scientific credibility and technical standards in 19th and early 20th century germany and britain in 19th and early 20th century germany and britain archimedes

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Scientific Credibility And Technical Standards In 19th And Early 20th Century Germany And Britain

Author : Jed Z. Buchwald
ISBN : 9789400917842
Genre : History
File Size : 78. 16 MB
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The articles in this first volume of ARCHIMEDES explicitly and intentionally cross boundaries between science and technology, and they also illuminate one another. The first three contributions concern optics and industry in 19th century Germany; the fourth concerns electric standards in Germany during the same period; the last essay in the volume examines a curious development in the early history of wireless signalling that took place in England, and that has much to say about the establishment and enforcement of standard methods in a rapidly-developing technology that emerged out of a scientific effect. Historical work over the last few decades has shown that technology cannot be characterized simply, or even usually, as applied science. The beliefs, the devices, and the natural objects that are created or discovered by scientists, often play altogether minor roles in the construction of technologies. Taking this realization as a given, the essays in Scientific Credibility and Technical Standards effectively argue that we must now seek to go beyond it; we must also begin to think carefully about the role that science actually did play when it was explicitly deployed by technologists.

A History Of Physical Theories Of Comets From Aristotle To Whipple

Author : Tofigh Heidarzadeh
ISBN : 9781402083235
Genre : Science
File Size : 56. 16 MB
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Although the development of ideas about the motion and trajectory of comets has been investigated piecemeal, we lack a comprehensive and detailed survey of ph- ical theories of comets. The available works either illustrate relatively short periods in the history of physical cometology or portray a landscape view without adequate details. The present study is an attempt to review – with more details – the major physical theories of comets in the past two millennia, from Aristotle to Whipple. My research, however, did not begin with antiquity. The basic question from which this project originated was a simple inquiry about the cosmic identity of comets at the dawn of the astronomical revolution: how did natural philosophers and astronomers define the nature and place of a new category of celestial objects – comets – after Brahe’s estimation of cometary distances? It was from this turning point in the history of cometary theories that I expanded my studies in both the pre-modern and modern eras. A study starting merely from Brahe and ending with Newton, without covering classical and medieval thought about comets, would be incomplete and leave the fascinating achievements of post-Newtonian cometology unexplored.

New Narratives In Eighteenth Century Chemistry

Author : Lawrence M. Principe
ISBN : 9781402062780
Genre : Science
File Size : 37. 47 MB
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The eighteenth century has long been considered critical for the development of modern chemistry, yet many features of the period remain largely unknown or unexplored. This volume details new approaches and topics to build a more complex view of chemical work during the period. Themes include late-phase alchemy, professionalization, chemical education, and the links and relations between chemistry and pharmacy, medicine, agriculture, and geology.

An American Scientist On The Research Frontier

Author : Ralph R. Hamerla
ISBN : 9781402040894
Genre : Science
File Size : 67. 43 MB
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An American Scientist on the Research Frontier is the first scholarly study of the nineteenth-century American scientist Edward Williams Morley. In part, it is the long-overdue story of a man who lent his name to the Michelson and Morley Ether-Drift Experiment, and who conclusively established the atomic weight of oxygen. It is also the untold story of science in provincial America: what Hamerla presents as science on the "American research frontier". This important examination of Morley’s struggle for personal and professional legitimacy extends and transforms our understanding of science during a foundational period, and leads to a number of unique conclusions that are vital to the literature and historiography of science. By revealing important aspects of the scientific culture of the American heartland, An American Scientist on the Research Frontier deepens our understanding of an individual scientist and of American science more broadly. In so doing, Hamerla changes the way we approach and understand the creation of scientific knowledge, scientific communities, and the history of science itself.

Leadership And Creativity

Author : Dong-Won Kim
ISBN : 9789401720557
Genre : Science
File Size : 20. 39 MB
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Historical accounts of successful laboratories often consist primarily of reminiscences by their directors and the eminent people who studied or worked in these laboratories. Such recollections customarily are delivered at the celebration of a milestone in the history of the laboratory, such as the institution's fiftieth or one hundredth anniversary. Three such accounts of the Cavendish Laboratory at the University of Cambridge have been recorded. The first of these, A History of the Cavendish Laboratory, 1871-1910, was published in 1910 in honor of the twenty fifth anniversary of Joseph John Thomson's professorship there. The second, The Cavendish Laboratory, 1874-1974, was published in 1974 to commemorate the one hundredth anniversary of the Cavendish. The third, A Hundred Years and More of Cambridge Physics, is a short pamphlet, also published at the centennial of the 1 Cavendish. These accounts are filled with the names of great physicists (such as James Clerk Maxwell, Lord Rayleigh, J. J. Thomson, Ernest Rutherford, and William Lawrence Bragg), their glorious achievements (for example, the discoveries of the electron, the neutron, and DNA) and interesting anecdotes about how these achievements were reached. But surely a narrative that does justice to the history of a laboratory must recount more than past events. Such a narrative should describe a living entity and provide not only details of the laboratory's personnel, organization, tools, and tool kits, but should also explain how these components interacted within 2 their wider historical, cultural, and social contexts.

German Studies In North America

Author : Keith Duane Alexander
ISBN : MINN:31951D023576586
Genre : Civilization, Germanic
File Size : 67. 29 MB
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History And Philosophy Of The Life Sciences

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105029557654
Genre : Life sciences
File Size : 67. 98 MB
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Historical Abstracts

Author : Eric H. Boehm
ISBN : STANFORD:36105113567536
Genre : History, Modern
File Size : 77. 18 MB
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Proceedings And Addresses Of The American Philosophical Association

Author : American Philosophical Association
ISBN : UOM:39015078751420
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 46. 44 MB
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List of members in v. 1- .

The British National Bibliography

Author : Arthur James Wells
ISBN : UOM:39015079755826
Genre : English literature
File Size : 50. 25 MB
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