sika deer

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Sika Deer

Author : Dale R. McCullough
ISBN : 9784431094296
Genre : Science
File Size : 46. 22 MB
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Sika deer, the graceful spotted deer of Japanese and Chinese art, originally were native to Asia from far-east Russia to Vietnam to the islands of Japan and Taiwan. They are widely raised in captivity to supply velvet antler for traditional medicine. They also were introduced to Europe, North America, and New Zealand, where they compete or interbreed with native deer. Sika deer typically occupy lowland hardwood forests with low winter snow depths, where they thrive in sites disturbed by fire, storm, or logging. In high numbers they can severely impact vegetation though overgrazing, stripping bark from trees and damaging crop fields and forest plantations. Their numbers are high in many parts of Japan, moderate in Russia, and reduced or extinct in the wild in China, Korea, Vietnam, and Taiwan. This book explores their basic biology, behavior, and ecology, including management for sport hunting, conservation or recovery of threatened populations, and resolution of conflict with humans in native and introduced lands.

The Sika Deer Cervus Nippon In New Zealand

Author : D. G. Kiddie
ISBN : MINN:31951D020257042
Genre : Deer
File Size : 29. 52 MB
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The Sika Deer Of Southern Wisconsin

Author : David Linderud
ISBN : WISC:89091242826
Genre : Sika deer
File Size : 36. 79 MB
Format : PDF
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Sika Deer Cervus Nippon With Particular Reference To The Poole Basin

Author : Michael T. Horwood
ISBN : OCLC:7474519
Genre : Sika deer
File Size : 32. 79 MB
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A Monograph On Sika Deer In The New Forest

Author : Kathleen Milner Bennetts
ISBN : OCLC:182913369
Genre : Mammals
File Size : 58. 94 MB
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Author : LLC Books
ISBN : 1157179363
Genre :
File Size : 24. 77 MB
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Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 24. Chapters: Elk and Red Deer, Sika Deer, Eastern elk, Tule Elk, Emperor of Exmoor, Formosan Sika Deer, Corsican Red Deer, Kashmir stag, Central Asian Red Deer, Roosevelt elk, Rocky Mountain Elk, Tibetan red deer, Barbary stag, Bactrian deer, Manchurian wapiti, Caspian red deer, South China Sika Deer, North China Sika Deer, Shanxi Sika Deer, Merriam's Elk, Scottish red deer, Sichuan deer, Kansu red deer, Yarkand deer, Tian Shan Wapiti, Manitoban Elk, Altai Wapiti, Vietnamese Sika Deer, Manchurian Sika Deer, Sichuan Sika Deer, Alashan wapiti, Central European red deer. Excerpt: The elk or wapiti (Cervus canadensis) is one of the largest species of deer in the world and one of the largest land mammals in North America and eastern Asia. In the deer family (Cervidae), only the larger moose (Alces alces), which is called an "elk" in Europe, and the sambar (Rusa unicolor) rival the elk in size. Elk are similar to the Red Deer (Cervus elaphus) found in Europe, of which they were long believed to be a subspecies. However, evidence from a 2004 study of the mitochondrial DNA indicates they are a distinct species. Elk range in forest and forest-edge habitat, feeding on grasses, plants, leaves, and bark. Although native to North America and Eastern Asia, they have adapted well to countries where they have been introduced, including Argentina, Australia, and New Zealand. Their great adaptability may threaten endemic species and ecosystems into which they have been introduced. Male elk have large antlers which are shed each year. Males also engage in ritualized mating behaviors during the rut, including posturing, antler wrestling (sparring), and bugling, a loud series of vocalizations which establishes dominance over other males and attracts females. Elk are susceptible to a number of infectious diseases, some of which can be transmitted to ...

How To Hunt Sika Deer

Author : Alan Simmons
ISBN : 0908685300
Genre : Deer hunting
File Size : 45. 73 MB
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Evaluation Of The Genetic Structure Of Sika Deer Cervus Nippon In Japan S Kanto And Tanzawa Mountain Areas Based On Microsatellite Markers

Author :
ISBN : OCLC:1021168660
Genre :
File Size : 43. 10 MB
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Abstract: The browsing habits of sika deer ( Cervus nippon ) in Japan have caused serious ecological problems. Appropriate management of sika deer populations requires understanding the different genetic structures of local populations. In the present study, we used 10 microsatellite polymorphisms to explore the genetic structures of sika deer populations (162 individuals) living in the Kanto region. The expected heterozygosity of the Tanzawa mountain range population (Group I) was lower than that of the populations in the Kanto mountain areas (Group II). Our results suggest that moderate gene flow has occurred between the sika deer populations in the Kanto mountain areas (Group II), but not to or from the Tanzawa mountain range population (Group I). Also, genetic structure analysis showed that the Tanzawa population was separated from the other populations. This is probably attributable to a genetic bottleneck that developed in the Tanzawa sika deer population in the 1950s. However, we found that the Tanzawa population has since recovered from the bottleneck situation and now exhibits good genetic diversity. Our results show that it is essential to periodically evaluate the genetic structures of deer populations to develop conservation strategies appropriate to the specific structures of individual populations at any given time.

Deer Of The World

Author : Valerius Geist
ISBN : 0811704963
Genre : Nature
File Size : 75. 12 MB
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Deer of the World tells the fascinating story of how the family Cervidae has evolved over the past 30 million years and how its adaptations have made it one of the most successful mammals in the world today. Here Dr Valerius Geist combines over 40 years of firsthand research with information from English, German, and Russian sources both published and unpublished to form the most comprehensive, up-to-date volume available on deer evolution, behaviour, and ecology. Since prehistory, deer have flourished in nearly every habitat, from desert to forest, from topics to tundra and have left a fossil record of dramatic earlier forms. As glaciers and humans altered the earth's landscape, deer adapted. Deer of the World defines the body types of both past and present species, revealing how they avoid predation, whether they prefer dense vegetation or open plains habitat, whether their numbers are limited by resources or predators, and how well-suited they are to their environments.

Risk Assessment Of Sika Deer Cervus Nippon In The Netherlands

Author : D.R. Lammertsma
ISBN : OCLC:796917299
Genre :
File Size : 39. 3 MB
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