radiation effects in semiconductors devices circuits and systems

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Radiation Effects In Semiconductors

Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
ISBN : 1439826951
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 84. 62 MB
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Space applications, nuclear physics, military operations, medical imaging, and especially electronics (modern silicon processing) are obvious fields in which radiation damage can have serious consequences, i.e., degradation of MOS devices and circuits. Zeroing in on vital aspects of this broad and complex topic, Radiation Effects in Semiconductors addresses the ever-growing need for a clear understanding of radiation effects on semiconductor devices and circuits to combat potential damage it can cause. Features a chapter authored by renowned radiation authority Lawrence T. Clark on Radiation Hardened by Design SRAM Strategies for TID and SEE Mitigation This book analyzes the radiation problem, focusing on the most important aspects required for comprehending the degrading effects observed in semiconductor devices, circuits, and systems when they are irradiated. It explores how radiation interacts with solid materials, providing a detailed analysis of three ways this occurs: Photoelectric effect, Compton effect, and creation of electron-positron pairs. The author explains that the probability of these three effects occurring depends on the energy of the incident photon and the atomic number of the target. The book also discusses the effects that photons can have on matter—in terms of ionization effects and nuclear displacement Written for post-graduate researchers, semiconductor engineers, and nuclear and space engineers with some electronics background, this carefully constructed reference explains how ionizing radiation is creating damage in semiconducting devices and circuits and systems—and how that damage can be avoided in areas such as military/space missions, nuclear applications, plasma damage, and X-ray-based techniques. It features top-notch international experts in industry and academia who address emerging detector technologies, circuit design techniques, new materials, and innovative system approaches.

Ionizing Radiation Effects In Electronics

Author : Marta Bagatin
ISBN : 9781498722636
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 51 MB
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Ionizing Radiation Effects in Electronics: From Memories to Imagers delivers comprehensive coverage of the effects of ionizing radiation on state-of-the-art semiconductor devices. The book also offers valuable insight into modern radiation-hardening techniques. The text begins by providing important background information on radiation effects, their underlying mechanisms, and the use of Monte Carlo techniques to simulate radiation transport and the effects of radiation on electronics. The book then: Explains the effects of radiation on digital commercial devices, including microprocessors and volatile and nonvolatile memories—static random-access memories (SRAMs), dynamic random-access memories (DRAMs), and Flash memories Examines issues like soft errors, total dose, and displacement damage, together with hardening-by-design solutions for digital circuits, field-programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), and mixed-analog circuits Explores the effects of radiation on fiber optics and imager devices such as complementary metal-oxide-semiconductor (CMOS) sensors and charge-coupled devices (CCDs) Featuring real-world examples, case studies, extensive references, and contributions from leading experts in industry and academia, Ionizing Radiation Effects in Electronics: From Memories to Imagers is suitable both for newcomers who want to become familiar with radiation effects and for radiation experts who are looking for more advanced material or to make effective use of beam time.

Radiation Effects And Soft Errors In Integrated Circuits And Electronic Devices

Author : R D Schrimpf
ISBN : 9789814482158
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 23. 74 MB
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' This book provides a detailed treatment of radiation effects in electronic devices, including effects at the material, device, and circuit levels. The emphasis is on transient effects caused by single ionizing particles (single-event effects and soft errors) and effects produced by the cumulative energy deposited by the radiation (total ionizing dose effects). Bipolar (Si and SiGe), metal–oxide–semiconductor (MOS), and compound semiconductor technologies are discussed. In addition to considering the specific issues associated with high-performance devices and technologies, the book includes the background material necessary for understanding radiation effects at a more general level. Contents:Single Event Effects in Avionics and on the Ground (E Normand)Soft Errors in Commercial Integrated Circuits (R C Baumann)System Level Single Event Upset Mitigation Strategies (W F Heidergott)Space Radiation Effects in Optocouplers (R A Reed et al.)The Effects of Space Radiation Exposure on Power MOSFETs: A Review (K Shenai et al.)Total Dose Effects in Linear Bipolar Integrated Circuits (H J Barnaby)Hardness Assurance for Commercial Microelectronics (R L Pease)Switching Oxide Traps (T R Oldham)Online and Realtime Dosimetry Using Optically Stimulated Luminescence (L Dusseau & J Gasiot)and other articles Readership: Practitioners, researchers, managers and graduate students in electrical and electronic engineering, semiconductor science and technology, and microelectronics. Keywords:Radiation Effects;Soft Errors;Single-Event Effects;Space;Radiation;Microelectronics Reliability;Terrestrial RadiationKey Features:Extensive treatment of radiation effects in high performance devicesContributions from a wide range of experts in the radiation-effects fieldDetailed consideration of radiation effects in commercial MOS and bipolar technologies, as well as SOI devices, power devices, photonics, and high-energy physics experimentsDescription of radiation effects in terrestrial and space environmentsOverview of design approaches for radiation-tolerant integrated circuitsReviews:“Ron Schrimpf and Dan Fleetwood are world renowned experts in radiation effects. They have put together a winning team of experienced authors to explain the nature and implications of transient and permanent radiation damage resulting from ionizing particles. This book is a great resource for the practicing engineer or beginner who wants to understand whether modern devices, circuits, and systems will survive in radiation environments. One thing is for certain — radiation damage will become increasingly important as device geometries shrink and stored information is but a few electrons.”Dr Peter S Winokur Sandia National Laboratories '

