quantum transport introduction to nanoscience

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Quantum Transport

Author : Yuli V. Nazarov
ISBN : 9780521832465
Genre : Science
File Size : 73. 34 MB
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Quantum transport is a diverse field, sometimes combining seemingly contradicting concepts - quantum and classical, conduction and insulating - within a single nanodevice. Quantum transport is an essential and challenging part of nanoscience, and understanding its concepts and methods is vital to the successful fabrication of devices at the nanoscale. This textbook is a comprehensive introduction to the rapidly developing field of quantum transport. The authors present the comprehensive theoretical background, and explore the groundbreaking experiments that laid the foundations of the field. Ideal for graduate students, each section contains control questions and exercises to check readers' understanding of the topics covered. Its broad scope and in-depth analysis of selected topics will appeal to researchers and professionals working in nanoscience.

Theory Of Quantum Transport At Nanoscale

Author : Dmitry A. Ryndyk
ISBN : 9783319240886
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 82 MB
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This book is an introduction to a rapidly developing field of modern theoretical physics – the theory of quantum transport at nanoscale. The theoretical methods considered in the book are in the basis of our understanding of charge, spin and heat transport in nanostructures and nanostructured materials and are widely used in nanoelectronics, molecular electronics, spin-dependent electronics (spintronics) and bio-electronics. The book is based on lectures for graduate and post-graduate students at the University of Regensburg and the Technische Universität Dresden (TU Dresden). The first part is devoted to the basic concepts of quantum transport: Landauer-Büttiker method and matrix Green function formalism for coherent transport, Tunneling (Transfer) Hamiltonian and master equation methods for tunneling, Coulomb blockade, vibrons and polarons. The results in this part are obtained as possible without sophisticated techniques, such as nonequilibrium Green functions, which are considered in detail in the second part. A general introduction into the nonequilibrium Green function theory is given. The approach based on the equation-of-motion technique, as well as more sophisticated one based on the Dyson-Keldysh diagrammatic technique are presented. The main attention is paid to the theoretical methods able to describe the nonequilibrium (at finite voltage) electron transport through interacting nanosystems, specifically the correlation effects due to electron-electron and electron-vibron interactions.

Introduction To Graphene Based Nanomaterials

Author : Luis E. F. Foa Torres
ISBN : 9781107655959
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 85 MB
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Beginning with an introduction to carbon-based nanomaterials, their electronic properties, and general concepts in quantum transport, this detailed primer describes the most effective theoretical and computational methods and tools for simulating the electronic structure and transport properties of graphene-based systems. Transport concepts are clearly presented through simple models, enabling comparison with analytical treatments, and multiscale quantum transport methodologies are introduced and developed in a straightforward way, demonstrating a range of methods for tackling the modelling of defects and impurities in more complex graphene-based materials. The authors also discuss the practical applications of this revolutionary nanomaterial, contemporary challenges in theory and simulation, and long-term perspectives. Containing numerous problems for solution, real-life examples of current research, and accompanied online by further exercises, solutions and computational codes, this is the perfect introductory resource for graduate students and researchers in nanoscience and nanotechnology, condensed matter physics, materials science and nanoelectronics.

Nonequilibrium Quantum Transport Physics In Nanosystems

Author :
ISBN : 9789814472975
Genre :
File Size : 81. 86 MB
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Oxford Handbook Of Nanoscience And Technology

Author : A. V. Narlikar
ISBN : 9780191035517
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 14 MB
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This is an agenda-setting and high-profile book that presents an authoritative and cutting-edge analysis of nanoscience and technology. The Oxford Handbook of Nanoscience and Technology provides a comprehensive and accessible overview of the major achievements in different aspects of this field. The Handbook comprises 3 volumes, structured thematically, with 25 chapters each. Volume I presents fundamental issues of basic physics, chemistry, biochemistry, tribology etc. of nanomaterials. Volume II focuses on the progress made with host of nanomaterials including DNA and protein based nanostructures. Volume III highlights engineering and related developments, with a focus on frontal application areas. All chapters are written by noted international experts in the field. The book should be useful for final year undergraduates specializing in the field. It should prove indispensable to graduate students, and serious researchers from academic and industrial sectors working in the field of Nanoscience and Technology from different disciplines including Physics, Chemistry, Biochemistry, Biotechnology, Medicine, Materials Science, Metallurgy, Ceramics, Information Technology as well as Electrical, Electronic and Computational Engineering.

Advanced Quantum Mechanics

Author : Yuli V. Nazarov
ISBN : 9780521761505
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 63 MB
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An accessible introduction to advanced quantum theory, this textbook focuses on its practical applications and is ideal for graduate students in physics.

Computational Nanoscience

Author : Elena Bichoutskaia
ISBN : 9781849732680
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 41. 49 MB
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Nanoscience is one of the most exciting areas of modern physical science as it encompasses a range of techniques rather than a single discipline. It stretches across the whole spectrum of science including: medicine and health, physics, engineering and chemistry. Providing a deep understanding of the behaviour of matter at the scale of individual atoms and molecules, it provides a crucial step towards future applications of nanotechnology. The remarkable improvements in both theoretical methods and computational techniques make it possible for modern computational nanoscience to achieve a new level of chemical accuracy. It is now a discipline capable of leading and guiding experimental efforts rather than just following others. Computational Nanoscience addresses modern challenges in computational science, within the context of the rapidly evolving field of nanotechnology. It satisfies the need for a comprehensive, yet concise and up-to-date, survey of new developments and applications presented by the world's leading academics. It documents major, recent advances in scientific computation, mathematical models and theory development that specifically target the applications in nanotechnology. Suitable for theoreticians, researchers and students, the book shows readers what computational nanoscience can achieve, and how it may be applied in their own work. The twelve chapters cover topics including the concepts behind recent breakthroughs, the development of cutting edge simulation tools, and the variety of new applications.

