renewable energy desalination; an emerging solution to close the water gap in the middle east and north africa mena development report

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Renewable Energy Desalination

Author : Bekele Debele Negewo
ISBN : 9780821394571
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 57. 63 MB
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The book looks at water availability and water demand in various sectors till 2050, presenting a methodology to prioritize options both on the demand and on the supply side, with a special focus on renewable energy desalination.

Renewable Energy Desalination

Author : Bekele Debele Negewo
ISBN : 0821379801
Genre : Electronic book
File Size : 89. 30 MB
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The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) Region is one of the most water stressed regions in the world. Water scarcity has already become a challenge to development in many of the countries. Due to increasing population and Projected climate change impacts, MENA's annual water demand gap is projected to grow five-fold by 2050. Despite its extreme scarcity, water is managed poorly. Inefficiencies are common in the agriculture, municipal and industrial systems; and many utilities are financially unsustainable. As a result, countries overexploit their fossil aquifers-- and use desalination by fossil fuel-- to meet the water demand gap. Desalination already plays a critical role in MENA's water supply portfolio. However, desalination is costly, energy intensive and has environmental impacts. On current trends, the projection is that, by 2050, Saudi Arabia and many other countries in the Region will consume for desalination most of the oil that they produce. Overexploitation of fossil aquifers is not sustainable. Neither is the use of fossil fuel for desalination to meet the growing water gap sustainable. This book outlines the challenges in terms of water (and also in terms of energy) that countries in the Region face and analyzes the scope of available options to address the growing water gap. The book estimates MENA's water gap today and into the future-- until 2050; and presents a methodology to prioritize options to bridge the water gap, using the 'marginal cost of water' approach. The book also assesses the viability of renewable energy desalination as an important option to close the Region's water gap. The book compares the economic cost of desalination using fossil fuel and renewable energy sources, in particular the Concentrated Solar Power (CSP). The book also provides recommendations as to how CSP based desalination could ensure sustainable water supply for the Region.

Beyond Scarcity

Author : World Bank
ISBN : 9781464811814
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 67. 71 MB
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Water has always been a source of risks and opportunities in the Middle East and North Africa. Yet rapidly changing socioeconomic, political, and environmental conditions make water security a different, and more urgent, challenge than ever before. This report shows that achieving water security means much more than coping with water scarcity. It means managing water resources in a sustainable, efficient, and equitable way. It also involves delivering water services reliably and affordably, to reinforce relationships between service providers and water users and contribute to a renewed social contract. Water security also entails mitigating water-related risks such as floods and droughts. Water security is an urgent target, but it is also a target within reach. A host of potential solutions to the region’s water management challenges exist. To make these solutions work, clear incentives are needed to change the way water is managed, conserved, and allocated. To make these solutions work, countries in the region will also need to better engage water users, civil society, and youth. The failure of policies to address water challenges can have severe impacts on people’s well-being and political stability. The strategic question for the region is whether countries will act with foresight and resolve to strengthen water security, or whether they will wait to react to the inevitable disruptions of water crises.

Social Entrepreneurship In The Middle East

Author : Dima Jamali
ISBN : 9781137395368
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 36. 53 MB
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This two-volume book unveils trends, strengths, weaknesses and overall dynamics and implications of social entrepreneurship in the Middle East region, whilst identifying both opportunities and threats facing social entrepreneurship and supplements through a wealth of insights and examples inspired from practice and current applications.

Recent Progress In Desalination Environmental And Marine Outfall Systems

Author : Mahad Baawain
ISBN : 9783319191232
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 42. 87 MB
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This book collects current scientific information on advanced technologies and management practices associated with the desalination industry in the Middle East and elsewhere around the world. The book opens with introductory chapter which briefly recounts the history of desalination, and describes the current state of development in the field. Part I: Desalination Systems includes ten chapters which describe a variety of techniques and designs intended not only to minimize the impact of desalination, but also to save energy and use natural resources to maximize the output of integrated desalination systems. Among the highlights are a chapter on the use of ceramic membrane technology for sustainable oil water production; a case study on the use of solar heating systems in desalination technology in Oman; discussion of fouling and its effect on design and performance of desalination systems; a review of shore approaches and sea-lines with case studies from Australia and Germany; and a discussion of the integration of desalination technology with renewable energy for climate change abatement in the Middle East and North Africa region. Part II: Environmental Systems includes among others a chapter on regulating the use of water resources and desalination technology on a regional scale reducing the carbon footprint of desalination, with examples from Australia; a description of desalination for irrigation in the Souss Massa region in the south of Morocco; a study of the impact of the coastal intake environment on operating conditions of thermal desalination plants in the United Arab Emirates; a discussion of hydrodynamic and thermal dispersion modeling of the effluent in a coastal channel, with a case study from Oman; and a mathematical model study of effluent disposal from a desalination plant in the marine environment at Tuticorin in India. The book aims to inspire developments in desalination technologies which are specifically aimed at reducing energy consumption and cost, and minimizing environmental impact.

