private actors and security governance

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Private Actors And Security Governance

Author : Alan Bryden
ISBN : 3825898407
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79. 92 MB
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The privatization of security understood as both the top-down decision to outsource military and security-related tasks to private firms and the bottom-up activities of armed non-state actors such as rebel opposition groups, insurgents, militias, and warlord factions has implications for the state's monopoly on the legitimate use of force. Both top-down and bottom-up privatization have significant consequences for effective, democratically accountable security sector governance as well as on opportunities for security sector reform across a range of different reform contexts. This volume situates security privatization within a broader policy framework, considers several relevant national and regional contexts, and analyzes different modes of regulation and control relating to a phenomenon with deep historical roots but also strong links to more recent trends of globalization and transnationalization. Alan Bryden is deputy head of research at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF). Marina Caparini is senior research fellow at the Geneva Centre for the Democratic Control of Armed Forces (DCAF).

The Impact Of Private Actors On Security Governance

Author : Gloria Westermeyer
ISBN : 9783658022303
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24. 17 MB
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With the ever farther advancement of globalization, governance has become one of the most prominent theoretical concepts to describe today’s world. Governance theory is concerned with a system of rule through non-hierarchical governing modes, such as networks and market mechanisms. Initially the field of security was ignored, as it was seen as the last bastion of the nation state. When the concept of security governance emerged at the beginning of the millennium, it sought to take account of transnational threats, such as nuclear proliferation or cluster bombs. However, the traditional security domain of the state, i.e. the provision of security by military force, is still exempt from governance theory. Provoked by the increasing support of private actors to military operations, Gloria Westermeyer aims to investigate whether this exemption is still valid. Based on the conduct of Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance services in the German ISAF Mission, the author examines the impact of private actors on the governance of today's military affairs. What is the relative power of private security actors vis-à-vis the state? Which factors determine if, to what extent and why private actors support the military? Under what circumstances and how may security functions be privatized without undermining the state's interest?

Private Actors And Security Governance

Author : Alan Bryden
ISBN : 3037350059
Genre : Contracting out
File Size : 55. 24 MB
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Rethinking Security Governance

Author : Christopher Daase
ISBN : 9781136967436
Genre : History
File Size : 68. 98 MB
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This book explores the unintended consequences of security governance actions and explores how their effects can be limited. Security governance describes new modes of security policy that differ from traditional approaches to national and international security. While traditional security policy used to be the exclusive domain of states and aimed at military defense, security governance is performed by multiple actors and is intended to create a global environment of security for states, social groups, and individuals. By pooling the strength and expertise of states, international organizations, and private actors, security governance is seen to provide more effective and efficient means to cope with today’s security risks. Generally, security governance is assumed to be a good thing, and the most appropriate way of coping with contemporary security problems. This assumption has led scholars to neglect an important phenomenon: unintended consequences. While unintended consequences do not need to be negative, often they are. The CIA term "blowback," for example, refers to the phenomenon that a long nurtured group may turn against its sponsor. The rise of al Qaeda, which had benefited from US Cold War policies, is only one example. Raising awareness about unwanted and even paradoxical policy outcomes and suggesting ways of avoiding damage or limiting their scale, this book will be of much interest to students of security governance, risk management, international security and IR. Christopher Daase is Professor at the Goethe University Frankfurt and head of the research department International Organizations and International Law at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK). Cornelius Friesendorf is lecturer at the Goethe University Frankfurt and research fellow at the Peace Research Institute Frankfurt (PRIF/HSFK).

Putting Security Governance To The Test

Author : Hans-Georg Ehrhart
ISBN : 9781317494836
Genre : History
File Size : 23. 10 MB
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Recent debates in security policy have highlighted trends towards fragmentation, informalisation and privatisation in the diverse field of security policy, with its increasingly transnational security risks. In this context, the concept of security governance has risen to prominence and has inspired much valuable research. Yet, there are not only very different conceptual understandings of security governance; there is also a lack of clarity regarding its empirical manifestations and normative connotations. After a decade of research, this book therefore puts security governance to the test and scrutinises its analytical and political pitfalls and potentials. It reviews the concept of security governance and identifies central conceptual, empirical and normative challenges that need to be addressed. Moreover, this book scrutinises critical examples of security governance from EU security policy as well as in a comparative regional perspective. Case studies include EU efforts to counter piracy off the coast of Somalia, combat terrorism inside European societies and protect critical infrastructures. This book was originally published as a special issue of European Security.

The Transnational Governance Of Violence And Crime

Author : A. Jakobi
ISBN : 9781137334428
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 86. 13 MB
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Building upon a range of case studies that range from civil war to maritime security and cyber crime, the contributors analyse how non-state actors can and should be involved in contributing to state and human security.

The Eu And Multilateral Security Governance

Author : Sonia Lucarelli
ISBN : 9781136213724
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 70 MB
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This book studies the role of the EU in peace and security as a regional actor with global aspirations, in the context of challenged and changing multilateralism. Multilateralism, governance and security are three concepts that have attracted a great deal of attention in the past decade and attempts to redefine them have produced lively conceptual debates. More recently, different strands of the literature have found common ground in the investigation of the EU’s role in what has been labelled ‘multilateral security governance’. Despite being frequently used, the term is yet to be fully clarified, and empirically explored. To contribute further our understanding of it, this book presents a conceptual and empirical exploration of ‘multilateral security governance’ and the EU’s role in it. Expert contributors in the field analyze both traditional and non-traditional security areas, to investigate if and how multilateral security governance functions, and how the EU contributes (or fails to contribute) to the functioning of multilateral governance. The EU and Multilateral Security Governance will be of interest to students, scholars and practitioners of EU politics, security studies and governance.

Security Governance In East Africa

Author : Kennedy Agade Mkutu
ISBN : 9781498553667
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37. 94 MB
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This book looks at security governance, in particular the variety of state and nonstate actors carrying out policing-type duties in East Africa. It links global and local issues to give a highly relevant analysis of current challenges for policing in the region.

Zivile Sicherheit

Author : Peter Zoche
ISBN : 9783839414354
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 24. 74 MB
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Terrorismus, Kriminalität oder Katastrophen - Gefährdungen, Bedrohungen und Risiken heterogener Herkunft werden zunehmend 'auf einer Linie' gedacht. Diese unter dem Schlagwort »Zivile Sicherheit« firmierende Rationalität ist zu einem Kernkonzept sicherheitspolitischer Strategie avanciert. Der Band nimmt Fragen nach den Voraussetzungen, Bedeutungen und Folgen dieser Sicherheitsstrategie auf. Aus unterschiedlichen disziplinären Perspektiven werden grundlegende Aspekte der Konstitution und des Wandels im Sicherheitsbewusstsein, der Transformation der Sicherheitsarchitektur sowie der Ambivalenzen einer Technisierung von Sicherheit dargelegt und kritisch diskutiert.

New Threats And New Actors In International Security

Author : E. Krahmann
ISBN : 9781403981660
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 33. 8 MB
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Non-state threats and actors have become key topics in contemporary international security as since the end of the Cold War the notion that state is the primary unit of interest in international security has increasingly been challenged. Statistics show that today many more people are killed by ethnic conflicts, HIV/AIDS or the proliferation of small arms than by international war. Moreover, non-state actors, such as non-governmental organizations, private military companies and international regimes, are progressively complementing or even replacing states in the provision of security. Suggesting that such developments can be understood as part of a shift from government to governance in international security, this book examines both how private actors have become one of the main sources of insecurity in the contemporary world and how non-state actors play a growing role in combating these threats.

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