psychology of system design advances in human factors ergonomics

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Psychology Of System Design

Author : D. Meister
ISBN : 9781483295923
Genre : Computers
File Size : 22. 50 MB
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This is a book about systems, including: systems in which humans control machines; systems in which humans interact with humans and the machine component is relatively unimportant; systems which are heavily computerized and those that are not; and governmental, industrial, military and social systems. The book deals with both traditional systems like farming, fishing and the military, and with systems just now tentatively emerging, like the expert and the interactive computer system. The emphasis is on the system concept and its implications for analysis, design and evaluation of these many different types of systems. The book attempts to make three major points: 1. System design, and particularly computer system design, must fit into and be directed by a comprehensive theory of system functioning. 2. Interactive computer design models itself upon our knowledge of how humans function. 3. Highly sophisticated interactive computer systems are presently mostly research vehicles, they are vastly different to general purpose, commercially available word processors and personal computers. The book represents an interdisciplinary approach, the author has used psychological, organizational, human factors, and engineering sources. The book is not a "how to do it" book but it is intended to stimulate thinking about the larger context in which systems, particularly computer systems of the future, should be designed and used.

Human Factors In Certification

Author : John A. Wise
ISBN : 9781482285109
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 34 MB
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Much has happened to certification and to human factors during the past few years. In this volume, the editors and other specialists discuss the topic of human factors applied to certification. They focus on core topics in the certification process that have emerged in the study of product certification in high-tech industries. The editors' purpose is to document advances in the study of certification processes defined largely by the 1993 international conference on the application of human factors principles to the study of product certification in man-machine systems. Although the book focuses mostly on certification in large, man-machine systems, such as aeronautics, its principles also apply to other high tech industries, such as medicine and computers. An introductory paper and a group of papers presenting propositions and philosophies about human factors contribute to a framework for human factors certification. The papers in this volume: * adopt a more direct approach to certification activities, * deal with aspects of human-machine integration, * address topics that should feature in any established human factors certification of advanced aviation systems, * use ideas that already exist in aviation as a basis for discussing certification issues, * consider issues that arise in the certification of complex future systems, and * describe some current characteristics of human factors as a discipline that would influence its application to certification.

International Encyclopedia Of Ergonomics And Human Factors Second Edition 3 Volume Set

Author : Informa Healthcare
ISBN : 0849375479
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 63. 24 MB
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The previous edition of the International Encyclopedia of Ergonomics and Human Factors made history as the first unified source of reliable information drawn from many realms of science and technology and created specifically with ergonomics professionals in mind. It was also a winner of the Best Reference Award 2002 from the Engineering Libraries Division, American Society of Engineering Education, USA, and the Outstanding Academic Title 2002 from Choice Magazine. Not content to rest on his laurels, human factors and ergonomics expert Professor Waldemar Karwowski has overhauled his standard-setting resource, incorporating coverage of tried and true methods, fundamental principles, and major paradigm shifts in philosophy, thought, and design. Demonstrating the truly interdisciplinary nature of this field, these changes make the second edition even more comprehensive, more informative, more, in a word, encyclopedic. Keeping the format popularized by the first edition, the new edition has been completely revised and updated. Divided into 13 sections and organized alphabetically within each section, the entries provide a clear and simple outline of the topics as well as precise and practical information. The book reviews applications, tools, and innovative concepts related to ergonomic research. Technical terms are defined (where possible) within entries as well as in a glossary. Students and professionals will find this format invaluable, whether they have ergonomics, engineering, computing, or psychology backgrounds. Experts and researchers will also find it an excellent source of information on areas beyond the range of their direct interests.

Advances In Safety Management And Human Factors

Author : Pedro Arezes
ISBN : 9783319605258
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 58. 25 MB
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This book discusses the latest findings on ensuring employees’ safety, health, and welfare at work. It combines a range of disciplines – e.g. work physiology, health informatics, safety engineering, workplace design, injury prevention, and occupational psychology – and presents new strategies for safety management, including accident prevention methods such as performance testing and participatory ergonomics. The book, which is based on the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Safety Management and Human Factors, held on July 17–21, 2017, in Los Angeles, California, USA, provides readers, including decision makers, professional ergonomists and program managers in government and public authorities, with a timely snapshot of the state of the art in the field of safety, health, and welfare management. It also addresses agencies such as the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), as well as other professionals dealing with occupational safety and health.

