reviews of accelerator science and technology volume 9 technology and applications of advanced accelerator concepts

Download Book Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology Volume 9 Technology And Applications Of Advanced Accelerator Concepts in PDF format. You can Read Online Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology Volume 9 Technology And Applications Of Advanced Accelerator Concepts here in PDF, EPUB, Mobi or Docx formats.

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology Volume 9 Technology And Applications Of Advanced Accelerator Concepts

Author : Chao Alexander Wu
ISBN : 9789813209596
Genre : Science
File Size : 68. 30 MB
Format : PDF
Download : 923
Read : 868

Get This Book


Since its invention in the 1920s, particle accelerators have made tremendous progress in accelerator science, technology and applications. However, the fundamental acceleration principle, namely, to apply an external radiofrequency (RF) electric field to accelerate charged particles, remains unchanged. As this method (either room temperature RF or superconducting RF) is approaching its intrinsic limitation in acceleration gradient (measured in MeV/m), it becomes apparent that new methods with much higher acceleration gradient (measured in GeV/m) must be found for future very high energy accelerators as well as future compact (table-top or room-size) accelerators. This volume introduces a number of advanced accelerator concepts (AAC) — their principles, technologies and potential applications. For the time being, none of them stands out as a definitive direction in which to go. But these novel ideas are in hot pursuit and look promising. Furthermore, some AAC requires a high power laser system. This has the implication of bringing two different communities — accelerator and laser — to join forces and work together. It will have profound impact on the future of our field. Also included are two special articles, one on "Particle Accelerators in China' which gives a comprehensive overview of the rapidly growing accelerator community in China. The other features the person-of-the-issue who was well-known nuclear physicist Jerome Lewis Duggan, a pioneer and founder of a huge community of industrial and medical accelerators in the US.

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology Volume 9 Technology And Applications Of Advanced Accelerator Concepts

Author : Alexander Wu Chao
ISBN : 9813209577
Genre : Science
File Size : 50. 27 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 391
Read : 1263

Get This Book


Since its invention in the 1920s, particle accelerators have made tremendous progress in accelerator science, technology and applications. However, the fundamental acceleration principle, namely, to apply an external radiofrequency (RF) electric field to accelerate charged particles, remains unchanged. As this method (either room temperature RF or superconducting RF) is approaching its intrinsic limitation in acceleration gradient (measured in MeV/m), it becomes apparent that new methods with much higher acceleration gradient (measured in GeV/m) must be found for future very high energy accelerators as well as future compact (table-top or room-size) accelerators. This volume introduces a number of advanced accelerator concepts (AAC) -- their principles, technologies and potential applications. For the time being, none of them stands out as a definitive direction in which to go. But these novel ideas are in hot pursuit and look promising. Furthermore, some AAC requires a high power laser system. This has the implication of bringing two different communities -- accelerator and laser -- to join forces and work together. It will have profound impact on the future of our field. Also included are two special articles, one on "Particle Accelerators in China' which gives a comprehensive overview of the rapidly growing accelerator community in China. The other features the person-of-the-issue who was well-known nuclear physicist Jerome Lewis Duggan, a pioneer and founder of a huge community of industrial and medical accelerators in the US.

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alex Chao
ISBN : 9789812835208
Genre : Science
File Size : 82. 20 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 571
Read : 1041

Get This Book


Particle accelerators are a major invention of the 20th century. In the last eight decades, they have evolved enormously and have fundamentally changed the way we live, think and work.Accelerators are the most powerful microscopes for viewing the tiniest inner structure of cells, genes, molecules, atoms and their constituents such as protons, neutrons, electrons, neutrinos and quarks. This opens up a whole new world for materials science, chemistry and molecular biology. Accelerators with megawatt beam power may ultimately solve a critical problem faced by our society, namely, the treatment of nuclear waste and the supply of an alternative type of energy.There are also tens of thousands of small accelerators all over the world. They are used every day for medical imaging, cancer therapy, radioisotope production, high-density chip-making, mass spectrometry, cargo x-ray/gamma-ray imaging, detection of explosives and illicit drugs, and weapons. This volume provides a comprehensive review of this driving and fascinating field.The poster (also available in 1118 x 406 mm size) which illustrates the history and development of particle accelerators from 1919 to the future can be purchased separately

Handbook Of Accelerator Physics And Engineering

Author : Alexander Wu Chao
ISBN : 9789814415859
Genre : Science
File Size : 49. 52 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
Download : 285
Read : 1325

