safety pharmacology in pharmaceutical development and approval

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Safety Pharmacology In Pharmaceutical Development

Author : Shayne C. Gad
ISBN : 9781439845677
Genre : Medical
File Size : 45. 27 MB
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Safety pharmacology is the evaluation and study of the pharmacological effects of a potential drug that are unrelated to the desired therapeutic effect. These effects often present a hazard—particularly in individuals with compromised or limited organ system functions. Safety Pharmacology in Pharmaceutical Development: Approval and Post Marketing Surveillance, Second Edition covers safety pharmacology from the regulatory requirements down to the studies that must be done to justify them. Using the author’s more than 30 years of direct experience, the book incorporates tricks and practical insights for making studies work and understanding why they fail. The second edition includes current regulations, including USFDA and those from Europe and Japan. Presenting a clear description of what is needed and why for supporting drug development, the book focuses on updated test methods, interpretation, and science. It covers the core and supplemental batteries of test procedures and how to do them and provides an overview of available facilities and contract organizations for performing studies.

Safety Pharmacology In Pharmaceutical Development And Approval

Author : Shayne C. Gad
ISBN : 0203499182
Genre : Medical
File Size : 46. 30 MB
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The Propulsid and Seldane drug disasters could have easily been avoided with more rigorous safety pharmacology studies of these compounds prior to any human clinical trials. Unfortunately, safety pharmacology has been overlooked by all but a few developers. With recent drug withdrawals from the market and the implementation of the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines, safety pharmacology will become a more important phase in drug development. Safety Pharmacology in Pharmaceutical Development and Approval spells out the whys and hows of safety pharmacology testing. The book covers the background, history, and concerns that have evolved from lackluster safety pharmacology activities in the past. It details regulatory requirements, provides comprehensive information on study designs, and covers both the required battery of studies and the supplemental, follow-up battery. Until recently, pharmacovigilance has been product-rather than utilization-oriented and often invisible in clinical medicine. It is clear that definitive safety pharmacology standards are needed to combat the increase in adverse reactions seen in the last 20 years. Giving you a head start in this emerging field, Safety Pharmacology in Pharmaceutical Development and Approval addresses how best to implement ICH safety standards and how to integrate pharmacology safety evaluations into existing safety evaluations.

Early Drug Development

Author : Mitchell N. Cayen
ISBN : 1118035208
Genre : Medical
File Size : 78. 12 MB
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The focus of early drug development has been the submission of an Investigational New Drug application to regulatory agencies. Early Drug Development: Strategies and Routes to First-in-Human Trials guides drug development organizations in preparing and submitting an Investigational New Drug (IND) application. By explaining the nuts and bolts of preclinical development activities and their interplay in effectively identifying successful clinical candidates, the book helps pharmaceutical scientists determine what types of discovery and preclinical research studies are needed in order to support a submission to regulatory agencies.

Drug Discovery And Evaluation

Author : H. Gerhard Vogel
ISBN : 3540256385
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 41 MB
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This book is a landmark in the continuously changing world of drugs. It is essential reading for scientists and managers in the pharmaceutical industry who are involved in drug finding, drug development and decision making in the development process.

Drug Safety Evaluation

Author : Shayne Cox Gad
ISBN : 9781119097419
Genre : Medical
File Size : 71. 55 MB
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This practical guide presents a road map for safety assessment as an integral part of the development of new drugs and therapeutics. Helps readers solve scientific, technical, and regulatory issues in preclinical safety assessment and early clinical drug development Explains scientific and philosophical bases for evaluation of specific concerns – including local tissue tolerance, target organ toxicity and carcinogenicity, developmental toxicity, immunogenicity, and immunotoxicity Covers the development of new small and large molecules, generics, 505(b)(2) route NDAs, and biosimilars Revises material to reflect new drug products (small synthetic, large proteins and cells, and tissues), harmonized global and national regulations, and new technologies for safety evaluation Adds almost 20% new and thoroughly updates existing content from the last edition

Toxicologic Pathology

Author : Pritam S. Sahota
ISBN : 9781439872123
Genre : Medical
File Size : 73. 32 MB
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As drug development shifts over time to address unmet medical needs and more targeted therapies are developed, previously unseen pharmacological or off-target effects may occur in treatment. Designed to provide practical information for the bench toxicologic pathologist working in pharmaceutical drug research, Toxicologic Pathology: Nonclinical Safety Assessment presents a histopathologic description of lesions observed during drug development and discusses their implication in the drug development process. Divided into two sections, the book systematically assists pathologists in making a determination as to the origin and potential importance of a lesion and its relevance for assessing human risk. The first section includes eight "concept" chapters to orient pathologists in areas that are important for effective interaction with other pathologists as well as the many non-pathologists involved in drug development. The second section is made up of organ-based chapters, each including light microscopic and electron microscopic descriptions of pathological lesions, differential diagnoses, biological consequences, pathogenesis, mechanism of lesion formation, and the expected clinical pathology correlates. This volume presents critical information—both published and unpublished and gained through personal experience—to improve the quality of drug safety evaluation and to expedite and improve the efficiency of the process. This book is crafted to assist students, residents, and toxicologic pathologists in their early career phase by serving as a resource that can effectively be used as a ready reference next to the microscope. In addition, more experienced pathologists will find this volume to be invaluable during their assessments. The book is also a valuable reference for toxicologists to assist in understanding compound-related pathological findings and to provide background for working on a range of toxicological problems.