Advances In Human Factors And Systems Interaction

Author : Isabel L. Nunes
ISBN : 9783319603667
Genre : Computers
File Size : 24. 6 MB
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This book reports on cutting-edge research into innovative system interfaces, emphasizing both lifecycle development and human–technology interaction, especially in virtual, augmented and mixed-reality systems. It describes advanced methodologies and tools for evaluating and improving interface usability and discusses new models, as well as case studies and good practices. The book addresses the human, hardware, and software factors in the process of developing interfaces for optimizing total system performance, particularly innovative computing technologies for teams dealing with dynamic environments, while minimizing total ownership costs. It also highlights the forces currently shaping the nature of computing and systems, including the need for decreasing hardware costs; the importance of portability, which translates to the modern tendency toward hardware miniaturization and technologies for reducing power requirements; the necessity of a better assimilation of computation in the environment; and social concerns regarding access to computers and systems for people with special needs. The book, which is based on the AHFE 2017 International Conference on Human Factors and System Interactions, held on July 17–21, 2017, in Los Angeles, California, USA, offers a timely survey and practice-oriented guide for systems interface users and developers alike.

Human Factors Engineering And Ergonomics

Author : Stephen J. Guastello
ISBN : 9781466560109
Genre : Computers
File Size : 30. 8 MB
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Although still true to its original focus on the person–machine interface, the field of human factors psychology (ergonomics) has expanded to include stress research, accident analysis and prevention, and nonlinear dynamical systems theory (how systems change over time), human group dynamics, and environmental psychology. Reflecting new developments in the field, Human Factors Engineering and Ergonomics: A Systems Approach, Second Edition addresses a wide range of human factors and ergonomics principles found in conventional and twenty-first century technologies and environments. Based on the author’s thirty years of experience, the text emphasizes fundamental concepts, systems thinking, the changing nature of the person-machine interface, and the dynamics of systems as they change over time. See What’s New in the Second Edition: Developments in working memory, degrees of freedom in cognitive processes, subjective workload, decision-making, and situation awareness Updated information on cognitive workload and fatigue Additional principles for HFE, networks, multiple person-machine systems, and human-robot swarms Accident analysis and prevention includes resilience, new developments in safety climate, and an update to the inventory of accident prevention techniques and their relative effectiveness Problems in "big data" mining Psychomotor control and its relevance to human-robot systems Navigation in real-world environment Trust in automation and augmented cognition Computer technology permeates every aspect of the human–machine system, and has only become more ubiquitous since the previous edition. The systems are becoming more complex, so it should stand to reason that theories need to evolve to cope with the new sources of complexity. While many books cover traditional topics and theory, they to not focus on the practical problems students will face in the future. With broad coverage that ranges from physical ergonomics to cognitive aspects of human-machine interaction and includes dynamic approaches to system failure, this book increases the number of methods and analytical tools that are available for the human factors researcher.

Handbook Of Human Factors And Ergonomics

Author : Gavriel Salvendy
ISBN : UOM:39015058875751
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 65. 51 MB
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Much has changed in the ten years since the publication of the first edition of the Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics. Historic breakthroughs in digital and telecommunications technology and software design have given rise to a fast-paced environment in which humans and machines interact with a transparency and level of sophistication undreamed of just a decade ago. At the same time, new materials and design innovations have helped to make the workplace safer, happier, and more productive. Ongoing advances in the fields of human factors and ergonomics have been fundamental to this amazing progress, and the first edition of this book has had a vital role to play in precipitating these advances. The publication of this Second Edition is very timely, with practical knowledge and technical background on virtually all aspects of physical, cognitive, and social ergonomics. As John F. Smith, Jr., Chairman, CEO, and President of General Motors writes in the Foreword, this book "can be a valuable source of information for any individual or organization committed to providing competitive, high-quality products and safe, productive work environments." Completely revised, updated, and containing 23 entirely new chapters, Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics, Second Edition offers readers by far the most comprehensive and state-of-the-art coverage of all aspects of the field. In orchestrating this book, Dr. Salvendy invited contributions from more than 100 of the foremost authorities around the world. Each of its 60 chapters was reviewed by an international advisory panel comprised of some of today's leading figures in human factors and ergonomics. While each chapter establishes the theoretical and empirical foundations of the subject under discussion, the book's approach is primarily applications-oriented. Hence throughout readers will find case studies, examples, figures, and tables that optimize the usability of the material presented. Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics, Second Edition is certain to have as profound an impact on the evolution of the science of designing for human use as did its predecessor. It is an indispensable tool for human factors and ergonomics specialists, safety and industrial hygiene professionals and engineers, human resource professionals and managers in manufacturing and service industries, and for educational institutions and government. Over the past decade, human factors and ergonomics have come to play an ever more prominent role in everything from product design to productivity management. And no single book has done more to help precipitate their rise to prominence than the first edition of this handbook. Revised and updated to reflect the many important advances that have taken place in the field over the past decade, Handbook of Human Factors and Ergonomics, Second Edition repeats the success of its predecessor. It brings you: * Contributions from more than 100 recognized international experts * The most up-to-date coverage of equipment, workplace, and job design; design for health and safety; evaluation methodologies; and human-computer interaction * Completely revised and updated material, including 23 new chapters * Theoretical and empirical foundations of every subject * An applications-oriented approach packed with case studies, examples, figures, and tables

