secrets and knowledge in medicine and science 1500 1800 history of medicine in context

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Secrets And Knowledge In Medicine And Science 1500 1800

Author : Alisha Rankin
ISBN : 9781317058328
Genre : Science
File Size : 84. 48 MB
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Secrets played a central role in transformations in medical and scientific knowledge in early modern Europe. As a new fascination with novelty began to take hold from the late fifteenth century, Europeans thirsted for previously unknown details about the natural world: new plants, animals, and other objects from nature, new recipes for medical and alchemical procedures, new knowledge about the human body, and new facts about the way nature worked. These 'secrets' became popular items of commerce and trade, as the quest for new and exclusive bits of information met the vibrant early modern marketplace. Whether disclosed widely in print or kept more circumspect in manuscripts, secrets helped drive an expanding interest in acquiring knowledge throughout early modern Europe. Bringing together international scholars, this volume provides a pan-European and interdisciplinary overview on the topic. Each essay offers significant new interpretations of the role played by secrets in their area of specialization. Chapters address key themes in early modern history and the history of medicine, science and technology including: the possession, circulation and exchange of secret knowledge across Europe; alchemical secrets and laboratory processes; patronage and the upper-class market for secrets; medical secrets and the emerging market for proprietary medicines; secrets and cosmetics; secrets and the body and finally gender and secrets.

Medicine Magic And Art In Early Modern Norway

Author : Ane Ohrvik
ISBN : 9781137467423
Genre : History
File Size : 84. 87 MB
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This book addresses magical ideas and practices in early modern Norway. It examines a large corpus of Norwegian manuscripts from 1650-1850 commonly called Black Books which contained a mixture of recipes on medicine, magic, and art. Ane Ohrvik assesses the Black Books from the vantage point of those who wrote the manuscripts and thus offers an original study of how early modern magical practitioners presented their ideas and saw their practices. The book show how the writers viewed magic and medicine both as practical and sacred art and as knowledge worth protecting through encoding the text. The study of the Black Books illuminates how ordinary people in Norway conceptualized magic as valuable and useful knowledge worth of collecting and saving despite the ongoing witchcraft prosecutions targeting the very same ideas and practices as the books promoted. Medicine, Magic and Art in Early Modern Norway is essential for those looking to advance their studies in magical beliefs and practices in early modern Europe as well as those interested in witchcraft studies, book history, and the history of knowledge.

The Routledge History Of Madness And Mental Health

Author : Greg Eghigian
ISBN : 9781351784399
Genre : History
File Size : 28. 42 MB
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The Routledge History of Madness and Mental Health explores the history and historiography of madness from the ancient and medieval worlds to the present day. Global in scope, it includes case studies from Africa, Asia, and South America as well as Europe and North America, drawing together the latest scholarship and source material in this growing field and allowing for fresh comparisons to be made across time and space. Thematically organised and written by leading academics, chapters discuss broad topics such as the representation of madness in literature and the visual arts, the material culture of madness, the perpetual difficulty of creating a classification system for madness and mental health, madness within life histories, the increased globalisation of knowledge and treatment practices, and the persistence of spiritual and supernatural conceptualisations of experiences associated with madness. This volume also examines the challenges involved in analysing primary sources in this area and how key themes such as class, gender, and race have influenced the treatment and diagnosis of madness throughout history. Chronologically and geographically wide-ranging, and providing a fascinating overview of the current state of the field, this is essential reading for all students of the history of madness, mental health, psychiatry, and medicine.

