sika deer

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Sika Deer

Author : Dale R. McCullough
ISBN : 9784431094296
Genre : Science
File Size : 71. 35 MB
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Sika deer, the graceful spotted deer of Japanese and Chinese art, originally were native to Asia from far-east Russia to Vietnam to the islands of Japan and Taiwan. They are widely raised in captivity to supply velvet antler for traditional medicine. They also were introduced to Europe, North America, and New Zealand, where they compete or interbreed with native deer. Sika deer typically occupy lowland hardwood forests with low winter snow depths, where they thrive in sites disturbed by fire, storm, or logging. In high numbers they can severely impact vegetation though overgrazing, stripping bark from trees and damaging crop fields and forest plantations. Their numbers are high in many parts of Japan, moderate in Russia, and reduced or extinct in the wild in China, Korea, Vietnam, and Taiwan. This book explores their basic biology, behavior, and ecology, including management for sport hunting, conservation or recovery of threatened populations, and resolution of conflict with humans in native and introduced lands.

The Sika Deer Cervus Nippon In New Zealand

Author : D. G. Kiddie
ISBN : MINN:31951D020257042
Genre : Deer
File Size : 31. 61 MB
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The Sika Deer Of Southern Wisconsin

Author : David Linderud
ISBN : WISC:89091242826
Genre : Sika deer
File Size : 59. 34 MB
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Season Of Parturition And Fawning Percentages Of Sika Deer Cervus Nippon In New Zealand

Author : Mavis M. Davidson
ISBN : OCLC:429215538
Genre : Sika deer
File Size : 67. 36 MB
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The Interaction Of Sika Deer Cervus Nippon Temminck 1838 With Lowland Heath Mosaics

Author : Antonio Uzal Fernandez
ISBN : OCLC:757109765
Genre :
File Size : 68. 18 MB
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Sika deer (Cervus nippon) has become an invasive species in many parts of the world. In the south of England large populations appear to be concentrated in landscapes comprising of mosaics of lowland heath, woodlands and grassland. Despite the association between the distribution of Sika deer and that of lowland heath, little is known regarding the extent to which Sika deer utilize lowland heath and their impacts on its plant and animal communities. The aim of this thesis was to investigate the ecological interaction of Sika deer with lowland heath set in a mosaic of other habitats. Specifically, the main three objectives of this thesis were: i) to investigate the different ecological factors affecting the distribution and habitat use by Sika deer; iii) to explore consistency in Sika deer habitat associations as a potential tool to predict the distribution and abundance ofSika deer; iii) to investigate the ecological impacts of the usage of areas of lowland heath by Sika deer upon plant and animal communities oflowland heath. Results showed that Sika deer distribution and habitat use are affected by the availability of habitats, landscape structure and human disturbance at both the landscape and home range scale (i.e. few hundred of hectares and few dozens of hectares respectively). At the landscape scale, Sika deer seemed to use the requirement for safe access to pastures as the main criteria for their habitat selection. At the home range scale, the criteria of choice in the use of resources by Sika deer seemed to be related to a requirement for an appropriate balance of food and cover as the selection of pastures and cover were inversely related to their availability. However, human disturbance, as a form of perceived risk, was also a limiting factor of habitat use at the home range scale. Consistencies in the habitat selection by Sika deer at the landscape scale between areas with similar landscape were detected, which could potentially be used to develop models to predict the distribution and abundance of Sika deer and their subsequent impacts in areas of lowland heath. This study has found a different response of plant and animal communities between dry and wet heath to levels in usage of areas of heath by Sika deer. The existence of a threshold in the local density of Sika deer on areas of heath above which dry lowland heath showed signs of decline in quality has also been identified.

Sika Deer Cervus Nippon With Particular Reference To The Poole Basin

Author : Michael T. Horwood
ISBN : OCLC:7474519
Genre : Sika deer
File Size : 72. 4 MB
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A Monograph On Sika Deer In The New Forest

Author : Kathleen Milner Bennetts
ISBN : OCLC:182913369
Genre : Mammals
File Size : 37. 93 MB
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Risk Assessment Of Sika Deer Cervus Nippon In The Netherlands

Author : D.R. Lammertsma
ISBN : OCLC:796917299
Genre :
File Size : 72. 4 MB
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Sika Deer

Author : Rory Putman
ISBN : 0902754254
Genre : Sika deer
File Size : 20. 44 MB
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Coronet Peak Recreation Reserve

Author : New Zealand. Department of Conservation. Otago Conservancy
ISBN : 047801595X
Genre : Coronet Peak Recreation Reserve (N.Z.)
File Size : 39. 9 MB
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