sands powders and grains an introduction to the physics of granular materials partially ordered systems

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Sands Powders And Grains

Author : Jacques Duran
ISBN : 9781461204992
Genre : Science
File Size : 86. 76 MB
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This introductory text develops the fundamental physics of the behavior of granular materials. It covers the basic properties of flow, friction, and fluidization of uniform granular materials; discusses mixing and segregation of heterogeneous materials (the famous "brazil-nut problem"); and concludes with an introduction to numerical models. The presentation begins with simple experiments and uses their results to build concepts and theorems about materials whose behavior is often quite counter-intuitive; presenting in a unified way the background needed to understand current work in the field. Developed for students at the University of Paris, the text will be suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduates; while also being of interest to researchers and engineers just entering the field.

Design Nature V

Author : Angelo Carpi
ISBN : 9781845644543
Genre : Design
File Size : 25. 86 MB
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With the onward march of science and technology, and the continuing quest for improvement, there is a growing curiosity about the world around us. Close examination of structures in nature can be rewarding and surprising Nature has shown an extraordinary capacity to develop dynamic structures and systems over many millions of years and there is still much to be learnt. Aimed at providing researchers in this subject with fresh impetus and inspiration, this book consists of papers presented at the Fifth International Conference on Design and Nature. The contributions reflect the rich variety of work currently taking place around the world and cover the following topics: Nature and Architecture; Mechanics in Nature; Natural Materials and Processing; Solutions from Nature; Biomimetics; Biomimetics and Bioinspiration; Biocapacity; Education in Design and Nature, and Helical Design in Nature.

Material Computation

Author : Achim Menges
ISBN : 9780470973301
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 80. 66 MB
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The production of architecture, both intellectually and physically, is on the brink of a fundamental change. Computational design enables architects to integrate ever more multifaceted and complex design information, while the industrial logics of conventional building construction are eroding rapidly in a context of increasingly ubiquitous computer-controlled manufacturing and fabrication. A novel convergence of computation and materialisation is about to emerge, bringing the virtual process of design and the physical realisation of architecture much closer together, more so than ever before. Computation provides a powerful agency for both informing the design process through specific material behaviour and characteristics, and in turn informing the organisation of matter and material across multiple scales based on feedback from the environment. Computational design and integrated materialisation processes allow for uncovering the inherent morphogenetic potential of materials and thus are opening up a largely uncharted field of possibilities for the way the built environment in the 21st century is conceived and produced. In order to effectively introduce and outline the enabling power of computational design along with its inherent relationship to a biological paradigm, this publication looks at formation and materialisation in nature, integrative computational design, and engineering and manufacturing integration. Architectural contributors include: Cristiano Cecatto, Neri Oxman, Skylar Tibbits and Michael Weinstock. A scientific perspective by Philip Ball and J Scott Turner. Features: Buro Happold's SMART group, DiniTech, Foster + Partners' Specialist Modelling Group, the Freeform Construction group and Stuttgart University's Institute for Computational Design.

Advances In Bifurcation And Degradation In Geomaterials

Author : Stéphane Bonelli
ISBN : 9789400714212
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 61. 10 MB
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This book presents contributions to the 9th International Workshop on Bifurcation and Degradation in Geomaterials held in Porquerolles, France, May 23-26, 2011. This series of conferences, started in the early 1980s, is dedicated to the research on degradation and instability phenomena in geomaterials. The volume gathers a series of manuscripts by brilliant international scholars reflecting recent trends in theoretical and experimental research in geomechanics. It incorporates contributions on topics like instability analysis, localized and diffuse failure description, multi-scale modeling and applications to geo-environmental issues. This book will be valuable for anyone interested in the research on degradation and instabilities in geomechanics and geotechnical engineering, appealing to graduate students, researchers and engineers alike.

Flow And Transformations In Porous Media

Author : Renaud Toussaint
ISBN : 9782889450770
Genre :
File Size : 67. 41 MB
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Fluid flow in transforming porous rocks, fracture networks, and granular media is a very active interdisciplinary research subject in Physics, Earth Sciences, and Engineering. Examples of natural and engineered processes include hydrocarbon recovery, carbon dioxide geo-sequestration, soil drying and wetting, pollution remediation, soil liquefaction, landslides, dynamics of wet or dry granular media, dynamics of faulting or friction, volcanic eruptions, gas venting in sediments, karst development and speleogenesis, ore deposit development, and radioactive waste disposal. Hydrodynamic flow instabilities and pore scale disorder typically result in complex flow patterning. In transforming media, additional mechanisms come into play: compaction, de-compaction, erosion, segregation, and fracturing lead to changes in permeability over time. Dissolution, precipitation, and chemical reactions between solutes and solids may gradually alter the composition and structure of the solid matrix, either creating or destroying permeable paths for fluid flow. A complex, dynamic feedback thus arises where, on the one hand, the fluid flow affects the characteristics of the porous medium, and on the other hand the changing medium influences the fluid flow. This Research Topic Ebook presents current research illustrating the depth and breadth of ongoing work in the field of flow and transformation in porous media through 15 papers by 72 authors from around the world. The body of work highlights the challenges posed by the vast range of length- and time-scales over which subsurface flow processes occur. Importantly, phenomena from each scale contribute to the larger-scale behavior. The flow of oil and gas in reservoirs, and the flow of groundwater on catchment scale is sensitively linked to pore scale processes and material heterogeneity down to the micrometer scale. The geological features of the same reservoirs and catchments evolved over millions of years, sometimes as a consequence of cracking and fracture growth occurring on the time scale of microseconds. The research presented by the authors of this Research Topic represents a step toward bridging the separation of scales as well as the separation of scientific disciplines so that a more unified picture of flow and transformation in porous media can start to emerge.

