safety pharmacology in pharmaceutical development and approval

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Safety Pharmacology In Pharmaceutical Development

Author : Shayne C. Gad
ISBN : 9781439845677
Genre : Medical
File Size : 26. 88 MB
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Safety pharmacology is the evaluation and study of the pharmacological effects of a potential drug that are unrelated to the desired therapeutic effect. These effects often present a hazard—particularly in individuals with compromised or limited organ system functions. Safety Pharmacology in Pharmaceutical Development: Approval and Post Marketing Surveillance, Second Edition covers safety pharmacology from the regulatory requirements down to the studies that must be done to justify them. Using the author’s more than 30 years of direct experience, the book incorporates tricks and practical insights for making studies work and understanding why they fail. The second edition includes current regulations, including USFDA and those from Europe and Japan. Presenting a clear description of what is needed and why for supporting drug development, the book focuses on updated test methods, interpretation, and science. It covers the core and supplemental batteries of test procedures and how to do them and provides an overview of available facilities and contract organizations for performing studies.

Safety Pharmacology In Pharmaceutical Development And Approval

Author : Shayne C. Gad
ISBN : 0203499182
Genre : Medical
File Size : 63. 75 MB
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The Propulsid and Seldane drug disasters could have easily been avoided with more rigorous safety pharmacology studies of these compounds prior to any human clinical trials. Unfortunately, safety pharmacology has been overlooked by all but a few developers. With recent drug withdrawals from the market and the implementation of the International Conference on Harmonization (ICH) guidelines, safety pharmacology will become a more important phase in drug development. Safety Pharmacology in Pharmaceutical Development and Approval spells out the whys and hows of safety pharmacology testing. The book covers the background, history, and concerns that have evolved from lackluster safety pharmacology activities in the past. It details regulatory requirements, provides comprehensive information on study designs, and covers both the required battery of studies and the supplemental, follow-up battery. Until recently, pharmacovigilance has been product-rather than utilization-oriented and often invisible in clinical medicine. It is clear that definitive safety pharmacology standards are needed to combat the increase in adverse reactions seen in the last 20 years. Giving you a head start in this emerging field, Safety Pharmacology in Pharmaceutical Development and Approval addresses how best to implement ICH safety standards and how to integrate pharmacology safety evaluations into existing safety evaluations.

Early Drug Development

Author : Mitchell N. Cayen
ISBN : 1118035208
Genre : Medical
File Size : 65. 86 MB
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The focus of early drug development has been the submission of an Investigational New Drug application to regulatory agencies. Early Drug Development: Strategies and Routes to First-in-Human Trials guides drug development organizations in preparing and submitting an Investigational New Drug (IND) application. By explaining the nuts and bolts of preclinical development activities and their interplay in effectively identifying successful clinical candidates, the book helps pharmaceutical scientists determine what types of discovery and preclinical research studies are needed in order to support a submission to regulatory agencies.

A Comprehensive Guide To Toxicology In Preclinical Drug Development

Author : Ali S. Faqi
ISBN : 9780123878151
Genre : Medical
File Size : 68. 47 MB
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A Comprehensive Guide to Toxicology in Preclinical Drug Development is a resource for toxicologists in industry and regulatory settings, as well as directors working in contract resource organizations, who need a thorough understanding of the drug development process. Incorporating real-life case studies and examples, the book is a practical guide that outlines day-to-day activities and experiences in preclinical toxicology. This multi-contributed reference provides a detailed picture of the complex and highly interrelated activities of preclinical toxicology in both small molecules and biologics. The book discusses discovery toxicology and the international guidelines for safety evaluation, and presents traditional and nontraditional toxicology models. Chapters cover development of vaccines, oncology drugs, botanic drugs, monoclonal antibodies, and more, as well as study development and personnel, the role of imaging in preclinical evaluation, and supporting materials for IND applications. By incorporating the latest research in this area and featuring practical scenarios, this reference is a complete and actionable guide to all aspects of preclinical drug testing. Chapters written by world-renowned contributors who are experts in their fields Includes the latest research in preclinical drug testing and international guidelines Covers preclinical toxicology in small molecules and biologics in one single source

Drug Discovery And Evaluation

Author : H. Gerhard Vogel
ISBN : 3540256385
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 74 MB
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This book is a landmark in the continuously changing world of drugs. It is essential reading for scientists and managers in the pharmaceutical industry who are involved in drug finding, drug development and decision making in the development process.

Drug Safety Evaluation

Author : Shayne Cox Gad
ISBN : 9780471459293
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 58 MB
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Drug Safety Evaluation presents an all-inclusive, practical guide for those who are responsible for ensuring the safety of drugs and biologics for patients, for health care providers, for those involved in the manufacture of medicinal products, and for all those who need to understand how the safety of these products is evaluated. Individual chapters address specific approaches to evaluating hazards, including problems that are encountered and their solutions. Author Shayne Gad draws upon over twenty years of experience in toxicology, drug development, and risk assessment, explaining the scientific and philosophical bases for evaluating specific concerns (carcinogenicity, development toxicity, etc.) to provide both understanding and guidance for approaching new problems. Containing information specifically relevant to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, Drug Safety Evaluation covers a wide variety of topics, including: Acute toxicity testing in pharmaceutical safety evaluation Genotoxicity Safety assessment of inhalant drugs Immunotoxicology in pharmaceutical development Large animal studies Evaluation of human tolerance and safety in clinical trials Drug Safety Evaluation provides a road map for safety assessment as an integral part of the development of new drugs and therapeutics.