Low Temperature Electronics

Author : Edmundo A. Gutierrez
ISBN : 0123106753
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 20. 85 MB
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Low Temperature Electronics: Physics, Devices, Circuits, and Applications summarizes the recent advances in cryoelectronics starting from the fundamentals in physics and semiconductor devices to electronic systems, hybrid superconductor-semiconductor technologies, photonic devices, cryocoolers and thermal management. Furthermore, this book provides an exploration of the currently available theory, research, and technologies related to cryoelectronics, including treatment of the solid state physical properties of the materials used in these systems. Current applications are found in infrared systems, satellite communications and medical equipment. There are opportunities to expand in newer fields such as wireless and mobile communications, computers, and measurement and scientific equipment. Low temperature operations can offer certain advantages such as higher operational speeds, lower power dissipation, shorter signal transmission times, higher semiconductor and metal thermal conductivities, and improved digital and analog circuit performance. The computer, telecommunication, and cellular phone market is pushing the semiconductor industry towards the development of very aggressive device and integrated circuit fabrication technologies. This is taking these technologies towards the physical miniaturization limit, where quantum effects and fabrication costs are becoming a technological and economical barrier for further development. In view of these limitations, operation of semiconductor devices and circuits at low temperature (cryogenic temperature) is studied in this book. * It is a book intended for a wide audience: students, scientists, technology development engineers, private companies, universities, etc. * It contains information which is for the first time available as an all-in-one source; Interdisciplinary material is arranged and made compatible in this book * It is a must as reference source

Semiconductor Devices In Harsh Conditions

Author : Kirsten Weide-Zaage
ISBN : 9781498743822
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 37. 24 MB
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This book introduces the reader to a number of challenges for the operation of electronic devices in various harsh environmental conditions. While some chapters focus on measuring and understanding the effects of these environments on electronic components, many also propose design solutions, whether in choice of material, innovative structures, or strategies for amelioration and repair. Many applications need electronics designed to operate in harsh environments. Readers will find, in this collection of topics, tools and ideas useful in their own pursuits and of interest to their intellectual curiosity. With a focus on radiation, operating conditions, sensor systems, package, and system design, the book is divided into three parts. The first part deals with sensing devices designed for operating in the presence of radiation, commercials of the shelf (COTS) products for space computing, and influences of single event upset. The second covers system and package design for harsh operating conditions. The third presents devices for biomedical applications under moisture and temperature loads in the frame of sensor systems and operating conditions.