Advances In Cognitive Ergonomics

Author : Gavriel Salvendy
ISBN : 9781439834923
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71. 7 MB
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The chapters in the book come from an international group of authors with diverse backgrounds including ergonomics, psychology, architecture, computer science, engineering, and sociology. Specific topics include biometric systems development, military command and control, cellular phone interface design, methodologies for workplace design, medical device design, cockpit display and decision tool design for pilots, driver visual and cognitive processes, and performance of inspection tasks in manufacturing operations; and extend to human-automation integration in future aviation systems, novel 3-D display technologies for enhancing information analysis, training methods for mental models, approaches to activity analysis, new research-oriented frameworks and paradigms in training, and the use of virtual reality for skill development and assessment. The book is divided into sections covering: I. Cultural Differences in Computing Systems Design II. Decision Making and Decision Support III. Desktop/Mobile Interface Design IV. Ergonomics in Design V. Ergonomics in Product Design VI. Human Factors in Aviation Systems VII. Human Factors in Driving VIII. Human Factors in Manufacturing IX. Human Factors in NextGen Operations X. Information Visualization for Situation Awareness XI. Mental Models XII. Perceptuo-Motor Skills & Psychophysical Assessment XIII. Task Analysis XIV. Training Technology XV. Virtual Reality for Behavior Assessment XVI. Virtual Reality for Psychomotor Training The implications of all this work include design recommendations for complex systems and commercial products, new procedures for operator training and self-regulation as well as methods for accessibility to systems, and specification of ergonomic interventions at the user. It is expected that this book will be of special value to practitioners involved in design process development, design and prototyping of systems, products and services, as well as training process design for a broad range of applications and markets in various countries. Seven other titles in the Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics Series are: Advances in Human Factors and Ergonomics in Healthcare Advances in Applied Digital Human Modeling Advances in Cross-Cultural Decision Making Advances in Occupational, Social and Organizational Ergonomics Advances in Human Factors, Ergonomics and Safety in Manufacturing and Service Industries Advances in Ergonomics Modeling & Usability Evaluation Advances in Neuroergonomics and Human Factors of Special Populations

Human Factors Theory And Practice

Author : David Meister
ISBN : UOM:39015028294091
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 54. 91 MB
Format : PDF
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Cognitive Systems Engineering

Author : Philip J. Smith
ISBN : 9781317164760
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 54 MB
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This volume provides an exceptional perspective on the nature, evolution, contributions and future of the field of Cognitive Systems Engineering (CSE). It is a resource to support both the teaching and practice of CSE. It accomplishes this through its organization into two complementary approaches to the topic. The first is an historical perspective: In the retrospections of leaders of the field, what have been the seminal achievements of cognitive human factors? What are the "lessons learned" that became foundational to CSE, and how did that foundation evolve into a broader systems view of cognitive work? The second perspective is both pedagogical and future-looking: What are the major conceptual issues that have to be addressed by CSE and how can a new generation of researchers be prepared to further advance CSE? Topics include studies of expertise, cognitive work analysis, cognitive task analysis, human performance, system design, cognitive modeling, decision making, human-computer interaction, trust in automation, teamwork and ecological interface design. A thematic focus will be on systems-level analysis, and such notions as resilience engineering and systems-level measurement. The book features broad coverage of many of the domains to which CSE is being applied, among them industrial process control, health care, decision aiding and aviation human factors. The book’s contributions are provided by an extraordinary group of leaders and pathfinders in applied psychology, cognitive science, systems analysis and system design. In combination these chapters present invaluable insights, experiences and continuing uncertainties on the subject of the field of CSE, and in doing so honor the career and achievements of Professor David D. Woods of Ohio State University.

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