Panaceia S Daughters

Author : Alisha Rankin
ISBN : 9780226925387
Genre : History
File Size : 33. 10 MB
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Panaceia’s Daughters provides the first book-length study of noblewomen’s healing activities in early modern Europe. Drawing on rich archival sources, Alisha Rankin demonstrates that numerous German noblewomen were deeply involved in making medicines and recommending them to patients, and many gained widespread fame for their remedies. Turning a common historical argument on its head, Rankin maintains that noblewomen’s pharmacy came to prominence not in spite of their gender but because of it. Rankin demonstrates the ways in which noblewomen’s pharmacy was bound up in notions of charity, class, religion, and household roles, as well as in expanding networks of knowledge and early forms of scientific experimentation. The opening chapters place noblewomen’s healing within the context of cultural exchange, experiential knowledge, and the widespread search for medicinal recipes in early modern Europe. Case studies of renowned healers Dorothea of Mansfeld and Anna of Saxony then demonstrate the value their pharmacy held in their respective roles as elderly widow and royal consort, while a study of the long-suffering Duchess Elisabeth of Rochlitz emphasizes the importance of experiential knowledge and medicinal remedies to the patient’s experience of illness.

Kvartal Ny Zhurnal Istorii Nauki I Tekhniki

Author :
ISBN : WISC:89116957176
Genre :
File Size : 45. 24 MB
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Eine Kurze Geschichte Der Menschheit

Author : Yuval Noah Harari
ISBN : 9783641104986
Genre : History
File Size : 82. 33 MB
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Krone der Schöpfung? Vor 100 000 Jahren war der Homo sapiens noch ein unbedeutendes Tier, das unauffällig in einem abgelegenen Winkel des afrikanischen Kontinents lebte. Unsere Vorfahren teilten sich den Planeten mit mindestens fünf weiteren menschlichen Spezies, und die Rolle, die sie im Ökosystem spielten, war nicht größer als die von Gorillas, Libellen oder Quallen. Vor 70 000 Jahren dann vollzog sich ein mysteriöser und rascher Wandel mit dem Homo sapiens, und es war vor allem die Beschaffenheit seines Gehirns, die ihn zum Herren des Planeten und zum Schrecken des Ökosystems werden ließ. Bis heute hat sich diese Vorherrschaft stetig zugespitzt: Der Mensch hat die Fähigkeit zu schöpferischem und zu zerstörerischem Handeln wie kein anderes Lebewesen. Anschaulich, unterhaltsam und stellenweise hochkomisch zeichnet Yuval Harari die Geschichte des Menschen nach und zeigt alle großen, aber auch alle ambivalenten Momente unserer Menschwerdung.

Mittelalterliche Pharmazie Und Medizin

Author : Dietlinde Goltz
ISBN : UCAL:B4527181
Genre : Medical
File Size : 79. 73 MB
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Ketzer K Nstler Und D Monen

Author : Bernd Roeck
ISBN : 340659171X
Genre : Goldsmiths
File Size : 85. 11 MB
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Wissenschaftsgeschichte Und Geschichte Des Wissens Im Dialog Connecting Science And Knowledge

Author : Kaspar Greyerz
ISBN : 9783847001713
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 38. 36 MB
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Dieser Band widmet sich aktuellen Forschungsaspekten von Wissens- und Wissenschaftsgeschichte, insbesondere den inneren Zusammenhängen von popularem Wissen und Wissenschaft. Einerseits werden Anbindungen der »Neuen Wissenschaft« an Traditionen in den Blick genommen, andererseits die Teilhabe von Experten und Laien an deren Herausbildung. Die verschiedenen Formate frühneuzeitlicher Naturgeschichtsschreibung – wissenschaftliche Traktate, antike Überlieferungen, Reisebeschreibungen, Chroniken, Korrespondenzen, Naturalien, mündliche Erzählungen oder eigene Beobachtungen - vermitteln einen Eindruck der wechselseitigen Beziehungen zwischen gelehrtem und popularem Wissen. Das Verhältnis von Wissen und Wissenschaft wird insbesondere an den Beispielen balneologischer und tierkundlicher Wissensbestände genauer analysiert.

Papyros Ebers

Author : H. Joachim
ISBN : 9783111521763
Genre : History
File Size : 47. 42 MB
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