product stewardship life cycle analysis and the environment

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Product Stewardship

Author : Kathleen Sellers
ISBN : 9781498760355
Genre : Law
File Size : 42. 99 MB
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Consider the Consequences of Bringing a Chemical to Market Product Stewardship: Life Cycle Analysis and the Environment explores the regulatory and scientific aspects of the life-cycle consequences of bringing a chemical to market. Using case studies to bring critical points to life, this multidisciplinary text explores the factors that influence our risk management decisions. It bridges the academic study of life cycle analysis and the practical concerns of those in industry who produce goods for market within the web of global product stewardship regulations and under the eye of consumers concerned with sustainability. This book: Discusses the technical tools that a product steward can use to predict the life cycle consequences of chemical manufacture and use Includes the techniques needed to characterize and predict the fate and transport of chemicals in the environment Explains the formal process of life cycle assessment, which is used to evaluate the potential effects on the environment Describes the regulation of both existing and new chemicals, using examples to illustrate the complexity of the factors that affect their regulation Provides case studies that integrate the technical and regulatory foundations of product stewardship which allows readers to explore past risk-management decisions Product Stewardship: Life Cycle Analysis and the Environment describes critical product stewardship regulations and the concept of life cycle thinking in understandable and practical terms. It examines the balance between the benefits of chemical use against the possible consequences of exposure and can assist readers in learning to predict, understand, and regulate the consequences of using a chemical substance through its life cycle.

Ecological Assessment Of Polymers

Author : John Douglas Hamilton
ISBN : UOM:39015038581925
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 77. 26 MB
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This text offers information on the ecological effects of polymers. Information is included on tools and databases for developing environmentally compatible production processes and products; and development of products with enhanced levels of biodegradabi

The Life Cycle Of Pharmaceuticals In The Environment

Author : B.M. Peake
ISBN : 9781908818454
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 79 MB
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The Life-Cycle of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment identifies pathways of entry of pharmaceuticals into the environment, beginning with the role of global prescribing and disposal practices. The book then discusses typical levels of common pharmaceuticals and how they can be determined in natural waters such as raw and treated sewage, and in potable water. In addition, sections examine methods currently available to degrade pharmaceuticals in natural waters and some of their ecotoxicological impacts, along with future considerations and the growing concept of product stewardship. Encompasses the full lifecycle of common pharmaceuticals, from prescription and dispensing practices to their occurrence in a range of different types of natural waters and their environmental impact Explores the role of the healthcare system and its affect on users Beneficial for environmental engineers involved in the design and operation of appropriate degradation technologies of the pharmaceutical prescription and disposal practices

Life Cycle Assessment And Environmental Impact Of Polymeric Products

Author : T. J. O'Neill
ISBN : 1859573649
Genre : Science
File Size : 28. 13 MB
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This review describes the process of life cycle analysis in some detail. It describes the different organisations involved in researching and applying these techniques and the database resources being used to generate comparative reports. The overview explains the factors to be considered, the terminology, the organisations involved in developing these techniques and the legislation which is driving the whole process forward. The ISO standards relating to environmental management are also discussed briefly in the document. Design for the environment is covered in the report. This review is accompanied by summaries of selected papers on life cycle analysis and environmental impact from the Rapra Polymer Library database.

Business Management And Environmental Stewardship

Author :
ISBN : 9781349923076
Genre :
File Size : 34. 92 MB
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Sustainability Matters

Author :
ISBN : 9789814464031
Genre :
File Size : 28. 66 MB
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Assessing And Measuring Environmental Impact And Sustainability

Author : Jiří J Klemeš
ISBN : 9780128022337
Genre : Science
File Size : 88. 56 MB
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Assessing and Measuring Environmental Impact and Sustainability answers the question “what are the available methodologies to assess the environmental sustainability of a product, system or process? Multiple well-known authors share their expertise in order to give a broad perspective of this issue from a chemical and environmental engineering perspective. This mathematical, quantitative book includes many case studies to assist with the practical application of environmental and sustainability methods. Readers learn how to efficiently assess and use these methods. This book summarizes all relevant environmental methodologies to assess the sustainability of a product and tools, in order to develop more green products or processes. With life cycle assessment as its main methodology, this book speaks to engineers interested in environmental impact and sustainability. Helps engineers to assess, evaluate, and measure sustainability in industry Provides workable approaches to environmental and sustainability assessment Readers learn tools to assess the sustainability of a process or product and to design it in an environmentally friendly way

