presidential debates fifty years of high risk tv

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Presidential Debates

Author : Alan Schroeder
ISBN : 9780231541503
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 74. 20 MB
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Alan Schroeder's big-picture history recounts the phenomenon of American televised presidential debates and its evolution over the past half century. From pundits to political operatives, from debate moderators to the viewing public, Presidential Debates reveals how the various stakeholders make and experience this powerful event. For this third edition, Schroeder analyzes the presidential debates of 2008 and 2012 and the crucial role that social media and contemporary news outlets had in shaping their design and reception. He also expands his coverage of previous campaigns, including the landmark meetings in 1960 between John F. Kennedy and Richard Nixon. Schroeder details an insider's view of the key phases of the debate: anticipation, in which the campaigns negotiate rules, formulate strategy, and steer press coverage; execution, in which the candidates, moderators, panelists, and television professionals create and project the event; and reaction, in which the commentators, spin doctors, and viewers evaluate the performance and move story lines in new directions. New chapters focus on real-time debate responses and the extent to which postdebate news coverage influences voters' decision making and candidates' behavior.

Tension City

Author : Jim Lehrer
ISBN : 9780812981438
Genre : History
File Size : 83. 60 MB
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The executive editor and anchor of PBS's NewsHour presents a lively analysis of political debates from the last two decades through the preparations, executions and mistakes of recent moderators and participants, offering insight into specific high-profile events and decisions.

New Media Campaigning And The 2008 Facebook Election

Author : Thomas J. Johnson
ISBN : 9781317979395
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 57. 3 MB
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Some political observers dubbed the 2008 presidential campaign as 'the Facebook Election'. Barack Obama, in particular, employed social media such as blogs, Twitter, Flickr, Digg, YouTube, MySpace and Facebook to run a 'grassroots-style' campaign. The Obama campaign was keenly aware that voters, particularly the young, are not simply consumers of information, but conduits of information as well. They often replaced the professional filter of traditional media with a social one. Social media allowed candidates to do electronically what previously had to be done through shoe leather and phone banks: contact volunteers and donors, and schedule and promote events. The 2008 Election marked a new era where the candidates no longer had complete control over their campaign message. The individual viewer in a campaign crowd with a cell phone can record a candidate’s gaffe, post it on YouTube or Flickr and within days millions will be gasping or guffawing. The traditional campaign, with its centralized power and planning, although not dead, now coexists with an unstructured digital democracy. New Media, Campaigning and the 2008 Facebook Election examines the way social media changed how candidates campaigned, how the media covered the election and how voters received information. This book is based on a special issue of Mass Communication & Society.

Inside The Presidential Debates

Author : Newton N. Minow
ISBN : 9780226530390
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 66. 51 MB
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Newton Minow’s long engagement with the world of television began nearly fifty years ago when President Kennedy appointed him chairman of the Federal Communications Commission. As its head, Minow would famously dub TV a “vast wasteland,” thus inaugurating a career dedicated to reforming television to better serve the public interest. Since then, he has been chairman of PBS and on the board of CBS and elsewhere, but his most lasting contribution remains his leadership on televised presidential debates. He was assistant counsel to Illinois governor Adlai Stevenson when Stevenson first proposed the idea of the debates in 1960; he served as cochair of the presidential debates in 1976 and 1980; and he helped create and is currently vice chairman of the Commission on Presidential Debates, which has organized the debates for the last two decades. Written with longtime collaborator Craig LaMay, this fascinating history offers readers for the first time a genuinely inside look into the origins of the presidential debates and the many battles—both legal and personal—that have determined who has been allowed to debate and under what circumstances. The authors do not dismiss the criticism of the presidential debates in recent years but do come down solidly in favor of them, arguing that they are one of the great accomplishments of modern American electoral politics. As they remind us, the debates were once unique in the democratic world, are now emulated across the globe, and they offer the public the only real chance to see the candidates speak in direct response to one another in a discussion of major social, economic, and foreign policy issues. Looking to the challenges posed by third-party candidates and the emergence of new media such as YouTube, Minow and LaMay ultimately make recommendations for the future, calling for the debates to become less formal, with candidates allowed to question each other and citizens allowed to question candidates directly. They also explore the many ways in which the Internet might serve to broaden the debates’ appeal and informative power. Whether it’s Clinton or Obama vs. McCain, Inside the Presidential Debates will be welcomed in 2008 by anyone interested in where this crucial part of our democracy is headed—and how it got there.

