regulating municipal water supply concessions accountability in transitional china

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Regulating Municipal Water Supply Concessions

Author : Yan Wei
ISBN : 9783662436837
Genre : Law
File Size : 54. 7 MB
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This book discusses the recently introduced concession policy, which is also known as PPP worldwide, on municipal utilities policy in China. In this context, critics have claimed that there is a gap in accountability with regard to concessions. The author utilizes interdisciplinary methods and comparative studies, taking into account the situation in the EU and US to analyze the accountability gap some feel will be created when the policy is implemented. Taking water sector concessions as the subject of discussion, the author distinguishes between three types of accountability: traditional bureaucratic accountability, legal accountability and public accountability. By systematically analyzing the essential problems involved, the book attempts to achieve a better understanding of concession and its application in the context of public utilities and finds that the alleged accountability gap is attributed to traditional bureaucratic accountability in China and the concession system per se.

Private Participation In Infrastructure In China

Author : Michel Bellier
ISBN : 0821354396
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28. 98 MB
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Since the late 1970s China has made extensive policy reforms and infrastructure investments. Although there have been significant investments made over the past decades, most of these investments came from the public sector. The goal of this report is to help improve China's approach to private participation in infrastructure focusing on roads, water and sanitation, and power generation by expanding foreign direct investment and domestic financing in such projects. It compares China's experience with those of other countries.

Public Private Partnerships In Transitional Nations

Author : Nikolai Mouraviev
ISBN : 9781443873826
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 54. 98 MB
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This collection examines public-private partnerships (PPPs) in transitional nations from the governance perspective. It explores the structures, legal frameworks and collaborative arrangements that underpin partnerships in Europe, Asia and Africa, and highlights government decisions that facilitate the transformation of societal challenges into developmental opportunities. By sharing the experience of nine nations, including China, Indonesia, Russia and Nigeria, it helps to better understand the commonalities in PPP deployment, avoid mistakes and pitfalls, and learn from other economies. The book raises the critical questions that concern many governments, including: What are the common and frequent mistakes that governments make when they deploy partnerships and deal with governance issues? How can countries increase PPPs’ benefits? Can PPPs be instrumental in accomplishing certain less traditional government tasks, such as disaster risk management of built infrastructure and promotion of clean energy? Can PPPs serve as a backbone of entrepreneurial networks and contribute to sustainable development? The groundwork is laid out for contrasting and comparing successful and unsuccessful government actions, institutional, legal and financing initiatives and procedures, allowing one to make cross-country and cross-sectoral comparisons. Policy-makers, consultants, managers and others working in the PPP field will find this volume useful, as well as academics, as they can learn from the international comparisons and the experience of others.

Stepping Up

Author : Greg Browder
ISBN : 9780821373323
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86. 6 MB
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As China transitions to a market economy, municipal utilities are evolving into commercially viable companies under government oversight. Great challenges confront the reform process for China's water utilities, including rapid urbanization and emerging inequality, coupled with severe water scarcity and degradation. Cities and their water utilities must provide services within a complex mosaic of policies and regulations provided by national and provincial governments. In China, as throughout the world, water is also a sensitive political issue. Governments are keen to provide good water service, but also attuned to the need to ensure that tariffs are socially acceptable. This report presents a strategic framework and set of recommendations for addressing these challenges and accelerating improvements in China's urban water utilities. Drawing upon the World Bank's experience in China, as well as the Bank's global knowledge, the report provides a comprehensive assessment of urban water services, including policy, regulatory, institutional, financial, and technical issues. The report will prove a valuable resource for policy makers, utility companies, and anyone interested in the development of the world's largest water market.

Handbook For Evaluating Infrastructure Regulatory Systems

Author : Ashley C. Brown
ISBN : 9780821365809
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 28. 9 MB
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More than 200 new infrastructure regulators have been created around the world in the last 15 years. They were established to encourage clear and sustainable long-term economic and legal commitments by governments and investors to encourage new investment to benefit existing and new customers. There is now considerable evidence that both investors and consumers-the two groups that were supposed to have benefited from these new regulatory systems-have often been disappointed with their performance. The fundamental premise of this book is that regulatory systems can be successfully reformed only if there are independent, objective and public evaluations of their performance. Just as one goes to a medical doctor for a regular health checkup, it is clear that infrastructure regulation would also benefit from periodic checkups. This book provides a general framework as well as detailed practical guidance on how to perform such "regulatory checkups."

Granting And Renegotiating Infrastructure Concessions

Author : J. Luis Guasch
ISBN : 0821357921
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 36. 73 MB
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During the 1990s, infrastructure concessions were hailed as the solution to Latin America's endemic infrastructure deficit, by combining private sector efficiency with rent dissipation brought about by competition. This publication examines the design and implementation of over 1,000 examples of concession contracts, in order to identify the problems that have occurred in the process. It goes on to highlight lessons to be learned for the future, in order to realise the potential benefits of infrastructure reform and to contribute to economic growth and poverty reduction.

Reclaiming Public Water

Author : Belén Balanyá
ISBN : UCR:31210018909216
Genre : Drinking water
File Size : 26. 40 MB
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Accountability Through Public Opinion

Author : Sina Odugbemi
ISBN : 9780821385562
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86. 65 MB
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This books analyses the role of public opinion for generating genuine citizen demand for accountability, providing case studies from around the world to illustrate how public opinion forces governments to be accountable.

Public Private Partnerships For Urban Water Utilities

Author : Philippe Marin
ISBN : 0821379577
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 90. 61 MB
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'Public-Private Partnerships for Urban Water Utilities: A Review of Experiences in Developing Countries' analyzes the market growth of Public-Private Partnerships (PPPs) in the developing world since 1990, and the performance of more than 65 large water PPP projects representing more than 100 million people for access, service quality, operational efficiency, and tariff levels. Although a relatively small portion of the water utilities in the developing world are operated under PPPs (about 7 percent in 2007), the urban population served by private water operators has grown every year since 1990. Despite many difficulties encountered by PPP projects and a few contract terminations, a large majority of contracts awarded since 1990 are still in place. The track record for improving service and efficiency reaffirms the value of PPPs to help turn around poorly performing water utilities, even though the level of private financing did not match initial expectations. Over time, a more realistic market has developed, the number of private investors from developing countries has grown, and contract designs have become more pragmatic concerning risk allocations between partners. The water sector has many features that set it apart from other infrastructure sectors. This book suggests the need for careful consideration of those specificities to successfully involve private operators. Although concessions with private financing have worked in a few places, contractual arrangements that combine private operation with public financing appear to be the most sustainable option in many countries. Policy makers, stakeholders, and donors need to remain heavily engaged in the water sector, especially in the poorest countries and during a global financial crisis. This book contributes to a better understanding of the various options to tackle the many challenges of providing water and sanitation services to urban populations in the developing world.

The Chinese Economy

Author : Barry Naughton
ISBN : 9780262640640
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 42. 85 MB
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The most comprehensive English-language overview of the modern Chinese economy, covering China's economic development since 1949 and post-1978 reforms—from industrial change and agricultural organization to science and technology.

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