secure multiparty computation and secret sharing

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Secure Multiparty Computation And Secret Sharing

Author : Ronald Cramer
ISBN : 9781316368404
Genre : Computers
File Size : 57. 90 MB
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In a data-driven society, individuals and companies encounter numerous situations where private information is an important resource. How can parties handle confidential data if they do not trust everyone involved? This text is the first to present a comprehensive treatment of unconditionally secure techniques for multiparty computation (MPC) and secret sharing. In a secure MPC, each party possesses some private data, while secret sharing provides a way for one party to spread information on a secret such that all parties together hold full information, yet no single party has all the information. The authors present basic feasibility results from the last 30 years, generalizations to arbitrary access structures using linear secret sharing, some recent techniques for efficiency improvements, and a general treatment of the theory of secret sharing, focusing on asymptotic results with interesting applications related to MPC.

Secure Multiparty Computation

Author : Ronald Cramer
ISBN : 9781107043053
Genre : Computers
File Size : 32. 80 MB
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This book provides information on theoretically secure multiparty computation (MPC) and secret sharing, and the fascinating relationship between the two concepts.

Secure Multi Party Computation

Author : Manoj M. Prabhakaran
ISBN : 9781614991687
Genre : Computers
File Size : 31. 16 MB
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Secure Multi-Party Computation MPC is one of the most powerful tools developed by modern cryptography it facilitates collaboration among mutually distrusting parties by implementing a virtual trusted party. Despite the remarkable potential of such a tool, and decades of active research in the theoretical cryptography community, it remains a relatively inaccessible and lesser-known concept outside of this field. Only a handful of resources are available to students and researchers wishing to learn more about MPC. The editors of this book have assembled a comprehensive body of basic and advanced material on MPC, authored by

Security In Communication Networks

Author : Stelvio Cimato
ISBN : 9783540364139
Genre : Computers
File Size : 59. 54 MB
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Theory Of Cryptography

Author : Joe Kilian
ISBN : 9783540245735
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 59. 13 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Second Theory of Cryptography Conference, TCC 2005, held in Cambridge, MA, USA in February 2005. The 32 revised full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 84 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on hardness amplification and error correction, graphs and groups, simulation and secure computation, security of encryption, steganography and zero knowledge, secure computation, quantum cryptography and universal composability, cryptographic primitives and security, encryption and signatures, and information theoretic cryptography.

Cryptography Made Simple

Author : Nigel Smart
ISBN : 9783319219363
Genre : Computers
File Size : 39. 32 MB
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In this introductory textbook the author explains the key topics in cryptography. He takes a modern approach, where defining what is meant by "secure" is as important as creating something that achieves that goal, and security definitions are central to the discussion throughout. The author balances a largely non-rigorous style — many proofs are sketched only — with appropriate formality and depth. For example, he uses the terminology of groups and finite fields so that the reader can understand both the latest academic research and "real-world" documents such as application programming interface descriptions and cryptographic standards. The text employs colour to distinguish between public and private information, and all chapters include summaries and suggestions for further reading. This is a suitable textbook for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in computer science, mathematics and engineering, and for self-study by professionals in information security. While the appendix summarizes most of the basic algebra and notation required, it is assumed that the reader has a basic knowledge of discrete mathematics, probability, and elementary calculus.

Applications Of Secure Multiparty Computation

Author : P. Laud
ISBN : 9781614995326
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80. 99 MB
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We generate and gather a lot of data about ourselves and others, some of it highly confidential. The collection, storage and use of this data is strictly regulated by laws, but restricting the use of data often limits the benefits which could be obtained from its analysis. Secure multi-party computation (SMC), a cryptographic technology, makes it possible to execute specific programs on confidential data while ensuring that no other sensitive information from the data is leaked. SMC has been the subject of academic study for more than 30 years, but first attempts to use it for actual computations in the early 2000s – although theoretically efficient – were initially not practicable. However, improvements in the situation have made possible the secure solving of even relatively large computational tasks. This book describes how many different computational tasks can be solved securely, yet efficiently. It describes how protocols can be combined to larger applications, and how the security-efficiency trade-offs of different components of an SMC application should be chosen. Many of the results described in this book were achieved as part of the project Usable and Efficient Secure Multi-party Computation (UaESMC), which was funded by the European Commission. The book will be of interest to all those whose work involves the secure analysis of confidential data.

Cryptographic Hardware And Embedded Systems Ches 2013

Author : Guido Marco Bertoni
ISBN : 9783642403491
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79. 17 MB
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This book constitutes the proceedings of the 15th International Workshop on Cryptographic Hardware and Embedded Systems, CHES 2013, held in Santa Barbara, CA, USA, in August 2013. The 27 papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 132 submissions. The papers are organized in the following topical sections: side-channel attacks; physical unclonable function; lightweight cryptography; hardware implementations and fault attacks; efficient and secure implementations; elliptic curve cryptography; masking; side-channel attacks and countermeasures.

Efficient Secure Two Party Protocols

Author : Carmit Hazay
ISBN : 3642143032
Genre : Computers
File Size : 79. 93 MB
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In the setting of multiparty computation, sets of two or more parties with p- vate inputs wish to jointly compute some (predetermined) function of their inputs. The computation should be such that the outputs received by the parties are correctly distributed, and furthermore, that the privacy of each party’s input is preserved as much as possible, even in the presence of - versarial behavior. This encompasses any distributed computing task and includes computations as simple as coin-tossing and broadcast, and as c- plex as electronic voting, electronic auctions, electronic cash schemes and anonymous transactions. The feasibility (and infeasibility) of multiparty c- putation has been extensively studied, resulting in a rather comprehensive understanding of what can and cannot be securely computed, and under what assumptions. The theory of cryptography in general, and secure multiparty computation in particular, is rich and elegant. Indeed, the mere fact that it is possible to actually achieve the aforementioned task is both surprising and intriguing.

Advances In Cryptology Crypto 2007

Author : Alfred Menezes
ISBN : 9783540741435
Genre : Computers
File Size : 46. 86 MB
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This volume constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 27th Annual International Cryptology Conference held in Santa Barbara, California, in August 2007. Thirty-three full papers are presented along with one important invited lecture. The papers address current foundational, theoretical, and research aspects of cryptology, cryptography, and cryptanalysis. In addition, readers will discover many advanced and emerging applications.

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