Electronics For Radiation Detection

Author : Krzysztof Iniewski
ISBN : 9781439816493
Genre : Medical
File Size : 54. 6 MB
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There is a growing need to understand and combat potential radiation damage problems in semiconductor devices and circuits. Assessing the billion-dollar market for detection equipment in the context of medical imaging using ionizing radiation, Electronics for Radiation Detection presents valuable information that will help integrated circuit (IC) designers and other electronics professionals take full advantage of the tremendous developments and opportunities associated with this burgeoning field. Assembling contributions from industrial and academic experts, this book— Addresses the state of the art in the design of semiconductor detectors, integrated circuits, and other electronics used in radiation detection Analyzes the main effects of radiation in semiconductor devices and circuits, paying special attention to degradation observed in MOS devices and circuits when they are irradiated Explains how circuits are built to deal with radiation, focusing on practical information about how they are being used, rather than mathematical details Radiation detection is critical in space applications, nuclear physics, semiconductor processing, and medical imaging, as well as security, drug development, and modern silicon processing techniques. The authors discuss new opportunities in these fields and address emerging detector technologies, circuit design techniques, new materials, and innovative system approaches. Aimed at postgraduate researchers and practicing engineers, this book is a must for those serious about improving their understanding of electronics used in radiation detection. The information presented here can help you make optimal use of electronic detection equipment and stimulate further interest in its development, use, and benefits.

Handbook Of Radiation Effects

Author : Andrew Holmes-Siedle
ISBN : 019850733X
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 63 MB
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New edition of this practical and educational handbook for engineer-designers and other professionals. It describes the electronic technology of the new millennium and the complex physical and engineering problems that occur when such equipment is exposed to radiation. The authors have an accumulated joint combined experience in the field of about 75 years, giving a broader blend of experience than any existing book in the field.

Radiation Effects In Advanced Semiconductor Materials And Devices

Author : C. Claeys
ISBN : 9783662049747
Genre : Science
File Size : 21. 66 MB
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This wide-ranging book summarizes the current knowledge of radiation defects in semiconductors, outlining the shortcomings of present experimental and modelling techniques and giving an outlook on future developments. It also provides information on the application of sensors in nuclear power plants.

Compound Semiconductor Electronics

Author : M Shur
ISBN : 9789814500180
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 40. 99 MB
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In many respects, compound semiconductor technology has reached the age of maturity when applications will have been defined, yields are high enough and well established, and gallium arsenide and related compounds have carved many important niches in electronics. This book reviews the state-of-the-art of compound semiconductor electronics. It covers the microwave, millimeter wave, and submillimeter wave devices, monolithic microwave and digital integrated circuits made from compound semiconductors and emerging wide band semiconductor materials. The book is written by leading experts in compound semiconductor electronics from industry and academia and strikes the balance between practical applications, record-breaking results, and design and modeling tools specific for compound semiconductor technology. Engineers, scientists, and graduate students working in solid state electronics and especially in the area of compound semiconductor electronics will find this book very useful. It could also be used as a text or a supplementary text for graduate courses in this field. Contents:Introduction (M S Shur)Metal Semiconductor Field Effect Transistors (T A Fjeldly et al.)MODFETs: Operation, Status and Applications (S Noor Mohammand & H Morkoç)Fundamentals, Performance and Reliability of III-V Compound Semiconductor Heterojunction Bipolar Transistors (G-B Gao et al.) Monolithic Microwave Integrated Circuits Based on GaAs MESFET Technology (I J Bahl)Terahertz GaAs Devices and Circuits for Heterodyne Receiver (T W Crowe et al.)High Speed Digital Circuit Technology (S I Long)High Frequency, High Temperature Field-Effect Transistors Fabricated from Wide Band Gap Semiconductors (R J Trew & M W Shin)Simulation and Modeling of Compound Semiconductor Devices (T A Fjeldly & M S Shur) Readership: Engineers and graduates in the field of solid state electronics. keywords:GaAs MESFET;GaAs HEMT;InGaAs HEMT;HBT;High Speed Digital Circuit Design;Compound Semiconductor;Terahertz Electronics;Microwave Devices;MMICs;MODFET, HFET, Compound Semiconductor Devices, Wide Band-Gap Devices, GaAs Devices, High-Speed Electronics, Device Modeling

Single Event Effects In Aerospace

Author : Edward Petersen
ISBN : 9781118084311
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 68. 88 MB
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This book introduces the basic concepts necessary to understand Single Event phenomena which could cause random performance errors and catastrophic failures to electronics devices. As miniaturization of electronics components advances, electronics components are more susceptible in the radiation environment. The book includes a discussion of the radiation environments in space and in the atmosphere, radiation rate prediction depending on the orbit to allow electronics engineers to design and select radiation tolerant components and systems, and single event prediction.

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