post traumatic stress disorder basic science and clinical practice

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Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

Author : Peter Shiromani
ISBN : 1603273298
Genre : Medical
File Size : 61. 93 MB
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Post-traumatic stress disorder is a psychiatric illness that can occur in anyone who has experienced a life-threatening or violent event. The trauma can be due to war, terrorism, torture, natural disasters, violence, or rape. In PTSD the brain areas that are likely to be affected are the hippocampus (memory), amygdala (fear association), the prefrontal cortex (cognitive processing), and the ascending reticular activating system (arousal). The chemical of interest is norepinephrine, which is released during a stressful event and is part of the fight-or-flight response meant to mobilize the body to action.The objective of this title is to outline the neurobiology of post-traumatic stress disorder and provide treatment strategies for clinicians. The chapter material from this book has evolved from a seminar on PTSD held recently under the auspices of the VA Boston Healthcare System, Boston University Medical Center and Harvard Medical School. We propose a book that will focus on the epidemiology, neurobiology, MRI studies, animal models, arousal and sleep issues, clinical trials, and treatment strategies for clinicians. Treatment will cover such topics as guidelines for treating posttraumatic stress disorder, PTSD and the use of mental health services, cognitive intervention therapy, and large scale clinical trials in PTSD. This collection will be a vital source of information to clinicians and neuroscientists.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Author : C. B. Scrignar
ISBN : 0945032064
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 22. 39 MB
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For therapists, forensic clinicians, & lawyers, the third edition reviews the 1994 DSM-IV diagnostic criteria for PTSD & the "Traumatic Principle," examines the latest treatment approaches for PTSD, & evaluates PTSD in personal injury lawsuits & criminal cases. Suggestions for a comprehensive treatment program based on biological, behavioral, & psychosocial theory includes components of pharmacotherapy, cognitive-behavioral, & psychosocial therapy. Whether the victim suffers from an accident, criminal (including sexual) assault, exposure to toxic substances, war, or natural or man-made disasters, quick intervention with a multidisciplinary treatment approach offers the best chance for recovery. Dr. Scrignar, a forensic psychiatrist, educator, & author shares his experiences extending over 35-years of evaluating, treating, & testifying as an expert witness with PTSD patients. Plaintiff & defense attorneys along with forensic clinicians will find the seven chapters on legal issues & PTSD informative & pertinent: Forensic Evaluation, Workers' Compensation, Personal Injury Litigation, The Expert Witness, The Plaintiff & PTSD, The Defense & PTSD, & Criminal Issues. Dr. Scrignar draws from his experiences with cases from the perspective of both the plaintiff & defense to show how the concept of PTSD can be creatively & responsibly applied to civil & criminal law.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Author : Julian D Ford
ISBN : 9780128014394
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 22. 35 MB
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This comprehensive overview of research and clinical practice in PTSD includes new insights into assessment with regard to DSM-5 and ICD-11, discussion of ongoing controversies in the field as to what constitutes safe and effective care, and new research as to assessment, diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of PTSD. The second edition includes new coverage of the neurobiology of PTSD, PTSD in special populations, and forensic issues relating to PTSD. Synthesizes research and clinical developments on PTSD Highlights key controversies, issues, and developments in the field Provides case studies for better understanding of clinical care Encompasses DSM-5 and ICD-11 major revisions to PTSD symptoms Includes new coverage of neurobiology and genetics of PTSD Includes advances in prevention and treatment of PTSD Includes new coverage of forensic issues related to PTSD

Handbook Of Ptsd Second Edition

Author : Matthew J. Friedman
ISBN : 9781462525492
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 48. 40 MB
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Widely regarded as the definitive reference, this handbook brings together foremost authorities on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Diagnostic, conceptual, and treatment issues are reviewed in depth. The volume examines the causes and mechanisms of PTSD on multiple levels, from psychological processes to genes and neurobiology. Risk and resilience processes are addressed across development and in specific populations. Contributors describe evidence-based assessment and treatment approaches as well as promising emerging interventions. The integrative concluding chapter identifies key unanswered questions with important implications for science and practice. New to This Edition *Reflects major research advances and the new diagnostic criteria in DSM-5. *Chapters on the dissociative subtype of PTSD, child assessment, couple and family therapies, and group treatments. *Chapters on research methods, Internet-based interventions, telemental health, and implementation of best practices. *Many new authors and extensively revised chapters.

Posttraumatic Growth In Clinical Practice

Author : Lawrence G. Calhoun
ISBN : 9781136619724
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 63. 13 MB
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From the authors who pioneered the concept of posttraumatic growth comes Posttraumatic Growth in Clinical Practice, a book that brings the study of growth after trauma into the twenty-first century. Clinicians will find a framework that’s easy to use and flexible enough to be tailored to the needs of particular clients and specific therapeutic approaches. And, because it utilizes a model of relating described as "expert companionship," clinicians learn how to become most empathically effective in helping a variety of trauma survivors. Clinicians will come away from this book having learned how to assess posttraumatic growth, how to address it in treatment, and they’ll also have a basic grasp of the ways the changes they’re promoting will be received in various cultural contexts. Case examples show how utilizing a process developed from an empirically-based model of posttraumatic growth can promote important personal changes in the aftermath of traumatic events.

