practical considerations in computer based testing statistics for social and behavioral sciences

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Practical Considerations In Computer Based Testing

Author : Cynthia G. Parshall
ISBN : 9781461300830
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 69. 18 MB
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This book introduces computer-based testing, addressing both nontechnical and technical considerations. The material is oriented toward practitioners and graduate students. The practical emphasis will be useful to measurement professionals who are or will be responsible for implementing a computerized testing program. The instructional information is also designed to be suitable for a one-semester graduate course in computerized testing in an educational measurement or quantitative methods program. While certain theoretical concepts are addressed, the focus of the book is on the applied nature of computerized testing. For this reason, the materials include such features as example applications, figures, and plots to illustrate critical points in the discussions. A wide range ofnontechnical issues need to be considered in implementing a computer-based testing program. Separate chapters are provided on test administration and development issues, examinee issues, software issues, and innovative item types. Test administration and delivery issues include the location of exam administration, selection of hardware and software, security considerations, scheduling of administration frequency and time limits, cost implications, and program support as well as approaches for addressing reliability, validity, comparability, and data analysis. Examinee issues include the influence ofexaminees' reactions to adaptive testing, the effect ofcomputer based task constraints, and the impact of examinees' prior computer experience. Software issues include usability studies and software evaluation as tools in selecting and developing appropriate software, based on the test program needs.

Computerized Multistage Testing

Author : Duanli Yan
ISBN : 9781466505803
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 73. 79 MB
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Devising tests that evaluate a nation’s educational standing and implement efficacious educational reforms requires a careful balance among the contributions of technology, psychometrics, test design, and the learning sciences. Unlike other forms of adaptive testing, multistage testing (MST) is highly suitable for testing educational achievement because it can be adapted to educational surveys and student testing. Computerized Multistage Testing: Theory and Applications covers the methodologies, underlying technology, and implementation aspects of this type of test design. The book discusses current scientific perspectives and practical considerations for each step involved in setting up an MST program. It covers the history of MST, test design and implementation for various purposes, item pool development and maintenance, IRT-based and classical test theory-based methodologies for test assembly, routing and scoring, equating, test security, and existing software. It also explores current research, existing operational programs, and innovative future assessments using MST. Intended for psychologists, social scientists, and educational measurement scientists, this volume provides the first unified source of information on the design, psychometrics, implementation, and operational use of MST. It shows how to apply theoretical statistical tools to testing in novel and useful ways. It also explains how to explicitly tie the assumptions made by each model to observable (or at least inferable) data conditions. Winner of the 2016 AERA Award for Significant Contribution to Educational Measurement and Research Methodology The 2016 American Education Research Association (AERA) Div. D award committee for Significant Contributions to Educational Measurement and Research Methodology has recognized unanimously this collaborative work advancing the theory and applications of computerized MST. This annual award recognizes published research judged to represent a significant conceptual advancement in the theory and practice of educational measurement and/or educational research methodology. The 2016 award was made under the heading: Measurement, Psychometrics, and Assessment. This collective work, published in 2014 as an edited volume titled Computerized Multistage Testing: Theory and Applications, was cited by the committee both for the originality of the conceptual foundations presented in support of multistage testing and for arguing persuasively for its potential impact on the practice of educational measurement.

Modern Statistics For The Social And Behavioral Sciences

Author : Rand Wilcox
ISBN : 9781498796804
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 76. 90 MB
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Requiring no prior training, Modern Statistics for the Social and Behavioral Sciences provides a two-semester, graduate-level introduction to basic statistical techniques that takes into account recent advances and insights that are typically ignored in an introductory course. Hundreds of journal articles make it clear that basic techniques, routinely taught and used, can perform poorly when dealing with skewed distributions, outliers, heteroscedasticity (unequal variances) and curvature. Methods for dealing with these concerns have been derived and can provide a deeper, more accurate and more nuanced understanding of data. A conceptual basis is provided for understanding when and why standard methods can have poor power and yield misleading measures of effect size. Modern techniques for dealing with known concerns are described and illustrated. Features: Presents an in-depth description of both classic and modern methods Explains and illustrates why recent advances can provide more power and a deeper understanding of data Provides numerous illustrations using the software R Includes an R package with over 1300 functions Includes a solution manual giving detailed answers to all of the exercises This second edition describes many recent advances relevant to basic techniques. For example, a vast array of new and improved methods is now available for dealing with regression, including substantially improved ANCOVA techniques. The coverage of multiple comparison procedures has been expanded and new ANOVA techniques are described. Rand Wilcox is a professor of psychology at the University of Southern California. He is the author of 13 other statistics books and the creator of the R package WRS. He currently serves as an associate editor for five statistics journals. He is a fellow of the Association for Psychological Science and an elected member of the International Statistical Institute.

