situated learning legitimate peripheral participation learning in doing social cognitive and computational perspectives

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Situated Learning

Author : Jean Lave
ISBN : 0521423740
Genre : Education
File Size : 70. 7 MB
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In this important theoretical treatist, the authors push forward the notion of situated learning - that learning is fundamentally a social process.

Communities Of Practice

Author : Etienne Wenger
ISBN : 9781107268371
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 86. 51 MB
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This book presents a theory of learning that starts with the assumption that engagement in social practice is the fundamental process by which we get to know what we know and by which we become who we are. The primary unit of analysis of this process is neither the individual nor social institutions, but the informal 'communities of practice' that people form as they pursue shared enterprises over time. To give a social account of learning, the theory explores in a systematic way the intersection of issues of community, social practice, meaning, and identity. The result is a broad framework for thinking about learning as a process of social participation. This ambitious but thoroughly accessible framework has relevance for the practitioner as well as the theoretician, presented with all the breadth, depth, and rigor necessary to address such a complex and yet profoundly human topic.

Understanding Practice

Author : Seth Chaiklin
ISBN : 0521558514
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 28. 91 MB
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Brings together the many different perspectives that have been applied to examining social context.

Distributed Cognitions

Author : Gavriel Salomon
ISBN : 0521574234
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 25. 10 MB
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Traditionally, human cognition has been seen and studied as existing solely 'inside' a person's head, with relative disregard for the social, physical, and artifactual surroundings in which cognition takes place. This book is a bold attempt to re-examine the nature of cognitions and to propose that a clearer understanding of human cognition would be achieved if it were conceptualized and studied as distributed among individuals, that knowledge is socially constructed through collaborative efforts toward shared objectives within cultural surroundings and that information is processed between individuals and the tools and artifacts provided by culture. The authors use illustrations from daily life and educational activities and suggest implications for education.

Sociocultural Studies Of Mind

Author : James V. Wertsch
ISBN : 0521476437
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 23. 96 MB
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Sociocultural Studies of Mind addresses the question of how mental functioning is related to the cultural, historical, and institutional settings in which it takes place. There are three unifying ideas that run through the volume: 1) one of the basic ways that sociocultural setting shapes mental functioning is through the cultural tools employed, 2) mediation provides a formulation of how this shaping occurs, and 3) in order to specify how cultural tools exist and have their effects, it is essential to focus on human action as a unit of analysis. This landmark volume defines a general approach to sociocultural psychology--one that the authors hope will be debated and redefined as the field moves forward. Sociocultural Studies of Mind will be crucial for researchers and graduate students in cognitive science, philosophy, and cultural anthropology.

Dialogic Inquiry

Author : Gordon Wells
ISBN : 0521637252
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 33. 63 MB
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A view of Vygotsky's unique vision of education.

Cultivating Communities Of Practice

Author : Etienne Wenger
ISBN : 1578513308
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 74. 86 MB
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Today's marketplace is fueled by knowledge. Yet organizing systematically to leverage knowledge remains a challenge. Leading companies have discovered that technology is not enough, and that cultivating communities of practice is the keystone of an effective knowledge strategy. Communities of practice come together around common interests and expertise- whether they consist of first-line managers or customer service representatives, neurosurgeons or software programmers, city managers or home-improvement amateurs. They create, share, and apply knowledge within and across the boundaries of teams, business units, and even entire companies-providing a concrete path toward creating a true knowledge organization. InCultivating Communities of Practice, Etienne Wenger, Richard McDermott, and William M. Snyder argue that while communities form naturally, organizations need to become more proactive and systematic about developing and integrating them into their strategy. This book provides practical models and methods for stewarding these communities to reach their full potential-without squelching the inner drive that makes them so valuable. Through in-depth cases from firms such as DaimlerChrysler, McKinsey & Company, Shell, and the World Bank, the authors demonstrate how communities of practice can be leveraged to drive overall company strategy, generate new business opportunities, tie personal development to corporate goals, transfer best practices, and recruit and retain top talent. They define the unique features of these communities and outline principles for nurturing their essential elements. They provide guidelines to support communities of practice through their major stages of development, address the potential downsides of communities, and discuss the specific challenges of distributed communities. And they show how to recognize the value created by communities of practice and how to build a corporate knowledge strategy around them. Essential reading for any leader in today's knowledge economy, this is the definitive guide to developing communities of practice for the benefit-and long-term success-of organizations and the individuals who work in them. Etienne Wengeris a renowned expert and consultant on knowledge management and communities of practice in San Juan, California.Richard McDermottis a leading expert of organization and community development in Boulder, Colorado.William M. Snyderis a founding partner of Social Capital Group, in Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Communities Of Practice

Author : Jason Hughes
ISBN : 9781136234620
Genre : Business & Economics
File Size : 82. 51 MB
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This benchmark text provides an accessible yet critical introduction to the theory and application of communities of practice and their use in a diverse range of managerial and professional contexts, from education to human resource development. This book charts the development of the idea of communities of practice and explores the key relationship between learning and identity among: newcomers and ‘old timers’ male and female workers the low skilled and the high skilled professionals and managers adults and adolescents. Drawing on international empirical studies and adopting a multi-disciplinary approach, this book is useful reading for all students, researchers, practitioners and policy makers with an interest in work, employment, labour markets, learning, training or education.

Identity And Agency In Cultural Worlds

Author : Dorothy Holland
ISBN : 0674005627
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 48. 51 MB
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This text addresses the central problem in anthropological theory of the late 1990s - the paradox that humans are both products of social discipline and creators of remarkable improvisation.

Learning And Expanding With Activity Theory

Author : Annalisa Sannino
ISBN : 9780521760751
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 49. 99 MB
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There is a growing interest in activity theory across behavioral and social sciences. Activity theory has a very rich and solid heritage in the works of Vygotsky, Luria, and Leont'ev. The development of activity theory depends on the understanding of this heritage. However, this literature is very demanding and often proves inaccessible to new generations of scholars who want to pursue empirical studies. How can students and young researchers be helped to engage with this heritage as they carry out their inquiries in various social practices? This book provides researchers with an accessible text that also supports the use of the classic tradition of activity theory.

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