Materialwissenschaften Und Werkstofftechnik

Author : William D. Callister
ISBN : 9783527330072
Genre :
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Der 'Callister' bietet den gesamten Stoff der Materialwissenschaften und Werkstofftechnik für Studium und Prüfungsvorbereitung. Hervorragend aufbereitet und in klarer, prägnanter Sprache wird das gesamte Fachgebiet anschaulich dargestellt. Das erprobte didaktische Konzept zielt ab auf 'Verständnis vor Formalismus' und unterstützt den Lernprozess der Studierenden: * ausformulierte Lernziele * regelmäßig eingestreute Verständnisfragen zum gerade vermittelten Stoff * Kapitelzusammenfassungen mit Lernstoff, Gleichungen, Schlüsselwörtern und Querverweisen auf andere Kapitel * durchgerechnete Beispiele, Fragen und Antworten sowie Aufgaben und Lösungen * Exkurse in die industrielle Anwendung * an den deutschen Sprachraum angepasste Einheiten und Werkstoffbezeichnungen * durchgehend vierfarbig illustriert * Verweise auf elektronisches Zusatzmaterial Der 'Callister' ist ein Muss für angehende Materialwissenschaftler und Werkstofftechniker an Universitäten und Fachhochschulen - und ideal geeignet für Studierende aus Physik, Chemie, Maschinenbau und Bauingenieurwesen, die sich mit den Grundlagen des Fachs vertraut machen möchten.

Dislocations In Solids

Author : Frank Reginald Nunes Nabarro
ISBN : CORNELL:31924104787399
Genre : Science
File Size : 89. 6 MB
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The focus of this volume is on dislocations in a variety of materials, dislocation motion and observations of dislocations.

Mischen Von Feststoffen

Author : Ralf Weinekötter
ISBN : 9783642793523
Genre : Science
File Size : 65. 61 MB
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Die Grundgesetze Der W Rme Bertragung

Author : Heinrich Gröber
ISBN : 9783662262269
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 10 MB
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Dieses Buch ist eine erweiterte Neubearbeitung der 2. Auflage des GRÖBER/ERK, die unter dem gleichen Titel 1933 im Springer-Verlag er schienen war. Die Aufgabe, der sich der Bearbeiter der Neuauflage gegenübersah, war für die einzelnen Teile des Buches durchaus verschieden. Der erste Teil, die von GRÖBER verfaßte Wärmeleitung in festen Körpern, behandelte im wesentlichen die Lösungsmethoden der Fouriergleichung in einem Umfange, wie er für die Ingenieurpraxis in den meisten Fällen aus reichte. Es ist das besondere Verdienst von GRÖBER, für die analytische Theorie der Wärmeleitung eine dem Ingenieur zugängliche und ver die ständliche Darstellungsweise gefunden zu haben, größtenteils schon aus der I. Auflage des Buches (1921) stammte. So hat denn wohl der GRÖBER/ERK einer ganzen Ingenieurgeneration als Lehrbuch über die Theorie der Fouriergleichung gedient. An dieser Lage hatte sich nichts Grundsätzliches geändert, so daß in die Neuauflage der erste Teil im großen und ganzen übernommen wurde. Die GRÖBERsehen Diagramme über die Abkühlung einfacher Kör per wurden durch die Abbildungen nach BACHMANN ersetzt, ferner wur den Kurventafeln über die Abkühlung von Platte, Zylinder und Kugel bei konstanter Oberflächentemperatur aufgenommen. Hinzugefügt wur den ferner (neben einigen Hinweisen und Rechenbeispielen) je ein Ab schnitt über mehrdimensionalen Temperaturausgleich und über die Re laxationsmethode sowie eine kurzeBetrachtungüber elektrische Analogie Yerfahren. Zur Aufnahme der Laplace-Transformation konnte ich mich noch nicht entschließen.

Industrielle Keramik

Author : Felix Singer
ISBN : 9783642929892
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 25. 72 MB
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