radiation in the atmosphere a course in theoretical meteorology

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Radiation In The Atmosphere

Author : Wilford Zdunkowski
ISBN : 9781139464604
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 60 MB
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This book presents the theory and applications of radiative transfer in the atmosphere. It is written for graduate students and researchers in the fields of meteorology and related sciences. The book begins with important basic definitions of the radiative transfer theory. It presents the hydrodynamic derivation of the radiative transfer equation and the principles of variance. The authors examine in detail various quasi-exact solutions of the radiative transfer equation and give a thorough treatment of the radiative perturbation theory. A rigorous treatment of Mie scattering is given, including Rayleigh scattering as a special case, and the important efficiency factors for extinction, scattering and absorption are derived. The fundamentals of remote sensing applications of radiative transfer are presented. Problems of varying degrees of difficulty are included at the end of each chapter, so readers can further their understanding of the materials covered in the book.

Thermodynamics Of The Atmosphere

Author : Wilford Zdunkowski
ISBN : 0521006856
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 76 MB
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This textbook is written for graduate students and researchers in meteorology and related sciences. While most meteorological textbooks only present equilibrium thermodynamics, this book also introduces the linear theory of non-equilibrium and provides the necessary background for more advanced studies. The authors start by introducing the equations that describe the basic laws of thermodynamics and entropy and go on to discuss the thermodynamics of blackbody radiation, thermodynamic potentials, and the constitutive equations of irreversible fluxes. Later chapters look at the state functions of ideal gases, thermodynamics of cloud air, heat equations for special adiabatic systems, atmospheric statics, stability, and atmospheric energetics of hydrostatic equilibrium. Each chapter ends with a set of exercises that are designed to help the reader develop a deeper understanding of the subject. Answers to all the exercises are given at the end of the book.

Synoptische Meteorologie

Author : Andreas Bott
ISBN : 9783662481950
Genre : Science
File Size : 74. 27 MB
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Das Buch lässt sich in zwei Teile aufspalten. Der erste Teil beschäftigt sich mit einer detaillierten Darstellung moderner Methoden, die zur Beschreibung des momentanen atmosphärischen Zustands dienen. Hierzu gehören unterschiedliche Verfahren zur Datenerfassung, wie z. B. direkte Messungen an Wetterstationen, aber auch Fernerkundungsmethoden. Weitherhin erfolgt eine ausführliche Beschreibung von unterschiedlichen in der Praxis benutzten Wetterkarten, Darstellungen der Wolken- und Wetterklassifikationen nach Vorgaben der WMO (World Meteorological Organization) sowie der europäischen Großwetterlagen. Ein eigenes Kapitel widmet sich der Satelliten- und Radarmeteorologie. Dies geschieht vornehmlich anhand der vom europäischen Wettersatelliten METEOSAT (MSG) gewonnenen Daten und dem vom DWD errichteten Niederschlagsradarnetz. Im zweiten Teil des Buchs erfolgt die Diskussion und Interpretation der mathematischen Gleichungssysteme. Begriffe wie geostrophischer Wind, Hydrostasie, Divergenz, Vorticity etc. werden eingeführt und anhand umfangreicher Wetterkartenbeispiele erörtert. Daran anschließend erfolgt eine eingehende Diskussion der wichtigsten atmosphärischen Prozesse auf der synoptischen Skala, wie beispielsweise Frontogenese, Zyklogenese, die quasigeostrophische Theorie und barokline Wellen. Abschließend widmet sich das Buch kleinräumigeren Wetterphänomenen wie der Bildung von Gewitterzellen, Konvergenzlinien, Nebel und speziellen Windsystemen (Föhn, katabatische Winde etc.).

Die Atmosph Re Der Erde

Author : Helmut Kraus
ISBN : 9783540350170
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 22 MB
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Diese reich illustrierte Einführung in die Meteorologie entstand aus der langjährigen Lehrerfahrung des Autors an den Universitäten München, Göttingen und Bonn. Neben dem Einstieg in dieses Fach bietet sie auch einen Überblick über wichtige Teilgebiete wie die synoptische Meteorologie und die Klimatologie. Die Themen sind für einen weiten Leserkreis interessant, da das Buch auch geographische und ökologische Aspekte beleuchtet. Alle Fragestellungen werden strukturiert erarbeitet. Das Buch liegt nun, aktualisiert und umfangreich ergänzt, in seiner 3. Auflage vor.

