jewish refugees 1945 1948

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Post Holocaust Politics

Author : Arieh J. Kochavi
ISBN : 9780807875094
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 45. 59 MB
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Between 1945 and 1948, more than a quarter of a million Jews fled countries in Eastern Europe and the Balkans and began filling hastily erected displaced persons camps in Germany and Austria. As one of the victorious Allies, Britain had to help find a solution for the vast majority of these refugees who refused repatriation. Drawing on extensive research in British, American, and Israeli archives, Arieh Kochavi presents a comprehensive analysis of British policy toward Jewish displaced persons and reveals the crucial role the United States played in undermining that policy. Kochavi argues that political concerns--not human considerations--determined British policy regarding the refugees. Anxious to secure its interests in the Middle East, Britain feared its relations with Arab nations would suffer if it appeared to be too lax in thwarting Zionist efforts to bring Jewish Holocaust survivors to Palestine. In the United States, however, the American Jewish community was able to influence presidential policy by making its vote hinge on a solution to the displaced persons problem. Setting his analysis against the backdrop of the escalating Cold War, Kochavi reveals how, ironically, the Kremlin as well as the White House came to support the Zionists' goals, albeit for entirely different reasons.

Reporting The Holocaust In The British Swedish And Finnish Press 1945 50

Author : A. Holmila
ISBN : 9780230305861
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 53. 35 MB
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Examining how the press in Britain, Sweden and Finland responded to the Holocaust immediately after the Second World War, Holmila offers new insights into the challenge posed by the Holocaust for liberal democracies by looking at the reporting of the liberation of the camps, the Nuremberg trial and the Jewish immigration to Palestine.

After The Nazi Racial State

Author : Rita Chin
ISBN : 9780472025787
Genre : History
File Size : 72. 34 MB
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"After the Nazi Racial State offers a comprehensive, persuasive, and ambitious argument in favor of making 'race' a more central analytical category for the writing of post-1945 history. This is an extremely important project, and the volume indeed has the potential to reshape the field of post-1945 German history." ---Frank Biess, University of California, San Diego What happened to "race," race thinking, and racial distinctions in Germany, and Europe more broadly, after the demise of the Nazi racial state? This book investigates the afterlife of "race" since 1945 and challenges the long-dominant assumption among historians that it disappeared from public discourse and policy-making with the defeat of the Third Reich and its genocidal European empire. Drawing on case studies of Afro-Germans, Jews, and Turks---arguably the three most important minority communities in postwar Germany---the authors detail continuities and change across the 1945 divide and offer the beginnings of a history of race and racialization after Hitler. A final chapter moves beyond the German context to consider the postwar engagement with "race" in France, Britain, Sweden, and the Netherlands, where waves of postwar, postcolonial, and labor migration troubled nativist notions of national and European identity. After the Nazi Racial State poses interpretative questions for the historical understanding of postwar societies and democratic transformation, both in Germany and throughout Europe. It elucidates key analytical categories, historicizes current discourse, and demonstrates how contemporary debates about immigration and integration---and about just how much "difference" a democracy can accommodate---are implicated in a longer history of "race." This book explores why the concept of "race" became taboo as a tool for understanding German society after 1945. Most crucially, it suggests the social and epistemic consequences of this determined retreat from "race" for Germany and Europe as a whole. Rita Chin is Associate Professor of History at the University of Michigan. Heide Fehrenbach is Presidential Research Professor at Northern Illinois University. Geoff Eley is Karl Pohrt Distinguished University Professor of Contemporary History at the University of Michigan. Atina Grossmann is Professor of History at Cooper Union. Cover illustration: Human eye, © Stockexpert.com.

The Liberation Of The Camps

Author : Dan Stone
ISBN : 9780300216035
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 46 MB
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Seventy years have passed since the tortured inmates of Hitler’s concentration and extermination camps were liberated. When the horror of the atrocities came fully to light, it was easy for others to imagine the joyful relief of freed prisoners. Yet for those who had survived the unimaginable, the experience of liberation was a slow, grueling journey back to life. In this unprecedented inquiry into the days, months, and years following the arrival of Allied forces at the Nazi camps, a foremost historian of the Holocaust draws on archival sources and especially on eyewitness testimonies to reveal the complex challenges liberated victims faced and the daunting tasks their liberators undertook to help them reclaim their shattered lives. Historian Dan Stone focuses on the survivors—their feelings of guilt, exhaustion, fear, shame for having survived, and devastating grief for lost family members; their immense medical problems; and their later demands to be released from Displaced Persons camps and resettled in countries of their own choosing. Stone also tracks the efforts of British, American, Canadian, and Russian liberators as they contended with survivors’ immediate needs, then grappled with longer-term issues that shaped the postwar world and ushered in the first chill of the Cold War years ahead.

