probability and randomness quantum versus classical

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Probability And Randomness

Author : Andrei Khrennikov
ISBN : 9781783267989
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 53. 82 MB
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' Creating a rigorous mathematical theory of randomness is far from being complete, even in the classical case. Probability and Randomness: Quantum versus Classical rectifies this and introduces mathematical formalisms of classical and quantum probability and randomness with brief discussion of their interrelation and interpretational and foundational issues. The book presents the essentials of classical approaches to randomness, enlightens their successes and problems, and then proceeds to essentials of quantum randomness. Its wide-ranging and comprehensive scope makes it suitable for researchers in mathematical physics, probability and statistics at any level. Contents:Foundations of ProbabilityRandomnessSupplementary Notes on Measure-theoretic and Frequency ApproachesIntroduction to Quantum FormalismQuantum and Contextual ProbabilityInterpretations of Quantum Mechanics and ProbabilityRandomness: Quantum Versus ClassicalProbabilistic Structure of Bell''s ArgumentQuantum Probability Outside of Physics: from Molecular Biology to Cognition Readership: Researchers in mathematical physics, probability and statistics. Keywords:Kolmogorov Axiomataics;Randomness;Independence;Quantum Probability'

Quantum Probability And Randomness

Author : Andrei Khrennikov
ISBN : 9783038977148
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 14 MB
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The last few years have been characterized by a tremendous development of quantum information and probability and their applications, including quantum computing, quantum cryptography, and quantum random generators. In spite of the successful development of quantum technology, its foundational basis is still not concrete and contains a few sandy and shaky slices. Quantum random generators are one of the most promising outputs of the recent quantum information revolution. Therefore, it is very important to reconsider the foundational basis of this project, starting with the notion of irreducible quantum randomness. Quantum probabilities present a powerful tool to model uncertainty. Interpretations of quantum probability and foundational meaning of its basic tools, starting with the Born rule, are among the topics which will be covered by this issue. Recently, quantum probability has started to play an important role in a few areas of research outside quantum physics—in particular, quantum probabilistic treatment of problems of theory of decision making under uncertainty. Such studies are also among the topics of this issue.

Springer Handbook Of Model Based Science

Author : Lorenzo Magnani
ISBN : 9783319305264
Genre : Computers
File Size : 32. 19 MB
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This handbook offers the first comprehensive reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning. It highlights the role of models as mediators between theory and experimentation, and as educational devices, as well as their relevance in testing hypotheses and explanatory functions. The Springer Handbook merges philosophical, cognitive and epistemological perspectives on models with the more practical needs related to the application of this tool across various disciplines and practices. The result is a unique, reliable source of information that guides readers toward an understanding of different aspects of model-based science, such as the theoretical and cognitive nature of models, as well as their practical and logical aspects. The inferential role of models in hypothetical reasoning, abduction and creativity once they are constructed, adopted, and manipulated for different scientific and technological purposes is also discussed. Written by a group of internationally renowned experts in philosophy, the history of science, general epistemology, mathematics, cognitive and computer science, physics and life sciences, as well as engineering, architecture, and economics, this Handbook uses numerous diagrams, schemes and other visual representations to promote a better understanding of the concepts. This also makes it highly accessible to an audience of scholars and students with different scientific backgrounds. All in all, the Springer Handbook of Model-Based Science represents the definitive application-oriented reference guide to the interdisciplinary field of model-based reasoning.

Understanding Quantum Mechanics

Author : Roland Omnès
ISBN : 0691004358
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 38 MB
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Here Roland Omnès offers a clear, up-to-date guide to the conceptual framework of quantum mechanics. In an area that has provoked much philosophical debate, Omnès has achieved high recognition for his Interpretation of Quantum Mechanics (Princeton 1994), a book for specialists. Now the author has transformed his own theory into a short and readable text that enables beginning students and experienced physicists, mathematicians, and philosophers to form a comprehensive picture of the field while learning about the most recent advances. This new book presents a more streamlined version of the Copenhagen interpretation, showing its logical consistency and completeness. The problem of measurement is a major area of inquiry, with the author surveying its history from Planck to Heisenberg before describing the consistent-histories interpretation. He draws upon the most recent research on the decoherence effect (related to the modern resolution of the famous Schrödinger's cat problem) and an exact formulation of the correspondence between quantum and particle physics (implying a derivation of classical determinism from quantum probabilism). Interpretation is organized with the help of a universal and sound language using so-called consistent histories. As a language and a method, it can now be shown to be free of ambiguity and it makes interpretation much clearer and closer to common sense.

Inis Atomindex

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015039845477
Genre : Nuclear energy
File Size : 45. 97 MB
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Macmillan Encyclopedia Of Physics M R

Author : John S. Rigden
ISBN : UOM:49015003026748
Genre : Physics
File Size : 55. 31 MB
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The Art Of Science

Author : Rossella Lupacchini
ISBN : 9783319021119
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 84. 75 MB
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In addition to linear perspective, complex numbers and probability were notable discoveries of the Renaissance. While the power of perspective, which transformed Renaissance art, was quickly recognized, the scientific establishment treated both complex numbers and probability with much suspicion. It was only in the twentieth century that quantum theory showed how probability might be molded from complex numbers and defined the notion of “complex probability amplitude”. From a theoretical point of view, however, the space opened to painting by linear perspective and that opened to science by complex numbers share significant characteristics. The Art of Science explores this shared field with the purpose of extending Leonardo’s vision of painting to issues of mathematics and encouraging the reader to see science as an art. The intention is to restore a visual dimension to mathematical sciences – an element dulled, if not obscured, by historians, philosophers, and scientists themselves.

Finite Versus Infinite

Author : Cristian Calude
ISBN : 1852332514
Genre : Computers
File Size : 20. 71 MB
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"These recent developments also open up new questions of debate, including: What is the role played by randomness? Are computers capable of handling the infinite through unconventional media of computation? How can one approximate efficiently the finite by the infinite, and conversely the infinite by the finite?" "Well-known authors from around the world, many of them architects of the mathematics and computer science for the new century, contribute to this volume. While mathematical in spirit, contributions have many connections with computer science, cognitive science, linguistics, philosophy, physics, biology and semiotics."--BOOK JACKET.

Nature

Author : Sir Norman Lockyer
ISBN : UOM:39015012053784
Genre : Electronic journals
File Size : 26. 56 MB
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Mathematical Reviews

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ISBN : UOM:39015068492373
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 59. 24 MB
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