postharvest diseases of fruits and vegetables development and control

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Postharvest Diseases Of Fruits And Vegetables

Author : R. Barkai-Golan
ISBN : 0080539297
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 78. 52 MB
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Focusing on the great variety of research being done in the field of postharvest pathology, this volume presents a collection of topics concerning the diseases of harvested fruits and vegetables. Each chapter represents a separate unit which taken together create a better understanding of the whole subject. Topics include the causal agents of postharvest diseases of fruits and vegetables, their sources and their ways of penetration into the host; factors that may accelerate the development of the pathogen in the host - and those that suppress them; a list of the main pathogens of fruits and vegetables, their hosts and the diseases elicited by them; and a detailed description of the major diseases of selected groups of fruits and solanaceous vegetable fruits. Attack mechanisms of pathogens and defense mechanisms of the host are examined as are treatments aimed at suppressing postharvest diseases. The search for natural and safe chemical compounds and the variety of alternative physical and biological methods for use in postharvest disease control are emphasized. Teachers and students who focus on postharvest pathology, scientists in research institutes, companies dealing with fruit and vegetable preservation technologies and for all those striving to improve the quality of harvested fruits and vegetables will find this book of great interest.

Postharvest Pathogens And Disease Management

Author : P. Narayanasamy
ISBN : 9780471751977
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 76. 70 MB
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POSTHARVEST PATHOGENS AND DISEASE MANAGEMENT Postharvest diseases caused by microbial pathogens account formillions of dollars in losses of both durable and perishableproduce products every year. Moreover, with consumers increasinglydemanding minimally processed vegetables and fruits--which can beinvaded by human pathogens--there is an imperative need forsuitable protective measures to provide pathogen-free commoditiesthat are free from, or contain only acceptable levels of, chemicalresidues. Providing details of both conventional and modern moleculartechniques applicable for the detection, identification, anddifferentiation of field and storage microbial pathogens,Postharvest Pathogens and Disease Management: * Discusses diseases of both durables and perishables duringtransit and storage * Provides a basic understanding of the effects of handling andstorage practices as well as field conditions and productsusceptibility on the development of postharvest diseases * Reveals, as a cautionary note, the potential hazards ofmycotoxins with carcinogenic properties that can contaminate fruitsand vegetables * Contains detailed information derived from elucidative evidenceand disease data in order to explain the infection process andsubsequent stages of disease development * Helps readers to avoid conditions that favor disease incidenceand spread * Includes real life examples of disease management strategies tohelp readers develop effective disease management systems suitablefor different ecosystems * Emphasizes the importance of integrating several differenteffective methods in tandem, including the development of cultivarswith resistance to postharvest diseases; the selection of suitableanalytical methods; and the effective use of biocontrol agents andchemicals * Presents protocols for numerous techniques and basic methods,making the book a distinctive and highly useful teaching andresearch tool Postharvest Pathogens and Disease Management offers readers insightinto the principles and methods of avoiding and managingpostharvest diseases of fruit and vegetable products in anefficient, economical, and environmentally feasible manner,allowing producers to sell safer, higher-quality produce to thepublic and prevent the losses associated with postharvest disease.

Heat Treatments For Postharvest Pest Control

Author :
ISBN : 9781845932534
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62. 12 MB
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Due to the nature of agricultural commodities as carriers of exotic pests, importing countries have employed varying methods of pest control for postharvest products. Thermal treatments are emerging as effective, environmentally-friendly alternatives to traditional methods, eliminating chemical residues and minimizing damage to produce. This book provides comprehensive information of these increasingly important treatments, covering temperature measurement, heat transfer, physiological responses of plants, insects and pathogens to heat, and an introduction to current and potential quarantine treatments based on hot air, hot water, and radio frequency energy.

Postharvest Disinfection Of Fruits And Vegetables

Author : Mohammed Wasim Siddiqui
ISBN : 9780128126998
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 87 MB
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Postharvest Disinfection of Fruits and Vegetables describes available technologies to reduce microbial infection for maintaining postharvest quality and safety. The book analyzes alternative and traditional methodologies and points out the significant advantages and limitations of each technique, thus facilitating both cost and time savings. This reference is for anyone in the fresh produce industry who is involved in postharvest handling and management. It discusses, in detail, the latest disinfection approaches, low-cost treatment strategies, management and protocols to control fresh produce qualities, diseases and insect infestation. Includes methods to reduce microbial contamination using chlorination, ozone, pulsed light, irradiation and plasma technology Provides practical applications of recently developed, natural anti-microbial agents for eco-friendly and sustainable solutions Explores various disinfection technologies for quality assurance and for the development of potential new technologies

Emerging Postharvest Treatment Of Fruits And Vegetables

Author : Kalyan Barman
ISBN : 9781351046299
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 80. 19 MB
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With the increasing need and demand for fresh fruits and vegetables, the field of postharvest science is continuously evolving. Endeavors are being made by scientists involved in postharvest research for maintenance of the quality and safety of fresh horticultural produce to enhance the postharvest life and to extend the availability of the produce in both time and space. This volume, Emerging Postharvest Treatment of Fruits and Vegetables, addresses the demand for the development and application of effective technologies for preservation of perishable food products, particularly fresh fruits and vegetables. It provides an abundance of up-to-date information about postharvest treatments. The chapters discuss a number of innovative technologies to prolong and enhance postharvest fruits and vegetables. This book will be valuable for those concerned with horticulture and postharvest technology. It provides essential information for students, teachers, professors, scientists, and entrepreneurs engaged in fresh horticultural produce handling related to this field.

