science in the age of computer simulation

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Science In The Age Of Computer Simulation

Author : Eric Winsberg
ISBN : 9780226902043
Genre : Computers
File Size : 71. 13 MB
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Computer simulation was first pioneered as a scientific tool in meteorology and nuclear physics in the period following World War II, but it has grown rapidly to become indispensible in a wide variety of scientific disciplines, including astrophysics, high-energy physics, climate science, engineering, ecology, and economics. Digital computer simulation helps study phenomena of great complexity, but how much do we know about the limits and possibilities of this new scientific practice? How do simulations compare to traditional experiments? And are they reliable? Eric Winsberg seeks to answer these questions in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation. Scrutinizing these issue with a philosophical lens, Winsberg explores the impact of simulation on such issues as the nature of scientific evidence; the role of values in science; the nature and role of fictions in science; and the relationship between simulation and experiment, theories and data, and theories at different levels of description. Science in the Age of Computer Simulation will transform many of the core issues in philosophy of science, as well as our basic understanding of the role of the digital computer in the sciences.

Science In The Age Of Computer Simulation

Author : Eric Winsberg
ISBN : 0226902021
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 6 MB
Format : PDF, Docs
Download : 241
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Computer simulation was first pioneered as a scientific tool in meteorology and nuclear physics in the period following World War II, but it has grown rapidly to become indispensible in a wide variety of scientific disciplines, including astrophysics, high-energy physics, climate science, engineering, ecology, and economics. Digital computer simulation helps study phenomena of great complexity, but how much do we know about the limits and possibilities of this new scientific practice? How do simulations compare to traditional experiments? And are they reliable? Eric Winsberg seeks to answer these questions in Science in the Age of Computer Simulation. Scrutinizing these issue with a philosophical lens, Winsberg explores the impact of simulation on such issues as the nature of scientific evidence; the role of values in science; the nature and role of fictions in science; and the relationship between simulation and experiment, theories and data, and theories at different levels of description. Science in the Age of Computer Simulation will transform many of the core issues in philosophy of science, as well as our basic understanding of the role of the digital computer in the sciences.

Philosophy And Climate Science

Author : Eric Winsberg
ISBN : 9781108173889
Genre : Science
File Size : 85. 94 MB
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There continues to be a vigorous public debate in our society about the status of climate science. Much of the skepticism voiced in this debate suffers from a lack of understanding of how the science works - in particular the complex interdisciplinary scientific modeling activities such as those which are at the heart of climate science. In this book Eric Winsberg shows clearly and accessibly how philosophy of science can contribute to our understanding of climate science, and how it can also shape climate policy debates and provide a starting point for research. Covering a wide range of topics including the nature of scientific data, modeling, and simulation, his book provides a detailed guide for those willing to look beyond ideological proclamations, and enriches our understanding of how climate science relates to important concepts such as chaos, unpredictability, and the extent of what we know.

Simulation And Similarity

Author : Michael Weisberg
ISBN : 9780199933662
Genre : Science
File Size : 64. 31 MB
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This book is an account of modeling and idealization in modern scientific practice, focusing on concrete, mathematical, and computational models. The main topics of this book are the nature of models, the practice of modeling, and the nature of the relationship between models and real-world phenomena. In order to elucidate the model/world relationship, Weisberg develops a novel account of similarity called weighted feature matching.

Reconstructing Reality

Author : Margaret Morrison
ISBN : 9780199380275
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 72. 92 MB
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This text examines issues related to the way modelling and simulation enable us to reconstruct aspects of the world we are investigating. It also investigates the processes by which we extract concrete knowledge from those reconstructions and how that knowledge is legitimated.