Get This Book


Edited by internationally recognized authorities in the field, this expanded and updated new edition of the bestselling Handbook, containing more than 100 new articles, is aimed at the design and operation of modern particle accelerators. It is intended as a vade mecum for professional engineers and physicists engaged in these subjects. With a collection of more than 2000 equations, 300 illustrations and 500 graphs and tables, here one will find, in addition to the common formulae of previous compilations, hard-to-find, specialized formulae, recipes and material data pooled from the lifetime experience of many of the world''s most able practitioners of the art and science of accelerators.The eight chapters include both theoretical and practical matters as well as an extensive glossary of accelerator types. Chapters on beam dynamics and electromagnetic and nuclear interactions deal with linear and nonlinear single particle and collective effects including spin motion, beam-environment, beam-beam, beam-electron, beam-ion and intrabeam interactions. The impedance concept and related calculations are dealt with at length as are the instabilities associated with the various interactions mentioned. A chapter on operational considerations includes discussions on the assessment and correction of orbit and optics errors, real-time feedbacks, generation of short photon pulses, bunch compression, tuning of normal and superconducting linacs, energy recovery linacs, free electron lasers, cooling, space-charge compensation, brightness of light sources, collider luminosity optimization and collision schemes. Chapters on mechanical and electrical considerations present material data and important aspects of component design including heat transfer and refrigeration. Hardware systems for particle sources, feedback systems, confinement and acceleration (both normal conducting and superconducting) receive detailed treatment in a subsystems chapter, beam measurement techniques and apparatus being treated therein as well. The closing chapter gives data and methods for radiation protection computations as well as much data on radiation damage to various materials and devices.A detailed name and subject index is provided together with reliable references to the literature where the most detailed information available on all subjects treated can be found.

Unifying Physics Of Accelerators Lasers And Plasma

Author : Andrei Seryi
ISBN : 9781482240597
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 68 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 815
Read : 1091

Get This Book


Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma introduces the physics of accelerators, lasers and plasma in tandem with the industrial methodology of inventiveness, a technique that teaches that similar problems and solutions appear again and again in seemingly dissimilar disciplines. This unique approach builds bridges and enhances connections between the three aforementioned areas of physics that are essential for developing the next generation of accelerators. Boasting more than 200 illustrations, this highly visual text: Employs TRIZ to amalgamate and link different areas of science Avoids heavy mathematics, using back-of-the-envelope calculations to convey key principles Includes end-of-chapter exercises focusing on physics and on applications of the inventiveness method Solutions manual available with qualifying course adoption Unifying Physics of Accelerators, Lasers and Plasma outlines a path from idea to practical implementation of scientific and technological innovation. The book is suitable for students at the senior undergraduate and graduate levels, as well as for senior scientists interested in enhancing their abilities to work successfully on the development of the next generation of facilities, devices and scientific instruments manufactured from the synergy of accelerators, lasers and plasma.

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alexander W Chao
ISBN : 9789814452793
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 22 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 364
Read : 580

Get This Book


Since their debut in the late 1920s, particle accelerators have evolved into a backbone for the development of science and technology in modern society. Of about 30,000 accelerators at work in the world today, a majority is for applications in industry (about 20,000 systems worldwide). There are two major categories of industrial applications: materials processing and treatment, and materials analysis. Materials processing and treatment includes ion implantation (semi-conductor materials, metals, ceramics, etc.) and electron beam irradiation (sterilization of medical devices, food pasteurization, treatment of carcasses and tires, cross-linking of polymers, cutting and welding, curing of composites, etc.). Materials analysis covers ion beam analysis (IBA), non-destructive detection using photons and neutrons, as well as accelerator mass spectrometry (AMS). All the products that are processed, treated and inspected using beams from particle accelerators are estimated to have a collective value of US$500 billion per annum worldwide. Accelerators are also applied for environment protection, such as purifying drinking water, treating waste water, disinfecting sewage sludge and removing pollutants from flue gases. Industrial accelerators continue to evolve, in terms of new applications, qualities and capabilities, and reduction of their costs. Breakthroughs are encountered whenever a new product is made, or an existing product becomes more cost effective. Their impact on our society continues to grow with the potential to address key issues in economics or the society of today. This volume contains fourteen articles, all authored by renowned scientists in their respective fields. Contents:Trends for Electron Beam Accelerator Applications in Industry (Sueo Machi)Ion Implantation for Semiconductor Doping and Materials Modification (Lawrence A Larson, Justin M Williams and Michael I Current)Ion Beam Analysis: A Century of Exploiting the Electronic and Nuclear Structure of the Atom for Materials Characterisation (Chris Jeynes, Roger P Webb and Annika Lohstroh)Neutrons and Photons in Non-Destructive Detection (J F Harmon, D P Wells and A W Hunt)Review of Cyclotrons for the Production of Radioactive Isotopes for Medical and Industrial Applications (Paul Schmor)Development of Accelerator Mass Spectrometry and Its Applications (Jiaer Chen, Zhiyu Guo, Kexin Liu and Liping Zhou)Electron Accelerators for Environment Protection (Andrzej G Chmielewski)Studying Radiation Damage in Structural Materials by Using Ion Accelerators (Peter Hosemann)Direct Current Accelerators for Industrial Applications (Ragnar Hellborg and Harry J Whitlow)Radio-Frequency Electron Accelerators for Industrial Applications (Marshall R Cleland)Accelerators for Neutron Generation and Their Applications (Guenter Mank, Guenter Bauer and Françoise Mulhauser)Prospects for Accelerator Technology (Alan Todd)CERN: From Birth to Success (Herwig Schopper)Simon van der Meer (1925–2011): A Modest Genius of Accelerator Science (Vinod C Chohan) Readership: Physicists and engineers in accelerator science and industry. Keywords:Particle Accelerators;Materials Processing and Treatment;Materials Analysis;Industrial Accelerators;LHC;EnvironmentReviews: "The book is a very helpful way to be introduced in the world of accelerators as powerful tools to carry out quite a big number of applications that play a significant role in common life." IL Nuovo Saggiatore