Traumatic Stress

Author : Bessel A. van der Kolk
ISBN : 9781462507108
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 26. 95 MB
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This bestselling classic presents seminal theory and research on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Together, the leading editors and contributors comprehensively examine how trauma affects an individual's biology, conceptions of the world, and psychological functioning. Key topics include why certain people cope successfully with traumatic experiences while others do not, the neurobiological processes underlying PTSD symptomatology, enduring questions surrounding traumatic memories and dissociation, and the core components of effective interventions. A highly influential work that laid the foundation for many of the field's continuing advances, this volume remains an immensely informative and thought-provoking clinical reference and text. The preface to the 2007 paperback edition situates the book within the context of contemporary research developments.

Ptsd And Mild Traumatic Brain Injury

Author : Jennifer J. Vasterling
ISBN : 9781462503384
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 45. 21 MB
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Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI) can each cause significant functional impairment--and these "invisible injuries" frequently co-occur. Events that lead to traumatic brain injury are often also psychologically traumatic. This authoritative volume brings together leading experts in PTSD and mTBI to explore the nature, consequences, and management of these interacting conditions. Presenting cutting-edge research and clinical practices, the book meets a growing need among mental health practitioners in both civilian and military contexts. The volume focuses on the complexities of caring for patients with comorbid PTSD and mTBI, whether caused by war-zone experiences, motor vehicle accidents, domestic violence or other interpersonal assaults, or sports concussions. Contributors examine the biological and psychosocial mechanisms underlying both disorders as well as potential ways they may affect each other. Commonly associated problems that may further complicate recovery--chronic pain and substance abuse--are also discussed in detail. Reviewing empirically based best practices in assessment and treatment, chapters offer recommendations for tailoring interventions to different patients' needs. Important topics include how to deal with dilemmas in evaluation and what treatment strategies work best for addressing overlapping symptoms. The book also considers ways to improve the structure and cost-effectiveness of providing care in this challenging area. Throughout, scientific controversies and unanswered questions are highlighted and promising directions for future research identified. Synthesizing knowledge from multiple disciplines, this is an essential reference for mental health practitioners and trauma specialists--including neuropsychologists, clinical psychologists, psychiatrists, and social workers--as well as graduate students and trainees.

Future Directions In Post Traumatic Stress Disorder

ISBN : 9781489975225
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 30. 37 MB
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Ours is an era of increasing tension, both global and local. And not surprisingly, PTSD is recognized not only in combat veterans and active military personnel, but also disaster and assault survivors across the demographic spectrum. As current events from mass shootings to the debate over trigger warnings keep the issue in the public eye, the disorder remains a steady concern among researchers and practitioners. Future Directions in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder presents findings and ideas with the potential to influence both our conceptualization of the condition and the techniques used to address it. A multidisciplinary panel of experts offers new analyses of risk and resilience factors, individual and group approaches to prevention, the evolving process of diagnosis, and effective treatment and delivery. Chapters on treatment allow readers to compare widely-used prolonged exposure and VR methods with innovative applications of cognitive processing therapy and interpersonal therapy. And an especially compelling contribution surveys empirically-based programs relating to what for many is the emblematic trauma of our time, the events of September 11, 2001. Included in the coverage: Predictors of vulnerability to PTSD: neurobiological and genetic risk factors. Early intervention: is prevention better than cure? The functional neuroanatomy of PTSD. The development of evidence-based treatment for PTSD. Enhancing exposure therapy using D-Cycloserine (DCS). PLUS: a case example as seen through five therapeutic perspectives. While millions experience trauma, relatively few develop chronic PTSD. Future Directions in Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder is a practical and proactive reference for the health and clinical psychologists, sociologists, psychiatrists, and primary care physicians dedicated to further decreasing those numbers.

Sleep Disorders And Mental Health An Issue Of Psychiatric Clinics Of North America

Author : Andrew Winokur
ISBN : 9780323402699
Genre : Medical
File Size : 72. 64 MB
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The strong association between mental health and sleep is examined here in topics that include: Epidemiology of sleep disorders, co-morbidity with mental health disorders and impact on health and quality of life; Neurobiology of sleep; Neurobiology of circadian rhythms; Genetics of sleep disorders; Sleep disturbances in anxiety disorders; Sleep disturbances in mood disorders; Sleep disturbances in schizophrenia; Sleep disturbances in substance abuse disorders; Sleep disturbances and behavioral disturbances in children and adolescents; Sleep disturbances and behavioral disturbances in the elderly; Sleep disturbances and behavioral symptoms in medical patients; Effects of psychotropic medications on sleep continuity and sleep architecture; Circadian rhythm sleep disorders; New developments in sleep medications of relevance to mental health disorders; and Primary sleep disorders: identification and treatment by psychiatrists.

Psychiatric Advanced Practice Nursing

Author : Eris F Perese
ISBN : 9780803629998
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 93 MB
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Here’s an evidence-based, holistic approach to caring for psychiatric and mental health patients in outpatient settings. Using a biopsychosocial model, this text addresses mental health issues through stabilization of brain chemistry, individualized psychotherapy, and re-socialization into the community. Inside, you’ll find an in-depth focus on specific psychiatric disorders including the epidemiology, etiology, biological basis, clinical presentation of adults, older adults, and children, co-morbidities, differential diagnosis, and treatment. There is also comprehensive coverage of the interventions and “Levers of Change” used to aid patients in their recovery, as well preventative interventions.

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