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Science At The Bar

Author : Sheila JASANOFF
ISBN : 9780674039124
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 91 MB
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Disabled Policy

Author : Edward D. Berkowitz
ISBN : 0521389305
Genre : History
File Size : 27. 89 MB
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Combining history and an analysis of policy today, this book exposes the contradictions in America's disability policy and suggests means of remedying them. Based on careful archival research and interviews with policymakers, the book illustrates the dilemmas that public policies pose for the handicapped: the present system forces too many people with physical impairments into retirement, despite the availability of constructive alternatives.

Truth Machine

Author : Michael Lynch
ISBN : 0226498085
Genre : Science
File Size : 42. 53 MB
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DNA profiling—commonly known as DNA fingerprinting—is often heralded as unassailable criminal evidence, a veritable “truth machine” that can overturn convictions based on eyewitness testimony, confessions, and other forms of forensic evidence. But DNA evidence is far from infallible. Truth Machine traces the controversial history of DNA fingerprinting by looking at court cases in the United States and United Kingdom beginning in the mid-1980s, when the practice was invented, and continuing until the present. Ultimately, Truth Machine presents compelling evidence of the obstacles and opportunities at the intersection of science, technology, sociology, and law.

Beyond Flexner

Author : Barbara M. Barzansky
ISBN : 0313259844
Genre : Education
File Size : 72. 4 MB
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This book provides a comprehensive review of medical education in the 20th century. It takes the themes articulated in the Flexner Report of 1910 and traces their development. Those themes, many of which have not been discussed in other books, include the basic sciences, the clinical curriculum, women in medicine, black medical education, and sectarian medical education. Also covered are the evolution of the health care delivery system, trends in financing medical education, the use of outpatient settings for clinical education, the current status of the medical curriculum and needed changes, and health manpower needs. The final chapter discusses the current proposals for changes and how they relate to the problems and reforms of the Flexner era.

Never Pure

Author : Steven Shapin
ISBN : 9780801894206
Genre : History
File Size : 74. 68 MB
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Steven Shapin argues that science, for all its immense authority and power, is and always has been a human endeavor, subject to human capacities and limits. Put simply, science has never been pure. To be human is to err, and we understand science better when we recognize it as the laborious achievement of fallible, imperfect, and historically situated human beings. Shapin’s essays collected here include reflections on the historical relationships between science and common sense, between science and modernity, and between science and the moral order. They explore the relevance of physical and social settings in the making of scientific knowledge, the methods appropriate to understanding science historically, dietetics as a compelling site for historical inquiry, the identity of those who have made scientific knowledge, and the means by which science has acquired credibility and authority. This wide-ranging and intensely interdisciplinary collection by one of the most distinguished historians and sociologists of science represents some of the leading edges of change in the scholarly understanding of science over the past several decades.

Experts In Science And Society

Author : Elke Kurz-Milcke
ISBN : 9780306479649
Genre : Science
File Size : 83. 24 MB
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Taking the viewpoint that experts are consulted when there is something important at stake for an individual, a group, or society at large, this volume explores expertise as a relational concept. In order to be culturally comparative, this volume includes examples and discussions of experts in different countries and even in different time periods. The topics include the roles of political experts, scientific experts, medical experts, and legal experts.

Whose Votes Count

Author : Abigail M. Thernstrom
ISBN : 0674951956
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 43. 13 MB
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Describes unexpected effects of the Voting Rights Act of 1965, discusses election rights, modern politics, and voting districts, and looks at election issues of the future

The World As A Mathematical Game

Author : Giorgio Israel
ISBN : 9783764398965
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 75 MB
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Galileo and Newton’s work towards the mathematisation of the physical world; Leibniz’s universal logical calculus; the Enlightenment’s mathématique sociale. John von Neumann inherited all these aims and philosophical intuitions, together with an idea that grew up around the Vienna Circle of an ethics in the form of an exact science capable of guiding individuals to make correct decisions. With the help of his boundless mathematical capacity, von Neumann developed a conception of the world as a mathematical game, a world globally governed by a universal logic in which individual consciousness moved following different strategies: his vision guided him from set theory to quantum mechanics, to economics and to his theory of automata (anticipating artificial intelligence and cognitive science). This book provides the first comprehensive scientific and intellectual biography of John von Neumann, a man who perhaps more than any other is representative of twentieth century science.

Fly

Author : Martin Brookes
ISBN : 0060936797
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 58 MB
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A short biography of a creature that changed science. There's a buzz in the air, the sound of a billion wings vibrating to the tune of scientific success. For generations, the fruit fly has been defining biology's major landmarks. From genetics to development, behavior to aging, and evolution to the origin of the species, it has been a key and, outside academic circles, an unaccredited player in some of the twentieth century's greatest biological discoveries. In fact, everything from gene therapy to cloning and the Human Genome Project is built on the foundation of fruit fly research. This witty, irreverent biography of the fruit fly provides a broad introduction to biology as well as a glimpse into how one short life has informed scientific views on such things as fundamentals of heredity, battle of the sexes, and memory.

Punishment Places And Perpetrators

Author : Gerben Bruinsma
ISBN : 9781135998462
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 39. 38 MB
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This book brings together an influential group of academics and researchers to review key areas of research, theory and methodology within criminology and criminal justice, and to identify the most important new challenges facing the discipline. The contributors focus on the three central themes of punishment and criminal justice, location and mobility, and perpetrators and criminal careers, on which much cutting edge research within criminology has been taking place. A particular strength of the book is its multidisciplinary and international approach, with contributors drawn from Europe, the UK and the United States.

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