post traumatic stress disorder basic science and clinical practice

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Author : Peter Shiromani
ISBN : 1603273298
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 44 MB
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Post-traumatic stress disorder is a psychiatric illness that can occur in anyone who has experienced a life-threatening or violent event. The trauma can be due to war, terrorism, torture, natural disasters, violence, or rape. In PTSD the brain areas that are likely to be affected are the hippocampus (memory), amygdala (fear association), the prefrontal cortex (cognitive processing), and the ascending reticular activating system (arousal). The chemical of interest is norepinephrine, which is released during a stressful event and is part of the fight-or-flight response meant to mobilize the body to action.The objective of this title is to outline the neurobiology of post-traumatic stress disorder and provide treatment strategies for clinicians. The chapter material from this book has evolved from a seminar on PTSD held recently under the auspices of the VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston University Medical Center and Harvard Medical School. We propose a book that will focus on the epidemiology, neurobiology, MRI studies, animal models, arousal and sleep issues, clinical trials, and treatment strategies for clinicians. Treatment will cover such topics as guidelines for treating posttraumatic stress disorder, PTSD and the use of mental health services, cognitive intervention therapy, and large scale clinical trials in PTSD. This collection will be a vital source of information to clinicians and neuroscientists.

Supernormal

Author : Meg Jay
ISBN : 9781782114956
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 81. 72 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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In this seminal new study of resilience, Meg Jay tells the stories of a diverse group of people who have overcome trauma in their childhoods to go on and live successful lives as adults. These are the 'supernormal', who having shouldered greater than average hardship as children defy expectation and achieve better than average success as adults. But how, and at what cost? Whether it was experiencing parental divorce, or growing up with an alcohol or drug-abusing parent, living with a parent or sibling with mental illness, being bullied, living in poverty, being a witness to domestic violence, suffering physical or emotional neglect, the people Meg Jay introduces us to are all survivors. She explores what they have in common that made it possible for them to transcend the trauma of their early years and to build successful adult lives. And she asks the questions: What was the cost of developing those powers? And having survived, even thrived, how do you go on and build a trusting, fulfilled life? Drawing on her clinical experience with survivors of childhood trauma, Meg Jay documents ordinary people made extraordinary by the experience of all-too-common trauma. Bringing together personal, scientific and cultural knowledge Jay gives a voice to the experience of the 'supernormal', furnishes them with the tools to better understand themselves and take full advantage of their strengths, and gives a window into their world for those who seek to understand them.

Future Directions In Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Author : MARILYN SAFIR
ISBN : 9781489975225
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 56. 87 MB
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Ours is an era of increasing tension, both global and local. And not surprisingly, PTSD is recognized not only in combat veterans and active military personnel, but also disaster and assault survivors across the demographic spectrum. As current events from mass shootings to the debate over trigger warnings keep the issue in the public eye, the disorder remains a steady concern among researchers and practitioners. Future Directions in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder presents findings and ideas with the potential to influence both our conceptualization of the condition and the techniques used to address it. A multidisciplinary panel of experts offers new analyses of risk and resilience factors, individual and group approaches to prevention, the evolving process of diagnosis, and effective treatment and delivery. Chapters on treatment allow readers to compare widely-used prolonged exposure and VR methods with innovative applications of cognitive processing therapy and interpersonal therapy. And an especially compelling contribution surveys empirically-based programs relating to what for many is the emblematic trauma of our time, the events of September 11, 2001. Included in the coverage: Predictors of vulnerability to PTSD: neurobiological and genetic risk factors. Early intervention: is prevention better than cure? The functional neuroanatomy of PTSD. The development of evidence-based treatment for PTSD. Enhancing exposure therapy using D-Cycloserine (DCS). PLUS: a case example as seen through five therapeutic perspectives. While millions experience trauma, relatively few develop chronic PTSD. Future Directions in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a practical and proactive reference for the health and clinical psychologists, sociologists, psychiatrists, and primary care physicians dedicated to further decreasing those numbers.

Sleep Disorders And Mental Health An Issue Of Psychiatric Clinics Of North America

Author : Andrew Winokur
ISBN : 9780323402699
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 57 MB
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The strong association between mental health and sleep is examined here in topics that include: Epidemiology of sleep disorders, co-morbidity with mental health disorders and impact on health and quality of life; Neurobiology of sleep; Neurobiology of circadian rhythms; Genetics of sleep disorders; Sleep disturbances in anxiety disorders; Sleep disturbances in mood disorders; Sleep disturbances in schizophrenia; Sleep disturbances in substance abuse disorders; Sleep disturbances and behavioral disturbances in children and adolescents; Sleep disturbances and behavioral disturbances in the elderly; Sleep disturbances and behavioral symptoms in medical patients; Effects of psychotropic medications on sleep continuity and sleep architecture; Circadian rhythm sleep disorders; New developments in sleep medications of relevance to mental health disorders; and Primary sleep disorders: identification and treatment by psychiatrists.

Mental Health Practice In A Digital World

Author : Naakesh A. Dewan
ISBN : 9783319141091
Genre : Medical
File Size : 77. 5 MB
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The purpose of the Mental Health Practice in a Digital World: A Clinicians Guide book is to prepare clinicians to understand, critically evaluate, and embrace well-designed and validated technologies that have the potential of transforming the access, affordability, and accountability of mental healthcare. The reader will become aware of the practical applications of technology in mental health as well as research supporting information technology tools, policy debates. Each chapter contains either examples or scenarios that are relevant to the current practice of mental health care. Policy makers, application developers, scientists, and executives that have lead or supported the use of technologies in real world practice are chapter authors. The goal for this book is to be the key resource for current and future mental health clinicians in the U.S. and around the world to become familiar with technology innovations and how they impact and improve clinical practice.

