role of gis in lifting the cloud off chernobyl nato science series iv

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Role Of Gis In Lifting The Cloud Off Chernobyl

Author : Jaromir Kolejka
ISBN : 9789401005180
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 28 MB
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The 15th anniversary of the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster offered a timely opportunity for an expert assessment of the current situation and suggestions for approaches to managing the information associated with the site and surrounding contaminated territories. The great quantity of data coming from the contaminated region was and is very difficult to use without he aid of modern information technologies, especially Geographic Information Systems (GIS) and Remote Sensing (RS). Application of these technologies, and related expertise, became crucial to the region's economic recovery and sustainability planning. Given the real possibility of a similar accident at nuclear facilities elsewhere around the world, the development of recovery strategies based on experience gained at Chernobyl, using modern scientific methods and technologies, will be invaluable in the future. The presentations and discussion reported in the book have led to some key conclusions. Image maps derived from satellite imagery are the most economical, up to date and readily available basis for Chernobyl-related applications, as well as for other future applications. The study of soil-plant transfer of radionuclides afforded comparatively much more reliable data. GIS in association with adequate knowledge is a valuable tool in decision making and modelling of contaminated areas and objects.

American Book Publishing Record

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105111052911
Genre : Books
File Size : 60. 62 MB
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Index Of Conference Proceedings

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ISBN : STANFORD:36105024163532
Genre : Conference proceedings
File Size : 71. 87 MB
Format : PDF
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Directory Of Published Proceedings

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ISBN : UOM:39015076219529
Genre : Social sciences
File Size : 23. 73 MB
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Subject Guide To Books In Print 1992 93

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ISBN : 0835245896
Genre : Books
File Size : 43. 93 MB
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Monitoring With Lichens Monitoring Lichens

Author : Pier Luigi Nimis
ISBN : 9789401004237
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 62 MB
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A comprehensive, up-to-date review of lichens as biomonitors of air pollution (bioindication, metal and radionuclide accumulation, biomarkers), and as monitors of environmental change (including global climate change and biodiversity loss) in a wide array of terrestrial habitats. Several methods for using lichens as biomonitors are described in a special section of the book.

Integrated Water Management

Author : P. Meire
ISBN : 9781402065507
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 46. 78 MB
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Water is essential for a wide range of human activities and it exists in relatively finite amounts. When dealing with water management, different issues should be combined: water demand, water quality, irrigation and food production, ecosystem preservation, cost minimization, technological options, legislative frameworks, social impact. The main goal of the book is to give a general framework about Integrated Water Management (IWM), that is the planning and management of water resources integrating the different issues involved (ecological, economic, technical legislative, transboundary, etc.). The manuscript is the result of the research activity and the exchange of knowledge among a team of experts in different disciplines and institutions related to water resources, and includes both the different environmental problems that affect the very different ecosystems, and the main methodologies able to face the problem of IWM. The book is divided in three parts: Concepts and approaches of IWM (Part I), Case studies (Part II), and Reports of the working groups (Part III). Finally, the book contains a section of conclusions that includes discussion about the presented methodologies, approaches, and issues. In particular, the perspective of experts in different disciplines (engineering perspective, biology perspective, economic perspective, etc. has been given).

Energy And Environmental Challenges To Security

Author : Stephen Stec
ISBN : 9781402094514
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 39. 2 MB
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On 21 November 2007 the grand and elegant Delegates Hall of the Hungarian Parliament was the scene of the opening of a conference to discuss some of the most pressing issues of the day, those related to our unending thirst for energy, its environmental consequences, and the challenges that these bear on security. Over the next 3 days scientists, parliamentarians and their guests confronted, challenged, teased and cajoled each other in a NATO Advanced Research Workshop (ARW) entitled “Energy and Environmental Challenges to Security,” affirming that knowledge and public service hold the keys to solving our greatest challenges. The magnitude of the security challenge was confirmed while this volume was being prepared. In mid-2008, the International Energy Agency issued a report concluding that US$45 trillion would be needed over the next half century to prevent energy shortages and greenhouse gas emissions from undermining global economic growth. But lest such large numbers cause us all to shrug, this volume brings attention to some of the more manageable aspects of the environment and energy security challenge – from addressing conflict resources such as illegal timber that contribute to corruption and regional instability, to means and mechanisms to enable the diversification of energy supplies, to environmental risk reduction strategies for particular installations. The participants in the Hungarian Parliament building were atypical for a NATO Advanced Research Workshop.

Energy Options Impact On Regional Security

Author : Frano Barbir
ISBN : 9789048195657
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 72. 46 MB
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Energy appears to be a fundamental driving force of economic and political strategies as well as planetary stability. Energy-related issues such as (1) the availability of new energy sources and viable technologies, (2) the disparity in access to energy sources, (3) the role of energy in our societies (energy societal metabolism), (4) the energy support to the life of our cities (where about half of world population is going to live very soon), and (5) the energy demand for food security all over the world, are “hot” problems that humans will have to face within the framework of sustainability (ecologically sound production and consumption patterns associated with socially acce- able life styles), in terms of policies, technological development and economic processes. A coherent energy strategy is required, addressing both energy supply and demand, security of access, development problems, equity, market dynamics, by also taking into account the whole energy lifecycle including fuel production, transmission and distribution, energy conversion, and the impact on energy equipment manufacturers and the end-users of energy systems. Issues of energy efficiency and rebound effect must also be taken into proper account. In the short term, the aim should be to achieve higher energy efficiencies and increased supply from local energy sources, in particular renewable energy sources.

Applied Hydrogeophysics

Author : Harry Vereecken
ISBN : 9781402049125
Genre : Science
File Size : 47. 25 MB
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This book focuses on the the application of hydrogeophysical methods to the understanding of hydrological processes and environmental problems dealing with the flow of water and the transport of solutes and contaminants. Taking a process-driven approach, the book offers a series of process-driven chapters, each authored by leading experts. Areas covered include: infiltration and solute transport processes, biogeochemical functioning of soil-water systems, coastal groundwater interactions, cold region hydrology, engineered barriers and landfill processes.

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