reason s nearest kin philosophies of arithmetic from kant to carnap

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Reason S Nearest Kin

Author : Michael Potter
ISBN : 0199252610
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 85 MB
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How do we account for the truth of arithmetic? And if it does not depend for its truth on the way the world is, what constrains the world to conform to arithmetic? This text examines the progress made towards answering these questions.

The Oxford Handbook Of Philosophy Of Mathematics And Logic

Author : Stewart Shapiro
ISBN : 9780198033998
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65. 81 MB
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Mathematics and logic have been central topics of concern since the dawn of philosophy. Since logic is the study of correct reasoning, it is a fundamental branch of epistemology and a priority in any philosophical system. Philosophers have focused on mathematics as a case study for general philosophical issues and for its role in overall knowledge- gathering. Today, philosophy of mathematics and logic remain central disciplines in contemporary philosophy, as evidenced by the regular appearance of articles on these topics in the best mainstream philosophical journals; in fact, the last decade has seen an explosion of scholarly work in these areas. This volume covers these disciplines in a comprehensive and accessible manner, giving the reader an overview of the major problems, positions, and battle lines. The 26 contributed chapters are by established experts in the field, and their articles contain both exposition and criticism as well as substantial development of their own positions. The essays, which are substantially self-contained, serve both to introduce the reader to the subject and to engage in it at its frontiers. Certain major positions are represented by two chapters--one supportive and one critical. The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Math and Logic is a ground-breaking reference like no other in its field. It is a central resource to those wishing to learn about the philosophy of mathematics and the philosophy of logic, or some aspect thereof, and to those who actively engage in the discipline, from advanced undergraduates to professional philosophers, mathematicians, and historians.

The Limits Of Logical Empiricism

Author : Arthur Pap
ISBN : 1402042981
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 49. 73 MB
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Arthur Pap's work played an important role in the development of the analytic tradition. This role goes beyond the historical fact that Pap's views of dispositional and modal concepts were influential. His philosophical preoccupation, the concepts of necessity and possibility, provides solutions on issues of concern in the metaphysics of modality.

Scientific Method In Practice

Author : Hugh G. Gauch
ISBN : 0521017084
Genre : Science
File Size : 55. 32 MB
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This book will enable scientists to be better scientists by offering them a deeper understanding of the scientific method.

Central Issues Of Philosophy

Author : John Shand
ISBN : 9781405162708
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 83. 10 MB
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Comprising 20 free–standing chapters written by specialists in their respective fields, Central Issues of Philosophy provides novice readers with the ideal accessible introduction to all of philosophy′s core issues. An accessible introduction to the central issues of philosophy Organized around key philosophical issues – ranging from truth, knowledge and reality to free will, ethics and the existence of God Provides beginning students with the information and skills to delve deeper into philosophical fields of study Each chapter is written by an experienced teacher

The Oxford Companion To Philosophy

Author : Ted Honderich
ISBN : 9780199264797
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 39. 57 MB
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An in-depth philosophical reference work furnishes clear and reliable guidance on the ideas of philosophers, ranging from antiquity to the present day, and the major philosophical systems around the globe.

Mathematical Reviews

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015056616694
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 37. 11 MB
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Math Matiques Et Exp Rience

Author : Jacques Bouveresse
ISBN : 2738122035
Genre : Logical positivism
File Size : 44. 33 MB
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Comment les mathématiques, pure création de l'esprit humain, peuvent-elles s'appliquer au monde réel qui nous entoure ? Comment les géométries non euclidiennes, nées de spéculations abstraites, peuvent-elles décrire l'atome ou l'Univers ? Comment la pure logique du calcul des probabilités peut-elle servir à établir les lois de la physique ou les statistiques des assurances ? Ce sont ces questions qu'affronte dans l'entre-deux guerres l'empirisme logique, ce grand courant du rationalisme européen qui suscite aujourd'hui un intérêt nouveau. Ses grandes figures, Carnap, Schlick. Reichenbach et quelques autres, ont été des penseurs très différents et profondément originaux. La philosophie des sciences contemporaine a encore de nombreuses leçons à tirer de leurs innovations conceptuelles et de leurs débats internes, mais aussi de la réflexion sur les limites de leur démarche et sur les obstacles qu'ils ont rencontrés.

Subject Guide To Books In Print

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105025888533
Genre : American literature
File Size : 69. 44 MB
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The Social Life Of Numbers

Author : Gary Urton
ISBN : 9780292786844
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 61. 8 MB
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Unraveling all the mysteries of the khipu—the knotted string device used by the Inka to record both statistical data and narrative accounts of myths, histories, and genealogies—will require an understanding of how number values and relations may have been used to encode information on social, familial, and political relationships and structures. This is the problem Gary Urton tackles in his pathfinding study of the origin, meaning, and significance of numbers and the philosophical principles underlying the practice of arithmetic among Quechua-speaking peoples of the Andes. Based on fieldwork in communities around Sucre, in south-central Bolivia, Urton argues that the origin and meaning of numbers were and are conceived of by Quechua-speaking peoples in ways similar to their ideas about, and formulations of, gender, age, and social relations. He also demonstrates that their practice of arithmetic is based on a well-articulated body of philosophical principles and values that reflects a continuous attempt to maintain balance, harmony, and equilibrium in the material, social, and moral spheres of community life.

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