Tinnitus Pathophysiology And Treatment

Author : Aage R. Moller
ISBN : 0080554466
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 6 MB
Format : PDF
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Understanding tinnitus and treating patients with tinnitus must involve many disciplines of basic science and clinical practice. The book provides comprehensive coverage of a wide range of topics related to tinnitus including its pathophysiology, etiology and treatment. The chapters are written by researchers and clinicians who are active in the areas of basic science such as neurophysiology and neuroanatomy and in clinical specialties of psychology, psychiatry, audiology and otolaryngology. * Comprehensive coverage of the pathology and cause of tinnitus including genetics * Hyperacusis, phonophobia and other abnormalities in perception of sounds * The role of neural plasticity in tinnitus

Handbook Of Ptsd Second Edition

Author : Matthew J. Friedman
ISBN : 9781462516285
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 63. 49 MB
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Widely regarded as the definitive reference, this handbook brings together foremost authorities on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Diagnostic, conceptual, and treatment issues are reviewed in depth. The volume examines the causes and mechanisms of PTSD on multiple levels, from psychological processes to genes and neurobiology. Risk and resilience processes are addressed across development and in specific populations. Contributors describe evidence-based assessment and treatment approaches as well as promising emerging interventions. The integrative concluding chapter identifies key unanswered questions with important implications for science and practice. New to This Edition *Reflects major research advances and the new diagnostic criteria in DSM-5. *Chapters on the dissociative subtype of PTSD, child assessment, couple and family therapies, and group treatments. *Chapters on research methods, Internet-based interventions, telemental health, and implementation of best practices. *Many new authors and extensively revised chapters.

Evidence Based Treatments For Trauma Related Psychological Disorders

Author : Ulrich Schnyder
ISBN : 9783319071091
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60. 69 MB
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This book offers an evidence based guide for clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, psychotherapists and other clinicians working with trauma survivors in various settings. It provides easily digestible, up-to-date information on the basic principles of traumatic stress research and practice, including psychological and sociological theories as well as epidemiological, psychopathological, and neurobiological findings. However, as therapists are primarily interested in how to best treat their traumatized patients, the core focus of the book is on evidence based psychological treatments for trauma-related mental disorders. Importantly, the full range of trauma and stress related disorders is covered, including Acute Stress Reaction, Complex PTSD and Prolonged Grief Disorder, reflecting important anticipated developments in diagnostic classification. Each of the treatment chapters begins with a short summary of the theoretical underpinnings of the approach, presents a case illustrating the treatment protocol, addresses special challenges typically encountered in implementing this treatment, and ends with an overview of related outcomes and other research findings. Additional chapters are devoted to the treatment of comorbidities, special populations and special treatment modalities and to pharmacological treatments for trauma-related disorders. The book concludes by addressing the fundamental question of how to treat whom, and when.

Sleep Disorders Medicine E Book

Author : Sudhansu Chokroverty
ISBN : 9780702039089
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 38 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Dr. Sudhansu Chokroverty—a world-recognized expert in sleep medicine—presents the third edition of Sleep Disorders Medicine for the latest developments in this rapidly expanding specialty, with coverage of neuroscience and clinical application. In addition to summarizing basic science and important technological aspects of diagnosis and treatment, this edition presents new chapters—on sleep and memory consolidation, neuroimaging, and more—in a color layout that makes it easy to access the latest advances in the field. The text’s manageable size and logical, multi-disciplinary approach make it the right choice for newcomers and experienced clinicians alike. Covers all aspects of sleep medicine in a practical, logical format divided into three sections: the basic science of sleep physiology, neuroanatomy, and biochemistry; the technical methods of recording; and a clinical approach to patients with sleep complaints. Represents the breadth of knowledge across disciplines through the contributions of 50 prominent names in the field of sleep medicine. Provides a multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and management of sleep disorders with coverage of related fields such as pulmonology, otolaryngology, and psychiatry. Includes a Glossary of Terms adapted from the American Sleep Disorders Association for quick reference to the sleep terminology used throughout the text. Demonstrates how recent basic science advances affect clinical medicine through new chapters on Sleep Deprivation and Sleepiness; Sleep and Memory Consolidation; Neuroimaging in Sleep and Sleep Disorders; Nutrition and Sleep; Nature and Treatment of Insomnia; Evolution of Sleep from Birth through Adolescence; Sleep-Disordered Breathing in Children and Women’s Sleep. Improves on the clarity and consistency of the text with a new, completely redrawn art program, including full-color illustrations in the clinical section that enhances diagnostic material.

A Casebook Of Cognitive Therapy For Traumatic Stress Reactions

Author : Nick Grey
ISBN : 9781135284572
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 35. 61 MB
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Many people experience traumatic events and whilst some gradually recover from such experiences, others find it more difficult and may seek professional help for a range of problems. A Casebook of Cognitive Therapy for Traumatic Stress Reactions aims to help therapists who may not have an extensive range of clinical experience. The book includes descriptions and case studies of clinical cases of cognitive behavioural treatments involving people who have experienced traumatic events, including: people with phobias, depression and paranoid delusions following traumatic experiences people with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) people who have experienced multiple and prolonged traumatizations people who are refugees or asylum-seekers. All chapters are written by experts in the field and consider what may be learned from such cases. In addition it is considered how these cases can be applied more generally in cognitive behavioural treatments for traumatic stress reactions. This book will be invaluable to all mental health professionals and in particular to therapists wanting to treat people who have experienced traumatic events, allowing them to creatively apply their existing knowledge to new clinical cases.

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