processor microarchitecture

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Processor Microarchitecture

Author : Antonio Gonzalez
ISBN : 9781608454525
Genre : Computers
File Size : 78. 9 MB
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This lecture presents a study of the microarchitecture of contemporary microprocessors. The focus is on implementation aspects, with discussions on their implications in terms of performance, power, and cost of state-of-the-art designs. The lecture starts with an overview of the different types of microprocessors and a review of the microarchitecture of cache memories. Then, it describes the implementation of the fetch unit, where special emphasis is made on the required support for branch prediction. The next section is devoted to instruction decode with special focus on the particular support to decoding x86 instructions. The next chapter presents the allocation stage and pays special attention to the implementation of register renaming. Afterward, the issue stage is studied. Here, the logic to implement out-of-order issue for both memory and non-memory instructions is thoroughly described. The following chapter focuses on the instruction execution and describes the different functional units that can be found in contemporary microprocessors, as well as the implementation of the bypass network, which has an important impact on the performance. Finally, the lecture concludes with the commit stage, where it describes how the architectural state is updated and recovered in case of exceptions or misspeculations. This lecture is intended for an advanced course on computer architecture, suitable for graduate students or senior undergrads who want to specialize in the area of computer architecture. It is also intended for practitioners in the industry in the area of microprocessor design. The book assumes that the reader is familiar with the main concepts regarding pipelining, out-of-order execution, cache memories, and virtual memory. Table of Contents: Introduction / Caches / The Instruction Fetch Unit / Decode / Allocation / The Issue Stage / Execute / The Commit Stage / References / Author Biographies

Embedded Dsp Processor Design

Author : Dake Liu
ISBN : 9780123741233
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25. 93 MB
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This book provides design methods for Digital Signal Processors and Application Specific Instruction set Processors, based on the author's extensive, industrial design experience. Top-down and bottom-up design methodologies are presented, providing valuable guidance for both students and practicing design engineers. Coverage includes design of internal-external data types, application specific instruction sets, micro architectures, including designs for datapath and control path, as well as memory sub systems. Integration and verification of a DSP-ASIP processor are discussed and reinforced with extensive examples. FOR INSTRUCTORS: To obtain access to the solutions manual for this title simply register on our textbook website (textbooks.elsevier.com)and request access to the Computer Science or Electronics and Electrical Engineering subject area. Once approved (usually within one business day) you will be able to access all of the instructor-only materials through the ";Instructor Manual"; link on this book's full web page. * Instruction set design for application specific processors based on fast application profiling * Micro architecture design methodology * Micro architecture design details based on real examples * Extendable architecture design protocols * Design for efficient memory sub systems (minimizing on chip memory and cost) * Real example designs based on extensive, industrial experiences.

Processor And System On Chip Simulation

Author : Rainer Leupers
ISBN : 1441961755
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 18 MB
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Simulation of computer architectures has made rapid progress recently. The primary application areas are hardware/software performance estimation and optimization as well as functional and timing verification. Recent, innovative technologies such as retargetable simulator generation, dynamic binary translation, or sampling simulation have enabled widespread use of processor and system-on-chip (SoC) simulation tools in the semiconductor and embedded system industries. Simultaneously, processor and SoC simulation is still a very active research area, e.g. what amounts to higher simulation speed, flexibility, and accuracy/speed trade-offs. This book presents and discusses the principle technologies and state-of-the-art in high-level hardware architecture simulation, both at the processor and the system-on-chip level.

Architecture Of Computing Systems Arcs 2009

Author : Mladen Bereković
ISBN : 9783642004537
Genre : Computers
File Size : 22. 41 MB
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TheARCSseriesofconferenceshasover30yearsoftraditionreportingtop-notch results in computer architecture and operating systems research. It is organized bythe specialinterest groupon “Computer and System Architecture” ofthe GI (Gesellschaft fur ¨ Informatik e.V.) and ITG (Informationstechnische Gesellschaft im VDE - Information Technology Society). In 2009, ARCS was hosted by the Delft University of Technology, which has one of the leading information te- nology schools in Europe. This year's special focus was set on energy awarenessviewed from two di?- ent perspectives. Firstly, this deals with the improvement of computer systems to be as energy-e?cient as possible (particularly for speci?c applications). One can think of heterogeneous multi-core architectures or recon?gurable archit- tures for this purpose.Secondly,this addressesthe usage ofcomputer systems to reduce the energy consumption of other systems, which might lead to problems of communication and cooperation. Like the previous conferences in this series, it continues to be an important forum for computer architecture research. The call for papers resulted in a total of 57 submissions from around the world. Each submission was assigned to at least three members of the Program Committee for review. The Program Committee decided to accept 21 papers, which are arranged into eight sessions. The accepted papers are from: Finland, France, Germany, Japan, The Netherlands, Singapore, Spain, UK, and USA. Three intriguingkeynotesfromacademia andindustry complementedthe strong technical program.

