research misconduct policy in biomedicine beyond the bad apple approach basic bioethics

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Research Misconduct Policy In Biomedicine

Author : Barbara K. Redman
ISBN : 9780262019811
Genre : MEDICAL
File Size : 22. 73 MB
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Federal regulations that govern research misconduct in biomedicine have not been able to prevent an ongoing series of high-profile cases of fabricating, falsifying, or plagiarizing scientific research. In this book, Barbara Redman looks critically at current research misconduct policy and proposes a new approach that emphasizes institutional context and improved oversight. Current policy attempts to control risk at the individual level. But Redman argues that a fair and effective policy must reflect the context in which the behavior in question is embedded. As journalists who covered many research misconduct cases observed, the roots of fraud "lie in the barrel, not in the bad apples that occasionally roll into view." Drawing on literature in related fields -- including moral psychology, the policy sciences, the organizational sciences, and law -- as well as analyses of misconduct cases, Redman considers research misconduct from various perspectives. She also examines in detail a series of clinical research cases in which repeated misconduct went undetected and finds laxity of oversight, little attention to harm done, and inadequate correction of the scientific record. Study questions enhance the book's value for graduate and professional courses in research ethics. Redman argues that the goals of any research misconduct policy should be to protect scientific capital (knowledge, scientists, institutions, norms of science), support fair competition, contain harms to end users and to the public trust, and enable science to meet its societal obligations.

The Myth Of The Moral Brain

Author : Harris Wiseman
ISBN : 9780262333665
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 72. 94 MB
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Throughout history, humanity has been seen as being in need of improvement, most pressingly in need of moral improvement. Today, in what has been called the beginnings of "the golden age of neuroscience," laboratory findings claim to offer insights into how the brain "does" morality, even suggesting that it is possible to make people more moral by manipulating their biology. Can "moral bioenhancement" -- using technological or pharmaceutical means to boost the morally desirable and remove the morally problematic -- bring about a morally improved humanity? In The Myth of the Moral Brain, Harris Wiseman argues that moral functioning is immeasurably complex, mediated by biology but not determined by it. Morality cannot be engineered; there is no such thing as a "moral brain."Wiseman takes a distinctively interdisciplinary approach, drawing on insights from philosophy, biology, theology, and clinical psychology. He considers philosophical rationales for moral enhancement, and the practical realities they come up against; recent empirical work, including studies of the cognitive and behavioral effects of oxytocin, serotonin, and dopamine; and traditional moral education, in particular the influence of religious thought, belief, and practice. Arguing that morality involves many interacting elements, Wiseman proposes an integrated bio-psycho-social approach to the consideration of moral enhancement. Such an approach would show that, by virtue of their sheer numbers, social and environmental factors are more important in shaping moral functioning than the neurobiological factors with which they are interwoven.

Human Subjects Research Regulation

Author : I. Glenn Cohen
ISBN : 9780262027465
Genre : Law
File Size : 39. 23 MB
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Experts from different disciplines offer novel ideas for improving research oversight and protection of human subjects.

Ethics In Everyday Places

Author : Tom Koch
ISBN : 9780262037211
Genre : Medical
File Size : 89. 11 MB
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In Ethics in Everyday Places, ethicist and geographer Tom Koch considers what happens when, as he puts it, "you do everything right but know you've done something wrong." The resulting moral stress and injury, he argues, are pervasive in modern Western society. Koch makes his argument "from the ground up," from the perspective of average persons, and through a revealing series of maps in which issues of ethics and morality are embedded. The book begins with a general grounding in both moral stress and mapping as a means of investigation. The author then examines the ethical dilemmas of mapmakers and others in the popular media and the sciences, including graphic artists, journalists, researchers, and social scientists. Koch expands from the particular to the general, from mapmaker and journalist to the readers of maps and news. He explores the moral stress and injury in educational funding, poverty, and income inequality ("Why aren't we angry that one in eight fellow citizens lives in federally certified poverty?"), transportation modeling (seen in the iconic map of the London transit system and the hidden realities of exclusion), and U.S. graft organ transplantation. This uniquely interdisciplinary work rewrites our understanding of the nature of moral stress, distress and injury, and ethics in modern life. Written accessibly and engagingly, it transforms how we think of ethics -- personal and professional -- amid the often conflicting moral injunctions across modern society. Copublished with Esri Press

The Politics Of Adoption

Author : Bruno Perreau
ISBN : 9780262027229
Genre : Family & Relationships
File Size : 81. 10 MB
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"This work originally appeared under the title Penser l'adoption, Presses Universitaires de France, 2012."