Reviews Of Accelerator Science And Technology

Author : Alexander W Chao
ISBN : 9789813108912
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 24 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Mobi
Download : 616
Read : 765

Get This Book


' As accelerator science and technology progressed over the past several decades, the accelerators themselves have undergone major improvements in multiple performance factors: beam energy, beam power, and beam brightness. As a consequence, accelerators have found applications in a wide range of fields in our life and in our society. The current volume is dedicated to applications in energy and security, two of the most important and urgent topics in today''s world. This volume makes an effort to provide a review as complete and up to date as possible of this broad and challenging subject. It contains overviews on each of the two topics and a series of articles for in-depth discussions including heavy ion accelerator driven inertial fusion, linear accelerator-based ADS systems, circular accelerator-based ADS systems, accelerator-reactor interface, accelerators for fusion material testing, cargo inspection, proton radiography, compact neutron generators and detectors. It also has a review article on accelerator science and technology in Canada with a focus on the TRIUMF laboratory, and an article on the life of Bruno Touschek, a renowned accelerator physicist. Contents:Overview of Accelerator Applications in Energy (R W Garnett and R L Sheffield)Overview of Accelerator Applications for Security and Defense (A J Antolak)Heavy Ion Accelerator–Driven Inertial Fusion (I Hofmann)ADS Based on Linear Accelerators (W-M Pan and J-P Dai)Cyclotrons and FFAG Accelerators as Drivers for ADS (L Calabretta and F Méot)Accelerator–Reactor Coupling for Energy Production in Advanced Nuclear Fuel Cycles (F Heidet, N R Brown and M Haj Tahar)Accelerators for Fusion Materials Testing (J Knaster and Y Okumura)Low Energy Accelerators for Cargo Inspection (C-X Tang)Flash Proton Radiography (F E Merrill)Compact Neutron Sources for Energy and Security (M Uesaka and H Kobayashi)Detectors for Accelerator-Based Security Applications (G A Warren, S C Stave and E A Miller)Accelerator Science and Technology in Canada — From the Microtron to TRIUMF, Superconducting Cyclotrons and the Canadian Light Source (M K Craddock and R E Laxdal)Bruno Touschek: From Betatrons to Electron–Positron Colliders (C Bernardini, G Pancheri and C Pellegrini) Readership: Physicists and engineers in accelerator science and industry. Keywords:Accelerator Applications in Energy;Accelerator Applications in Security;Accelerator–Reactor Interface;ADS System;Fusion Material Testing;Proton Radiography;TRIUMF Lab;Bruno Touschek'

Principles Of Charged Particle Acceleration

Author : Stanley Humphries
ISBN : 9780486320632
Genre : Science
File Size : 78. 93 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
Download : 614
Read : 560

Get This Book


This authoritative text offers a unified, programmed summary of the principles underlying all charged particle accelerators — it also doubles as a reference collection of equations and material essential to accelerator development and beam applications. The only text that covers linear induction accelerators, the work contains straightforward expositions of basic principles rather than detailed theories of specialized areas. 1986 edition.

