principles of test theories

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Principles Of Test Theories

Author : Hoi K. Suen
ISBN : 9781136463242
Genre : Education
File Size : 40. 92 MB
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Based on a tremendous increase in the development of psychometric theories in the past decade -- ranging from techniques for criterion-referenced testing to behavioral assessment, generalizability, and item response theory -- this book offers a summary of core issues. In so doing, it provides a comprehensive survey of reliability, validity, and item analysis from the perspectives of classical true-score model, generalizability theory, item response theory, criterion-referenced testing, and behavioral assessment. Related theoretical issues such as item bias, equating, and cut-score determination are also discussed. This is an excellent text for courses in statistics, research methods, behavioral medicine and cognitive science as well as educational, school, experimental, counseling/social, clinical, developmental, and personality psychology.

Principles And Methods Of Test Construction

Author : Karl Schweizer
ISBN : 9781613344491
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 66. 38 MB
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This latest volume in the series Psychological Assessment – Science and Practice describes the current state-of-the-art in test development and construction. The past 10-20 years have seen substantial advances in the methods used to develop and administer tests. In this volume many of the world’s leading authorities collate these advances and provide information about current practices, thus equipping researchers and students to successfully construct new tests using the best modern standards and techniques. The first section explains the benefits of considering the underlying theory when designing tests, such as factor analysis and item response theory. The second section looks at item format and test presentation. The third discusses model testing and selection, while the fourth goes into statistical methods that can find group-specific bias. The final section discusses topics of special relevance such as multi-trait multi-state analyses and development of screening instruments.

Modern Measurement

Author : Steven J. Osterlind
ISBN : 0137010257
Genre : Education
File Size : 56. 65 MB
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Modern Measurement: Theory, Principles, and Applications of Mental Appraisal presents a wide array of information on diverse but fundamental aspects of test theory and its application to practical problems in mental measurement for the advanced student and measurement professional. In general, these ideas can be classified under measurement science. The chapters build from foundations of mental assessment, beginning with a description of cognitive appraisal, moving through classical measurement theory, reliability, scaling, test and item construction, generalizability, theory, item response theory (IRT), and on to item analysis, test equating and linking, and special issues of test administration, such as computer-assisted testing and computer-adaptive testing. Written for students and teachers alike, this book is a must have for anyone who will be involved in measuring students successes. Readers will find the book written in a very accessible language that helps them understand the content. Modern Measurement by Steven J. Osterlind is a must have for students that need to understand measurement.

Introduction To Measurement Theory

Author : Mary J. Allen
ISBN : 9781478607700
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 22. 95 MB
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Introduction to Measurement Theory bridges the gap between texts that offer a mathematically rigorous treatment of the statistical properties of measurement and ones that discuss the topic in a basic, cookbook fashion. Without overwhelming novices or boring the more mathematically sophisticated, the authors effectively cover the construction of psychological tests and the interpretation of test scores and scales; critically examine classical true-score theory; and explain theoretical assumptions and modern measurement models, controversies, and developments. Practical applications, examples, and study questions facilitate a better understanding of the uses and limitations of common measures of test reliability and validity and how to perform the basic item analysis necessary for test construction.

A Theory Of Justice

Author : John RAWLS
ISBN : 9780674042605
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 48. 94 MB
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Though the revised edition of A Theory of Justice, published in 1999, is the definitive statement of Rawls's view, so much of the extensive literature on Rawls's theory refers to the first edition. This reissue makes the first edition once again available for scholars and serious students of Rawls's work.

Understanding Medical Education

Author : Tim Swanwick
ISBN : 9781118472385
Genre : Medical
File Size : 41. 80 MB
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In this new and extensively updated second edition, the Association for the Study of Medical Education presents a complete and authoritative guide to medical education. Written by leading experts in the field, Understanding Medical Education provides a comprehensive resource of the theoretical and academic bases to modern medical education practice. This authoritative and accessible reference is designed to meet the needs of all those working in medical education from undergraduate education through postgraduate training to continuing professional development. As well as providing practical guidance for clinicians, teachers and researchers, Understanding Medical Education will prove an invaluable resource to those studying at certificate, diploma or masters level and a first ‘port-of-call’ for anyone engaged in medical education as an academic discipline. Exploring medical education in all its diversity and containing all you need in one place, Understanding Medical Education is the ideal reference not only for medical educators, but for anyone involved in the development of healthcare professionals, in whatever discipline wherever they are in the world.

Aristotle S First Principles

Author : Terence Irwin
ISBN : 9780191519918
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 79. 39 MB
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Aristotle's reliance on dialectic as a method of philosophy appears to conflict with his metaphysical realist view of his conclusions. This book explores Aristotle's philosophical method and the merits of his conclusions, and shows how he defends dialectic against the objection that it cannot justify a metaphysical realist's claims. The author does not presuppose extensive previous acquaintance with Aristotle. Greek texts are translated, and Greek words transliterated.

