smart citizens smarter state the technologies of expertise and the future of governing

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Smart Citizens Smarter State

Author : Beth Simone Noveck
ISBN : 9780674915459
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 69. 71 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Governments make too little use of the skills and experience of citizens. New tools—what Beth Simone Noveck calls technologies of expertise—are making it possible to match citizen expertise to the demand for it in government. She offers a vision of participatory democracy rooted not in voting or crowdsourcing but in people’s knowledge and know-how.

Smart Citizens Smarter State

Author : Beth Simone Noveck
ISBN : 9780674286054
Genre : Law
File Size : 26. 62 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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Governments make too little use of the skills and experience of citizens. New tools—what Beth Simone Noveck calls technologies of expertise—are making it possible to match citizen expertise to the demand for it in government. She offers a vision of participatory democracy rooted not in voting or crowdsourcing but in people’s knowledge and know-how.

Wiki Government

Author : Beth Simone Noveck
ISBN : 0815703465
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 83. 84 MB
Format : PDF, Kindle
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Collaborative democracy—government with the people—is a new vision of governance in the digital age. Wiki Government explains how to translate the vision into reality. Beth Simone Noveck draws on her experience in creating Peer-to-Patent, the federal government's first social networking initiative, to show how technology can connect the expertise of the many to the power of the few. In the process, she reveals what it takes to innovate in government. Launched in 2007, Peer-to-Patent connects patent examiners to volunteer scientists and technologists via the web. These dedicated but overtaxed officials decide which of the million-plus patent applications currently in the pipeline to approve. Their decisions help determine which start-up pioneers a new industry and which disappears without a trace. Patent examiners have traditionally worked in secret, cut off from essential information and racing against the clock to rule on lengthy, technical claims. Peer-to-Patent broke this mold by creating online networks of self-selecting citizen experts and channeling their knowledge and enthusiasm into forms that patent examiners can easily use. Peer-to-Patent shows how policymakers can improve decisionmaking by harnessing networks to public institutions. By encouraging, coordinating, and structuring citizen participation, technology can make government both more open and more effective at solving today's complex social and economic problems. Wiki Government describes how this model can be applied in a wide variety of settings and offers a fundamental rethinking of effective governance and democratic legitimacy for the twenty-first century.

Bit By Bit

Author : Matthew J. Salganik
ISBN : 9781400888184
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 37. 71 MB
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An innovative and accessible guide to doing social research in the digital age In just the past several years, we have witnessed the birth and rapid spread of social media, mobile phones, and numerous other digital marvels. In addition to changing how we live, these tools enable us to collect and process data about human behavior on a scale never before imaginable, offering entirely new approaches to core questions about social behavior. Bit by Bit is the key to unlocking these powerful methods—a landmark book that will fundamentally change how the next generation of social scientists and data scientists explores the world around us. Bit by Bit is the essential guide to mastering the key principles of doing social research in this fast-evolving digital age. In this comprehensive yet accessible book, Matthew Salganik explains how the digital revolution is transforming how social scientists observe behavior, ask questions, run experiments, and engage in mass collaborations. He provides a wealth of real-world examples throughout and also lays out a principles-based approach to handling ethical challenges. Bit by Bit is an invaluable resource for social scientists who want to harness the research potential of big data and a must-read for data scientists interested in applying the lessons of social science to tomorrow’s technologies. Illustrates important ideas with examples of outstanding research Combines ideas from social science and data science in an accessible style and without jargon Goes beyond the analysis of “found” data to discuss the collection of “designed” data such as surveys, experiments, and mass collaboration Features an entire chapter on ethics Includes extensive suggestions for further reading and activities for the classroom or self-study

The City As Interface

Author : Martijn de Waal
ISBN : 946208050X
Genre : Architecture
File Size : 72. 61 MB
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Digital and mobile media play an increasingly important role in everyday urban life. They are changing the way urban life takes shape and how we experience our built environment. This seems a mainly practical matter: thanks to these technologies we can organize our lives more conveniently. But the rise of these 'urban media' also presents us with an important philosophical issue: What do they mean for how the city functions as a community? Employing detailed examples of new media uses as well as historical case studies, Martijn de Waal shows how new technologies, on one level, contribute to the further individualization and liberalization of urban society. There is an alternative future scenario, however, in which digital media construct a new definition of the urban public sphere. In the process they also breathe new life into the classical republican ideal of the city as an open, democratic 'community of strangers'.--Back cover.