Diseases Of Fruits And Vegetables

Author : S.A.M.H. Naqvi
ISBN : 9781402026072
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 51 MB
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Among the Horticultural Crops, Fruits and Vegetables (FV) are of primary - portance as the key source of essential components in an adequate and balanced human diet. FV have supported largely the daily food requirement of mankind since ages and even before man learned to grow cereal crops systematically. Over the years, growing FV has been the mainstay of rural economy and has emerged as an indispensable part of agriculture world over, offering farmers a wide range of crops in varied topography and climate. In certain parts of the world, FV are the major dietary staple. Apart from being a rich source of vitamins and minerals, this sector also contributes significantly in economy of the region or the nation. The increased income from per unit area of FV is far ahead and can not be compared with that of cereal crops. A recent survey by the Economist revealed that the world population has - creased by 90 % in the past 40 years while food production has increased only by 25 % per head. With an additional 1. 5 billion mouth to feed by 2020, farmers worldwide have to produce 39 % more. Looking at the load of the future food requirement, the global increased production of FV during last few years has absorbed the additional food requirement and accordingly the eating habits are also changing and shifting - wards more consumption of these commodities worldwide.

Postharvest Physiology And Pathology Of Vegetables

Author : Jerry A. Bartz
ISBN : 0203910095
Genre : Science
File Size : 62. 38 MB
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Focusing exclusively on postharvest vegetable studies, this book covers advances in biochemistry, plant physiology, and molecular physiology to maximize vegetable quality. The book reviews the principles of harvest and storage; factors affecting postharvest physiology, calcium nutrition and irrigation control; product quality changes during handling and storage; technologies to improve quality; spoilage factors and biocontrol methods; and storage characteristics of produce by category. It covers changes in sensory quality such as color, texture, and flavor after harvest and how biotechnology is being used to improve postharvest quality.

Agriculture And Food Production

Author :
ISBN : 0080527442
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 89 MB
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This volume of Applied Mycology and Biotechnology completes the set of two volumes dedicated to the coverage of recent developments on the theme "Agriculture and Food Production". The first volume provided overview on fungal physiology, metabolism, genetics and biotechnology and highlighted their connection with particular applications to food production. The second volume examines various specific applications of mycology and fungal biotechnology to food production and processing. In the second volume coverage on two remaining areas of the theme, food crop production and applications in the foods and beverages sector, is presented. The interdisciplinary and complex nature of the subject area, combined with the need to consider the sustainability of agri-food practices, its economics and industrial perspectives, requires a certain focus and selectivity of subjects. In this context the recent literature contained in this work will help readers arrive at comprehensive, in depth information on the role of fungi in agricultural food and feed technology. As a professional reference this book is targeted towards agri-food producer research establishments, government and academic units. Teachers and students, both in undergraduate and graduate studies, in departments of food science, food technology, food engineering, microbiology, applied molecular genetics and biotechnology will also find this work useful.

Conservation Biological Control

Author : Pedro A. Barbosa
ISBN : 9780080529806
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 97 MB
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This volume is a comprehensive treatment of how the principles of ecology and conservation biology can be used to maximize biological control. Conservation Biological Control presents various means to modify or manipulate the environment to enhance the activities of natural enemies of pests. It establishes a conceptual link between ecology and the agricultural use of agents for biological control, and discusses both theoretical issues as well as practical management concerns. Certain to be interesting to ecologists and entomologists, this volume will also appeal to scientists, faculty, researchers and students interested in pest management, horticulture, plant sciences, and agriculture. Contains chapters by an international team of leading authorities Establishes a conceptual link between ecology and the agricultural use of agents for biological control Discusses both theoretical issues as well as practical management concerns Provides specific examples of how conservation principles are used to maximize the biological control of pests

Microbial Food Contamination Second Edition

Author : Charles L. Wilson, Ph.D.
ISBN : 1420008471
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 46. 52 MB
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Divided into five parts, Microbial Food Contamination, Second Edition looks at emerging foodborne human pathogens andcomprehensively evaluates the microbiology, biochemistry, detection, risk, and threat of foodborne illness in today’s global market. The first section introduces new insights into the pathogenic effect of E. coli, viral diseases, and protozoan parasites, as well as prions and other zoonotic diseases. It discusses mycotoxins and aflatoxins, particularly the carcinogenicity of aflatoxin B1 and the chemoprevention of liver cancer. Detection, Monitoring, and Control Presenting recent advances in the detection and monitoring of foodborne pathogens, section two reviews rapid electrochemical biosensors, new methods to detect prion diseases, and the use of polymerized chain reaction (PCR) for detection, identification, and typing of microorganisms. Section three examines control and prevention measures including Kosher and Halal food laws, and the use of naturally occurring antimicrobials, irradiation, and other physical control strategies. It also considers the genetic and biochemical control of aflatoxigenic fungi. International Regulation and Trade Globalization reduces traditional geographic borders that once prohibited pathogens from spreading and increases the risk of transnational outbreaks. The impact of this trend on international trade is evaluated in section four with a look at the implications of mad cow disease on the beef trade. It also provides an overview of programs to mitigate contamination such as the Codex Alimentarius and the International Food Safety Authorities Network. Bioterrorism Addressing the most frightening aspect of microbial contamination, section five explores bioterrorism and the different chemical, radiological, and biological agents that could be employed to deliberately contaminate food. Contributors take a critical look at present food protection strategies and propose a Food Defense Plan that can reduce vulnerability.

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