Getting To Good

Author : Arthur L. Caplan
ISBN : 9783319513584
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80. 96 MB
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This book represents the first comprehensive, gold standard reader on research integrity in the biomedical sciences. Now more than ever, the responsible conduct of research (RCR) has become critically important as new technologies affect research practices in both positive and negative ways. Since learning to do science and practicing it brings researchers into contact with a vast array of ethical issues, it is critical to know the standards and how they are evolving. Indeed, research integrity requires scientists at all levels to operate ethically in a system that supports ethical practice. This unique, foundational text covers all the relevant areas -- subject protection, research misconduct and conflict of interest as well as newly quantified concerns about research bias and non-reproducibility, as well as other unique issues. Developed by renowned experts, this compelling title discusses the full range of practices and policies that should support research that is honestly produced and disseminated. It also specifically incorporates topics noted by the National Institutes of Health as essential and required for training in RCR. Getting to Good – Research Integrity in the Biomedical Sciences is a major contribution to the literature on bioethics and will serve as an invaluable resource for all researchers, students, administrators and professionals interested in research ethics and integrity.

Die Logik Des Misslingens

Author : Dietrich Dörner
ISBN : 9783644011618
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 80. 16 MB
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«Komplexität erzeugt Unsicherheit. Unsicherheit erzeugt Angst. Vor dieser Angst wollen wir uns schützen. Darum blendet unser Gehirn all das Komplizierte, Undurchschaubare, Unberechenbare aus. Übrig bleibt ein Ausschnitt – das, was wir schon kennen. Weil dieser Ausschnitt aber mit dem Ganzen, das wir nicht sehen wollen, verknüpft ist, unterlaufen uns viele Fehler – der Misserfolg wird logisch programmiert.» (Rheinischer Merkur) Seit Erscheinen der ersten Ausgabe 1989 hat sich «Die Logik des Misslingens» zum «Standardwerk des Querdenkens» für Psychologen, Kognitionswissenschaftler, Risikoforscher und Motivationstrainer entwickelt. Dass komplexe Systeme nicht nur individuelle Entscheidungen, sondern auch Dynamik und erfolgreiches Handeln in Gruppen maßgeblich beeinflussen, ist neu in dieser erweiterten Ausgabe.

Blitzkrieg Gegen Den Krebs

Author : Robert N. Proctor
ISBN : 360891031X
Genre :
File Size : 30. 83 MB
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Klinische Ethik

Author : Christian Hick
ISBN : 9783540683643
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 97 MB
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Die Klinische Ethik ist das Einsteigerbuch für die Ethik der Medizin im Querschnittsbereich 2. Darüber hinaus zeigt es den Weg zu ethisch verantwortlichem Handeln im klinischen Alltag. Grundlagen: Patientenverfügung, Sterbehilfe und Pränataldiagnostik. Pro & Contra argumentieren: Ethische Positionen werden ausführlich besprochen und ausgewogen bewertet.- Anschaulich und praxisnah geschrieben, mit zahlreichen Fallgeschichten. Relevant für die Praxis: Rechtlicher Kontext zu jedem Thema. - Empfehlungen ärztlicher Standesvertretungen. - Ethische Konflikte in der medizinischen Ausbildung. - 10 ethische Konfliktfälle zum Üben. Ethik endlich klinisch relevant!

Wer Denken Will Muss F Hlen

Author : Dan Ariely
ISBN : 9783426415429
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 80. 70 MB
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In seinem neuen internationalen Bestseller untersucht Dan Ariely unser Verhalten in der Arbeitswelt und im Privatleben. Sein überraschender Befund: Unsere Gefühle verleiten uns zwar häufig zu falschen Entscheidungen, doch insgesamt geht es uns oft besser, wenn wir den Verstand auch mal links liegen lassen.

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