science sifting tools for innovation in science and technology

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Science Sifting

Author : Rodney R Dietert
ISBN : 9789814407922
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 95 MB
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Science Sifting is designed primarily as a textbook for students interested in research and as a general reference book for existing career scientists. The aim of this book is to help budding scientists broaden their capacities to access and use information from diverse sources to the benefit of their research careers. The book describes why the capacity to access and integrate both linear and nonlinear information has been an important historic feature of pivotal scientific breakthroughs. Yet, it is a process that our students are rarely, if ever, taught in universities. This book goes beyond simply describing the features of great scientific breakthroughs. It discusses the basis for accessing and using nonlinear information in the linear research context. It also provides a series of tools and exercises that can be used to enhance access to nonlinear information for application to research and other endeavors. Topics covered include focal points in scientific breakthroughs, the use of concepts maps in research, use of different vantage points, information as patterns, fractals for the scientist, memory storage and access points, and synchronicities. Young researchers need useful tools to help with a more holistic approach to their research careers. This book provides the useful tools to support flexibility and creativity across a long-term research career. Roald Hoffmann — Winner of the 1981 Nobel Prize in Chemistry — has contributed the Foreword to Science Sifting. More information on Professor Hoffmann can be found at http://www.nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1981/hoffmann-autobio.html. Contents:Introduction and Orientation to Science SiftingDuality and the Creative ScientistMoments of Scientific and Technological DiscoveryPreparing for a Fulfilling Research CareerInformational PatternsFocus on Creativity and InnovationMind Your LanguagePerceiving Your RealityBody of Work: Managing Your Greatest ToolCreative SpacesVantage Points and Gaining Multiple PerspectivesMapping Information TerrainsPattern Jumping and Lateral ThinkingSynchronicitySandman Science: Science Sifting During SleepMeditation: Ohming Up or Getting Down with the Real You?The Neutral Observer: Letting Go of Drama, Ego, and AttachmentsPlay Like You Mean ItStriking a Chord of Creativity: The Art of ScienceSumming it UpReferences Readership: Professional scientists, students and young researchers. Keywords:Science Research;Technology;Careers;Career Thinking;Training;Subconscious;Analytical;Breakthroughs;Instincts;Conscious;Subconscious;Left-Brain;Right Brain;Body Memory;Multiple Intelligence;Vantage Points;Perspectives;Concept Maps;Nonlinearity;Patterns;Fractals;Learning Processes;Information Storage;Information Access;Educational Models;Research Funding;Personal Satisfication;Career AdaptabilityKey Features:Directed toward students interested in research and present researchers who want to access, sift through, and utilize a broader array of information in their future careersProvides educational background, tools and exercises that are useful for flexible and creative thinking and broader information utilization as can be applied to researchGeared to help the budding scientific researcher embark on a long-term satisfying, productive, and creative careerReviews: "Professor and Mrs Rodney Dietert present 18 strategies for enhancing creativity and improving research that can be applied in any discipline and in corporations. Based on Professor Dietert's 30 years as a research scientist and educator, the strategies are illustrated with descriptions of successful applications and suggestions for acquiring skills in using the strategies. The authors show how to ‘sift the gold’ using these strategies to improve research and education." For a more detailed review, please see Review of Rodney and Janice Dietert's Science Sifting. Joseph D Novak Professor Emeritus Cornell University "The Dietert team has re-defined creativity in their new book Science Sifting. This book provides an understanding of scientific creativity and a framework that permits these creative scientific paths to be learned and become attainable. Science Sifting is a valuable resource for readers who want to incorporate creativity and innovation as part of their career development." Gary R Burleson, PhD President and CEO Burleson Research Technologies, Inc. (BRT) "This is an excellent book that covers new ground, describing innovative approaches that scientists can use to enhance their research. I would recommend this book for scientists both early in their research career as well as for established scientists looking for novel approaches to invigorate their research." Russ Hauser MD, ScD, MPH Professor of Obstetrics, Gynecology and Reproductive Biology Harvard Medical School "Science Sifting offers unique insights into the process of discovery, innovation and re-discovery that is fundamentally integral to researchers, technologists, and entrepreneurs. As we learn about our world through the art of observation and science of experimentation, we create conceptual and contextual models that help us understand the elements and challenges of our discovered world. Science Sifting helps us gain a broader perspective of our observations, identify solutions to the challenges we encounter, and sometimes discover entirely new paradigms through lateral thinking and leaps of understanding. Science Sifting helps us all discover and re-discover our innovative and creative inner selves through a combination of quiet observation, mindful meditation and creative improvisation." Lloyd Spencer CEO CoroWare, Inc. "To help scientists access information from diverse sources to benefit their research careers … Designed primarily as a textbook, the book offers general strategies and specific tools to promote scientific creativity and facilitate a career in research." For a more detailed review, please see http://news.cornell.edu/stories/2013/07/new-book-teaches-scientific-creativity. Susan S Lang Cornell Chronicle "It certainly provides a different perspective to research discovery, which challenges the viewpoints of traditional researchers. The book may be of interest to new and established researchers to enhance their creativity. The tools presented challenge researchers to think in different ways, which may not seem scientific in character and researchers will have to embrace the tools with an open mind to take advantage of the ideas proposed."; For a more detailed review, please see http://www.rsc.org/chemistryworld/2013/10/science-sifting-rodney-janice-dietert. Chemistry World “In their book the Dieterts record many such historical instances to underscore the importance of adding intuition to the mix when interpreting experimental results in science. The book also includes numerous exercises for fostering intuition, innovation and creativity. This is a fine book, and a pioneering book in many ways … every reader, I believe, will come away from this book well satisfied, and with some new and useful insights to ponder. The Dieterts are to be congratulated on having succeeded so well in such an ambitious undertaking.” History Scotland Magazine “A new book by Cornell faculty member Dr. Rodney Dietert and his wife, Janice, offers a plethora of strategies and tools scientists can use to inspire fresh ideas that could augment their work, raise research out of stubborn ruts, or spawn entirely new studies.” Cornell Veterinary College (http://www.vet.cornell.edu/news/creativity.cfm) (http://www.vet.cornell.edu/news/dietert.cfm) “The authors' work is featured in a documentary film (MicroBirth) scheduled to premiere in September 2014. Here is a snippet: (http://www.indiegogo.com/projects/microbirth).”

