set theory ams chelsea publishing

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Set Theory

Author : Felix Hausdorff
ISBN : 0821838350
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 65. 44 MB
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In the early twentieth century, Hausdorff developed an axiomatic approach to topology, which continues to be the foundation of modern topology. The present book, the English translation of the third edition of Hausdorff's Mengenlehre, is a thorough introduction to his theory of point-set topology. The treatment begins with topics in the foundations of mathematics, including the basics of abstract set theory, sums and products of sets, cardinal and ordinal numbers, and Hausdorff's well-ordering theorem. The exposition then specializes to point sets, where major topics such as Borel systems, first and second category, and connectedness are considered in detail. Next, mappings between spaces are introduced. This leads naturally to a discussion of topological spaces and continuous mappings between them. Finally, the theory is applied to the study of real functions and their properties. The book does not presuppose any mathematical knowledge beyond calculus, but it does require a certain maturity in abstract reasoning; qualified college seniors and first-year graduate students should have no difficulty in making the material their own.

Set Theory And Metric Spaces

Author : Irving Kaplansky
ISBN : 9780821826942
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 83. 2 MB
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This is a book that could profitably be read by many graduate students or by seniors in strong major programs ... has a number of good features. There are many informal comments scattered between the formal development of theorems and these are done in a light and pleasant style. ... There is a complete proof of the equivalence of the axiom of choice, Zorn's Lemma, and well-ordering, as well as a discussion of the use of these concepts. There is also an interesting discussion of the continuum problem ... The presentation of metric spaces before topological spaces ... should be welcomed by most students, since metric spaces are much closer to the ideas of Euclidean spaces with which they are already familiar. --Canadian Mathematical Bulletin Kaplansky has a well-deserved reputation for his expository talents. The selection of topics is excellent. --Lance Small, UC San Diego This book is based on notes from a course on set theory and metric spaces taught by Edwin Spanier, and also incorporates with his permission numerous exercises from those notes. The volume includes an Appendix that helps bridge the gap between metric and topological spaces, a Selected Bibliography, and an Index.

Foundations Of Analysis

Author : Edmund Landau
ISBN : 9780821826935
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 43 MB
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Certainly no clearer treatment of the foundations of the number system can be offered ... one can only be thankful to the author for this fundamental piece of exposition, which is alive with his vitality and genius. --American Mathematical Monthly Why does $2 \times 2 = 4$? What are fractions? Imaginary numbers? Why do the laws of algebra hold? And how do we prove these laws? What are the properties of the numbers on which the Differential and Integral Calculus is based? In other words, what are numbers? And why do they have the properties we attribute to them? Thanks to the genius of Dedekind, Cantor, Peano, Frege, and Russell, such questions can now be given a satisfactory answer. This English translation of Landau's famous Grundlagen der Analysis answers these important questions.

Matching Theory

Author : László Lovász
ISBN : 9780821847596
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 43. 28 MB
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This book surveys matching theory, with an emphasis on connections with other areas of mathematics and on the role matching theory has played, and continues to play, in the development of some of these areas. Besides basic results on the existence of matchings and on the matching structure of graphs, the impact of matching theory is discussed by providing crucial special cases and nontrivial examples on matroid theory, algorithms, and polyhedral combinatorics. The new Appendix outlines how the theory and applications of matching theory have continued to develop since the book was first published in 1986, by launching (among other things) the Markov Chain Monte Carlo method.

Class Field Theory

Author : Emil Artin
ISBN : 0821869515
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28. 4 MB
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This classic book, originally published in 1968, is based on notes of a year-long seminar the authors ran at Princeton University. The primary goal of the book was to give a rather complete presentation of algebraic aspects of global class field theory ... In this revised edition, two mathematical additions complementing the exposition of the original text are made. The new edition also contains several new footnotes, additional references, and historical comments.

Elementary Number Theory

Author : Edmund Landau
ISBN : 0821820044
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 51. 78 MB
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This is a translation of Landau's famous Elementare Zahlentheorie with added exercises by Paul T. Bateman and Eugene E. Kohlbecker. This three-volume classic work is reprinted here as a single volume.

Hausdorff On Ordered Sets

Author : Felix Hausdorff
ISBN : 9780821837887
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 57. 39 MB
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Georg Cantor, the founder of set theory, published his last paper on sets in 1897. In 1900, David Hilbert made Cantor's Continuum Problem and the challenge of well-ordering the real numbers the first problem in his famous Paris lecture. It was time for the appearance of the second generation of Cantorians. They emerged in the decade 1900-1909, and foremost among them were Ernst Zermelo and Felix Hausdorff. Zermelo isolated the Choice Principle, proved that every set could be well-ordered, and axiomatized the concept of set. He became the father of abstract set theory. Hausdorff eschewed foundations and pursued set theory as part of the mathematical arsenal. He was recognized as the era's leading Cantorian. From 1901-1909, Hausdorff published seven articles in which he created a representation theory for ordered sets and investigated sets of real sequences partially ordered by eventual dominance, together with their maximally ordered subsets. These papers are translated and appear in this volume. Each is accompanied by an introductory essay. These highly accessible works are of historical significance, not only for set theory, but also for model theory, analysis and algebra.

Theory Of Probability

Author : Boris V. Gnedenko
ISBN : 9056995855
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 44. 35 MB
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This book is the sixth edition of a classic text that was first published in 1950 in the former Soviet Union. The clear presentation of the subject and extensive applications supported with real data helped establish the book as a standard for the field. To date, it has been published into more that ten languages and has gone through five editions. The sixth edition is a major revision over the fifth. It contains new material and results on the Local Limit Theorem, the Integral Law of Large Numbers, and Characteristic Functions. The new edition retains the feature of developing the subject from intuitive concepts and demonstrating techniques and theory through large numbers of examples. The author has, for the first time, included a brief history of probability and its development. Exercise problems and examples have been revised and new ones added.

Matters Mathematical

Author : I. N. Herstein
ISBN : 0828403007
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 71. 86 MB
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From the Preface: ``This book is based on notes prepared for a course at the University of Chicago. The course was intended for nonmajors whose mathematical training was somewhat limited ... Mastery of the material requires nothing beyond algebra and geometry normally covered in high school ... [I]t could be used in courses designed for students who intend to teach mathematics ... We want the reader to see mathematics as a living subject in which new results are constantly being obtained.''

A Course In Ring Theory

Author : Donald S. Passman
ISBN : 0821869388
Genre :
File Size : 34. 75 MB
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Projective modules: Modules and homomorphisms Projective modules Completely reducible modules Wedderburn rings Artinian rings Hereditary rings Dedekind domains Projective dimension Tensor products Local rings Polynomial rings: Skew polynomial rings Grothendieck groups Graded rings and modules Induced modules Syzygy theorem Patching theorem Serre conjecture Big projectives Generic flatness Nullstellensatz Injective modules: Injective modules Injective dimension Essential extensions Maximal ring of quotients Classical ring of quotients Goldie rings Uniform dimension Uniform injective modules Reduced rank Index

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