Product Design And Life Cycle Assessment

Author : Ireneusz Zbicinski
ISBN : 9789197552622
Genre : Environmental impact analysis
File Size : 86. 54 MB
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Wood In Our Future The Role Of Life Cycle Analysis

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 0309174791
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 78 MB
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The United States produces 25% of the world's wood output, and wood supports a major segment of the U.S. industrial base. Trees provide fiber, resins, oils, pulp, food, paper, pharmaceuticals, fuel, many products used in home construction, and numerous other products. The use of wood as a raw material must consider production efficiencies and natural resource conservation as well as efficient, profitable use of solid wood, its residues, and by-products. To better assess the use of wood as a raw material, the U.S. Department of Agriculture's Forest Service asked the National Research Council's Board on Agriculture to bring together experts to review the analytical techniques used to follow the life-cycle of wood production--from tree to product--and assess the environmental impacts. This resulting book provides a base of current knowledge, identifying what data are lacking, where future efforts should be focused, and what is known about the methodologies used to assess environmental impacts. The book also focuses on national and international efforts to develop integrated environmental, economic, and energy accounting methologies.

Achieving Environmental Stewardship In Iron And Steel Sector Through Application Of Life Cycle Assessment

Author : Mohan Yellishetty
ISBN : OCLC:920438514
Genre : Carbon dioxide
File Size : 47. 44 MB
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The aims of this thesis are: (1) To develop improved knowledge and understanding of material flows and life cycle assessments of the iron and steel industries and(2) suggest policy directions based on the knowledge and understandings gained. It is hoped that improved environmental performance and environmental stewardship for the iron and steel material cycles will be outcomes of the work reported here. The metrics used include materials flow analysis (MFA) and life cycle assessment (LCA).The mining and metals sector provides materials that are essential elements in a wide range of goods and services. By virtue of their inherent qualities (including strength, chemical resistance and lustre), minerals and metals create value by meeting human needs. The mining, refining and recycling industries, which make metals available for use in human societies around the globe, are under increasing pressure to improve their environmental performance and contribute more towards sustainable development. The steel industry is a major industry which consumes huge quantities of energy. It is therefore liable to cause environmental degradation, mainly due to greenhouse gas emissions. Iron and steel are the world's most widely used material, produced in every region of the world. Today, steels are essential components of our society to the extent that they are part of every utility we use in our day-to-day life. Sustainable use of metals in general, and iron and steel in particular, requires the reduction of environmental impacts associated with the mining, refining and recycling activities that supply metals to economies around the world. By using MFA a quantitative model of current and projected iron ore and steel mass flows and to quantify the CO2 emissions resulting from iron ore and steel production was developed. This model is based on historical data extracted from various government organisations, industry associations and the annual reports of individual companies. Using LCA, the thesis has evaluated the benefits of recycling of steel to our society from environmental and economical perspectives. The quantitative metrics used to demonstrate the benefits of recycling include resource consumption, energy use and life cycle environmental emissions. A brief review is also presented of methodologies of allocation in open-loop recycling, the integration of design-for-recycling (DfR) principles into steel product manufacturing, and policies on steel recycling. In the context of LCA, a review of current characterisation methods in respect of abiotic resource depletion has been carried out. Using a case study of the steel industry, an argument is presented that abiotic resource depletion is a problem, both at a regional and global level from the 'triple bottom line' perspective.Finally, environmental stewardship issues and opportunities in the context of the minerals and metals sector are reviewed. Some industry examples and opportunities have been reported. A case study of the use of iron ore mineral wastes is presented to demonstrate how mineral industries can contribute positively to sustainable development by embracing the concepts of industrial ecology.

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