Nonclinical Safety Assessment

Author : William J. Brock
ISBN : 9781118516980
Genre : Medical
File Size : 33. 20 MB
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Bringing a new drug to market is a costly time-consuming process.Increased regional and international regulation over the lasttwenty years, while necessary, has only served to amplify thesecosts. In response to this escalation, developmental strategieshave shifted towards a more global approach. In order to create themost cost-effective and safe processes, it is critical for thosebringing drugs to market to understand both the globally acceptedregulations and the local variations. Nonclinical SafetyAssessment: A Guide to International Pharmaceutical Regulationsprovides a practical description of nonclinical drug developmentregulations and requirements in the major market regions. It includes: ICH – the International Conference on Harmonisation ofTechnical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals forHuman Use National regulations, including US FDA, Canada, Mercosur andBrazil, South Africa, China, Japan, India and Australia Repeated dose toxicity studies Carcinogenicity; Genotoxicity; Developmental and reproductivetoxicology; Immunotoxicology Biotechnology-derived pharmaceuticals Vaccine development Phototoxicity and photocarcinogenicity Degradants, impurities, excipients and metabolites Primarily intended for those professionals actively involved inthe nonclinical and clinical development of a pharmaceuticalproduct, including toxicologists, pharmacologists, clinicians andproject managers, this book provides a roadmap for successful newdrug approval and marketing.

Development And Approval Of Combination Products

Author : Evan B. Siegel
ISBN : 9780470371190
Genre : Medical
File Size : 88. 21 MB
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A step-by-step, integrated approach for successful, FDA-approved combination drug products Using a proven integrated approach to combination drug development, this book guides you step by step through all the preclinical, clinical, and manufacturing stages. Written from an FDA regulatory perspective, the book not only enables you to bring a successful combination drug product to market, it also sets forth the most efficient and effective path to FDA approval. The book begins with an introductory chapter presenting definitions and basic regulatory principles of combination products. Next, it reviews manufacturing and controls, preclinical testing models, pharmacology, clinical testing, regulatory submissions, FDA reviews, and approvals. Among the key topics examined are: * The pharmacology, safety pharmacology, and toxicology supporting human clinical trials of combination products * Approaches to clinical trial protocol design and execution * Chemical, physicochemical, and analytical aspects of manufacturing controls and validation that lead to stable components for combination products * Key sponsor/FDA meetings and negotiations essential for approval and commercialization Case studies involving such actual combination products as Mylotarg, Herceptin, and HercepTest help you better understand how to implement the author's practical guidelines. References at the end of each chapter enable you to find more information on any stage of the development, manufacturing and approval processes. This book is ideal for researchers, regulators, academics, project managers, and executives involved in the complex process of combination product development. Not only does itoffer a comprehensive guide to the technical aspects of the field, it also integrates all ofthese technical aspects into a unified, effective approach to help ensure a successful, approved product.

Safety Evaluation Of Pharmaceuticals And Medical Devices

Author : Shayne C. Gad
ISBN : 1441974490
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 33 MB
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The inspiration for this text was the 1988 volume by Alder and Zbinden, written before the ICH harmonization process for drug safety evaluation (or its ISO analog for device biocompatibility evaluation) had been initiated or come to force. Since then, much has changed in both the world and practice of medicine and the regulation of drugs. The intent of this volume is to provide similar guidance as to what nonclinical safety assessment tests need to be performed to move a drug into man, through development and to market approved (this intent was subsequently extended to cover the closely related medical device biotechnology, and combination product fields) in a concise, abbreviated manner for all the major world market countries.

Toxicologic Pathology

Author : Pritam S. Sahota
ISBN : 9781439872123
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79. 62 MB
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As drug development shifts over time to address unmet medical needs and more targeted therapies are developed, previously unseen pharmacological or off-target effects may occur in treatment. Designed to provide practical information for the bench toxicologic pathologist working in pharmaceutical drug research, Toxicologic Pathology: Nonclinical Safety Assessment presents a histopathologic description of lesions observed during drug development and discusses their implication in the drug development process. Divided into two sections, the book systematically assists pathologists in making a determination as to the origin and potential importance of a lesion and its relevance for assessing human risk. The first section includes eight "concept" chapters to orient pathologists in areas that are important for effective interaction with other pathologists as well as the many non-pathologists involved in drug development. The second section is made up of organ-based chapters, each including light microscopic and electron microscopic descriptions of pathological lesions, differential diagnoses, biological consequences, pathogenesis, mechanism of lesion formation, and the expected clinical pathology correlates. This volume presents critical information—both published and unpublished and gained through personal experience—to improve the quality of drug safety evaluation and to expedite and improve the efficiency of the process. This book is crafted to assist students, residents, and toxicologic pathologists in their early career phase by serving as a resource that can effectively be used as a ready reference next to the microscope. In addition, more experienced pathologists will find this volume to be invaluable during their assessments. The book is also a valuable reference for toxicologists to assist in understanding compound-related pathological findings and to provide background for working on a range of toxicological problems.

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