Encyclopedia Of Toxicology

Author : Philip Wexler
ISBN : 0127453547
Genre : Medical
File Size : 65. 8 MB
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Drug Discovery And Development E Book

Author : Raymond G Hill
ISBN : 9780702053160
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 62 MB
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The modern pharmacopeia has enormous power to alleviate disease, and owes its existence almost entirely to the work of the pharmaceutical industry. This book provides an introduction to the way the industry goes about the discovery and development of new drugs. The first part gives a brief historical account from its origins in the mediaeval apothecaries’ trade, and discusses the changing understanding of what we mean by disease, and what therapy aims to achieve, as well as summarising case histories of the discovery and development of some important drugs. The second part focuses on the science and technology involved in the discovery process: the stages by which a promising new chemical entity is identified, from the starting point of a medical need and an idea for addressing it. A chapter on biopharmaceuticals, whose discovery and development tend to follow routes somewhat different from synthetic compounds, is included here, as well as accounts of patent issues that arise in the discovery phase, and a chapter on research management in this environment. The third section of the book deals with drug development: the work that has to be undertaken to turn the drug candidate that emerges from the discovery process into a product on the market. The definitive introduction to how a pharmaceutical company goes about its business of discovering and developing drugs. The second edition has a new editor: Professor Raymond Hill ● non-executive director of Addex Pharmaceuticals, Covagen and of Orexo AB ● Visiting Industrial Professor of Pharmacology in the University of Bristol ● Visiting Professor in the School of Medical and Health Sciences at the University of Surrey ● Visiting Professor in Physiology and Pharmacology at the University of Strathclyde ● President and Chair of the Council of the British Pharmacological Society ● member of the Nuffield Council on Bioethics and the Advisory Council on Misuse of Drugs. New to this edition: Completely rewritten chapter on The Role of Medicinal Chemistry in the Drug Discovery Process. New topic - DMPK Optimization Strategy in drug discovery. New chapter on Scaffolds: Small globular proteins as antibody substitutes. Totally updated chapters on Intellectual Property and Marketing 50 new illustrations in full colour Features Accessible, general guide to pharmaceutical research and development. Examines the interfaces between cost and social benefit, quality control and mass production, regulatory bodies, patent management, and all interdisciplinary intersections essential to effective drug development. Written by a strong team of scientists with long experience in the pharmaceutical industry. Solid overview of all the steps from lab bench to market in an easy-to-understand way which will be accessible to non-specialists. From customer reviews of the previous edition: ‘... it will have everything you need to know on this module. Deeply referenced and, thus, deeply reliable. Highly Commended in the medicine category of the BMA 2006 medical book competition Winner of the Royal Society of Medicine Library Prize for Medical Book of the Year

Drug Safety Evaluation

Author : Shayne C. Gad
ISBN : UOM:39015054272383
Genre : Medical
File Size : 27. 70 MB
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Covers the scientific and philosophical bases for evaluation of specific concerns, such as carcinogenicity and development toxicity.

Development And Approval Of Combination Products

Author : Evan B. Siegel
ISBN : 9780470371190
Genre : Medical
File Size : 70. 11 MB
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A step-by-step, integrated approach for successful, FDA-approved combination drug products Using a proven integrated approach to combination drug development, this book guides you step by step through all the preclinical, clinical, and manufacturing stages. Written from an FDA regulatory perspective, the book not only enables you to bring a successful combination drug product to market, it also sets forth the most efficient and effective path to FDA approval. The book begins with an introductory chapter presenting definitions and basic regulatory principles of combination products. Next, it reviews manufacturing and controls, preclinical testing models, pharmacology, clinical testing, regulatory submissions, FDA reviews, and approvals. Among the key topics examined are: * The pharmacology, safety pharmacology, and toxicology supporting human clinical trials of combination products * Approaches to clinical trial protocol design and execution * Chemical, physicochemical, and analytical aspects of manufacturing controls and validation that lead to stable components for combination products * Key sponsor/FDA meetings and negotiations essential for approval and commercialization Case studies involving such actual combination products as Mylotarg, Herceptin, and HercepTest help you better understand how to implement the author's practical guidelines. References at the end of each chapter enable you to find more information on any stage of the development, manufacturing and approval processes. This book is ideal for researchers, regulators, academics, project managers, and executives involved in the complex process of combination product development. Not only does itoffer a comprehensive guide to the technical aspects of the field, it also integrates all ofthese technical aspects into a unified, effective approach to help ensure a successful, approved product.

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