slouching towards sirte nato s war on libya and africa

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Slouching Towards Sirte

Author : Maximilian Christian Forte
ISBN : 1926824520
Genre : History
File Size : 71. 91 MB
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NATO’s war in Libya was proclaimed as a humanitarian intervention—bombing in the name of “saving lives.” Attempts at diplomacy were stifled. Peace talks were subverted. Libya was barred from representing itself at the UN, where shadowy NGOs and “human rights” groups held full sway in propagating exaggerations, outright falsehoods, and racial fear mongering that served to sanction atrocities and ethnic cleansing in the name of democracy. The rush to war was far speedier than Bush’s invasion of Iraq. Max Forte has scrutinized the documentary history from before, during, and after the war. He argues that it was not about human rights, nor entirely about oil, but about a larger process of militarizing U.S. relations with Africa. The development of the Pentagon’s AFRICOM is seen to be in competition with Pan-Africanist initiatives such as those spearheaded by Muammar Gaddafi. Far from the success NATO boasts about or the “high watermark” proclaimed by proponents of the “Responsibility to Protect,” this war has left the once prosperous, independent and defiant Libya in ruin, dependency and prolonged civil strife.

Global Nato And The Catastrophic Failure In Libya

Author : Horace Campbell
ISBN : 9781583674185
Genre : Political Science
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In this incisive account, scholar Horace Campbell investigates the political and economic crises of the early twenty-first century through the prism of NATO’s intervention in Libya. He traces the origins of the conflict, situates it in the broader context of the Arab Spring uprisings, and explains the expanded role of a post-Cold War NATO. This military organization, he argues, is the instrument through which the capitalist class of North America and Europe seeks to impose its political will on the rest of the world, however warped by the increasingly outmoded neoliberal form of capitalism. The intervention in Libya—characterized by bombing campaigns, military information operations, third party countries, and private contractors—exemplifies this new model. Campbell points out that while political elites in the West were quick to celebrate the intervention in Libya as a success, the NATO campaign caused many civilian deaths and destroyed the nation’s infrastructure. Furthermore, the instability it unleashed in the forms of militias and terrorist groups have only begun to be reckoned with, as the United States learned when its embassy was attacked and personnel, including the ambassador, were killed. Campbell’s lucid study is essential reading for anyone seeking to understand this complex and weighty course of events.

Arab Spring Libyan Winter

Author : Vijay Prashad
ISBN : 9781849351126
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 86. 27 MB
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The world watched as the bud of the Arab Spring was buried under the cold darkness of the Libyan Winter.

Sowing Chaos

Author : Paolo Sensini
ISBN : 9780986085383
Genre : Libya
File Size : 84. 8 MB
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In early 2011, Libya came under attack. The anti-Libya coalition included France, the United Kingdom, the feudal Gulf monarchies, the United States and other NATO countries. Although during the previous months, Muammar Qaddafi had visited the nations of Europe where he was welcomed as the head of a friendly State, the United Nations swiftly approved the coalition-sponsored U-turn, undertaken in the guise of humanitarian intervention to protect the Libyan people. Qaddafi was branded a bloodthirsty, crazed dictator, intending and carrying out war crimes to suppress a legitimate domestic revolt. This narrative was part of a larger-scale Western strategy adopted to redesign the entire Middle East in accordance with its interests. Immediately after the start of the NATO campaign of airstrikes, Paolo Sensini visited Tripoli as a member of the Fact Finding Commission on the Current Events in Libya . He then wrote a fully detailed account of the real reasons for the attack on Libya, and the outcome. This book outlines the historical background of the last hundred years and more, from the main phases of the Italian military occupation (1911-1943) to the dramatic events of our own times, including an account of the post-war monarchy and Qaddafi s rise to power, the airstrikes on Tripoli and Benghazi ordered by Reagan in 1986, and the Lockerbie affair. Sensini exposes the falsehoods propagated in 2011 of the alleged mass graves and 10,000 deaths . He takes a close look at the rebels in Benghazi goaded on by Islamic fundamentalists but organised, armed and financed by the West. The rebels provided the pretexts that West needed for approval of UN Resolution 1973 -- the humanitarian myth of responsibility to protect (R2P). This criminal intervention devastated Libya, unleashing chaos and a civil war unlikely to cease in the near future. Sensini addresses what has followed in its wake: the 11 September 2012 murder of American Ambassador Chris Stevens, the role of Hillary Clinton, and the plight of untold waves of migrants seeking to flee the continental chaos that R2P has unleashed, resulting in thousands of deaths and drownings across the Mediterranean, and the potential destabilization of European states struggling to cope with the mass influx."

