simple justice the history of brown v board of education and black america s struggle for equality

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Simple Justice

Author : Richard Kluger
ISBN : 9780307546081
Genre : Law
File Size : 59. 58 MB
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Simple Justice is the definitive history of the landmark case Brown v. Board of Education and the epic struggle for racial equality in this country. Combining intensive research with original interviews with surviving participants, Richard Kluger provides the fullest possible view of the human and legal drama in the years before 1954, the cumulative assaults on the white power structure that defended segregation, and the step-by-step establishment of a team of inspired black lawyers that could successfully challenge the law. Now, on the fiftieth anniversary of the unanimous Supreme Court decision that ended legal segregation, Kluger has updated his work with a new final chapter covering events and issues that have arisen since the book was first published, including developments in civil rights and recent cases involving affirmative action, which rose directly out of Brown v. Board of Education. From the Trade Paperback edition.

Simple Justice

Author : Richard Kluger
ISBN : UOM:39015059112543
Genre : Law
File Size : 83. 22 MB
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An expanded edition of the classic study details the historical and cultural roots of, the various litigations and court decisions leading to, and the implications of the Supreme Court's historic 1954 Brown decision. Simultaneous. 10,000 first printing.

Brown V Board Of Education

Author : Susan Goldman Rubin
ISBN : 0823440354
Genre : Juvenile Nonfiction
File Size : 85. 86 MB
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An award-winning author chronicles the fascinating story behind the landmark Supreme Court decision. In 1954, one of the most significant Supreme Court decisions of the twentieth Century aimed to end school segregation in the United States. The ruling was the culmination of work by many people who stood up to racial inequality, some risking significant danger and hardship, and of careful strategizing by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). Award-winning author SUSAN GOLDMAN RUBIN tells the stories behind the ruling and the people responsible for it., and brings readers up to date with a country still grappling with a public school system not yet fully desegregated. Historical photographs, a time line, texts of primary sources and other valuable back matter are included.

Brown V Board Of Education

Author : James T. Patterson
ISBN : 9780195127164
Genre : History
File Size : 87. 65 MB
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Describes the landmark 1954 Supreme Court case that struck down state-sponsored racial segregation in American public schools and its long-term influence on American education, race relations, and the Civil Rights Movement, and offers incisive profiles of the key players--including Thurgood Marshall.

The Ghost Of Jim Crow

Author : Anders Walker
ISBN : 0199720460
Genre : History
File Size : 56. 44 MB
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In "Letter from Birmingham Jail," Martin Luther King, Jr. asserted that "the Negro's great stumbling block in his stride toward freedom is not the White Citizen's Counciler or the Ku Klux Klanner, but the white moderate, who is more devoted to 'order' than to justice." To date, our understanding of the Civil Rights era has been largely defined by high-profile public events such as the crisis at Little Rock high school, bus boycotts, and sit-ins-incidents that were met with massive resistance and brutality. The resistance of Southern moderates to racial integration was much less public and highly insidious, with far-reaching effects. The Ghost of Jim Crow draws long-overdue attention to the moderate tactics that stalled the progress of racial equality in the South. Anders Walker explores how three moderate Southern governors formulated masked resistance in the wake of Brown v. Board of Education. J. P. Coleman in Mississippi, Luther Hodges in North Carolina, and LeRoy Collins in Florida each developed workable, lasting strategies to neutralize black political activists and control white extremists. Believing it possible to reinterpret Brown on their own terms, these governors drew on creative legal solutions that allowed them to perpetuate segregation without overtly defying the federal government. Hodges, Collins, and Coleman instituted seemingly neutral criteria--academic, economic, and moral--in place of racial classifications, thereby laying the foundations for a new way of rationalizing racial inequality. Rather than focus on legal repression, they endorsed cultural pluralism and uplift, claiming that black culture was unique and should be preserved, free from white interference. Meanwhile, they invalidated common law marriages and cut state benefits to unwed mothers, then judged black families for having low moral standards. They expanded the jurisdiction of state police and established agencies like the Mississippi Sovereignty Commission to control unrest. They hired black informants, bribed black leaders, and dramatically expanded the reach of the state into private life. Through these tactics, they hoped to avoid violent Civil Rights protests that would draw negative attention to their states and confirm national opinions of the South as backward. By crafting positive images of their states as tranquil and free of racial unrest, they hoped to attract investment and expand southern economic development. In reward for their work, John F. Kennedy and Lyndon Johnson appointed them to positions in the federal government, defying notions that Republicans were the only party to absorb southern segregationists and stall civil rights. An eye-opening approach to law and politics in the Civil Rights era, The Ghost of Jim Crow looks beyond extremism to highlight some of the subversive tactics that prolonged racial inequality.

Simple Justice Volume 2

Author : Richard Kluger
ISBN : OCLC:610282779
Genre :
File Size : 34. 59 MB
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Brown Vs Board Of Education Of Topeka

Author : Waldo E. Martin
ISBN : 0312128118
Genre : History
File Size : 20. 29 MB
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A general introduction analyzes the case's legal precedents and situates the case in the historical context of Jim Crow discrimination and the burgeoning development of the NAACP. Photographs, a collection of political cartoons, a chronology, questions for consideration, a bibliography, and an index are also included.

Brown Versus Board Of Education And The Civil Rights Movement

Author : Michael J. Klarman
ISBN : 9780195307467
Genre : Law
File Size : 74. 10 MB
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Introduction. 1. The Jim Crow Era. 2. World War II. 3. Brown v. Board of Education. 4. Brown II and Subsequent Desegretaion Developments. 5. Brown's Direct Effects. 6. Brown's Indirect Effects. 7. Brown's Backlash. 8. Why Massive Resistance?. 9. Brown, Violence, and Civil Rights Legislation. Conclusion. Notes on Sources. Select Bibliography.

Toward Humanity And Justice

Author : Kenneth Bancroft Clark
ISBN : 0275975096
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83. 80 MB
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This first collection of Clark's work reveals his insight into the fields of social science, education, politics, and the law.

Dismantling Desegregation

Author : Gary Orfield
ISBN : 9781565844018
Genre : Education
File Size : 25. 51 MB
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Discusses the reversal of desegration in public schools

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