In Defense Of Negativity

Author : John G. Geer
ISBN : 0226285006
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 32. 63 MB
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Americans tend to see negative campaign ads as just that: negative. Pundits, journalists, voters, and scholars frequently complain that such ads undermine elections and even democratic government itself. But John G. Geer here takes the opposite stance, arguing that when political candidates attack each other, raising doubts about each other’s views and qualifications, voters—and the democratic process—benefit. In Defense of Negativity, Geer’s study of negative advertising in presidential campaigns from 1960 to 2004, asserts that the proliferating attack ads are far more likely than positive ads to focus on salient political issues, rather than politicians’ personal characteristics. Accordingly, the ads enrich the democratic process, providing voters with relevant and substantial information before they head to the polls. An important and timely contribution to American political discourse, In Defense of Negativity concludes that if we want campaigns to grapple with relevant issues and address real problems, negative ads just might be the solution.

When Hollywood Was Right

Author : Donald T. Critchlow
ISBN : 9781107650282
Genre : History
File Size : 54. 47 MB
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Hollywood was not always a bastion of liberalism. Following World War II, an informal alliance of movie stars, studio moguls and Southern California business interests formed to revitalize a factionalized Republican Party. Coming together were stars such as John Wayne, Robert Taylor, George Murphy and many others, who joined studio heads Cecil B. DeMille, Louis B. Mayer, Walt Disney and Jack Warner to rebuild the Republican Party. They found support among a large group of business leaders who poured money and skills into this effort, which paid off with the election of George Murphy to the US Senate and of Richard Nixon and Ronald Reagan to the highest office in the nation. This is an exciting story based on extensive new research that will forever change how we think of Hollywood politics.

Campaigning For President In America 1788 2016

Author : Scott John Hammond
ISBN : 9781440850790
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 42 MB
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What does it take to get elected president of the United States—"leader of the free world"? This book gives readers insight into the major issues and events surrounding American presidential elections across more than two centuries, from the earliest years of the Republic through the campaigns of the 21st century. • Introduces readers to the how and why of every American presidential election in history through plain-English analyses written by national scholars of American politics • Presents a chronological account of presidential campaigns that showcases the key personalities, issues, and campaign themes as they emerged in American political history • Examines recent presidential elections of the 21st century in detail • Decodes confusing campaign jargon and political insider terminology, especially for the ever-changing campaigns of the 21st century

Student S Guide To The Presidency

Author : Bruce J. Schulman
ISBN : 9781452267425
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63. 22 MB
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An indispensable reference for young researchers, specifically designed for the classroom. Specifically written to engage high school students, Student’s Guide to the Presidency presents a comprehensive overview of the history and ongoing evolution of the American executive branch. This single-volume resource does not require any prior knowledge of the presidency and covers topics that meet national high school curriculum standards. The third installment of the Student’s Guide to the U.S Government series is also appropriate for introductory American government college classes. Teachers and students alike will want to use this resource in preparation for exams and research papers. The text features three main sections that present a uniquely integrated approach to studying the U.S. presidency. Part One consists of three informative essays addressing compelling topics on the presidency: The Executive Branch: Behind the Scenes Since 1789 Power Trip? How Presidents Have Increased the Power of the Office Is the U.S. President the Most Powerful Leader in the World? Part Two is an alphabetical section of key words and concepts spanning Adams, John, to Wilson, Woodrow. The definitions are supplemented by sidebars with biographies of decision makers, spotlights on momentous events and key issues, legal milestones and scandals regarding the presidency, and point/counterpoint coverage of controversial issues. Recent entries include the 2008 election of Barack Obama. Part Three complements the first two sections with a generous selection of influential primary source material, including inaugural addresses, constitutional amendments involving the election of the president and presidential succession, and political cartoons A crisp layout unites the text with illuminating photos, maps, charts, tables, timelines, and humorous political cartoons to provide a clear picture of the presidency.

