rheological and seismic properties of solid melt systems a mechanical spectroscopy study springer theses

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Rheological And Seismic Properties Of Solid Melt Systems

Author : Su-Ying Chien
ISBN : 9783319030982
Genre : Science
File Size : 43. 82 MB
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Our understanding of the rheological and seismic properties of the Earth’s interior relies on interpreting geophysical observations using mineral physics data. The complexity of natural materials complicates these interpretations, but here the key features of such materials in controlling the attenuation of seismic waves are determined by a set of careful experiments. This thesis clearly explains how dynamic mechanical spectroscopy has been used to determine the visco-elastic properties of igneous and sedimentary rocks containing geological fluids. These experiments highlight, for the first time, the importance of mineral and rock microstructures as controls on geophysical properties of solids, particularly near the melting point. The results have impacts in areas ranging from volcanic processes, through the structure of the deep Earth, to fluid-saturated porous media.

Proceedings Of International Conference On Advances In Tribology And Engineering Systems

Author : Himanshu C. Patel
ISBN : 9788132216568
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 83. 22 MB
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This book contains advanced-level research material in the area of lubrication theory and related aspects, presented by eminent researchers during the International Conference on Advances in Tribology and Engineering Systems (ICATES 2013) held at Gujarat Technological University, Ahmedabad, India during October 15–17, 2013. The material in this book represents the advanced field of tribology and reflects the work of many eminent researchers from both India and abroad. The treatment of the presentations is the result of the contributions of several professionals working in the industry and academia. This book will be useful for students, researchers, academicians, and professionals working in the area of tribology, in general, and bearing performance characteristics, in particular, especially from the point-of-view of design. This book will also appeal to researchers and professionals working in fluid-film lubrication and other practical applications of tribology. A wide range of topics has been included despite space and time constraints. Basic concepts and fundamentals techniques have been emphasized upon, while also including highly specialized topics and methods (such as nanotribology, bio-nanotribology). Care has been taken to generate interest for a wide range of readers, considering the interdisciplinary nature of the subject.

New Frontiers In Integrated Solid Earth Sciences

Author : S.A.P.L. Cloetingh
ISBN : 9048127378
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 14 MB
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Man’s intensifying use of the Earth’s habitat has led to an urgent need for scientifically advanced ‘geo-prediction systems’ that accurately locate subsurface resources and forecast the timing and magnitude of earthquakes, volcanic eruptions and land subsidence. As advances in the earth sciences lead to process-oriented ways of modeling the complex processes in the solid Earth, the papers in this volume provide a survey of some recent developments at the leading edge of this highly technical discipline. The chapters cover current research in predicting the future behavior of geologic systems as well as the mapping of geologic patterns that exist now in the subsurface as frozen evidence of the past. Both techniques are highly relevant to humanity’s need for resources such as water, and will also help us control environmental degradation. The book also discusses advances made in seismological methods to obtain information on the 3D structure of the mantle and the lithosphere, and in the quantitative understanding of lithospheric scale processes. It covers recent breakthroughs in 3D seismic imaging that have enhanced the spatial resolution of these structural processes, and the move towards 4D imaging that measures these processes over time. The new frontier in modern Earth sciences described in this book has major implications for oceanographic and atmospheric sciences and our understanding of climate variability. It brings readers right up to date with the research in this vital field.

Smart Structures

Author : Jan Holnicki-Szulc
ISBN : 9789401146111
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 83 MB
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Smart (intelligent) structures have been the focus of a great deal of recent research interest. In this book, leading researchers report the state of the art and discuss new ideas, results and trends in 43 contributions, covering fundamental research issues, the role of intelligent monitoring in structural identification and damage assessment, the potential of automatic control systems in achieving a desired structural behaviour, and a number of practical issues in the analysis and design of smart structures in mechanical and civil engineering applications. Audience: A multidisciplinary reference for materials scientists and engineers in such areas as mechanical, civil, aeronautical, electrical, control, and computer engineering.

