slicing the truth on the computable and reverse mathematics of combinatorial principles lecture notes series institute for mathematical sciences national university of singapore

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Slicing The Truth

Author : Denis R Hirschfeldt
ISBN : 9789814612630
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 43. 4 MB
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This book is a brief and focused introduction to the reverse mathematics and computability theory of combinatorial principles, an area of research which has seen a particular surge of activity in the last few years. It provides an overview of some fundamental ideas and techniques, and enough context to make it possible for students with at least a basic knowledge of computability theory and proof theory to appreciate the exciting advances currently happening in the area, and perhaps make contributions of their own. It adopts a case-study approach, using the study of versions of Ramsey's Theorem (for colorings of tuples of natural numbers) and related principles as illustrations of various aspects of computability theoretic and reverse mathematical analysis. This book contains many exercises and open questions. Contents:Setting Off: An IntroductionGathering Our Tools: Basic Concepts and NotationFinding Our Path: König's Lemma and ComputabilityGauging Our Strength: Reverse MathematicsIn Defense of DisarrayAchieving Consensus: Ramsey's TheoremPreserving Our Power: ConservativityDrawing a Map: Five DiagramsExploring Our Surroundings: The World Below RT22Charging Ahead: Further TopicsLagniappe: A Proof of Liu's Theorem Readership: Graduates and researchers in mathematical logic. Key Features:This book assumes minimal background in mathematical logic and takes the reader all the way to current research in a highly active areaIt is the first detailed introduction to this particular approach to this area of researchThe combination of fully worked out arguments and exercises make this book well suited to self-study by graduate students and other researchers unfamiliar with the areaKeywords:Reverse Mathematics;Computability Theory;Computable Mathematics;Computable Combinatorics

Induction Bounding Weak Combinatorial Principles And The Homogeneous Model Theorem

Author : Denis R. Hirschfeldt
ISBN : 9781470426576
Genre : Computable functions
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Goncharov and Peretyat'kin independently gave necessary and sufficient conditions for when a set of types of a complete theory is the type spectrum of some homogeneous model of . Their result can be stated as a principle of second order arithmetic, which is called the Homogeneous Model Theorem (HMT), and analyzed from the points of view of computability theory and reverse mathematics. Previous computability theoretic results by Lange suggested a close connection between HMT and the Atomic Model Theorem (AMT), which states that every complete atomic theory has an atomic model. The authors show that HMT and AMT are indeed equivalent in the sense of reverse mathematics, as well as in a strong computability theoretic sense and do the same for an analogous result of Peretyat'kin giving necessary and sufficient conditions for when a set of types is the type spectrum of some model.

Reverse Mathematics

Author : John Stillwell
ISBN : 9781400889037
Genre : Mathematics
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This book presents reverse mathematics to a general mathematical audience for the first time. Reverse mathematics is a new field that answers some old questions. In the two thousand years that mathematicians have been deriving theorems from axioms, it has often been asked: which axioms are needed to prove a given theorem? Only in the last two hundred years have some of these questions been answered, and only in the last forty years has a systematic approach been developed. In Reverse Mathematics, John Stillwell gives a representative view of this field, emphasizing basic analysis—finding the “right axioms” to prove fundamental theorems—and giving a novel approach to logic. Stillwell introduces reverse mathematics historically, describing the two developments that made reverse mathematics possible, both involving the idea of arithmetization. The first was the nineteenth-century project of arithmetizing analysis, which aimed to define all concepts of analysis in terms of natural numbers and sets of natural numbers. The second was the twentieth-century arithmetization of logic and computation. Thus arithmetic in some sense underlies analysis, logic, and computation. Reverse mathematics exploits this insight by viewing analysis as arithmetic extended by axioms about the existence of infinite sets. Remarkably, only a small number of axioms are needed for reverse mathematics, and, for each basic theorem of analysis, Stillwell finds the “right axiom” to prove it. By using a minimum of mathematical logic in a well-motivated way, Reverse Mathematics will engage advanced undergraduates and all mathematicians interested in the foundations of mathematics.

Computability And Complexity

Author : Adam Day
ISBN : 9783319500621
Genre : Computers
File Size : 68. 61 MB
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This Festschrift is published in honor of Rodney G. Downey, eminent logician and computer scientist, surfer and Scottish country dancer, on the occasion of his 60th birthday. The Festschrift contains papers and laudations that showcase the broad and important scientific, leadership and mentoring contributions made by Rod during his distinguished career. The volume contains 42 papers presenting original unpublished research, or expository and survey results in Turing degrees, computably enumerable sets, computable algebra, computable model theory, algorithmic randomness, reverse mathematics, and parameterized complexity, all areas in which Rod Downey has had significant interests and influence. The volume contains several surveys that make the various areas accessible to non-specialists while also including some proofs that illustrate the flavor of the fields.