Toppling Qaddafi

Author : Christopher S. Chivvis
ISBN : 9781107041479
Genre : History
File Size : 77. 95 MB
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A highly readable look at the role of the US and NATO in Libya's war of liberation, and its lessons for future military interventions.

Aliens In America

Author : Jodi Dean
ISBN : 0801484685
Genre : Body, Mind & Spirit
File Size : 88. 18 MB
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Discusses the social and political implications of widespread belief in unidentified flying objects, extraterrestrials, and government cover-ups, and considers what they reveal in a culture of mass media and conflicting evidence

The National Park To Come

Author : Margret Grebowicz
ISBN : 9780804793421
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 29. 30 MB
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Historians of wilderness have shown that nature reserves are used ideologically in the construction of American national identity. But the contemporary problem of wilderness demands examination of how profoundly nature-in-reserve influences something more fundamental, namely what counts as being well, having a life, and having a future. What is wellness for the citizens to whom the parks are said to democratically belong? And how does the presence of foreigners threaten this wellness? Recent critiques of the Wilderness Act focus exclusively on its ecological effects, ignoring the extent to which wilderness policy affects our contemporary collective experience and political imagination. Tracing the challenges that migration and indigenousness currently pose to the national park system and the Wilderness Act, Grebowicz foregrounds concerns with social justice against the ecological and aesthetic ones that have created and continue to shape these environments. With photographs by Jacqueline Schlossman.

Washington S Long War On Syria

Author : Stephen Gowans
ISBN : 1771861088
Genre : History
File Size : 66. 99 MB
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When President Barack Obama demanded formally in the summer of 2011 that Syrian President Bashar al-Assad step down, it was not the first time Washington had sought regime change in Damascus. The United States had waged a long war against Syria from the very moment the country’s fiercely independent Arab nationalist movement--of which Assad and his father Hafez al-Assad were committed devotees--came to power in 1963. Washington sought to purge Arab nationalist influence from the Syrian state and the Arab world more broadly because it was a threat to its agenda of establishing global primacy and promoting business-friendly investment climates for US banks, investors and corporations throughout the world. Arab nationalists aspired to unify the world’s 400 million Arabs into a single super-state capable of challenging United States hegemony in West Asia and North Africa and becoming a major player on the world stage free from the domination of the former colonial powers and the US. Washington had waged long wars on the leaders of the Arab nationalist movement--Egypt’s Gamal Abdel Nasser, Iraq’s Saddam, Libya’s Muammar Gaddafi, and Syria’s Assads, often allying with particularly violent forms of political Islam to undermine its Arab nationalist foes. By 2011, only one pan-Arabist state remained in the region--Syria. In Washington’s Long War on Syria Stephen Gowans examines the decades-long struggle between secular Arab nationalism, political Islam, and United States imperialism for control of Syria, the self-proclaimed Den of Arabism, and last secular pan-Arabist state in the region.

Kill Anything That Moves

Author : Nick Turse
ISBN : 9780805086911
Genre : History
File Size : 52. 68 MB
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Based on classified documents and first-person interviews, a controversial history of the Vietnam War argues that American acts of violence against millions of Vietnamese civilians were a pervasive and systematic part of the war and that soldiers were deliberately trained and ordered to conduct hate-based slaughter campaigns.

Justice Belied

Author : Sebastien Chartrand
ISBN : 1926824792
Genre : Law
File Size : 76. 84 MB
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Written by practicing criminal defense lawyers, jurists, investigators, and specialized journalists, this book criticizes the whole initiative of international criminal justice and considers the idea that it must be abandoned in the name of justice. Has foreign policy trumped justice? How are equity, equality before the law, absence of selectivity, protection of witnesses, and enforcement affected? How are lives of citizens throughout the world changed by International Justice? Asking the burning questions about criminal justice as it is practiced at the International Criminal Court, the ad-hoc tribunals for Rwanda, and the former Yugoslavia, Sierra Leone, this account will appeal to those interested in politics, law, and human rights.

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