Introduction To Accelerator Dynamics

Author : Stephen Peggs
ISBN : 9781107132849
Genre : Science
File Size : 60. 27 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
Download : 609
Read : 729

Get This Book


How does a particle accelerator work? The most direct and intuitive answer focuses on the dynamics of single particles as they travel through an accelerator. Particle accelerators are becoming ever more sophisticated and diverse, from the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN to multi-MW linear accelerators and small medical synchrotrons. This self-contained book presents a pedagogical account of the important field of accelerator physics, which has grown rapidly since its inception in the latter half of the last century. Key topics covered include the physics of particle acceleration, collision and beam dynamics, and the engineering considerations intrinsic to the effective construction and operation of particle accelerators. By drawing direct connections between accelerator technology and the parallel development of computational capability, this book offers an accessible introduction to this exciting field at a level appropriate for advanced undergraduate and graduate students, accelerator scientists, and engineers.

Accelerator Physics Technology And Applications

Author : Alexander Wu Chao
ISBN : 9789814482998
Genre : Science
File Size : 51. 28 MB
Format : PDF, ePub, Docs
Download : 896
Read : 1105

Get This Book


Originally invented for generating the first artificial nuclear reactions, particle accelerators have undergone, during the past 80 years, a fascinating development that is an impressive example of the inventiveness and perseverance of scientists and engineers. Since the early 1980s, accelerator science and technology has been booming. Today, accelerators are the prime tool for high energy physics to probe the structure of matter to an unknown depth. They are also, as synchrotron radiation sources, the most versatile tool for characterizing materials and processes and for producing micro- and nanostructured devices. The determination of the structure of large biomolecules is presently among the best examples of the application of synchrotron radiation. Finally, accelerators have grown more and more important for medicine, which is relying on them for advanced cancer therapy and radio-surgery. And there are more applications, including the generation of neutrons for materials science, the transmutation of nuclear waste with simultaneous production of electrical power, the sterilization of medical supplies and of foodstuff, and the inspection of trucks by customs or security services. This book is meant to provide basic training in modern accelerators for students, teachers, and interested scientists and engineers working in other fields. It is a result of the 3rd International Accelerator School, held in 2002 in Singapore under the auspices of the Overseas Chinese Physics Association (OCPA). Reputable experts, including a recent prize-winner, cover the field of cyclic and linear accelerators from the basic theoretical tools to forefront developments such as the X-ray free electron laser or the latest proton therapy facilities under construction. Accelerators, the art of building them, and the science for understanding their function have become a very exciting field of research. This book conveys the excitement of the experts to the reader. The proceedings have been selected for coverage in: • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings® (ISTP® / ISI Proceedings) • Index to Scientific & Technical Proceedings (ISTP CDROM version / ISI Proceedings) • CC Proceedings — Engineering & Physical Sciences Contents:Particle Accelerators: An Introduction (C Zhang)A Guided Survey of Synchrotron Radiation Sources (H O Moser)Transverse Beam Dynamics: Linear Optics (Q Qin)Transverse Beam Dynamics: Closed Orbit Correction and Injection (C-C Kuo)Transverse Beam Dynamics: Dynamic Aperture (Q Qin)Longitudinal Beam Dynamics — Energy Oscillation in an Electron Storage Ring (Y Jin)Photoinjectors (I Ben-Zvi)Synchrotron Radiation (C T Lee)Lattice Design for Synchrotron Radiation Source Storage Rings (Y Jin)Spallation Neutron Source and Other High Intensity Proton Sources (W Chou)RF Electron Linac and Microton (S-H Wang)Collective Beam Effects in Storage Rings (Z Guo)Designing Superconducting Cavities for Accelerators (H Padamsee)Accelerator Magnets: Dipole, Quadrupole and Sextupole (C S Hwang)Emittance and Cooling (C T Lee)RF Systems for Light Source Storage Rings (Z T Zhao)Vacuum System (J R Chen)RFQ Design and Performance (J Fang)Insertion Devices: Wigglers and Undulators (C S Hwang)Medical and Industrial Applications of Electron Accelerators (Y Lin)High Gain Free Electron Lasers (L H Yu)Proton Therapy: Accelerator Aspects and Procedures (H-U Klein & D Krischel)Introduction to Synchrotron Radiation Applications (H O Moser et al.) Readership: Researchers, practitioners, academics and graduate students in accelerator physics. Keywords:Accelerator Physics;Particle Accelerators Synchrotron Radiation;Micro and Nanostructured Devices;Electron Laser X-Ray Free

Top Download:

Best Books