Mathemusical Conversations

Author : Jordan B L Smith
ISBN : 9789813140110
Genre : Computers
File Size : 42. 98 MB
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Mathemusical Conversations celebrates the understanding of music through mathematics, and the appreciation of mathematics through music. This volume is a compilation of the invited talks given at the Mathemusical Conversations workshop that took place in Singapore from 13–15 February 2015, organized by Elaine Chew in partnership with Gérard Assayag for the scientific program and with Bernard Lanskey for the artistic program. The contributors are world experts and leading scholars, writing on the intersection of music and mathematics. They also focus on performance and composition, two topics which are foundational both to the understanding of human creativity and to the creation of tomorrow's music technologies. This book is essential reading for researchers in both music and mathematics. It will also appeal more broadly to scholars, students, musicians, and anyone interested in new perspectives on the intimate relationship between these two universal human activities. Contents:Foreword by Series EditorsForeword by Workshop OrganizersMathemusical Engagement:Without Our Consent (Paul Schoenfield)Approaches to Musical Expression in Harmonix Video Games (Eran Egozy)Motion and Gravitation in the Musical Spheres (Elaine Chew)Mathemusical Creativity:Improvising in Creative Symbolic Interaction (Gérard Assayag)Music, Creativity, and Computers (Margaret A Boden)Tiling Canons as a Key to Approaching Open Mathematical Conjectures? (Moreno Andreatta)Shaping Performance:Musical Motives in Performance: A Study of Absolute Timing Patterns (Neta Spiro, Nicolas Gold and John Rink)Playing with Variables: Anticipating One Particular Performance of Bach's Goldberg Variations (Bernard Lanskey and Stephen Emmerson)The Informatics Philharmonic in the Indiana University Summer String Academy (Christopher Raphael)Educating the Mathemusical:Mathematical Thought and Empirical Approaches in Higher Education in Music (Jian Yang)Action and Symbol: An Essential Tension (Jeanne Bamberger)Educating the Mathemusical: Balancing the Equation (Don McLean)Geometries:Graph-theoretic and Geometric Models of Music (Richard Cohn)In Quest of Musical Vectors (Dmitri Tymoczko)A Topological Approach of Musical Relationships (Jean-Louis Giavitto and Antoine Spicher)List of Contributors Readership: Advanced secondary school students; post-secondary school students; and scientists, mathematicians, musicians and members of the public interested in the mathematical music sciences.

Liebe Und Mathematik

Author : Edward Frenkel
ISBN : 9783662434215
Genre : Mathematics
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Die Grundlagen Der Mathematik

Author : David Hilbert
ISBN : 9783663161028
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 41. 8 MB
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Dieser Buchtitel ist Teil des Digitalisierungsprojekts Springer Book Archives mit Publikationen, die seit den Anfängen des Verlags von 1842 erschienen sind. Der Verlag stellt mit diesem Archiv Quellen für die historische wie auch die disziplingeschichtliche Forschung zur Verfügung, die jeweils im historischen Kontext betrachtet werden müssen. Dieser Titel erschien in der Zeit vor 1945 und wird daher in seiner zeittypischen politisch-ideologischen Ausrichtung vom Verlag nicht beworben.

Kombinatorische Optimierung

Author : Bernhard Korte
ISBN : 9783540769194
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 28. 42 MB
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Das Lehrbuch ist die deutsche Übersetzung der 4., wesentlich erweiterten Auflage des Titels „Combinatorial Optimization – Theory and Algorithms". Es gibt den neuesten Stand der kombinatorischen Optimierung wieder und liefert vornehmlich theoretische Resultate und Algorithmen mit beweisbar guten Laufzeiten und Ergebnissen, jedoch keine Heuristiken. Enthalten sind vollständige Beweise, auch für viele tiefe und neue Resultate, von denen einige bisher in der Lehrbuchliteratur noch nicht erschienen sind. Mit Übungen und umfassendem Literaturverzeichnis.

Diskrete Mathematik

Author : Martin Aigner
ISBN : 9783834890399
Genre : Mathematics
File Size : 50. 2 MB
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Das Standardwerk über Diskrete Mathematik in deutscher Sprache. Großer Wert wird auf die Übungen gelegt, die etwa ein Viertel des Textes ausmachen. Die Übungen sind nach Schwierigkeitsgrad gegliedert, im Anhang findet man Lösungen für etwa die Hälfte der Übungen. Das Buch eignet sich für Lehrveranstaltungen im Bereich Diskrete Mathematik, Kombinatorik, Graphen und Algorithmen.

Grundlagen Zur Neuroinformatik Und Neurobiologie

Author : Patricia S. Churchland
ISBN : 9783322868213
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 22. 72 MB
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The Computational Brain, das außergewöhnliche Buch über vergleichende Forschung in den Bereichen von menschlichem Gehirn und neuesten Möglichkeiten der Computertechnologie, liegt hiermit erstmals in deutscher Sprache vor. Geschrieben von einem führenden Forscherteam in den USA, ist es eine Fundgrube für alle, die wissen wollen, was der Stand der Wissenschaft auf diesem Gebiet ist. Die Autoren führen die Bereiche der Neuroinformatik und Neurobiologie mit gut ausgesuchten Beispielen und der gebotenen Hintergrundinformation gekonnt zusammen. Das Buch wird somit nicht nur dem Fachwissenschaftler sondern auch dem interdisziplinären Interesse des Informatikers und des Biologen auf eine hervorragende Weise gerecht. Übersetzt wurde das Buch von Prof. Dr. Steffen Hölldobler und Dipl.-Biol. Claudia Hölldobler, einem Informatiker und einer Biologin. Rezension in Spektrum der Wissenschaft nr. 10, S. 122 f. im Oktober 1997 (...) Die 1992 erschienene amerikanische Originalausgabe des vorliegenden Werkes ist so erfolgreich, daß man bereits von einem Klassiker reden kann. (...) (...) ....ist das Buch sehr zu empfehlen. In Verbindung von Neurobiologie und Neuroinformatik konkurrenzlos, vermittelt es einiges von der Faszination theoretischer Hirnforschung, die auch in Deutschland zunehmend mehr Wissenschaftler in ihren Bann schlägt. Rezension erschienen in: Computer Spektrum 3/1997, S. 2 (...)Das Buch wird somit nicht nur dem Fachwissenschaftler, sondern auch den interdisziplinären Interesse des Informatikers und des Biologen auf eine hervorragende Weise gerecht(...)

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