scientific examination of documents methods and techniques third edition international forensic science and investigation

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Scientific Examination Of Documents

Author : David Ellen
ISBN : 9780429959325
Genre : Law
File Size : 54. 44 MB
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Revised and expanded to reflect the most recent innovations in the field, The Scientific Examination of Documents, Fourth Edition is a handy, accessible volume detailing current best-practices for forensic document examination. Since the first edition published in 1989, there have been drastic changes in the field of forensic document examination—both from the use of the analytic techniques available to the professional examiner—and the changes to technology in office and printing equipment and inks. The purpose of analyzing any material used in the production of a questioned document, such as an ink or a piece of paper, is to compare it with another material elsewhere in the questioned document itself—or on another document—to determine whether or not they share a common origin. There may also be a need to provide information for the investigator about the possible origins of the document. This latest edition reflects the myriad changes and advances that have occurred in the last 10 to 15 years. Topics covered include: current thinking on handwriting interpretation; accidental and deliberate modification of handwriting; the proper collection of samples; a discussion of shredded documents; professional accreditation standards, qualifications, and training; and modern digital imaging and analysis of documents and handwriting utilizing software and imaging, including reconstruction of an image from erasures, obliteration and other document altering methods. A new section addresses cognitive bias and Chapter 8 is completely updated to cover the advances in print and photocopied documents, based on current technology, and analytical developments in the comparison of such documents. Key features: Discusses issues regarding handwritten, photocopied, and printed documents—including inkjet versus digital printing Presents the advances and capabilities modern office fax, photocopy, and printing technologies—and implications for document examination Details and reinforces the importance of ensuring proper scientific methods during an examination Addresses current Raman spectroscopy, UV-VIS, mass spectroscopy, and SEM analysis techniques Highlights the importance, and implications, of biological and fingerprint evidence from documents that can be collected, examined, and utilized in a case The Scientific Examination of Documents, Fourth Edition serves as an invaluable resource to established professionals, those just entering the field, and legal and investigative professionals outside the discipline who have a professional interest dealing with questioned documents in the course of their work.

The Neuroscience Of Handwriting

Author : Michael P. Caligiuri
ISBN : 9781439871409
Genre : Law
File Size : 84. 41 MB
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The Daubert trilogy of U.S. Supreme Court cases has established that scientific expert testimony must be based on science grounded in empirical research. As such, greater scrutiny is being placed on questioned document examination generally, and handwriting comparison in particular. Bridging the gap between theory and practice, The Neuroscience of Handwriting: Applications in Forensic Document Examination examines the essential neuroscientific principles underlying normal and pathological hand motor control and handwriting. Topics discussed include: Fundamental principles in the neuroanatomy and neurochemistry of hand motor control and their application to research in handwriting The epidemiology, pathophysiology, and motor characteristics of neurogenerative diseases such as Parkinson’s, Huntington’s, Alzheimer’s, multiple sclerosis, essential tremor, and motor neuron disease and their effects on handwriting Psychotropic medications prescribed for depression, bipolar disorder, and psychosis; their mechanisms of action; and their effect on motor behavior and handwriting The impact of substance abuse on handwriting An overview of the aging process and its effects on motor control and handwriting The kinematic approach and new findings on the kinematic analyses of genuine, disguised, and forged signatures The authors’ laboratory research on authentic and forged signatures An essential resource for professionals and researchers in the forensic documentation examination and legal communities, this volume provides a window on the scientific process of signature and handwriting authentication, integrating the extensive research on neural processes and exploring how disease, medication, and advanced age alter these processes.

Firearms The Law And Forensic Ballistics Third Edition

Author : Tom Warlow
ISBN : 9781439818282
Genre : Law
File Size : 49. 85 MB
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While gun design has undergone only minimal change over the centuries, investigative tools surrounding firearm use have grown significantly in sophistication. Now in its third edition, Firearms, the Law, and Forensic Ballistics has been updated to reflect recently published research and new technology developed since the last volume. Beginning with a discussion of the development of arms and ammunition from the fourteenth century to the present day, this book examines: Firearms laws around the world, including legal challenges raised in the U.S. by the Daubert decision Firearms manufacturing processes, the mechanisms of various firearms, and the linking of a particular bullet or spent cartridge with a suspected weapon The origins and development of new science in firearms, including controversies, pioneers, and an exposé of the "quack" purveyors of pseudo-science Internal, external, and terminal (wound) ballistics The nature, composition, and analytical detection of discharge residue left on a suspect The role of the ballistics expert at all stages of a case, ranging from the scene of the shooting incident, the post mortem examinations, the examination and testing of exhibits at the laboratory, and the presentation of evidence in court Recently introduced computer search techniques applied to captured and digitally stored images of marks left on fired bullets and spent cartridge cases Manual microscopic comparison work and computer-based searches on digital images of bullet and cartridge case marks to determine if a particular weapon has been fired in previous cases Written by an expert with more than 50 years of experience using and handling firearms, this text is enhanced with nearly 250 illustrations, making it a premier guide to the fundamentals of firearms and related evidentiary considerations.

