sensorimotor control of grasping physiology and pathophysiology

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Sensorimotor Control Of Grasping

Author : Dennis A. Nowak
ISBN : 9780521881579
Genre : Medical
File Size : 39. 76 MB
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Provides a contemporary summary of the physiology and pathophysiology of the manipulative and exploratory functions of the human hand.

Progress In Motor Control

Author : Jozsef Laczko
ISBN : 9783319473130
Genre : Medical
File Size : 76. 35 MB
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This single volume brings together both theoretical developments in the field of motor control and their translation into such fields as movement disorders, motor rehabilitation, robotics, prosthetics, brain-machine interface, and skill learning. Motor control has established itself as an area of scientific research characterized by a multi-disciplinary approach. Its goal is to promote cooperation and mutual understanding among researchers addressing different aspects of the complex phenomenon of motor coordination. Topics covered include recent theoretical advances from various fields, the neurophysiology of complex natural movements, the equilibrium-point hypothesis, motor learning of skilled behaviors, the effects of age, brain injury, or systemic disorders such as Parkinson's Disease, and brain-computer interfaces. The chapter ‘Encoding Temporal Features of Skilled Movements—What, Whether and How?’ is available open access under a CC BY 4.0 license via

Motor Control

Author : Frédéric Danion
ISBN : 9780195395273
Genre : Medical
File Size : 71. 89 MB
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Motor control has established itself as an area of scientific research characterized by a multi-disciplinary approach. The book offers a collection of chapters written by the most prominent researchers in the field.

Mechanisms And Emerging Therapies In Tremor Disorders

Author : Giuliana Grimaldi
ISBN : 9781461440277
Genre : Medical
File Size : 87. 18 MB
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Tremor is intimately linked to the numerous interactions of the central and peripheral nervous system components tuning motor control, from the cerebral cortex up to the peripheral effectors. Activities of central generators, reflex loop delays, inertia, stiffness and damping are all factors influencing features of tremor. This book discusses the pathophysiology of tremor including membrane mechanisms and rodent models, the advances in genetics and the musculoskeletal models pertinent to body oscillations. The main forms of tremor encountered during clinical practice are considered, taking into account neuroimaging aspects. The book covers recent advances in methodologies and techniques of assessment, and provides practical informations for the daily management. In addition to pharmacological treatments, neurosurgical approaches such as deep brain stimulation (DBS) and thalamotomy are discussed. Emerging techniques under development are also introduced. Future challenges are also presented.

Hand And Brain

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ISBN : 0080532748
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 26. 11 MB
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Used for gestures of communication, environmental exploration, and the grasping and manipulating of objects, the hand has a vital role in our lives. The hand's anatomical structure and neural control are among the most complex and detailed of human motor systems. Hand and Brain is a comprehensive overview of the hand's sensorimotor control. It discusses mediating variables in perception and prehension, the coordination of muscles with the central nervous system, the nature of movement control and hand positioning, hand-arm coordination in reaching and grasping, and the sensory function of the hand. In the last decade the rapid growth of neuroscience has been paralleled by a surge of interest in hand function. This reflects the fact that many of the fundamental issues facing neuroscientists today--including the problem of relating physiology to behavior--are central to the study of sensorimotor control of the hand. This book takes a broad interdisciplinary perspective on the control of hand movements that includes neurophysiology, neuroanatomy, psychology and neuropsychology, and biomechanics. The authors, who have all made significant scientific contributions in their own right, have sought to introduce their chosen topics in a manner that the undergraduate reader will be able to follow without sacrificing detailed and up-to-date coverage ofthe major developments. Uses an interdisciplinary approach including behavioral and neurophysiological data Describes a variety of experimental methodologies Treats neural computations necessary for the control of movement Covers implications of biomechanics for control, sensory mechanisms, and perceptual processing (haptics) Includes manipulative hand function as well as reaching Overviews each group of chapters using link sections Contains an integrated index and a glosssary The five sections cover: Mediating variables in perception and prehension The coordination of muscles with the central nervous system The nature of movement control and hand positioning Hand-arm coordination in reaching and grasping The sensory function of the hand

Motor Control And Sensory Motor Integration

Author : D.J. Glencross
ISBN : 0080537006
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 48. 97 MB
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This volume evolved from a workshop which addressed the general area of motor control, and the broader problems of serial organisation and sensory-motor integration of human skills. A number of specific issues are highlighted, including the neural mechanisms and disabilities of sensory-motor integration, planning and programming of action, the dynamics of interlimb coordination, amendment and updating mechanisms, and in particular, perception-action coupling and the representation of action. Underlying much of the volume are the major theoretical issues which include the debate between computational and prescriptive approaches versus the emergent properties and system dynamics approaches. The book represents a diverse approach from such disciplines as psychology, electrical and mechanical engineering, human movement studies, physiotherapy, neurology, and kinesiology.

The Neuroscience Of Psychological Therapies

Author : Rowland Folensbee
ISBN : 9781139462709
Genre : Medical
File Size : 42. 67 MB
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The Neuroscience of Psychological Therapies summarizes knowledge of brain function and brain behavior relationships within the context of psychotherapy implementation. It describes how specific locations in the brain carry out specific activities, how the different activities are combined to yield normal and pathological behavior, and how knowledge of brain activities can guide psychological assessment and intervention. Specific topics include the influence of neural networks on discovery and change, the therapist's neuroscience, communicating with patients using the brain as reference, and using neuroscience concepts to compare and integrate traditional schools of psychotherapy. Applying a neuroscience framework to conceptualization and treatment of depression is offered as an example, and specific issues associated with trauma and false memories are discussed. The book is aimed at anyone working within a psychotherapy framework and who wishes to discover more about brain function and brain/behavior relationships.

Progress In Psychobiology And Physiological Psychology

Author : Alan N. Epstein
ISBN : STANFORD:36105014803113
Genre : Psychobiology
File Size : 29. 7 MB
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Canadian Journal Of Physiology And Pharmacology

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ISBN : UCSD:31822020910162
Genre : Pharmacology
File Size : 30. 34 MB
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Sensorimotor Control Of Movement And Posture

Author : Simon C. Gandevia
ISBN : 9781461507130
Genre : Medical
File Size : 29. 3 MB
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This collection of contributions on the subject of the neural mechanisms of sensorimotor control resulted from a conference held in Cairns, Australia, September 3-6, 2001. While the three of us were attending the International Union of Physiological Sciences (IUPS) Congress in St Petersburg, Russia, in 1997, we discussed the implications of the next Congress being awarded to New Zealand. We agreed to organise a satellite to this congress in an area of mutual interest -the neuroscience of movement and sensation. Australia has a long-standing and enviable reputation in the field of neural mechanisms of sensorimotor control. Arguably this reached its peak with the award of a Nobel Prize to Sir John Eccles in 1963 for his work on synaptic transmission in the central nervous system. Since that time, the subject of neuroscience has progressed considerably. One advance is the exploitation of knowledge acquired from animal experiments to studies on conscious human subjects. In this development, Australians have achieved international prominence, particularly in the areas of kinaesthesia and movement control. This bias is evident in the choice of subject matter for the conference and, subsequently, this book. It was also decided to assign a whole section to muscle mechanics, a subject that is often left out altogether from conferences on motor control. Cairns is a lovely city and September is a good time to visit it.

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