Physics Of Radiation And Climate

Author : Michael A. Box
ISBN : 9781466572065
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 39 MB
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Our current climate is strongly influenced by atmospheric composition, and changes in this composition are leading to climate change. Physics of Radiation and Climate takes a look at how the outward flow of longwave or terrestrial radiation is affected by the complexities of the atmosphere’s molecular spectroscopy. This book examines the planet in its current state and considers the radiation fluxes, including multiple scattering, photochemistry, and the ozone layer, and their impact on our climate overall. Starting from the physical fundamentals of how electromagnetic radiation interacts with the various components of the Earth’s atmosphere, the book covers the essential radiation physics leading to the radiative transfer equation. The book then develops the central physics of the interaction between electromagnetic radiation and gases and particles: absorption, emission, and scattering. It examines the physics that describes the absorption and emission of radiation, using quantum mechanics, and scattering, using electromagnetism. It also dedicates a detailed chapter to aerosols, now recognized as a key factor of climate change. Written to be used for a first course in climate physics or a physics elective, the text contains case studies, sample problems, and an extensive reference list as a guide for further research. In addition, the authors: Provide a complete derivation of molecular spectroscopy from quantum mechanical first principles Present a formal derivation of the scattering of radiation by molecules and particles Include the latest results from the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5) Physics of Radiation and Climate shows how radiation measurements are used to aid our understanding of weather and climate change and provides an introduction to the atmosphere. This book covers the key branches of physics with a specific focus on thermodynamics, electromagnetism, and quantum mechanics.

Radiation And Cloud Processes In The Atmosphere

Author : Kuo-Nan Liou
ISBN : 0195049101
Genre : Science
File Size : 80. 16 MB
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This is an up-to-date treatment of atmospheric science and the key roles of solar radiation and cloud layers.

Polarization And Intensity Of Light In The Atmosphere

Author : Kinsell L. Coulson
ISBN : UOM:39015022030913
Genre : Science
File Size : 58. 5 MB
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Curricula In The Atmospheric And Oceanographic Sciences

Author : American Meteorological Society
ISBN : 0933876599
Genre : Meteorology
File Size : 63. 43 MB
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Fluid Mechanics Of The Atmosphere

Author : Robert A. Brown
ISBN : 0080917119
Genre : Science
File Size : 29. 23 MB
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Fluid Mechanics of the Atmosphere presents the fundamental equations which govern most of the flow problems studied by atmospheric scientists. The equations are derived in a systematic way that is intended to facilitate critical evaluation. The goal of this text is twofold. First the book supplies the student a background familiarity in the underlying physics behind the mathematics. Second it explores some systematic methods of relating these physics to atmospheric problems, including rotating frames of reference effects, vorticity dynamics, and turbulence effects on closure. Stresses vorticity, principles of scaling, and turbulence Extensively illustrated Includes end-of-chapter summaries and problem sets Classroom tested for five years

Atmospheric Physics

Author : Julio V. Iribarne
ISBN : 9789400989528
Genre : Science
File Size : 66. 58 MB
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The extraordinary growth and development of atmospheric sciences during the last dec ades, and the concern for certain applied problems, such as those related to the environ ment, have prompted the introduction of college and university courses in this field. There is consequently a need for good textbooks. A few appropriate books have appeared in the last few years, aimed at a variety of levels and having different orientations. Most of them are of rather limited scope; in par ticular, a number of them are restricted to the field of dynamics and its meteorological applications. There is still a need for an elementary, yet comprehensive, survey of the terrestrial atmosphere. This short volume attempts to fill that need. This book is intended as a textbook that can be used for a university course at a second or third year level. It requires only elementary mathematics and such knowledge of physics as should be acquired in most first-year general physicS courses. It may serve in two ways. A general review of the field is provided for students who work or plan to work in other fields (such as geophysics, geography, environmental sciences, space research), but are interested in acquiring general information; at the same time, it may serve as a general and elementary introduction for students who will later specialize in some area of atmospheric science.

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