Crime Scene To Court

Author : Peter White
ISBN : 9781847558824
Genre : Medical
File Size : 86. 41 MB
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If you have only a vague concept of what forensic science is, this book will provide the answer.

Foundations Of Forensic Document Analysis

Author : Michael J. Allen
ISBN : 9781118646892
Genre : Law
File Size : 80. 9 MB
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The Essentials of Forensic Document Analysis is writtenprimarily with the student of general forensic science in mind;other texts cater well for the trainee document examiner who willhave a greater need for an in depth description of the specialtythan will the student. It introduces all of the essentialideas that underpin the work of the forensic document examiner in acompact and straightforward way so that the student can readilygrasp them and, for those who wish to read further, there are manyreferences to the relevant published literature. The book covers the following topics: • A short history of forensic document examination,including a critique of the acceptance of evidence from forensicdocument examiners by the courts. • Handwriting examination including the physiology ofhandwriting, the learning of handwriting, and the forensicexamination of handwriting • Signature examination • Word processing including typing and copying, theexamination of computer printers including laser printers andinkjet printers and the examination of fax machines • The examination of conventionally printed documentsusing letterpress, intaglio, offset lithography and securityprinting • The examination of counterfeit documents includingpassports and currency, including aspects of security features inthe construction of documents. • Altered documents including ink and papercomparisons • The examination of documents for indented handwritingincluding use of ESDA and other means • Dating documents • Evidence presentation in cases involving the forensicdocument examiner Each examination type will be described both in terms of itsprocedural basis but also the science and reasoning that underpinsit. The reader will be able to relate the different kinds ofinterpretation skills used by the document examiner to those usedin other forensic disciplines. In order to enable readers to assess their own understanding,there are some practical exercises available on the companionwebsite which demonstrate the core principles of forensic documentexamination, together with multiple choice questions which test thestudents’ understanding of the knowledge of the subject.

Forensic Science

Author : Stuart H. James
ISBN : 9781439853863
Genre : Law
File Size : 66. 62 MB
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Covering a range of fundamental topics essential to modern forensic investigation, the fourth edition of the landmark text Forensic Science: An Introduction to Scientific and Investigative Techniques presents contributions from experts in the field who discuss case studies from their own personal files. This edition has been thoroughly updated to reflect the cutting edge of forensic science across many different areas. Designed for a single-term course at the lower undergraduate level, the book begins by discussing the intersection of law and forensic science, how things become evidence, and how courts decide if an item or testimony should be admissible. It takes the evidence from crime scene investigation into laboratory analysis and even onto the autopsy table for the fullest breadth of subject matter of any forensic text available. Topics include Forensic anthropology and the role of entomology in a death investigation Death investigation, including identifying the cause, manner, mechanism, and time of death Bloodstain pattern analysis, the identification of blood and body fluids, the work of forensic toxicologists, and seized drug analysis The history and development of DNA typing and the many ways it can be used Fingerprint, firearm and ballistic, tool mark, tread impression, and trace evidence The forensic analysis of questioned documents and computers Arson, fire, explosives, and the work of forensic engineers in vehicular accidents and structural collapses Forensic psychology and psychiatry, including criminal profiling The future of forensic science Going beyond theory to application, this text incorporates the wisdom of forensic practitioners who discuss the real cases they have investigated. Color-coded sidebars in each chapter provide historical notes, case studies, and current events as well as advice for career advancement. Each section and each chapter begins with an overview and ends with a summary, and key terms, review questions, and up-to-date references are provided. Appropriate for any sensibility, more than 300 photos from real cases give students a true-to-life learning experience. *Access to identical eBook version included

The Practice Of Crime Scene Investigation

Author : John Horswell
ISBN : 0748406093
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 73 MB
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Crime scene investigation involves the use and integration of scientific methods, physical evidence, and deductive reasoning in order to determine and establish the series of events surrounding a crime. The quality of the immediate crime scene response and the manner in which the crime scene is examined are critical to the success of the investigation. Evidence that is missed or corrupted by incomplete or improper handling can have a devastating effect on a case and keep justice from being served. The Practice of Crime Scene Investigation covers numerous aspects of crime scene investigation, including the latest in education and training, quality systems accreditation, quality assurance, and the application of specialist scientific disciplines to crime. The book discusses a range of basic and advanced techniques such as fingerprinting, dealing with trauma victims, photofit technology, the role of the pathologist and ballistic expert, and signal processing. It also reviews specialist crime scene examinations including clandestine laboratories, drug operations, arson, and explosives.

The British National Bibliography

Author : Arthur James Wells
ISBN : STANFORD:36105211722686
Genre : English literature
File Size : 77. 9 MB
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Probabilistische Schlussfolgerungen In Schriftgutachten

Author : Norbert Köller
ISBN : 3472058579
Genre : Evidence, Expert
File Size : 90. 66 MB
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Science Progress

Author :
ISBN : STANFORD:36105027514111
Genre : Science
File Size : 69. 83 MB
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