Applied Mechanics Behavior Of Materials And Engineering Systems

Author : Taoufik Boukharouba
ISBN : 9783319414683
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 45. 44 MB
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This book covers a variety of topics in mechanics, with a special emphasis on material mechanics. It reports on fracture mechanics, fatigue of materials, stress-strain behaviours, as well as transferability problems and constraint effects in fracture mechanics. It covers different kind of materials, from metallic materials such as ferritic and austenitic steels, to composites, concrete, polymers and nanomaterials. Additional topics include heat transfer, quality control and reliability of structures and components. Furthermore, the book gives particular attention to new welding technologies such as STIR welding and spray metal coating, and to novel methods for quality control, such as Taguchi design, fault diagnosis and wavelet analysis. Based on the 2015 edition of the Algerian Congress of Mechanics (Congrès Algérien de Mécanique, CAM), the book also covers energetics, in terms of simulation of turbulent reactive flow, behaviour of supersonic jet, turbulent combustion, fire induced smoke layer, and heat and mass transfer, as well as important concepts related to human reliability and safety of components and structures. All in all, the book represents a complete, practice-oriented reference guide for both academic and professionals in the field of mechanics.

Proceedings Of The International Conference On Advances In Computational Mechanics 2017

Author : Hung Nguyen-Xuan
ISBN : 9789811071492
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 86. 26 MB
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This book provides an overview of state-of-the-art methods in computational engineering for modeling and simulation. This proceedings volume includes a selection of refereed papers presented at the International Conference on Advances in Computational Mechanics (ACOME) 2017, which took place on Phu Quoc Island, Vietnam on August 2-4, 2017. The contributions highlight recent advances in and innovative applications of computational mechanics. Subjects covered include: biological systems; damage, fracture and failure; flow problems; multiscale multiphysics problems; composites and hybrid structures; optimization and inverse problems; lightweight structures; computational mechatronics; computational dynamics; numerical methods; and high-performance computing. The book is intended for academics, including graduate students and experienced researchers interested in state-of-the-art computational methods for solving challenging problems in engineering.

Advances In Bifurcation And Degradation In Geomaterials

Author : Stéphane Bonelli
ISBN : 9789400714212
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 89. 7 MB
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This book presents contributions to the 9th International Workshop on Bifurcation and Degradation in Geomaterials held in Porquerolles, France, May 23-26, 2011. This series of conferences, started in the early 1980s, is dedicated to the research on degradation and instability phenomena in geomaterials. The volume gathers a series of manuscripts by brilliant international scholars reflecting recent trends in theoretical and experimental research in geomechanics. It incorporates contributions on topics like instability analysis, localized and diffuse failure description, multi-scale modeling and applications to geo-environmental issues. This book will be valuable for anyone interested in the research on degradation and instabilities in geomechanics and geotechnical engineering, appealing to graduate students, researchers and engineers alike.

Edinburgh Companion To Poststructuralism

Author : Benoit (University of Kent) Dillet
ISBN : 9780748653690
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 22. 35 MB
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Written by experts in their field, this Companion surveys the challenges and provocations raised by the major voices of poststructuralism: Foucault, Deleuze, Derrida, Cixous, Lyotard, Guattari, Kristeva, Irigaray, Barthes and Baudrillard. Thematically organised and clearly written, it will guide students and researchers in philosophy, literature, art, geography, politics, sociology, law, film, and cultural studies around the nature and contemporary relevance of poststructuralism.

Neglected Tropical Diseases Middle East And North Africa

Author : Mary Ann McDowell
ISBN : 9783709116135
Genre : Medical
File Size : 51. 68 MB
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The Middle East and North Africa (MENA) is highly endemic for several neglected tropical diseases (NTDs), including viral, bacterial, protozoan and helminth infections. This new volume covers the most prevalent NTDs found in about 22 MENA countries emphasizing the disease burden, clinical manifestations and control approaches. Each individual chapter deals with one specific disease and is written by a group of experts on that topic.

Rock Deformation From Field Experiments And Theory

Author : D.R. Faulkner
ISBN : 9781862396883
Genre : Science
File Size : 52. 2 MB
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Ernie Rutter has made, and continues to make, a significant impact in the field of rock deformation. He has studied brittle and plastic deformation processes that occur within both the oceanic and continental crust, as well as other key properties such as the permeability and seismic velocities of these rocks. His approach has been one that integrates field observations, laboratory experiments and theoretical analyses. This volume celebrates Ernie's key contribution to rock deformation and structural geology by bringing together a collection of papers that represent this broad approach. The papers within the volume address key issues that remain within these fields. These range from fundamental studies of brittle and plastic behaviour along with the resultant structures and microstructures from both the field and laboratory, to applied problems where a better understanding of the deformation and properties of the crust is still needed.

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