Nanophysik Und Nanotechnologie

Author : Edward L. Wolf
ISBN : 9783527687381
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 66. 37 MB
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Noch hat das Motto "Alles muss kleiner werden" nicht an Faszination verloren. Physikern, Ingenieuren und Medizinern erschlie?t sich mit der Nanotechnologie eine neue Welt mit faszinierenden Anwendungen. E.L. Wolf, Physik-Professor in Brooklyn, N.Y., schrieb das erste einf?hrende Lehrbuch zu diesem Thema, in dem er die physikalischen Grundlagen ebenso wie die Anwendungsm?glichkeiten der Nanotechnologie diskutiert. Mittlerweile ist es in der 3. Auflage erschienen und liegt jetzt endlich auch auf Deutsch vor. Dieses Lehrbuch bietet eine einzigartige, in sich geschlossene Einf?hrung in die physikalischen Grundlagen und Konzepte der Nanowissenschaften sowie Anwendungen von Nanosystemen. Das Themenspektrum reicht von Nanosystemen ?ber Quanteneffekte und sich selbst organisierende Strukturen bis hin zu Rastersondenmethoden. Besonders die Vorstellung von Nanomaschinen f?r medizinische Anwendungen ist faszinierend, wenn auch bislang noch nicht praktisch umgesetzt. Der dritten Auflage, auf der diese ?bersetzung beruht, wurde ein neuer Abschnitt ?ber Graphen zugef?gt. Die Diskussion m?glicher Anwendungen in der Energietechnik, Nanoelektronik und Medizin wurde auf neuesten Stand gebracht und wieder aktuelle Beispiele herangezogen, um wichtige Konzepte und Forschungsinstrumente zu illustrieren. Der Autor f?hrt mit diesem Lehrbuch Studenten der Physik, Chemie sowie Ingenieurwissenschaften von den Grundlagen bis auf den Stand der aktuellen Forschung. Die leicht zu lesende Einf?hrung in dieses faszinierende Forschungsgebie ist geeignet f?r fortgeschrittene Bachelor- und Masterstudenten mit Vorkenntnissen in Physik und Chemie. "Zusammenfassend ist festzustellen, dass Edward L. Wolf trotz der reichlich vorhandenen Literatur zur Nanotechnologie ein individuell gestaltetes einf?hrendes Lehrbuch gelungen ist. Es eignet sich - nicht zuletzt dank der enthaltenen ?bungsaufgaben - bestens zur Vorlesungsbegleitung f?r Studierende der Natur- und Ingenieurwissenschaften sowie auch spezieller nanotechnologisch orientierter Studieng?nge." Physik Journal "...eine sehr kompakte, lesenswerte und gut verst?ndliche Einf?hrung in die Quantenmechanik sowie ihre Auswirkungen auf die Materialwissenschaften..." Chemie Ingenieur Technik

Advanced Physics Of Electron Transport In Semiconductors And Nanostructures

Author : Massimo V. Fischetti
ISBN : 9783319011011
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 30. 95 MB
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This textbook is aimed at second-year graduate students in Physics, Electrical Engineering, or Materials Science. It presents a rigorous introduction to electronic transport in solids, especially at the nanometer scale.Understanding electronic transport in solids requires some basic knowledge of Hamiltonian Classical Mechanics, Quantum Mechanics, Condensed Matter Theory, and Statistical Mechanics. Hence, this book discusses those sub-topics which are required to deal with electronic transport in a single, self-contained course. This will be useful for students who intend to work in academia or the nano/ micro-electronics industry.Further topics covered include: the theory of energy bands in crystals, of second quantization and elementary excitations in solids, of the dielectric properties of semiconductors with an emphasis on dielectric screening and coupled interfacial modes, of electron scattering with phonons, plasmons, electrons and photons, of the derivation of transport equations in semiconductors and semiconductor nanostructures somewhat at the quantum level, but mainly at the semi-classical level. The text presents examples relevant to current research, thus not only about Si, but also about III-V compound semiconductors, nanowires, graphene and graphene nanoribbons. In particular, the text gives major emphasis to plane-wave methods applied to the electronic structure of solids, both DFT and empirical pseudopotentials, always paying attention to their effects on electronic transport and its numerical treatment. The core of the text is electronic transport, with ample discussions of the transport equations derived both in the quantum picture (the Liouville-von Neumann equation) and semi-classically (the Boltzmann transport equation, BTE). An advanced chapter, Chapter 18, is strictly related to the ‘tricky’ transition from the time-reversible Liouville-von Neumann equation to the time-irreversible Green’s functions, to the density-matrix formalism and, classically, to the Boltzmann transport equation. Finally, several methods for solving the BTE are also reviewed, including the method of moments, iterative methods, direct matrix inversion, Cellular Automata and Monte Carlo. Four appendices complete the text.

Introduction To Mesoscopic Physics

Author : Yoseph Imry
ISBN : 0198507380
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 22 MB
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This new edition of this superb text provides an introduction to this exciting growth area in physics. It will make an ideal text for those studying mesoscopic physics, electronic devices, semi-conductor devices, and condensed matter physics.

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