Psychological Testing

Author : Theresa J.B. Kline
ISBN : 9781506315942
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57. 38 MB
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Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach to Design and Evaluation offers a fresh and innovative approach for graduate students and faculty in the fields of testing, measurement, psychometrics, research design, and related areas of study. Author Theresa J.B. Kline guides readers through the process of designing and evaluating a test, while ensuring that the test meets the highest professional standards. The author uses simple, clear examples throughout and fully details the required statistical analyses. Topics include—but are not limited to—design of item stems and responses; sampling strategies; classical and modern test theory; IRT program examples; reliability of tests and raters; validation using content, criterion-related, and factor analytic approaches; test and item bias; and professional and ethical issues in testing.

Multidimensional Item Response Theory

Author : M.D. Reckase
ISBN : 0387899766
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 22. 6 MB
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First thorough treatment of multidimensional item response theory Description of methods is supported by numerous practical examples Describes procedures for multidimensional computerized adaptive testing

Applied Power Analysis For The Behavioral Sciences

Author : Christopher L. Aberson
ISBN : 9781135280376
Genre : Education
File Size : 70. 73 MB
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First Published in 2010. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Elements Of Adaptive Testing

Author : Wim J. van der Linden
ISBN : 9780387854618
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 85. 49 MB
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The arrival of the computer in educational and psychological testing has led to the current popularity of adaptive testing---a testing format in which the computer uses statistical information about the test items to automatically adapt their selection to a real-time update of the test taker’s ability estimate. This book covers such key features of adaptive testing as item selection and ability estimation, adaptive testing with multidimensional abilities, sequencing adaptive test batteries, multistage adaptive testing, item-pool design and maintenance, estimation of item and item-family parameters, item and person fit, as well as adaptive mastery and classification testing. It also shows how these features are used in the daily operations of several large-scale adaptive testing programs.

Becoming A Behavioral Science Researcher

Author : Rex B. Kline
ISBN : UOM:39015082678767
Genre : Education
File Size : 87. 42 MB
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Students and beginning researchers often discover that their introductory statistics and methods courses have not fully equipped them to plan and execute their own behavioral research studies. This indispensable book bridges the gap between course work and conducting independent research. With clarity and wit, the author helps the reader build needed skills to formulate a precise, meaningful research question; understand the pros and cons of widely used research designs and analysis options; correctly interpret the outcomes of statistical tests; make informed measurement choices for a particular study; manage the practical aspects of data screening and preparation; and craft effective journal articles, oral presentations, and posters. Including annotated examples and recommended readings, most chapters feature theoretical and computer-based exercises, complete with an answer appendix so readers can check their work. Intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students in psychology, education, and related behavioral and social science disciplines, this book will also appeal to new researchers who are seeking to hone their skills. It will serve as a text in advanced undergraduate courses that focus on conducting independent research, such as Psychology Honors Thesis, as well as in graduate level courses such as Thesis Writing, Quantitative Methods, Experimental Design, and Dissertation Seminar.

Handbook Of Psychology Research Methods In Psychology

Author : John A. Schinka
ISBN : 9780471264439
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 49. 96 MB
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Includes established theories and cutting-edge developments. Presents the work of an international group of experts. Presents the nature, origin, implications, an future course of major unresolved issues in the area.

Test Equating Scaling And Linking

Author : Michael J. Kolen
ISBN : 9781493903177
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 49. 35 MB
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This book provides an introduction to test equating, scaling and linking, including those concepts and practical issues that are critical for developers and all other testing professionals. In addition to statistical procedures, successful equating, scaling and linking involves many aspects of testing, including procedures to develop tests, to administer and score tests and to interpret scores earned on tests. Test equating methods are used with many standardized tests in education and psychology to ensure that scores from multiple test forms can be used interchangeably. Test scaling is the process of developing score scales that are used when scores on standardized tests are reported. In test linking, scores from two or more tests are related to one another. Linking has received much recent attention, due largely to investigations of linking similarly named tests from different test publishers or tests constructed for different purposes. In recent years, researchers from the education, psychology and statistics communities have contributed to the rapidly growing statistical and psychometric methodologies used in test equating, scaling and linking. In addition to the literature covered in previous editions, this new edition presents coverage of significant recent research. In order to assist researchers, advanced graduate students and testing professionals, examples are used frequently and conceptual issues are stressed. New material includes model determination in log-linear smoothing, in-depth presentation of chained linear and equipercentile equating, equating criteria, test scoring and a new section on scores for mixed-format tests. In the third edition, each chapter contains a reference list, rather than having a single reference list at the end of the volume The themes of the third edition include: * the purposes of equating, scaling and linking and their practical context * data collection designs * statistical methodology * designing reasonable and useful equating, scaling, and linking studies * importance of test development and quality control processes to equating * equating error, and the underlying statistical assumptions for equating

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