The Theory Of Relativity

Author : Qing-Ping Ma
ISBN : 1628087463
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 53 MB
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The theory of relativity has been hailed as one of the two most important scientific discoveries in the 20th century. This book presents a comprehensive introduction and analysis of the special theory of relativity and its logical and experimental foundations. It explains in detail the basic principles of the relativity theory, introduces all the important experiments and examines the logic in the reasoning of relativistic results and conclusions. The two fundamental postulates, the principle of relativity and the constancy of the speed of light, are extensively discussed in relation to historical and modern experimental findings. The interpretations of all important experimental results in the history of special relativity and the derivations of key theoretical results in special relativity are scrutinized for their logical consistency, uniqueness to special relativity, and simplicity in explanation compared with competing theories. The ten chapters of this book cover 1) the two postulates, their experimental evidence and logical foundation; 2) the Michelson-Morley experiment and all other important experiments on the speed of light and the medium of light including stellar aberration, the Fizeau experiment, Trouton experiment, Trouton-Noble experiment, Sagnac experiment, Kennedy-Thorndike experiment, Ives-Stilwell experiment, and many modern experiments; 3) the derivation of the Lorentz transformation; 4) the variables in the Lorentz transformation and the principle of relativity; 5) time dilation, its experimental evidence and the twin paradox; 6) length contraction and length paradoxes; 7) motion mass and its derivation, relativistic momentum and experimental evidence; 8) mass-energy relation, its derivation and experimental evidence; 9) time and simultaneity; 10) test theories and experimental verification of special relativity. This book is suitable for both academics and students in science and philosophy and other readers who are interested in physics and its associated philosophical issues; space-time theories; the logical foundation of scientific discoveries; the history of science; the methodology of science, especially researchers and students in physics and the philosophy of science.

Principles Of International Politics

Author : Bruce Bueno de Mesquita
ISBN : 9781452202983
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 23. 14 MB
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Renowned scholar Bruce Bueno de Mesquita, who set the standard for the scientific approach to international relations and transformed the field, has returned with a reformulated fifth edition based on extensive reviewer feedback and guided by an emphasis on questions about the causes and consequences of war, peace, and world order. More than ever before, the strategic perspective in international relations is examined with complete clarity, precision, and accessibility. What hasn't changed is Bueno de Mesquita's commitment to covering the fundamentals of IR. The foundational topics and examination are all there: the major theories of war, the domestic sources of international politics, an exploration of the democratic peace, the problems of terrorism, the role of foreign aid, democratization, international political economy, globalization, international organizations, international law, and the global environment. The first part of the book, "Foundations" offers highly accessible coverage of key concepts, introducing students to different ways to think about the national interest and showing them how to use game theory and the strategic perspective/selectorate theory to better understand what happens in all aspects of international affairs. This section uses debate over North Korea's nuclear weapons development as an ongoing example to build concepts and build confidence in the student's how of basic modeling ideas. Also covered is a basic, intuitive introduction to game theory and other evidence and logic based tools for analyzing international relations. Part II, "War," next provides a more thorough evaluation of how domestic political incentives and the domestic institutions of governance shape choices about conflict initiation, escalation, and termination. It also surveys major theories of war and conflict, working through hypotheses derived from constructivism, neo-realism, liberalism and selectorate theory and evaluating them against the evidence to see what actually works and what doesn't. Chapters in Part III, "Peace," build on the logic of collective action to help students see why it is so difficult to get national governments to do "what is right" even when they can agree on what is right, with chapters covering the effectiveness of international organizations and international law, as well as a thorough evaluation of environmental issues, human rights enforcement and the domestic and the international political economy of trade. Part IV, "World Order" emphasizes efforts to promote the spread of democracy and economic prosperity. It also addresses how to understand and deal with terrorism. Whether examining terrorism, the spread of democracy or the alleviation of poverty, chapters in this section carefully examine which strategies work, which do not, and why. The Arab Spring provides a useful ongoing example of the strengths and weaknesses of foreign aid policy and military intervention policies. No other introductory text delivers such an easily-understood contemporary explanation of international politics, while truly enabling students to learn how to mobilize the key concepts and models themselves-thus develop a new method for thinking about world affairs. More than ever before, Principles provides a comprehensive evaluation of all aspects of international affairs, systematically compares the accuracy of competing approaches to international relations, and walks students through the simple, intuitive models and games that capture the essence of the strategic, selectorate viewpoint.

Theory And Practice Of Psychological Testing

Author : Frank Samuel Freeman
ISBN : 8120417070
Genre : Ability
File Size : 48. 9 MB
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Contents: Historical Back-ground / Elementary Statistical Concepts / Basic Principles / Test Standardization: Procedures and Reliability / Test Standardi-zation: Validity / Interpretation of Test Scores: Quantitative and Qualitative / Definitions and Analysis of Intelligence / The Binet Scales / Early Revisions of the Binet-Simon Scale / The Standford-Binet Scales: 1937 and 1960 Revisions / The Wechsler Scales / Individual Performance Scales / Scales for Infants and Preschool Children / Intelligence Tests as Clinical Instruments / Nonverbal Group Scales of Mental Ability / Group Scales of Intelligence: Elementary, Secondary and Higher Levels / Multifactor Test Batteries / Aptitude Tests / Aptitude Tests: Fine Arts and Professions / Tests of Educational Achievement / Personality Rating Methods / Situational Tests / Personality Inventories / Interests, Attitudes, and Values / Projective Methods: The Rorschach and the Thematic Apperception Tests / Projective Methods: Various / Index of Names / Index of Subjects

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