science in context readings in the sociology of science

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Science In Context

Author : Barry Barnes
ISBN : 0335100546
Genre : Science
File Size : 79. 12 MB
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Readings In Indian Sociology

Author : Binay Kumar Pattnaik
ISBN : 9788132118404
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 21. 97 MB
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Sociology of Science and Technology in India, is a collection of 12 articles in Sociology of Science and Technology (SST). It throws light on the major themes of SST, such as, role of science (theoretical), scientific community in India, productivity patterns in Indian Science and Technology (S&T) research, and S&T unleashing social change in India.

Sociology Of Science Selected Readings

Author : Barry Barnes
ISBN : UOM:39015005720522
Genre : Science
File Size : 72. 74 MB
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Defining Science

Author : Charles Alan Taylor
ISBN : 0299150348
Genre : Science
File Size : 24. 44 MB
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"The most interesting entry point to the demarcation problem in science since Popper's seminal formulation."--Steve Fuller, Professor of Sociology & Social Policy, Durham University What is science? What isn't science? And who draws the line between them? These are rhetorical concerns, as Charles A. Taylor demonstrates in this ambitious book about the theoretical and cultural underpinnings of scientific practice. By showing how boundaries between "science" and "nonscience" are rhetorically constructed and socially enforced, "Defining Science" reveals the political and philosophical significance of such distinctions. Taylor examines the traditional "demarcation problem," the problem of defining the boundaries of science, as an ongoing rhetorical negotiation involving a full range of historical interests and social actors--from researchers and lab technicians to governmental and industrial patrons, program administrators, political representatives, journalists, and educators. His case studies of the recent debates over creationism and cold fusion clearly demonstrate how the rhetorical dynamics of science operate within different fields. In both cases, presented here with concision and insight, prevailing demarcations--or defining portrayals of science--emerge as far more nuanced than traditional accounts allow. Taylor analyzes traditional approaches to demarcation in science in order to incorporate their insights into his larger rhetorical view. His reformulation of philosophical, historical, and sociological accounts of science clearly illustrates the intellectual value of an interdisciplinary rhetoric of demarcation. Furthermore, Defining Science suggests how we, as a community, can positively influence future constructions of science and society. "This book confronts what is arguably the late twentieth century's definitive problem in a provocative and interesting way. It will be of interest to anyone engaged with the question of knowledge in public life."--Charles Arthur Willard, Professor and Chair of the Department of Communication, University of Louisville

Engineering In Context

Author :
ISBN : 8776757005
Genre : Engineering
File Size : 51. 34 MB
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Science In Action

Author : Bruno Latour
ISBN : 0674792912
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 74. 46 MB
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From weaker to stronger rhetoric : literature - Laboratories - From weak points to strongholds : machines - Insiders out - From short to longer networks : tribunals of reason - Centres of calculation.

Impure Science

Author : Steven Epstein
ISBN : 0520921259
Genre : Medical
File Size : 31. 16 MB
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In the short, turbulent history of AIDS research and treatment, the boundaries between scientist insiders and lay outsiders have been crisscrossed to a degree never before seen in medical history. Steven Epstein's astute and readable investigation focuses on the critical question of "how certainty is constructed or deconstructed," leading us through the views of medical researchers, activists, policy makers, and others to discover how knowledge about AIDS emerges out of what he calls "credibility struggles." Epstein shows the extent to which AIDS research has been a social and political phenomenon and how the AIDS movement has transformed biomedical research practices through its capacity to garner credibility by novel strategies. Epstein finds that nonscientist AIDS activists have gained enough of a voice in the scientific world to shape NIH–sponsored research to a remarkable extent. Because of the blurring of roles and responsibilities, the production of biomedical knowledge about AIDS does not, he says, follow the pathways common to science; indeed, AIDS research can only be understood as a field that is unusually broad, public, and contested. He concludes by analyzing recent moves to democratize biomedicine, arguing that although AIDS activists have set the stage for new challenges to scientific authority, all social movements that seek to democratize expertise face unusual difficulties. Avoiding polemics and accusations, Epstein provides a benchmark account of the AIDS epidemic to date, one that will be as useful to activists, policy makers, and general readers as to sociologists, physicians, and scientists.

Science Reason Modernity

Author : Anthony Stavrianakis
ISBN : 9780823265930
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 21. 1 MB
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Science, Reason, Modernity: Readings for an Anthropology of the Contemporary provides an introduction to a legacy of philosophical and social scientific thinking about sciences and their integral role in shaping modernities, a legacy that has contributed to a specifically anthropological form of inquiry. Anthropology, in this case, refers not only to the institutional boundaries of an academic discipline but also to a mode of conceptualizing and addressing a problem: how to analyze and diagnose the modern sciences in their troubled relationships with lived realities. Such an approach addresses the sciences as forms of life and illuminates how the diverse modes of reason, action, and passion that characterize the scientific life continue to shape our existences as late moderns. The essays provided in this book-many of them classics across disciplines-have been arranged genealogically. They offer a particular route through a way of thinking that has come to be crucial in elucidating the contemporary question of science as a formal way of understanding life. The book specifies the historical dynamics by way of which problems of science and modernity become matters of serious reflection, as well as the multiple attempts to provide solutions to those problems. The book's aim is pedagogical. Its hope is that the constellation of texts it brings together will help students and scholars working on sciences become better equipped to think about scientific practices as anthropological problems. Includes essays by: Hans Blumenberg, Georges Canguilhem, John Dewey, Michel Foucault, Immanuel Kant, Paul Rabinow, Max Weber.

The Structure Of Scientific Revolutions

Author : Thomas S. Kuhn
ISBN : 9780226458144
Genre : Science
File Size : 61. 87 MB
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A good book may have the power to change the way we see the world, but a great book actually becomes part of our daily consciousness, pervading our thinking to the point that we take it for granted, and we forget how provocative and challenging its ideas once were—and still are. The Structure of Scientific Revolutions is that kind of book. When it was first published in 1962, it was a landmark event in the history and philosophy of science. Fifty years later, it still has many lessons to teach. With The Structure of Scientific Revolutions, Kuhn challenged long-standing linear notions of scientific progress, arguing that transformative ideas don’t arise from the day-to-day, gradual process of experimentation and data accumulation but that the revolutions in science, those breakthrough moments that disrupt accepted thinking and offer unanticipated ideas, occur outside of “normal science,” as he called it. Though Kuhn was writing when physics ruled the sciences, his ideas on how scientific revolutions bring order to the anomalies that amass over time in research experiments are still instructive in our biotech age. This new edition of Kuhn’s essential work in the history of science includes an insightful introduction by Ian Hacking, which clarifies terms popularized by Kuhn, including paradigm and incommensurability, and applies Kuhn’s ideas to the science of today. Usefully keyed to the separate sections of the book, Hacking’s introduction provides important background information as well as a contemporary context. Newly designed, with an expanded index, this edition will be eagerly welcomed by the next generation of readers seeking to understand the history of our perspectives on science.

The Effect Of Teachers Sociological Understanding Of Science On Classroom Practice And Curriculum Innovation

Author : Christine Maria Cunningham
ISBN : CORNELL:31924076437577
Genre :
File Size : 46. 63 MB
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