Presentation Skills That Will Take You To The Top Collection

Author : Jerry Weissman
ISBN : 9780133443011
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 63. 67 MB
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Jerry Weissman’s brand new collection of 4 authoritative books on making outstanding presentations Four breakthrough books help you deliver outstanding, winning presentations of all kinds — whatever your goals, whatever your audience! Jerry Weissman has helped the world’s top executives create the most important presentations of their lives: make-or-break investor presentations that have raised hundreds of billions of dollars from demanding, expert investors. Now, in this remarkable 4 book collection, Weissman teaches everything you need to deliver the most compelling, successful presentations of your life! In Presentations in Action: 80 Memorable Presentation Lessons from the Masters, Weissman reveals how the world’s best presenters have applied timeless principles of outstanding communication – and shows how you can, too. Packed with unforgettable examples from the media, sports, politics, science, art, music, literature, the military, and history, it teaches 100% actionable lessons for supercharging everything from content and graphics to delivery! Next, In the Line of Fire: How to Handle Tough Questions...When It Counts, Second Edition, Weissman shows how to answer even the toughest questions with perfect assurance… avoid the defensiveness, evasiveness, or anger that destroy careers… brilliantly control the entire exchange with hostile questioners! Weissman’s Presenting to Win: The Art of Telling Your Story, Updated and Expanded Edition is the industry’s best start-to-finish guide to connecting with even the toughest audiences...telling them compelling stories that focus on what’s in it for them… and moving people to action. Finally, in his brand-new Winning Strategies for Power Presentations, Weissman distills 75 best practices he’s developed through 20+ years coaching executives on high-stakes presentations. He shares powerful new insights into contents, graphics, delivery, Q&A sessions, and more. He also offers new advice on making persuasive political and scripted speeches, developing a richer public speaking voice, interviewing others, demonstrating products, and much more. Every technique is illuminated with a compelling case study, reflecting experiences of communicators ranging from Ronald Reagan to Jon Stewart, Stephen King to Netflix CEO Reed Hastings. From world-renowned presentation consultant Jerry Weissman

The Candidate

Author : Samuel L. Popkin
ISBN : 9780199939411
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 65 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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There are two winners in every presidential election campaign: The inevitable winner when it begins--such as Rudy Giuliani or Hillary Clinton in 2008--and the inevitable victor after it ends. In The Candidate, Samuel Popkin explains the difference between them. While plenty of political insiders have written about specific campaigns, only Popkin--drawing on a lifetime of presidential campaign experience and extensive research--analyzes what it takes to win the next campaign. The road to the White House is littered with geniuses of campaigns past. Why doesn't practice make perfect? Why is experience such a poor teacher? Why are the same mistakes replayed again and again? Based on detailed analyses of the winners--and losers--of the last 60 years of presidential campaigns, Popkin explains how challengers get to the White House, how incumbents stay there for a second term, and how successors hold power for their party. He looks in particular at three campaigns--George H.W. Bush's muddled campaign for reelection in 1992, Al Gore's flawed campaign for the presidency in 2000, and Hillary Clinton's mismanaged effort to win the nomination in 2008--and uncovers the lessons that Ronald Reagan can teach future candidates about teamwork. Throughout, Popkin illuminates the intricacies of presidential campaigns--the small details and the big picture, the surprising mistakes and the predictable miscues--in a riveting account of what goes on inside a campaign and what makes one succeed while another fails. As Popkin shows, a vision for the future and the audacity to run are only the first steps in a candidate's run for office. To truly survive the most grueling show on earth, presidential hopefuls have to understand the critical factors that Popkin reveals in The Candidate. In the wake of the 2012 election, Popkin's analysis looks remarkably prescient. Obama ran a strong incumbent-oriented campaign but made typical incumbent mistakes, as evidenced by his weak performance in the first debate. The Romney campaign correctly put power in the hands of a strong campaign manager, but it couldn't overcome the weaknesses of the candidate.

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