proving the unprovable the role of law science and speculation in adjudicating culpability and dangerousness american psychology law society series

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Proving The Unprovable

Author : Christopher Slobogin
ISBN : 9780198040965
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 85. 97 MB
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This book is written for researchers, scholars, advanced graduate students, and clinicians who work in risk assessment and criminal responsibility. It addresses the question of admitting expert testimony from behavioral health experts in determining matters of culpability and dangerousness by examining a number of factors, including the source of the expert testimony, whether juries need it, and whether it is presented as proven or informed in the court. It argues that the question cannot be understood as a dualistic matter of being for or against expert testimony; rather, its highly nuanced arguments show that determining who should be punished and who should be preventively detained must happen through an interdisciplinary process that looks at the specific circumstances of each case. It offers an analytic framework for making these determinations that treats culpability and dangerousness not as static, ontologically-complete entities, but rather as socially-constructed concepts that cannot be determined solely through the scientific method. The book makes the intriguing argument throughout that although expert testimony cannot be considered scientifically reliable or proven, it should nevertheless be included as long as it can be classified and understood as informed speculation because it makes legal factfinders attend more closely to the matters that the law considers pertinent to past mental states. It seeks to reconcile the tension between the law's demand for accuracy and the inability of behavioral science to provide more than speculative answers for most questions raised by the insanity defense and related doctrines and by sentencing, commitment and sex offender statutes that require determinations of risk.

Bearing Witness To Change

Author : Ezra Griffith
ISBN : 9781315351063
Genre : Law
File Size : 79. 63 MB
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This book explores the response of forensic psychiatry and psychology to changes over the last several decades. It presents the disciplines themselves as change agents that have shaped forensic work, public policy, and law. Topics include selected developments in forensic practice, the management and treatment of individuals who have had involvement with law enforcement systems, and the application of administrative principles to the management of forensic entities.

Legal Insanity Explorations In Psychiatry Law And Ethics

Author : Gerben Meynen
ISBN : 9783319447216
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 70. 22 MB
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This book examines core issues related to legal insanity, integrating perspectives from psychiatry, law, and ethics. Various criteria for insanity are analyzed and recommendations for forensic psychiatric and legal practice are offered. Many legal systems have an insanity defense, in one form or another. Still, it remains unclear exactly when and why mental disorders affect a person’s moral or criminal responsibility. Questions addressed in this book include: Why should insanity be a component of our legal system? What should be the criteria for an insanity defense? What would be the reasons for abolishing it? Who should bear the burden of proof? Furthermore, the book discusses the impact neurosciences may have on psychiatric and psychological evaluations of defendants as well as on legal decisions about insanity.

Dangerous People

Author : Bernadette McSherry
ISBN : 9781136664168
Genre : Medical
File Size : 61. 33 MB
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Experienced legal academics and mental health professionals explore the current approaches to “dangerousness” and preventive detention. The defining characteristics of those deemed dangerous by society vary according to culture, place, and time, and the contributors to this text have gathered to analyze the policies and practices related to current out-groups such as sex offenders, suspected terrorists, and young offenders in the United States, Scotland, England, and Australia. Dangerous People is the result of their research, workshopping, and writing. The text is organized logically and begins with a section on Parameters that explores the international human rights and legal limitations related to preventive detention schemes. It moves on to Policy, where contributors examine legislative policy, and Prediction, or risk assessment, especially in terms of violent crimes in youth. The section on Practice focuses on recent schemes to prevent re-offending. This text is indispensible as a resource that deals with the practical issues surrounding preventive detention and supervision schemes, the assessment of the risk of future harm in offenders, and different programs and sentencing options for high-risk offenders with mental illnesses. It contains case examples that bring real-life issues to light and sets forth an agenda to provide effective ways to protect communities from harm.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015066180426
Genre : American literature
File Size : 27. 81 MB
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The Corsini Encyclopedia Of Psychology

Author : Irving B. Weiner
ISBN : 9780470170274
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80. 83 MB
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Psychologists, researchers, teachers, and students need complete and comprehensive information in the fields of psychology and behavioral science. The Corsini Encyclopedia of Psychology, Volume Three has been the reference of choice for almost three decades. This indispensable resource is updated and expanded to include much new material. It uniquely and effectively blends psychology and behavioral science. The Fourth Edition features over 1,200 entries; complete coverage of DSM disorders; and a bibliography of over 10,000 citations. Readers will benefit from up-to-date and authoritative coverage of every major area of psychology.

Choosing The Future For American Juvenile Justice

Author : Franklin E. Zimring
ISBN : 9781479841561
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 75. 6 MB
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This is a hopeful but complicated era for those with ambitions to reform the juvenile courts and youth-serving public institutions in the United States. As advocates plea for major reforms, many fear the public backlash in making dramatic changes. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice provides a look at the recent trends in juvenile justice as well as suggestions for reforms and policy changes in the future. Should youth be treated as adults when they break the law? How can youth be deterred from crime? What factors should be considered in how youth are punished?What role should the police have in schools? This essential volume, edited by two of the leading scholars on juvenile justice, and with contributors who are among the key experts on each issue, the volume focuses on the most pressing issues of the day: the impact of neuroscience on our understanding of brain development and subsequent sentencing, the relationship of schools and the police, the issue of the school-to-prison pipeline, the impact of immigration, the privacy of juvenile records, and the need for national policies—including registration requirements--for juvenile sex offenders. Choosing the Future for American Juvenile Justice is not only a timely collection, based on the most current research, but also a forward-thinking volume that anticipates the needs for substantive and future changes in juvenile justice.

Scientific Evidence In California Criminal Cases Origin And Cause Of Fire

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105064266351
Genre : Evidence, Criminal
File Size : 66. 1 MB
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Die Nachtr Gliche Sicherungsverwahrung

Author : Soledad Bender
ISBN : 3631565232
Genre :
File Size : 36. 55 MB
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Die Arbeit versucht eine Antwort zu geben auf die Frage, ob die neu geschaffene Regelung zur Anordnung der nachtraglichen Sicherungsverwahrung gemass 66 b StGB den vom Gesetzgeber verfolgten Zweck eines verbesserten Schutzes der Allgemeinheit vor schweren Gewalt- und Sexualstraftaten zu erreichen vermag. Nach einer kurzen Einfuhrung in die Vorgeschichte der nachtraglichen Sicherungsverwahrung wird ausgehend von dem BVerfG-Urteil vom 10.2.2004 die Reaktion des Bundesgesetzgebers untersucht. Schwerpunktthemen sind nach einer kurzen Darstellung der aktuellen Gesetzeslage zur Sicherungsverwahrung die einzelnen Voraussetzungen des 66 b StGB, insbesondere die -neuen Tatsachen-, und das in 275 a StPO geregelte Verfahren. Im Zuge dieser Untersuchung werden viele offene Fragen und Widerspruche der gesetzlichen Regelung problematisiert und zur gegenwartigen Diskussion eigene Interpretationsvorschlage und Stellungnahmen abgegeben. Im Anschluss wird auf verfassungs- und menschenrechtliche Probleme aufmerksam gemacht. Die Verfasserin skizziert realistische Alternativen zur nachtraglichen Sicherungsverwahrung und schliesst mit einem kritischen Ausblick auf bevorstehende Entwicklungen."

Selective Incapacitation

Author : Tobias Busch
ISBN : 3882595426
Genre : Imprisonment
File Size : 59. 30 MB
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