richard ii

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Richard Ii

Author : William Shakespeare
ISBN : BSB:BSB10749349
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File Size : 68. 94 MB
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Richard Ii

Author : Nigel Saul
ISBN : 9780300149050
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 98 MB
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Richard II is one of the most enigmatic of English kings. Shakespeare depicted him as a tragic figure, an irresponsible, cruel monarch who nevertheless rose in stature as the substance of power slipped from him. By later writers he has been variously portrayed as a half-crazed autocrat or a conventional ruler whose principal errors were the mismanagement of his nobility and disregard for the political conventions of his age. This book—the first full-length biography of Richard in more than fifty years—offers a radical reinterpretation of the king. Nigel Saul paints a picture of Richard as a highly assertive and determined ruler, one whose key aim was to exalt and dignify the crown. In Richard's view, the crown was threatened by the factiousness of the nobility and the assertiveness of the common people. The king met these challenges by exacting obedience, encouraging lofty new forms of address, and constructing an elaborate system of rule by bonds and oaths. Saul traces the sources of Richard's political ideas and finds that he was influenced by a deeply felt orthodox piety and by the ideas of the civil lawyers. He shows that, although Richard's kingship resembled that of other rulers of the period, unlike theirs, his reign ended in failure because of tactical errors and contradictions in his policies. For all that he promoted the image of a distant, all-powerful monarch, Richard II's rule was in practice characterized by faction and feud. The king was obsessed by the search for personal security: in his subjects, however, he bred only insecurity and fear. A revealing portrait of a complex and fascinating figure, the book is essential reading for anyone with an interest in the politics and culture of the English middle ages.

King Richard Ii

Author : William Shakespeare
ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 68. 70 MB
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King Richard Ii

Author : William Shakespeare
ISBN : UOM:39015063515798
Genre :
File Size : 55. 49 MB
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Richard Ii

Author : Anthony Steel
ISBN : 9781107622081
Genre : History
File Size : 65. 56 MB
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This 1941 monograph by historian Anthony Steel assesses the character and policies of Richard II, who reigned in a time of tremendous literary and artistic change which was also underpinned by great political and religious uncertainty. The book contains an introduction by distinguished historian G. M. Trevelyan.

Chronicles Of The Revolution 1397 1400

Author : Chris Given-Wilson
ISBN : 0719035279
Genre : History
File Size : 86. 80 MB
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Chronicles of the Revolution covers one of the most controversial and shocking episodes in medieval English history, the 'tyranny' and deposition of Richard II and the usurpation of the throne by his cousin, Henry Bolingbroke, who became King Henry IV. Contemporaries were sharply divided about the rights and wrongs of both Richard and Henry, and this division is reflected in the texts which form the major part of the book. All the principal contemporary chronicles are represented in this volume, from the violently partisan Thomas Walsingham, chronicler of St Alban's Abbey who saw Richard as a tyrant and murderer, to the indignant Dieulacres chronicler, who claimed that the 'innocent king' was tricked into surrender by his perjured barons. This range of material is also prefaced by a substantial and stimulating introduction offering new insights into Richard's later years and the events which precipitated his downfall. Additionally, the documents are accompanied by expert commentary and analysis which guides readers while leaving them free to make the ultimate conclusions about these dramatic years. This book will be invaluable for medieval historians as well as undergraduate and postgraduate students of later medieval English history.

Shakespeare

Author : Derek Traversi
ISBN : 0804705038
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 36. 53 MB
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Examines four historical plays, Richard II, Henry IV, Parts I and II, and Henry V, written in the period of Shakespeare's greatest maturity.

Richard Ii

Author : Charles Forker
ISBN : 9781847140746
Genre : Drama
File Size : 66. 89 MB
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Before 1790, the criticism of Richard II is fragmentary and this volume takes up the major tradition of criticism, including Malone, Lamb, Coleridge, Hazlitt, Chambers, Boas, Brandes, Yeats, Schelling, Swinburne, A.C. Bradley, Saintsbury, and Masefield.

Richard Ii

Author : Christopher Fletcher
ISBN : 9780191615733
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 60 MB
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Richard II (1377-99) has long suffered from an unusually unmanly reputation. Over the centuries, he has been habitually associated with lavish courtly expenditure, absolutist ideas, Francophile tendencies, and a love of peace, all of which have been linked to the king's physical effeminacy. Even sympathetic accounts have essentially retained this picture, merely dismissing particular facets of it, or representing Richard's reputation as evidence of praiseworthy dissent from accepted norms of masculinity. Christopher Fletcher takes a radically different approach, setting the politics of Richard II's reign firmly in the context of late medieval assumptions about the nature of manhood and youth. This makes it possible not only to understand the agenda of the king's critics, but also to suggest a new account of his actions. Far from being the effeminate tyrant of historical imagination, Richard was a typical young nobleman, trying to establish his manhood, and hence his authority to rule, by thoroughly conventional means; first through a military campaign, and then, fatally, through violent revenge against those who attempted to restrain him. The failure of Richard's subjects to support this aspiration produced a sequence of conflicts with the king, in which his opponents found it convenient to ascribe to him the conventional faults of youth. These critiques derived their force not from the king's real personality, but from the fit between certain contemporary assumptions about youth, effeminacy, and masculinity on the one hand, and the actions of Richard's government, constrained by difficult and complex circumstances, on the other.

Richard Ii

Author : Margaret Healy
ISBN : UOM:39015042817646
Genre : Literary Criticism
File Size : 87. 98 MB
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An innovative reconsideration of Richard II which combines historical understanding, current literary theory, and new perspectives on performance of one of Shakespeare's major plays.

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