pure intelligence the life of william hyde wollaston synthesis

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Pure Intelligence

Author : Melvyn C. Usselman
ISBN : 9780226245737
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 89. 55 MB
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William Hyde Wollaston was born into a large, religious, and scientifically informed family in 1766 and died sixty-two years later as one of the Western world s most highly regarded scientists. With encouragement from his well-connected father, he studied medicine at Cambridge, and began practicing as a physician in the provinces before moving his practice to London in 1797, arriving in the capital about the same time as his illustrious colleagues Humphry Davy and Thomas Young. After a few years in London, Wollaston abandoned the vocation he had come to dislike and bravely set out to make his living as a chemical entrepreneur, while pursuing his intellectual interests in a wide range of contemporary scientific subjects. He, Davy, and Young were to become Britain s leading scientific practitioners in the first third of the nineteenth century, and their deaths within a six month time span were seen by many as the end of a glorious period of British supremacy in science. In contrast to his two more famous colleagues, Wollaston s life was not recorded for posterity in a contemporary biography, and his many remarkable scientific, commercial, instrumental, and institutional achievements have fallen into obscurity as a result. This biography is the first book-length study of Wollaston, his science, and the environment in which he thrived."

Chemistry Meteorology And The Function Of Digestion

Author : William Prout
ISBN : UVA:X000580608
Genre : Chemistry
File Size : 72. 74 MB
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Crucibles

Author : Bernard Jaffe
ISBN : 9780486141848
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 64 MB
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Classic popular account of the great chemists Trevisan, Paracelsus, Avogadro, Mendeléeff, the Curies, Thomson, Lavoisier, and others, up to A-bomb research and recent work with subatomic particles. 20 illustrations.

Medical Monopoly

Author : Joseph M. Gabriel
ISBN : 9780226108216
Genre : Medical
File Size : 66. 60 MB
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During much of the nineteenth century, physicians and pharmacists alike considered medical patenting and the use of trademarks by drug manufacturers unethical forms of monopoly; physicians who prescribed patented drugs could be, and were, ostracized from the medical community. In the decades following the Civil War, however, complex changes in patent and trademark law intersected with the changing sensibilities of both physicians and pharmacists to make intellectual property rights in drug manufacturing scientifically and ethically legitimate. By World War I, patented and trademarked drugs had become essential to the practice of good medicine, aiding in the rise of the American pharmaceutical industry and forever altering the course of medicine. Drawing on a wealth of previously unused archival material, Medical Monopoly combines legal, medical, and business history to offer a sweeping new interpretation of the origins of the complex and often troubling relationship between the pharmaceutical industry and medical practice today. Joseph M. Gabriel provides the first detailed history of patent and trademark law as it relates to the nineteenth-century pharmaceutical industry as well as a unique interpretation of medical ethics, therapeutic reform, and the efforts to regulate the market in pharmaceuticals before World War I. His book will be of interest not only to historians of medicine and science and intellectual property scholars but also to anyone following contemporary debates about the pharmaceutical industry, the patenting of scientific discoveries, and the role of advertising in the marketplace.

Reading Lessons From The Eighteenth Century

Author : Evelyn Arizpe
ISBN : 0955210615
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 28. 58 MB
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The Universal Machine

Author : Ian Watson
ISBN : 9783642281020
Genre : Computers
File Size : 27. 41 MB
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The computer unlike other inventions is universal; you can use a computer for many tasks: writing, composing music, designing buildings, creating movies, inhabiting virtual worlds, communicating... This popular science history isn't just about technology but introduces the pioneers: Babbage, Turing, Apple's Wozniak and Jobs, Bill Gates, Tim Berners-Lee, Mark Zuckerberg. This story is about people and the changes computers have caused. In the future ubiquitous computing, AI, quantum and molecular computing could even make us immortal. The computer has been a radical invention. In less than a single human life computers are transforming economies and societies like no human invention before.

Aspirin And Related Drugs

Author : Kim D. Rainsford
ISBN : 0203646967
Genre : Medical
File Size : 23. 80 MB
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Reviewing over a century of aspirin research and use, Aspirin and Related Drugs provides a comprehensive source of information on the history, chemistry, absorption in the body, therapeutic effects, toxicology, elimination, and future uses of aspirin. Highlighting the historical evolution of the salicylates and the commercial development of aspirin, the book reviews the pharmacokinetics of the salicylates, ibuprofen, and paracetamol as a basis for understanding the biodisposition of these analgesic drugs. Leading specialists discuss the therapeutic role of aspirin in the prevention and treatment of thrombo-embolic diseases, its place along with non-acetylated salicylates in the treatment of rheumatic diseases and plain, and the potential applications for aspirin and related drugs as prophylactics for colon cancer, Alzheimer's disease, and vascular dementia. They also present comparisons with other drugs used to treat pain and inflammation. With extensive data and literature covering a broad field, this is the definitive reference on the actions and applications of aspirin, salicylates, and related drugs. Physicians, pharmacists, pharmacologists, toxicologists, and chemists will find this resource useful in their daily work. It will also be valuable to pharmaceutical companies and researchers in the development of newer agents and novel applications.

Galileo S Idol

Author : Nick Wilding
ISBN : 9780226166971
Genre : Biography & Autobiography
File Size : 26. 61 MB
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'Galileo's Idol' is a historical case-study of the use of information in the making of early modern scientific knowledge. It studies the relationship between natural philosophical and political practices in the Venetian Mediterranean at the start of the seventeenth century. Using the figure of Galileo's closest friend and confidant, Gianfrancesco Sagredo (1571-1620), it shows how techniques of political information exchange were appropriated by early practitioners of the new science.

The Trouble With Therapy

Author : Peter Morrall
ISBN : 9780335236886
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 53. 93 MB
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An increasing number of people are engaging in therapy. As a consequence there is a growing debate about the benefits of therapy and its place in global society. In this exciting and engaging new text Peter Morrall argues that therapy should be treated with healthy scepticism and provides a compelling, contemporary, and controversial argument as to how we should construct a sceptical view. In an engaging style akin to authors such as Oliver Burkeman, Stan Ferudi and Alain de Botton, the author offers a sociology of psychotherapy as well as placing sociology in therapy. The author explores the links between therapy and science, therapy and power, therapy and reality, madness and normality, and personal misery and the values of global society. The author asks questions about therapy and the "therapy culture" of the modern day. Is therapy dysfunctional, arrogant, selfish, abusive, infectious, insane and deceitful? The author illustrates different aspects of therapy using a troubled character called Heather, who undergoes therapy and features in vignettes throughout the book. This innovative, engaging, and compelling analysis of therapy is a wake-up call about therapy. It is essential reading for anyone interested in psychotherapy, counselling, sociology or the human condition.

Energy Force And Matter

Author : Peter M. Harman
ISBN : 0521288126
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 12 MB
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By focusing on the conceptual issues faced by nineteenth century physicists, this book clarifies the status of field theory, the ether, and thermodynamics in the work of the period. A remarkably synthetic account of a difficult and fragmentary period in scientific development.

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