religious liberty essays on first amendment law

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Religious Liberty

Author : Daniel N. Robinson
ISBN : 9781107147607
Genre : Law
File Size : 55. 9 MB
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These essays focus on the intellectual and philosophical roots of religious liberty and the confrontations with the authority of secular law. The book is aimed at researchers, graduate students and undergraduates in constitutional law, political science, government, constitutional religion and public affairs courses, as well as courses on the First Amendment.

Challenges To Religious Liberty In The Twenty First Century

Author : Gerard V. Bradley
ISBN : 9781107012448
Genre : Law
File Size : 82. 76 MB
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Almost everyone today affirms and applauds "religious liberty." But different and sometimes irreconcilable conceptions of religious liberty have emerged in our world, often as responses to specific challenges (for example, globalization or Islamic immigration). In this book, scholars in law, theology, and political theory exchange views on five specific challenges to religious liberty in the twenty-first century.

No Establishment Of Religion

Author : T. Jeremy Gunn
ISBN : 9780199986019
Genre : Religion
File Size : 47. 96 MB
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The First Amendment guarantee that "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion" rejected the millennium-old Western policy of supporting one form of Christianity in each nation and subjugating all other faiths. The exact meaning and application of this American innovation, however, has always proved elusive. Individual states found it difficult to remove traditional laws that controlled religious doctrine, liturgy, and church life, and that discriminated against unpopular religions. They found it even harder to decide more subtle legal questions that continue to divide Americans today: Did the constitution prohibit governmental support for religion altogether, or just preferential support for some religions over others? Did it require that government remove Sabbath, blasphemy, and oath-taking laws, or could they now be justified on other grounds? Did it mean the removal of religious texts, symbols, and ceremonies from public documents and government lands, or could a democratic government represent these in ever more inclusive ways? These twelve essays stake out strong and sometimes competing positions on what "no establishment of religion" meant to the American founders and to subsequent generations of Americans, and what it might mean today.

Same Sex Marriage And Religious Liberty

Author : Douglas Laycock
ISBN : 0742565645
Genre : Religion
File Size : 66. 73 MB
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Same-Sex Marriage and Religious Liberty explores the religious freedom implications of defining marriage to include same-sex couples. It represents the only comprehensive, scholarly appraisal to date of the church-state conflicts virtually certain to arise from the legal recognition of same-sex marriage. It explores two principal questions. First, exactly what kind of religious freedom conflicts are likely to emerge if society embraces same-sex marriage? A redefinition of marriage would impact a host of laws where marital status affects legal rights_in housing, employment, health-care, education, public accommodations, and property, in addition to family law. These laws, in turn, regulate a host of religious institutions_schools, hospitals, and social service providers, to name a few_that often embrace a different definition of marriage. As a result, church-state conflicts will follow. This volume anticipates where and how these manifold disputes will arise. Second, how might these conflicts be resolved? If the disputes spark litigation under the Free Speech, Free Exercise, or Establishment Clauses of the First Amendment, who will prevail and why? When, if ever, should claims of religious liberty prevail over claims of sexual liberty? Drawing on experience in analogous areas of law, the volume explores whether it is possible to avoid these constitutional conflicts by statutory accommodation, or by separating religious marriage from civil marriage.

With Liberty For All

Author : Phillip E. Hammond
ISBN : 0664257682
Genre : Religion
File Size : 26. 8 MB
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The United States is founded upon the principles of freedom of religion, although it has been difficult at times to understand and apply those principles. Phillip Hammond argues that the Constitution assumes a radical religious liberty, which protects the convictions of individual Americans, whether or not those convictions are explicitly religious. This book is an excellent guide to the church-state debate of today, and deepens that discussion by examining the root cause of disagreement about what freedom of religion means in America.

