rock fences of the bluegrass perspectives on kentucky s past architecture archaeology and landscape

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Rock Fences Of The Bluegrass

Author : Carolyn Murray-Wooley
ISBN : 9780813147796
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 21. 60 MB
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Gray rock fences built of ancient limestone are hallmarks of Kentucky's Bluegrass landscape. Why did Kentucky farmers turn to rock as fence-building material when most had earlier used hardwood rails? Who were the masons responsible for Kentucky's lovely rock fences and what are the different rock forms used in this region? In this generously illustrated book, Carolyn Murray-Wooley and Karl Raitz address those questions and explore the background of Kentucky's rock fences, the talent and skill of the fence masons, and the Irish and Scottish models they followed in their work. They also correct inaccurate popular perceptions about the fences and use census data and archival documents to identify the fence masons and where they worked. As the book reveals, the earliest settlers in Kentucky built dry-laid fences around eighteenth-century farmsteads, cemeteries, and mills. Fence building increased dramatically during the nineteenth century so that by the 1880s rock fences lined most roads, bounded pastures and farmyards throughout the Bluegrass. Farmers also built or commissioned rock fences in New England, the Nashville Basin, and the Texas hill country, but the Bluegrass may have had the most extensive collection of quarried rock fences in North America. This is the first book-length study on any American fence type. Filled with detailed fence descriptions, an extensive list of masons' names, drawings, photographs, and a helpful glossary, it will appeal to folklorists, historians, geographers, architects, landscape architects, and masons, as well as general readers intrigued by Kentucky's rock fences.

Private Pilot Manual

Author : Jeppesen Sanderson, inc
ISBN : 0884872262
Genre : Aeronautics
File Size : 75. 42 MB
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Don T Be A Bully Billy

Author : Phil Roxbee Cox
ISBN : 0746096348
Genre : Bullying
File Size : 90. 49 MB
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Each tale in this series is a simple rhythmic story designed to introduce very young children to the idea of right and wrong. Each central character discovers in an amusing way the penalty of ignoring warnings to behave properly. It helps to teach children about the consequences of their actions.

Kentucky Archaeology

Author : R. Barry Lewis
ISBN : 9780813159430
Genre : History
File Size : 67. 86 MB
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Kentucky's rich archaeological heritage spans thousands of years, and the Commonwealth remains fertile ground for study of the people who inhabited the midcontinent before, during, and after European settlement. This long-awaited volume brings together the most recent research on Kentucky's prehistory and early history, presenting both an accurate descriptive and an authoritative interpretation of Kentucky's past. The book is arranged chronologically -- from the Ice Age to modern times, when issues of preservation and conservation have overtaken questions of identification and classification. For each time slice of Kentucky's past, the contributors describe typical communities and settlement patterns, major changes from previous cultural periods, the nature of the economy and subsistence, artifacts, the general health and characteristics of the people, and regional cultural differences. Sites discussed include the Green River shell mounds, the Central Kentucky Adena mounds and enclosures, Eastern Kentucky rockshelters, the important Wickliffe site at the confluence of the Mississippi and Ohio rivers, Fort Ancient culture villages, and the fortified towns of the Mississippian period in Western Kentucky. The authors draw from a wealth of unpublished material and offer the detailed insights and perspectives of specialists who have focused much of their professional careers on the scientific investigation of Kentucky's prehistory. The book's many graphic elements -- maps, artifact drawings, photographs, and village plans -- combined with a straightforward and readable text, provide a format that will appeal to the general reader as well as to students and specialists in other fields who wish to learn more about Kentucky's archaeology.

Paths To Recovery

Author : Al-Anon Family Group Headquarters, Inc
ISBN : 0910034311
Genre : Self-Help
File Size : 75. 37 MB
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Al-Anon's steps, traditions and concepts.

Indianapolis Monthly

Author :
Genre :
File Size : 60. 21 MB
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Indianapolis Monthly is the Circle City’s essential chronicle and guide, an indispensable authority on what’s new and what’s news. Through coverage of politics, crime, dining, style, business, sports, and arts and entertainment, each issue offers compelling narrative stories and lively, urbane coverage of Indy’s cultural landscape.

Dry Stone Walls

Author : Lawrence Garner
ISBN : 0747806209
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 87 MB
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Dry stone walls of Britain range from the stone hedges of south-west England to the mountain walls of North Wales, running for miles over severe country, and often climbing slopes of over 45 degrees. They happen also to be in the areas that attract many tourists, and so it is not surprising that the walls that are an integral part of the landscape should provoke so many questions: 'When were they built?', 'Who built them?', 'How do they stand up without cement?' This book answers these and many other questions. The reasons for building dry stone walls, th story of their development, technical details of the construction, regional styles, and the state of the craft today are all covered.

Caborn Welborn

Author : David Pollack
ISBN : 9780817351267
Genre : History
File Size : 60. 34 MB
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Caborn-Welborn, a late Mississippian (A.D. 1400-1700) farming society centered at the confluence of the Ohio and Wabash Rivers (in what is now southwestern Indiana, southeastern Illinois, and northwestern Kentucky), developed following the collapse of the Angel chiefdom (A.D. 1000-1400). Using ceramic and settlement data, David Pollack examines the ways in which that new society reconstructed social, political, and economic relationships from the remnants of the Angel chiefdom. Unlike most instances of the demise of a complex society led by elites, the Caborn-Welborn population did not become more inward-looking, as indicated by an increase in extraregional interaction, nor did they disperse to smaller more widely scattered settlements, as evidenced by a continuation of a hierarchy that included large villages. descriptions of Caborn-Welborn ceramics, identifies ceramic types and attributes that reflect Caborn-Welborn interaction with Oneonta tribal groups and central Mississippi valley Mississippian groups, and offers an internal regional chronology. Based on intraregional differences in ceramic decoration, the types of vessels interred with the dead, and cemetery location, Pollack suggests that in addition to the former Angel population, Caborn-Welborn society may have included households that relocated to the Ohio/Wabash confluence from nearby collapsing polities, and that Caborn-Welborn's sociopolitical organization could be better considered as a riverine confederacy.

Hunter Gatherer Behavior

Author : Metin I Eren
ISBN : 9781315427126
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 45. 30 MB
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A major global climate event called the Younger Dryas dramatically affected local environments and human populations at the end of the Pleistocene. This volume is the first book in fifteen years to comprehensively address key questions regarding the extent of this event and how hunter-gatherer populations adapted behaviorally and technologically in the face of major climatic change. An integrated set of theoretical articles and important case studies, written by well-known archaeologists, provide an excellent reference for researchers studying the end of the Pleistocene, as well as those studying hunter-gatherers and their response to climate change.

Back Of The Big House

Author : John Michael Vlach
ISBN : UOM:39015027250235
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 81. 15 MB
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Interviews with former slaves and photographs and architectural drawings present an idea of the role Blacks played in the antebellum South

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