Computer Age Statistical Inference

Author : Bradley Efron
ISBN : 9781108107952
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 32. 2 MB
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The twenty-first century has seen a breathtaking expansion of statistical methodology, both in scope and in influence. 'Big data', 'data science', and 'machine learning' have become familiar terms in the news, as statistical methods are brought to bear upon the enormous data sets of modern science and commerce. How did we get here? And where are we going? This book takes us on an exhilarating journey through the revolution in data analysis following the introduction of electronic computation in the 1950s. Beginning with classical inferential theories - Bayesian, frequentist, Fisherian - individual chapters take up a series of influential topics: survival analysis, logistic regression, empirical Bayes, the jackknife and bootstrap, random forests, neural networks, Markov chain Monte Carlo, inference after model selection, and dozens more. The distinctly modern approach integrates methodology and algorithms with statistical inference. The book ends with speculation on the future direction of statistics and data science.

Computer Simulation Of Electronic Circuits

Author : R. Raghuram
ISBN : 8122401112
Genre : Electronic circuits
File Size : 53. 36 MB
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This Book On A Very Topical Subject Is Aimed At Engineers Who Either Use Or Develop Cad Tools For Circuit Design, Be It At The Discrete Device Level Or At The Lsi/Vlsi Level. The Book Is Unique In The Sense That It Covers Analog Circuit Simulation, Device Models, Logic Simulation And Fault Simulation. These Topics Traditionally Belong To Different Areas Of Electrical Engineering And Are Therefore Not Covered In One Book. However, A Person Doing Circuit Design On A Computer Today Needs To Know All Aspects Of The Simulation. This Book Attempts To Satisfy This Need. Many Examples Of Programs As Well As Applications Are Given. Every Chapter Contains Solved As Well As Unsolved Problems. In Addition, Programming Assignments Are Included. Mathematics Has Been Kept To A Minimum And An Intuitive Approach Has Been Taken.The Background Required Is That Of Final Year Undergraduate In Electrical Engineering. It Is Expected That Much Of This Material Would Percolate Down To More Basic Courses In Future Years.

Mathematical Modeling And Digital Simulation For Engineers And Scientists

Author : Jon M. Smith
ISBN : STANFORD:36105030443845
Genre : Computers
File Size : 55. 75 MB
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An updated and expanded edition that now reflects the many recent developments in simulation and computer modeling theory and practice. Gives fast and accurate numerical methods that are ideally suited to simulating both linear and nonlinear systems for design and for ``real time'' training. Includes a new section on the use of modern numerical methods for generating chaos and simulating random processes, provides information on simulator verification, and integrates material on the personal computer throughout the text. Also gives examples of computer programs in BASIC, and new material on the development and application of numerical methods in both the time and frequency domains. Expanded references.

Understanding Molecular Simulation

Author : Daan Frenkel
ISBN : 0080519989
Genre : Science
File Size : 70. 72 MB
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Understanding Molecular Simulation: From Algorithms to Applications explains the physics behind the "recipes" of molecular simulation for materials science. Computer simulators are continuously confronted with questions concerning the choice of a particular technique for a given application. A wide variety of tools exist, so the choice of technique requires a good understanding of the basic principles. More importantly, such understanding may greatly improve the efficiency of a simulation program. The implementation of simulation methods is illustrated in pseudocodes and their practical use in the case studies used in the text. Since the first edition only five years ago, the simulation world has changed significantly -- current techniques have matured and new ones have appeared. This new edition deals with these new developments; in particular, there are sections on: · Transition path sampling and diffusive barrier crossing to simulaterare events · Dissipative particle dynamic as a course-grained simulation technique · Novel schemes to compute the long-ranged forces · Hamiltonian and non-Hamiltonian dynamics in the context constant-temperature and constant-pressure molecular dynamics simulations · Multiple-time step algorithms as an alternative for constraints · Defects in solids · The pruned-enriched Rosenbluth sampling, recoil-growth, and concerted rotations for complex molecules · Parallel tempering for glassy Hamiltonians Examples are included that highlight current applications and the codes of case studies are available on the World Wide Web. Several new examples have been added since the first edition to illustrate recent applications. Questions are included in this new edition. No prior knowledge of computer simulation is assumed.

Simulation And Its Discontents

Author : Sherry Turkle
ISBN : 0262012707
Genre : Computers
File Size : 21. 74 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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How the simulation and visualization technologies so pervasive in science,engineering, and design have changed our way of seeing the world.

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