What Do Science Technology And Innovation Mean From Africa

Author : Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga
ISBN : 9780262342339
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 75. 57 MB
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In the STI literature, Africa has often been regarded as a recipient of science, technology, and innovation rather than a maker of them. In this book, scholars from a range of disciplines show that STI in Africa is not merely the product of "technology transfer" from elsewhere but the working of African knowledge. Their contributions focus on African ways of looking, meaning-making, and creating. The chapter authors see Africans as intellectual agents whose perspectives constitute authoritative knowledge and whose strategic deployment of both endogenous and inbound things represents an African-centered notion of STI. "Things do not (always) mean the same from everywhere," observes Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga, the volume's editor. Western, colonialist definitions of STI are not universalizable. The contributors discuss topics that include the trivialization of indigenous knowledge under colonialism; the creative labor of chimurenga, the transformation of everyday surroundings into military infrastructure; the role of enslaved Africans in America as innovators and synthesizers; the African ethos of "fixing"; the constitutive appropriation that makes mobile technologies African; and an African innovation strategy that builds on domestic capacities. The contributions describe an Africa that is creative, technological, and scientific, showing that African STI is the latest iteration of a long process of accumulative, multicultural knowledge production. ContributorsGeri Augusto, Shadreck Chirikure, Chux Daniels, Ron Eglash, Ellen Foster, Garrick E. Louis, D. A. Masolo, Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga, Neda Nazemi, Toluwalogo Odumosu, Katrien Pype, Scott Remer

Capturing Change In Science Technology And Innovation

Author : National Research Council
ISBN : 9780309297479
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30. 19 MB
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Since the 1950s, under congressional mandate, the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) - through its National Center for Science and Engineering Statistics (NCSES) and predecessor agencies - has produced regularly updated measures of research and development expenditures, employment and training in science and engineering, and other indicators of the state of U.S. science and technology. A more recent focus has been on measuring innovation in the corporate sector. NCSES collects its own data on science, technology, and innovation (STI) activities and also incorporates data from other agencies to produce indicators that are used for monitoring purposes - including comparisons among sectors, regions, and with other countries - and for identifying trends that may require policy attention and generate research needs. NCSES also provides extensive tabulations and microdata files for in-depth analysis. Capturing Change in Science, Technology, and Innovation assesses and provides recommendations regarding the need for revised, refocused, and newly developed indicators of STI activities that would enable NCSES to respond to changing policy concerns. This report also identifies and assesses both existing and potential data resources and tools that NCSES could exploit to further develop its indicators program. Finally, the report considers strategic pathways for NCSES to move forward with an improved STI indicators program. The recommendations offered in Capturing Change in Science, Technology, and Innovation are intended to serve as the basis for a strategic program of work that will enhance NCSES's ability to produce indicators that capture change in science, technology, and innovation to inform policy and optimally meet the needs of its user community.

Computational Social Science

Author : R. Michael Alvarez
ISBN : 9781316531280
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 49. 24 MB
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Quantitative research in social science research is changing rapidly. Researchers have vast and complex arrays of data with which to work: we have incredible tools to sift through the data and recognize patterns in that data; there are now many sophisticated models that we can use to make sense of those patterns; and we have extremely powerful computational systems that help us accomplish these tasks quickly. This book focuses on some of the extraordinary work being conducted in computational social science - in academia, government, and the private sector - while highlighting current trends, challenges, and new directions. Thus, Computational Social Science showcases the innovative methodological tools being developed and applied by leading researchers in this new field. The book shows how academics and the private sector are using many of these tools to solve problems in social science and public policy.

