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Set Theory

Author : Felix Hausdorff
ISBN : 0821838350
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 85. 48 MB
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In the early twentieth century, Hausdorff developed an axiomatic approach to topology, which continues to be the foundation of modern topology. The present book, the English translation of the third edition of Hausdorff's Mengenlehre, is a thorough introduction to his theory of point-set topology. The treatment begins with topics in the foundations of mathematics, including the basics of abstract set theory, sums and products of sets, cardinal and ordinal numbers, and Hausdorff's well-ordering theorem. The exposition then specializes to point sets, where major topics such as Borel systems, first and second category, and connectedness are considered in detail. Next, mappings between spaces are introduced. This leads naturally to a discussion of topological spaces and continuous mappings between them. Finally, the theory is applied to the study of real functions and their properties. The book does not presuppose any mathematical knowledge beyond calculus, but it does require a certain maturity in abstract reasoning; qualified college seniors and first-year graduate students should have no difficulty in making the material their own.

Set Theory And Metric Spaces

Author : Irving Kaplansky
ISBN : 9780821826942
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 26. 7 MB
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This is a book that could profitably be read by many graduate students or by seniors in strong major programs ... has a number of good features. There are many informal comments scattered between the formal development of theorems and these are done in a light and pleasant style. ... There is a complete proof of the equivalence of the axiom of choice, Zorn's Lemma, and well-ordering, as well as a discussion of the use of these concepts. There is also an interesting discussion of the continuum problem ... The presentation of metric spaces before topological spaces ... should be welcomed by most students, since metric spaces are much closer to the ideas of Euclidean spaces with which they are already familiar. --Canadian Mathematical Bulletin Kaplansky has a well-deserved reputation for his expository talents. The selection of topics is excellent. -- Lance Small, UC San Diego This book is based on notes from a course on set theory and metric spaces taught by Edwin Spanier, and also incorporates with his permission numerous exercises from those notes. The volume includes an Appendix that helps bridge the gap between metric and topological spaces, a Selected Bibliography, and an Index.

The Theory Of Group Characters And Matrix Representations Of Groups

Author : Dudley Ernest Littlewood
ISBN : 0821874357
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 25. 62 MB
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Originally written in 1940, this book remains a classical source on representations and characters of finite and compact groups. The book starts with necessary information about matrices, algebras, and groups. Then the author proceeds to representations of finite groups. Of particular interest in this part of the book are several chapters devoted to representations and characters of symmetric groups and the closely related theory of symmetric polynomials. The concluding chapterspresent the representation theory of classical compact Lie groups, including a detailed description of representations of the unitary and orthogonal groups. The book, which can be read with minimal prerequisites (an undergraduate algebra course), allows the reader to get a good understanding ofbeautiful classical results about group representations.

Elementary Number Theory

Author : Edmund Landau
ISBN : 0821820044
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 33. 34 MB
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This is a translation of Landau's famous Elementare Zahlentheorie with added exercises by Paul T. Bateman and Eugene E. Kohlbecker. This three-volume classic work is reprinted here as a single volume.

Set Theory Logic And Their Limitations

Author : Moshe Machover
ISBN : 0521479983
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 75. 4 MB
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Rigorous coverage of logic and set theory for students of mathematics and philosophy.

Matching Theory

Author : László Lovász
ISBN : 9780821847596
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 60. 96 MB
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This book surveys matching theory, with an emphasis on connections with other areas of mathematics and on the role matching theory has played, and continues to play, in the development of some of these areas. Besides basic results on the existence of matchings and on the matching structure of graphs, the impact of matching theory is discussed by providing crucial special cases and nontrivial examples on matroid theory, algorithms, and polyhedral combinatorics. The new Appendix outlines how the theory and applications of matching theory have continued to develop since the book was first published in 1986, by launching (among other things) the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method.

Algebraic Numbers And Algebraic Functions

Author : Emil Artin
ISBN : 9780821840757
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 33. 17 MB
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Famous Norwegian mathematician Niels Henrik Abel advised that one should ``learn from the masters, not from the pupils''. When the subject is algebraic numbers and algebraic functions, there is no greater master than Emil Artin. In this classic text, originated from the notes of the course given at Princeton University in 1950-1951 and first published in 1967, one has a beautiful introduction to the subject accompanied by Artin's unique insights and perspectives. The exposition starts with the general theory of valuation fields in Part I, proceeds to the local class field theory in Part II, and then to the theory of function fields in one variable (including the Riemann-Roch theorem and its applications) in Part III. Prerequisites for reading the book are a standard first-year graduate course in algebra (including some Galois theory) and elementary notions of point set topology. With many examples, this book can be used by graduate students and all mathematicians learning number theory and related areas of algebraic geometry of curves.

Matters Mathematical

Author : I. N. Herstein
ISBN : 0828403007
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44. 73 MB
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From the Preface: ``This book is based on notes prepared for a course at the University of Chicago. The course was intended for nonmajors whose mathematical training was somewhat limited ... Mastery of the material requires nothing beyond algebra and geometry normally covered in high school ... [I]t could be used in courses designed for students who intend to teach mathematics ... We want the reader to see mathematics as a living subject in which new results are constantly being obtained.''

Finite Groups

Author : Daniel Gorenstein
ISBN : 9780821843420
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44. 66 MB
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... it is required reading for anyone who wishes to study the subject. --Mathematical Reviews The theory of finite simple groups enjoyed a period of spectacular activity in the 1950s and 1960s. The first edition of Gorenstein's book was published in 1968, at the time of some of the first major classification results. The second edition was published in 1980, when it was clear that the classification was understood and the proof was within reach. Gorenstein's treatment of the subject proved prescient, as many of the developments between the two editions could be seen as continuations of the material in the book. Even now, the book remains one of the best sources for an introduction to finite groups and the classification of the simple groups. Gorenstein's insight provides a guiding light through the many pages that have been dedicated to the proof.

Class Field Theory

Author : Emil Artin
ISBN : 0821869515
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 30. 70 MB
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This classic book, originally published in 1968, is based on notes of a year-long seminar the authors ran at Princeton University. The primary goal of the book was to give a rather complete presentation of algebraic aspects of global class field theory ... In this revised edition, two mathematical additions complementing the exposition of the original text are made. The new edition also contains several new footnotes, additional references, and historical comments.

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