Terrorism And Homeland Security

Author : Jonathan R. White
ISBN : 9781305633773
Genre : Education
File Size : 89. 61 MB
Format : PDF, ePub
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Written by acclaimed national terrorism expert Jonathan R. White, market-leading TERRORISM AND HOMELAND SECURITY is widely recognized as the most comprehensive, balanced, and objective text available for the course. Packed with engrossing examples and cutting-edge discussions, the Ninth Edition continues to provide a theoretical and conceptual framework that enables your students to understand how terrorism arises and how it functions. White discusses the theories of the world's best terrorist analysts, while focusing on the domestic and international threat of terrorism and basic security issues. He presents essential historical background on the phenomenon of terrorism and the roots of contemporary conflicts, current conflicts shaping the world stage, emerging groups (e.g., Boko Haram, Ansaru, and ISIS), and theoretical and concrete information about Homeland Security organizations. Each chapter also contains a new analysis of probable future trends in terrorism and security. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Idiot America

Author : Charles Pierce
ISBN : 0767932080
Genre : Humor
File Size : 61. 67 MB
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NATIONAL BESTSELLER The three Great Premises of Idiot America: · Any theory is valid if it sells books, soaks up ratings, or otherwise moves units · Anything can be true if someone says it loudly enough · Fact is that which enough people believe. Truth is determined by how fervently they believe it With his trademark wit and insight, veteran journalist Charles Pierce delivers a gut-wrenching, side-splitting lament about the glorification of ignorance in the United States. Pierce asks how a country founded on intellectual curiosity has somehow deteriorated into a nation of simpletons more apt to vote for an American Idol contestant than a presidential candidate. But his thunderous denunciation is also a secret call to action, as he hopes that somehow, being intelligent will stop being a stigma, and that pinheads will once again be pitied, not celebrated. Erudite and razor-sharp, Idiot America is at once an invigorating history lesson, a cutting cultural critique, and a bullish appeal to our smarter selves. From the Trade Paperback edition.

The State Of Play

Author : Jack Balkin
ISBN : 9780814799376
Genre : Law
File Size : 75. 68 MB
Format : PDF
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The State of Play presents an essential first step in understanding how new digital worlds will change the future of our universe. Millions of people around the world inhabit virtual words: multiplayer online games where characters live, love, buy, trade, cheat, steal, and have every possible kind of adventure. Far more complicated and sophisticated than early video games, people now spend countless hours in virtual universes like Second Life and Star Wars Galaxies not to shoot space invaders but to create new identities, fall in love, build cities, make rules, and break them. As digital worlds become increasingly powerful and lifelike, people will employ them for countless real-world purposes, including commerce, education, medicine, law enforcement, and military training. Inevitably, real-world law will regulate them. But should virtual worlds be fully integrated into our real-world legal system or should they be treated as separate jurisdictions with their own forms of dispute resolution? What rules should govern virtual communities? Should the law step in to protect property rights when virtual items are destroyed or stolen? These questions, and many more, are considered in The State of Play, where legal experts, game designers, and policymakers explore the boundaries of free speech, intellectual property, and creativity in virtual worlds. The essays explore both the emergence of law in multiplayer online games and how we can use virtual worlds to study real-world social interactions and test real-world laws. Contributors include: Jack M. Balkin, Richard A. Bartle, Yochai Benkler, Caroline Bradley, Edward Castronova, Susan P. Crawford, Julian Dibbell, A. Michael Froomkin, James Grimmelmann, David R. Johnson, Dan Hunter, Raph Koster, F. Gregory Lastowka, Beth Simone Noveck, Cory Ondrejka, Tracy Spaight, and Tal Zarsky.

Hydrogen Based Autonomous Power Systems

Author : Nicolaos Lymberopoulos
ISBN : 9781848002470
Genre : Science
File Size : 27. 52 MB
Format : PDF, Mobi
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“Hydrogen-based Autonomous Power Systems” analyses the introduction of hydrogen energy technologies in autonomous power systems based on renewable energy sources (RES). The book contains a review of hydrogen technologies suitable for RES-based autonomous power systems, presents already-existing demonstration hydrogen-based power systems, and provides concrete examples for the integration of hydrogen technologies into existing autonomous power systems. Technical and economic analyses of hydrogen-based power systems are included, with illustrations and graphs, which are a useful tool for conducting pre-feasibility analyses of such power systems. The book is a valuable resource for researchers and students in the fields of hydrogen energy technologies, renewable energy power systems, and distributed generation.

Igovernment

Author : D. Broeders
ISBN : 9789089643940
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 52. 3 MB
Format : PDF
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The authors of this incisive study explore the problems of the ongoing digitization of government, such as the creeping loss of data quality, and how citizens and officials must respond to these complications in the coming years. The iGovernment is running full speed on information networks and digitization, but it is also seriously out of step with existing bureaucracies. iGovernment offers an accurate picture of how the digital technologies are shaping modern governments, and also a powerful corrective for the dissonance between technology and organizational management.“This book will be a valuable resource for researchers and scholars seeking to understand the possibilities, dilemmas, and challenges of bringing the Internet and related technologies to center stage in government and public services”—Helen Margetts,University of Oxford

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