How Economics Shapes Science

Author : Paula Stephan
ISBN : 9780674062757
Genre : Science
File Size : 75. 42 MB
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At a time when science is seen as an engine of economic growth, Paula Stephan brings a keen understanding of the cost-benefit calculations made by individuals and institutions as they compete for resources and reputation in scientific fields. She highlights especially the growing gap between the biomedical sciences and physics/engineering.

Transient Workspaces

Author : Clapperton Chakanetsa Mavhunga
ISBN : 9780262326162
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 49. 92 MB
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In this book, Clapperton Mavhunga views technology in Africa from an African perspective. Technology in his account is not something always brought in from outside, but is also something that ordinary people understand, make, and practice through their everyday innovations or creativities -- including things that few would even consider technological. Technology does not always originate in the laboratory in a Western-style building but also in the society in the forest, in the crop field, and in other places where knowledge is made and turned into practical outcomes. African creativities are found in African mobilities. Mavhunga shows the movement of people as not merely conveyances across space but transient workspaces. Taking indigenous hunting in Zimbabwe as one example, he explores African philosophies of mobilities as spiritually guided and of the forest as a sacred space. Viewing the hunt as guided mobility, Mavhunga considers interesting questions of what constitutes technology under regimes of spirituality. He describes how African hunters extended their knowledge traditions to domesticate the gun, how European colonizers, with no remedy of their own, turned to indigenous hunters for help in combating the deadly tsetse fly, and examines how wildlife conservation regimes have criminalized African hunting rather than enlisting hunters (and their knowledge) as allies in wildlife sustainability. The hunt, Mavhunga writes, is one of many criminalized knowledges and practices to which African people turn in times of economic or political crisis. He argues that these practices need to be decriminalized and examined as technologies of everyday innovation with a view toward constructive engagement, innovating with Africans rather than for them.

Inventology

Author : Pagan Kennedy
ISBN : 9780544324015
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 51. 47 MB
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Find out where great ideas come from in this “delightful account of how inventors do what they do” (Kirkus Reviews, starred review). A father cleans up after his toddler and imagines a cup that won’t spill. An engineer watches people using walkie-talkies and has an idea. A doctor figures out how to deliver patients to the operating room before they die. By studying inventions like these—the sippy cup, the cell phone, and an ingenious hospital bed —we can learn how people imagine their way around “impossible” problems to discover groundbreaking answers. Pagan Kennedy reports on how these enduring methods can be adapted to the twenty-first century, as millions of us deploy tools like crowdfunding, big data, and 3-D printing to find hidden opportunities. Inventology uses the stories of inventors and surprising research to reveal the steps that produce innovation. Recent advances in technology and communication have placed us at the cusp of a golden age; it’s now more possible than ever before to transform ideas into actuality. Inventology is a must-read for designers, artists, makers—and anyone else who is curious about creativity. By identifying the steps of the invention process, Kennedy reveals the imaginative tools required to solve our most challenging problems. “There’s ample interest here even for readers who aren’t actively inventing anything.” —The Boston Globe

Innovations In Computer Science And Engineering

Author : H. S. Saini
ISBN : 9789811004193
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 38. 12 MB
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The book is a collection of high-quality peer-reviewed research papers presented at the third International Conference on Innovations in Computer Science and Engineering (ICICSE 2015) held at Guru Nanak Institutions, Hyderabad, India during 7 – 8 August 2015. The book discusses a wide variety of industrial, engineering and scientific applications of the emerging techniques. Researchers from academic and industry present their original work and exchange ideas, information, techniques and applications in the field of Communication, Computing, and Data Science and Analytics.

Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists

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ISBN :
Genre :
File Size : 89. 35 MB
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The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists is the premier public resource on scientific and technological developments that impact global security. Founded by Manhattan Project Scientists, the Bulletin's iconic "Doomsday Clock" stimulates solutions for a safer world.

Health Care Delivery And Clinical Science Concepts Methodologies Tools And Applications

Author : Management Association, Information Resources
ISBN : 9781522539278
Genre : Medical
File Size : 60. 38 MB
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The development of better processes to provide proper healthcare has enhanced contemporary society. By implementing effective collaborative strategies, this ensures proper quality and instruction for both the patient and medical practitioners. Health Care Delivery and Clinical Science: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications is a comprehensive reference source for the latest scholarly material on emerging strategies and methods for delivering optimal healthcare and examines the latest techniques and methods of clinical science. Highlighting a range of pertinent topics such as medication management, health literacy, and patient engagement, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for professionals, practitioners, researchers, academics, and graduate students interested in healthcare delivery and clinical science.

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