Recent Advances In Environmental Science From The Euro Mediterranean And Surrounding Regions

Author : Amjad Kallel
ISBN : 9783319705484
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 49 MB
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This volume includes the papers presented during the 1st Euro-Mediterranean Conference for Environmental Integration (EMCEI) which was held in Sousse, Tunisia in November 2017. This conference was jointly organized by the editorial office of the Euro-Mediterranean Journal for Environmental Integration in Sfax, Tunisia and Springer (MENA Publishing Program) in Germany. It aimed to give a more concrete expression to the Euro-Mediterranean integration process by supplementing existing North-South programs and agreements with a new multilateral scientific forum that emphasizes in particular the vulnerability and proactive remediation of the Euro-Mediterranean region from an environmental point of view. This volume gives a general and brief overview on current research focusing on emerging environmental issues and challenges and its applications to a variety of problems in the Euro-Mediterranean zone and surrounding regions. It contains over five hundred and eighty carefully refereed short contributions to the conference. Topics covered include (1) innovative approaches and methods for environmental sustainability, (2) environmental risk assessment, bioremediation, ecotoxicology, and environmental safety, (3) water resources assessment, planning, protection, and management, (4) environmental engineering and management, (5) natural resources: characterization, assessment, management, and valorization, (6) intelligent techniques in renewable energy (biomass, wind, waste, solar), (7) sustainable management of marine environment and coastal areas, (8) remote sensing and GIS for geo-environmental investigations, (9) environmental impacts of geo/natural hazards (earthquakes, landslides, volcanic, and marine hazards), and (10) the environmental health science (natural and social impacts on Human health). Presenting a wide range of topics and new results, this edited volume will appeal to anyone working in the subject area, including researchers and students interested to learn more about new advances in environmental research initiatives in view of the ever growing environmental degradation in the Euro-Mediterranean region, which has turned environmental and resource protection into an increasingly important issue hampering sustainable development and social welfare.

Energiespeicher Bedarf Technologien Integration

Author : Michael Sterner
ISBN : 9783662488935
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 36. 41 MB
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Im Kontext der Energiewende sind Energiespeicher ein zentrales technisches, wirtschaftliches und energiepolitisches Thema. Die Autoren dieses kompakten Werkes geben einen umfassenden Überblick über die verschiedenen Aspekte der Energiespeicherung. Sie beschreiben zunächst die Bedeutung von Energiespeichern in der Energieversorgung und definieren ihre Rolle darin. Dann gehen sie auf den Speicherbedarf in der Strom-, Wärme- und Kraftstoffversorgung im Kontext der Energiewende ein. Im Hauptteil werden die verschiedenen Speichertechnologien ausführlich vorgestellt sowie ihre Vor- und Nachteile diskutiert. Praktische Anwendungsbeispiele und die Integration von Speichern über alle Energiesektoren hinweg runden das Buch ab. Zahlreiche Grafiken und Beispiele veranschaulichen das gesamte Feld der Energiespeicher und sind als Ergänzung mehrsprachig online in Farbe verfügbar. Die 2. Auflage enthält ein neues Kapitel zu den rechtlichen Rahmenbedingungen, neue Studien zum Speicherbedarf, Power-to-X für die chemische Industrie, neue LOHC- und Lageenergiespeicher sowie neueste Trends zu Kostenentwicklung und Batterieanwendungen. „Endlich ein umfassendes Buch zur Energiewende, das auch für technische Laien verständlich und inspirierend geschrieben ist." Franz Alt, Journalist und Buchautor „Das großartige Werk sei allen empfohlen, die sich wirklich für die Zukunft unseres Landes interessieren. Es zeigt auf eindrucksvolle Weise: Es wird nicht einfach, aber wir schaffen das.“ Prof. Dr. Harald Lesch, Physiker und Fernsehmoderator

Handbuch Der Klimatologie

Author : Julius F von Hann
ISBN : 9783864445828
Genre :
File Size : 26. 29 MB
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Julius von Hann war Begründer der modernen Meteorologie. Seine dreibändige Reihe erschien ursprünglich 1908 und wird hier in zwei Teilen veröffentlicht. Im zweiten Teil ist der Band 3: Klima der gemäßigten Zonen und der Polarzonen enthalten.

Die Gr Ten Herausforderungen Unserer Zeit

Author : László Szombatfalvy
ISBN : 3455502563
Genre :
File Size : 57. 60 MB
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Die Schatten Der Globalisierung

Author : Joseph Stiglitz
ISBN : 9783641202774
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 54. 46 MB
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Explodierende Aktienkurse und scheinbar nie dagewesenes Wirtschaftswachstum kennzeichneten die »Goldenen Neunziger« – bis der Absturz in eine weltweite, tiefe und bis heute andauernde Rezession folgte. Was ist schief gelaufen? Nobelpreisträger Joseph Stiglitz zeigt, welchen Kräften sich der schwindelerregende Boom verdankte und inwiefern in ihm bereits die Saat der Zerstörung angelegt war. Stiglitz, als Berater der ersten Clinton-Administration und später Chefökonom der Weltbank ein intimer Kenner des »Tatorts Washington« (NZZ) und der internationalen Konzernzentralen, weiß von den strategischen Entscheidungen in den innersten Zirkeln von Politik und Wirtschaft zu berichten, aber auch von den hitzigen Debatten, die diesen vorausgingen. Selbstkritisch beleuchtet er die globalen Folgen ihres gemeinsamen Tuns: Wie ist die Fixierung auf den Defizitabbau heute zu bewerten? Wie wirkt sich die von der US-Regierung exzessiv betriebene Deregulierung des Marktes aus? Wohin hat uns die Maxime, Eigennutz diene automatisch auch der Allgemeinheit, geführt? Das Gleichgewicht zwischen Staat und Markt ist verloren gegangen, so Stiglitz’ zentrale These. Um diese Balance wiederherzustellen, entwickelt Stiglitz eine überzeugende Alternative zum Diktat des Marktes – denn das, so zeigt er auf provozierende Weise, ist nicht nur wenig sozial, sondern auf lange Sicht sogar unwirtschaftlich.

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