single neuron computation neural networks foundations to applications

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Single Neuron Computation

Author : Thomas M. McKenna
ISBN : 9781483296067
Genre : Computers
File Size : 62. 13 MB
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This book contains twenty-two original contributions that provide a comprehensive overview of computational approaches to understanding a single neuron structure. The focus on cellular-level processes is twofold. From a computational neuroscience perspective, a thorough understanding of the information processing performed by single neurons leads to an understanding of circuit- and systems-level activity. From the standpoint of artificial neural networks (ANNs), a single real neuron is as complex an operational unit as an entire ANN, and formalizing the complex computations performed by real neurons is essential to the design of enhanced processor elements for use in the next generation of ANNs. The book covers computation in dendrites and spines, computational aspects of ion channels, synapses, patterned discharge and multistate neurons, and stochastic models of neuron dynamics. It is the most up-to-date presentation of biophysical and computational methods.

Advances In Swarm Intelligence

Author : Ying Tan
ISBN : 9783642134975
Genre : Computers
File Size : 64. 82 MB
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The LNCS series reports state-of-the-art results in computer science research, development, and education, at a high level and in both printed and electronic form. Enjoying tight cooperation with the R&D community, with numerous individuals, as well as with prestigious organizations and societies, LNCS has grown into the most comprehensive computer science research forum available. The scope of LNCS, including its subseries LNAI and LNBI, spans the whole range of computer science and information technology including interdisciplinary topics in a variety of application fields. In parallel to the printed book, each new volume is published electronically in LNCS Online.

Temporal Coding In The Brain

Author : G. Buzsaki
ISBN : 9783642851483
Genre : Medical
File Size : 80. 13 MB
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Temporal coding in the brain documents a revolution now occurring in the neurosciences. How does parallel processing of information bind together the complex nature of the outer and our inner worlds? Do intrinsic oscillations and transient cooperative states of neurons represent the physiological basis of cognitive and motor functions of the brain? Some answers to these challenging issues are provided in this book by leading world experts of brain function. A common denominator of the works presented in this volume is the nature and mechanisms of neuronal cooperation in the temporal domain. The topics range from simple organisms to the human brain. The volume is intended for investigators and graduate students in neurophysiology, cognitive neuroscience, neural computation and neurology.

Energy Minimization Methods In Computer Vision And Pattern Recognition

Author : Marcello Pelillo
ISBN : 3540629092
Genre : Computers
File Size : 57. 30 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the International Workshop on Energy Minimization Methods in Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, EMMCVPR'97, held in Venice, Italy, in May 1997. The book presents 29 revised full papers selected from a total of 62 submissions. Also included are four full invited papers and a keynote paper by leading researchers. The volume is organized in sections on contours and deformable models, Markov random fields, deterministic methods, object recognition, evolutionary search, structural models, and applications. The volume is the first comprehensive documentation of the application of energy minimization techniques in the areas of compiler vision and pattern recognition.

Theoretical Mechanics Of Biological Neural Networks

Author : Ronald J. MacGregor
ISBN : 9780080924410
Genre : Science
File Size : 76. 62 MB
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Theoretical Mechanics of Biological Neural Networks presents an extensive and coherent discusson and formulation of the generation and integration of neuroelectric signals in single neurons. The approach relates computer simulation programs for neurons of arbitrary complexity to fundamental gating processes of transmembrance ionic fluxes of synapses of excitable membranes. Listings of representative computer programs simulating arbitrary neurons, and local and composite neural networks are included. Develops a theory of dynamic similarity for characterising the firing rate sensitivites of neurons in terms of their characteristic anatomical and physiological parameters Presents the sequential configuration theory - a theoretical presentation of coordinated firing patterns in entire neural population Presents the outlines of mechanics for multiple interacting networks in composite systems

Automatic Generation Of Neural Network Architecture Using Evolutionary Computation

Author : E. Vonk
ISBN : 9810231067
Genre : Computers
File Size : 82. 9 MB
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This book describes the application of evolutionary computation in the automatic generation of a neural network architecture. The architecture has a significant influence on the performance of the neural network. It is the usual practice to use trial and error to find a suitable neural network architecture for a given problem. The process of trial and error is not only time-consuming but may not generate an optimal network. The use of evolutionary computation is a step towards automation in neural network architecture generation.An overview of the field of evolutionary computation is presented, together with the biological background from which the field was inspired. The most commonly used approaches to a mathematical foundation of the field of genetic algorithms are given, as well as an overview of the hybridization between evolutionary computation and neural networks. Experiments on the implementation of automatic neural network generation using genetic programming and one using genetic algorithms are described, and the efficacy of genetic algorithms as a learning algorithm for a feedforward neural network is also investigated.

Mathematical Approaches To Neural Networks

Author : J.G. Taylor
ISBN : 0080887392
Genre : Computers
File Size : 63. 95 MB
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The subject of Neural Networks is being seen to be coming of age, after its initial inception 50 years ago in the seminal work of McCulloch and Pitts. It is proving to be valuable in a wide range of academic disciplines and in important applications in industrial and business tasks. The progress being made in each approach is considerable. Nevertheless, both stand in need of a theoretical framework of explanation to underpin their usage and to allow the progress being made to be put on a firmer footing. This book aims to strengthen the foundations in its presentation of mathematical approaches to neural networks. It is through these that a suitable explanatory framework is expected to be found. The approaches span a broad range, from single neuron details to numerical analysis, functional analysis and dynamical systems theory. Each of these avenues provides its own insights into the way neural networks can be understood, both for artificial ones and simplified simulations. As a whole, the publication underlines the importance of the ever-deepening mathematical understanding of neural networks.

Neural Computation

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015047428555
Genre : Neural computers
File Size : 46. 62 MB
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Neural Networks Fuzzy Logic And Genetic Algorithm

ISBN : 9788120321861
Genre : Computers
File Size : 80. 84 MB
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This book provides comprehensive introduction to a consortium of technologies underlying soft computing, an evolving branch of computational intelligence. The constituent technologies discussed comprise neural networks, fuzzy logic, genetic algorithms, and a number of hybrid systems which include classes such as neuro-fuzzy, fuzzy-genetic, and neuro-genetic systems. The hybridization of the technologies is demonstrated on architectures such as Fuzzy-Back-propagation Networks (NN-FL), Simplified Fuzzy ARTMAP (NN-FL), and Fuzzy Associative Memories. The book also gives an exhaustive discussion of FL-GA hybridization. Every architecture has been discussed in detail through illustrative examples and applications. The algorithms have been presented in pseudo-code with a step-by-step illustration of the same in problems. The applications, demonstrative of the potential of the architectures, have been chosen from diverse disciplines of science and engineering. This book with a wealth of information that is clearly presented and illustrated by many examples and applications is designed for use as a text for courses in soft computing at both the senior undergraduate and first-year post-graduate engineering levels. It should also be of interest to researchers and technologists desirous of applying soft computing technologies to their respective fields of work.

Computational Intelligence

Author : Jacek M. Zurada
ISBN : UOM:39015033325468
Genre : Computers
File Size : 45. 68 MB
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