Processor Microarchitecture For Implementation Of Ephermeral I E Ephemeral State Processing Within Network Routers

Author : Muthulakshmi Muthukumarasamy
ISBN : OCLC:53311390
Genre :
File Size : 90. 99 MB
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Arm Assembly Language

Author : William Hohl
ISBN : 9781482229868
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37. 41 MB
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Delivering a solid introduction to assembly language and embedded systems, ARM Assembly Language: Fundamentals and Techniques, Second Edition continues to support the popular ARM7TDMI, but also addresses the latest architectures from ARM, including CortexTM-A, Cortex-R, and Cortex-M processors—all of which have slightly different instruction sets, programmer’s models, and exception handling. Featuring three brand-new chapters, a new appendix, and expanded coverage of the ARM7TM, this edition: Discusses IEEE 754 floating-point arithmetic and explains how to program with the IEEE standard notation Contains step-by-step directions for the use of KeilTM MDK-ARM and Texas Instruments (TI) Code Composer StudioTM Provides a resource to be used alongside a variety of hardware evaluation modules, such as TI’s Tiva Launchpad, STMicroelectronics’ iNemo and Discovery, and NXP Semiconductors’ Xplorer boards Written by experienced ARM processor designers, ARM Assembly Language: Fundamentals and Techniques, Second Edition covers the topics essential to writing meaningful assembly programs, making it an ideal textbook and professional reference.

Digital Design And Computer Architecture

Author : David Harris
ISBN : 9780123978165
Genre : Computers
File Size : 83. 18 MB
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Digital Design and Computer Architecture, Second Edition, takes a unique and modern approach to digital design, introducing the reader to the fundamentals of digital logic and then showing step by step how to build a MIPS microprocessor in both Verilog and VHDL. This new edition combines an engaging and humorous writing style with an updated and hands-on approach to digital design. It presents new content on I/O systems in the context of general purpose processors found in a PC as well as microcontrollers found almost everywhere. Beginning with digital logic gates and progressing to the design of combinational and sequential circuits, the book uses these fundamental building blocks as the basis for the design of an actual MIPS processor. It provides practical examples of how to interface with peripherals using RS232, SPI, motor control, interrupts, wireless, and analog-to-digital conversion. SystemVerilog and VHDL are integrated throughout the text in examples illustrating the methods and techniques for CAD-based circuit design. There are also additional exercises and new examples of parallel and advanced architectures, practical I/O applications, embedded systems, and heterogeneous computing, plus a new appendix on C programming to strengthen the connection between programming and processor architecture. This new edition will appeal to professional computer engineers and to students taking a course that combines digital logic and computer architecture. Updated based on instructor feedback with more exercises and new examples of parallel and advanced architectures, practical I/O applications, embedded systems, and heterogeneous computing Presents digital system design examples in both VHDL and SystemVerilog (updated for the second edition from Verilog), shown side-by-side to compare and contrast their strengths Includes a new chapter on C programming to provide necessary prerequisites and strengthen the connection between programming and processor architecture Companion Web site includes links to Xilinx CAD tools for FPGA design, lecture slides, laboratory projects, and solutions to exercises. Instructors can also register at textbooks.elsevier.com for access to: Solutions to all exercises (PDF) Lab materials with solutions HDL for textbook examples and exercise solutions Lecture slides (PPT) Sample exams\ Sample course syllabus Figures from the text (JPG, PPT)

Modern Processor Design

Author : John Paul Shen
ISBN : 9781478610762
Genre : Computers
File Size : 74. 7 MB
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Conceptual and precise, Modern Processor Design brings together numerous microarchitectural techniques in a clear, understandable framework that is easily accessible to both graduate and undergraduate students. Complex practices are distilled into foundational principles to reveal the authors insights and hands-on experience in the effective design of contemporary high-performance micro-processors for mobile, desktop, and server markets. Key theoretical and foundational principles are presented in a systematic way to ensure comprehension of important implementation issues. The text presents fundamental concepts and foundational techniques such as processor design, pipelined processors, memory and I/O systems, and especially superscalar organization and implementations. Two case studies and an extensive survey of actual commercial superscalar processors reveal real-world developments in processor design and performance. A thorough overview of advanced instruction flow techniques, including developments in advanced branch predictors, is incorporated. Each chapter concludes with homework problems that will institute the groundwork for emerging techniques in the field and an introduction to multiprocessor systems.

Amd K6 3d Processor

Author : Howard Kalish
ISBN : 1557553459
Genre : Computers
File Size : 41. 17 MB
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The AMD-K6 3D Processor is for PC users who want to upgrade to Pentium II and faster without throwing out their MMX computer. Readers can use the CD-ROM with the included simulator--it shows actual internal operation of the AMD-K6 as it executes instructions. The book shows how a modern superscalar processor works and how the 3D instructions are executed.

The Microarchitecture Of Pipelined And Superscalar Computers

Author : Amos R. Omondi
ISBN : 9781475729894
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 91 MB
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This book is intended to serve as a textbook for a second course in the im plementation (Le. microarchitecture) of computer architectures. The subject matter covered is the collection of techniques that are used to achieve the highest performance in single-processor machines; these techniques center the exploitation of low-level parallelism (temporal and spatial) in the processing of machine instructions. The target audience consists students in the final year of an undergraduate program or in the first year of a postgraduate program in computer science, computer engineering, or electrical engineering; professional computer designers will also also find the book useful as an introduction to the topics covered. Typically, the author has used the material presented here as the basis of a full-semester undergraduate course or a half-semester post graduate course, with the other half of the latter devoted to multiple-processor machines. The background assumed of the reader is a good first course in computer architecture and implementation - to the level in, say, Computer Organization and Design, by D. Patterson and H. Hennessy - and familiarity with digital-logic design. The book consists of eight chapters: The first chapter is an introduction to all of the main ideas that the following chapters cover in detail: the topics covered are the main forms of pipelining used in high-performance uniprocessors, a taxonomy of the space of pipelined processors, and performance issues. It is also intended that this chapter should be readable as a brief "stand-alone" survey.

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