Debating Religious Liberty And Discrimination

Author : John Corvino
ISBN : 9780190603090
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 79. 13 MB
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Virtually everyone supports religious liberty, and virtually everyone opposes discrimination. But how do we handle the hard questions that arise when exercises of religious liberty seem to discriminate unjustly? How do we promote the common good while respecting conscience in a diverse society? This point-counterpoint book brings together leading voices in the culture wars to debate such questions: John Corvino, a longtime LGBT-rights advocate, opposite Ryan T. Anderson and Sherif Girgis, prominent young social conservatives. Many such questions have arisen in response to same-sex marriage: How should we treat county clerks who do not wish to authorize such marriages, for example; or bakers, florists, and photographers who do not wish to provide same-sex wedding services? But the conflicts extend well beyond the LGBT rights arena. How should we treat hospitals, schools, and adoption agencies that can't in conscience follow antidiscrimination laws, healthcare mandates, and other regulations? Should corporations ever get exemptions? Should public officials? Should we keep controversial laws like the Religious Freedom Restoration Act, or pass new ones like the First Amendment Defense Act? Should the law give religion and conscience special protection at all, and if so, why? What counts as discrimination, and when is it unjust? What kinds of material and dignitary harms should the law try to fight-and what is dignitary harm, anyway? Beyond the law, how should we treat religious beliefs and practices we find mistaken or even oppressive? Should we tolerate them or actively discourage them? In point-counterpoint format, Corvino, Anderson and Girgis explore these questions and more. Although their differences run deep, they tackle them with civility, clarity, and flair. Their debate is an essential contribution to contemporary discussions about why religious liberty matters and what respecting it requires.

Essays On Law Religion And Morality

Author : Gerard V. Bradley
ISBN : 1587312301
Genre : Law
File Size : 76. 19 MB
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The most controversial foundational issue today in both legal philosophy and constitutional law is the relationship between objective moral norms and the positive law. Is it possible for the state to be morally "neutral" about such matters as marriage, the family, religion, religious liberty, and - as the Supreme Court once famously phrased it - "the meaning of life"? If such neutrality is possible, is it desirable? In this volume of essays one of our country's leading constitutional lawyers answers "no" to both questions. In the first three chapters, Gerard Bradley investigates the central moral justification of punishment, the morality of plea bargaining, and how the criminal justice system should treat the family. These essays reflect both Bradley's decades as a teacher of criminal law as well as his earlier experience as a trial prosecutor in the Manhattan District Attorney's Office. The second triptych of papers has to do with the raging controversy over same-sex "marriage," and the broader movement toward a socially sanctioned orthodoxy about sexual orientation of which the "marriage" movement is one part. These papers reflect the author's years of philosophical work on the marriage question, as well as his more practical experience as a popular debater and expert witness. Finally, Bradley takes up the questions of religious liberty and how our democratic polity should treat religion. These chapters cover the original meaning of the First Amendment's Establishment Clause, the role of Catholicism in the post-World War II controversies over movie censorship as they played out in the Supreme Court, and emerging challenges to religious liberty in the 21st century.

Blasphemy And Freedom Of Expression

Author : Jeroen Temperman
ISBN : 9781108267991
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 36. 6 MB
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The tension between blasphemy laws and the freedom of expression in modern times is a key area of debate within legal academia and beyond. With contributions by leading scholars, this volume compares blasphemy laws within a number of Western liberal democracies and debates the legitimacy of these laws in the twenty-first century. Including comprehensive and up-to-date comparative country studies, this book considers the formulation of blasphemy bans, relevant jurisprudential interpretations, the effect on society, and the ensuing convictions and penalties where applicable. It provides a useful historical analysis by discussing the legal-political rationales behind the recent abolition of blasphemy laws in some Western states. Contributors also consider the challenges to the tenability of blasphemy laws in a selection of well-balanced theoretical chapters. This book is essential reading for scholars working within the fields of human rights law, philosophy and sociology of religion, and comparative politics.

Religious Freedom In An Egalitarian Age

Author : Nelson Tebbe
ISBN : 9780674974890
Genre : Law
File Size : 63. 60 MB
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Nelson Tebbe shows how a method called social coherence offers a way to resolve conflicts between advocates of religious freedom and proponents of equality law. Based on the way people reason through moral problems in everyday life, it can lead to workable solutions in a wide range of issues, including gay rights and women’s reproductive choice.

Abortion Moral And Legal Perspectives

Author : Jay L. Garfield
ISBN : 0870234412
Genre : Law
File Size : 86. 64 MB
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Essays examine the nature of abortion, the Supreme Court's ruling on abortion, and the judicial status of the fetus.

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