Confronting Captivity

Author : Arieh J. Kochavi
ISBN : 9780807829400
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 27. 48 MB
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"Drawing on letters, diaries, and memoirs, Kochavi reconstructs the conditions in POW camps while embedding his narrative and analysis in the political and diplomatic developments of the war. Concern in London and Washington about the safety of soldiers imprisoned in enemy territory was mitigated by the recognition that the Nazi leadership - in contrast to its horrific treatment of Slavic POWs, for example - tended to adhere to the Geneva Convention when it came to British and U.S. prisoners."--BOOK JACKET.

The Wonder Of Their Voices

Author : Alan Rosen
ISBN : 9780199889563
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 60 MB
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Over the last several decades, video testimony with aging Holocaust survivors has brought these witnesses into the limelight. Yet the success of these projects has made it seem that little survivor testimony took place in earlier years. In truth, thousands of survivors began to recount their experience at the earliest opportunity. This book provides the first full-length case study of early postwar Holocaust testimony, focusing on David Boder's 1946 displaced persons interview project. In July 1946, Boder, a psychologist, traveled to Europe to interview victims of the Holocaust who were in the Displaced Persons (DP) camps and what he called "shelter houses." During his nine weeks in Europe, Boder carried out approximately 130 interviews in nine languages and recorded them on a wire recorder. Likely the earliest audio recorded testimony of Holocaust survivors, the interviews are valuable today for the spoken word (that of the DP narrators and of Boder himself) and also for the song sessions and religious services that Boder recorded. Eighty sessions were eventually transcribed into English, most of which were included in a self-published manuscript. Alan Rosen sets Boder's project in the context of the postwar response to displaced persons, sketches the dramatic background of his previous life and work, chronicles in detail the evolving process of interviewing both Jewish and non-Jewish DPs, and examines from several angles the implications for the history of Holocaust testimony. Such early postwar testimony, Rosen avers, deserves to be taken on its own terms rather than to be enfolded into earlier or later schemas of testimony. Moreover, Boder's efforts and the support he was given for them demonstrate that American postwar response to the Holocaust was not universally indifferent but rather often engaged, concerned, and resourceful.

German History From The Margins

Author : Neil Gregor
ISBN : UOM:39015064895629
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 46 MB
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Offers an understanding of the role of regional diversity and ethnic and religious minorities in modern German history.

Projecting The Holocaust Into The Present

Author : Lawrence Baron
ISBN : 0742543323
Genre : History
File Size : 53. 30 MB
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Most Holocaust survivors and scholars contend that the event was so catastrophic and unprecedented that it defies authentic representation in feature films. Yet it is precisely the extremity of the "Final Solution" and the issues it raised that have fueled the cinematic imagination. Recognizing that movies reach a greater audience than eyewitness, historical, or literary accounts, Lawrence Baron argues that they mirror changing public perceptions of the Holocaust over time and place. After tracing the evolution of the most commonly employed genres and themes in earlier Holocaust motion pictures, Baron focuses on how films from the 1990s make the Holocaust relevant for contemporary audiences. He discusses significant forgotten films such as The Search, Martha and I, Mendel, and Triumph of the Spirit, as well as movies about non-Jewish victims and children. To convey the significance of the Holocaust to generations born after it happened, Baron covers movies like Max, The Grey Zone, Nowhere in Africa, and The Pianist, and analyzes the use of the Holocaust as a plot element in action-adventure fantasy movies like X-Men. The book concludes with a user-friendly thematic bibliography, filmography, and Internet reference guide. Book jacket.

Holocaust And Justice

Author : David Bankier
ISBN : 9653083538
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 49 MB
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The Holocaust was not a major issue in the thirteen Nuremberg trials conducted in Germany between 1945-1949 by the International Military Tribunal. Can the word “justice” be used to refer to trials that did not fully recognize the centrality of the Holocaust? What was the background of the postwar war crimes trials, and what was their impact on society and collective memory? How did they shape international law? This book brings together observations on these and other issues from a broad range of international scholars on the representation of the Holocaust in the postwar trials and its historiography.

The American Jewish Archives Journal

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89082435389
Genre : Jews
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