social cultural and behavioral modeling 9th international conference sbp brims 2016 washington dc usa june 28 july 1 2016 proceedings lecture notes in computer science

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Social Cultural And Behavioral Modeling

Author : Kevin S. Xu
ISBN : 9783319399317
Genre : Computers
File Size : 86. 20 MB
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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Social, Cultural, and Behavioral Modeling & Prediction and Behavior Representation in Modeling and Simulation, SBP-BRiMS 2016, held in Washington, DC, USA, in June/July 2016. The 38 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 78 submissions. The goal of this conference was to build a new community of social cyber scholars by bringing together and fostering interaction between members of the scientific, corporate, government and military communities interested in understanding, forecasting and impacting human socio-cultural behavior. For this three challenges have to be met: deep understanding, socio-cognitive reasoning, and re-usable computational technology. Thus papers come from a wide number of disciplines: computer science, psychology, sociology, communication science, public health, bioinformatics, political science, and organizational science.

Exploring Intelligent Decision Support Systems

Author : Rafael Valencia-García
ISBN : 9783319740027
Genre : Computers
File Size : 77. 14 MB
Format : PDF
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This book presents innovative and high-quality research regarding advanced decision support systems (DSSs). It describes the foundations, methods, methodologies, models, tools, and techniques for designing, developing, implementing and evaluating advanced DSSs in different fields, including finance, health, emergency management, industry and pollution control. Decision support systems employ artificial intelligence methods to heuristically address problems that are cannot be solved using formal techniques. In this context, technologies such as the Semantic Web, linked data, big data, and machine learning are being applied to provide integrated support for individuals and organizations to make more rational decisions. The book is organized into two parts. The first part covers decision support systems for industry, while the second part presents case studies related to clinical emergency management and pollution control.

Analogical Modeling

Author : Royal Skousen
ISBN : 9027223629
Genre : Language Arts & Disciplines
File Size : 62. 96 MB
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Analogical Modeling (AM) is an exemplar-based general theory of description that uses both neighbors and non-neighbors (under certain well-defined conditions of homogeneity) to predict language behavior. This book provides a basic introduction to AM, compares the theory with nearest-neighbor approaches, and discusses the most recent advances in the theory, including psycholinguistic evidence, applications to specific languages, the problem of categorization, and how AM relates to alternative approaches of language description (such as instance families, neural nets, connectionism, and optimality theory). The book closes with a thorough examination of the problem of the exponential explosion, an inherent difficulty in AM (and in fact all theories of language description). Quantum computing (based on quantum mechanics with its inherent simultaneity and reversibility) provides a precise and natural solution to the exponential explosion in AM. Finally, an extensive appendix provides three tutorials for running the AM computer program (available online).

Advances In Plant Breeding Strategies Breeding Biotechnology And Molecular Tools

Author : Jameel M. Al-Khayri
ISBN : 9783319225210
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 62. 12 MB
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The basic concept of this book is to examine the use of innovative methods augmenting traditional plant breeding towards the development of new crop varieties under different environmental conditions to achieve sustainable food production. This book consists of two volumes: Volume 1 subtitled Breeding, Biotechnology and Molecular Tools and Volume 2 subtitled Agronomic, Abiotic and Biotic Stress Traits. This is Volume 1 which consists of 21 chapters covering domestication and germplasm utilization, conventional breeding techniques and the role of biotechnology. In addition to various biotechnological applications in plant breeding, it includes functional genomics, mutations and methods of detection, and molecular markers. In vitro techniques and their applications in plant breeding are discussed with an emphasis on embryo rescue, somatic cell hybridization and somaclonal variation. Other chapters cover haploid breeding, transgenics, cryogenics and bioinformatics.

Pesticide Toxicity To Non Target Organisms

Author : Johnson Stanley
ISBN : 9789401777520
Genre : Technology & Engineering
File Size : 73. 16 MB
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The pesticide should cause effect on the target pests and be selective enough to spare the non-target beneficial. The book deals with the pesticide toxicity to predators, parasitoids and microbes which are used for pest management in the agroecosystem. The other beneficials exposed to pesticides are pollinators, earthworms, silkworm and fishes. The book contains information on the modes of pesticide exposure and toxicity to the organisms, sub-lethal effects of insecticides and method of toxicity assessment, risk assessment of pesticidal application in the field. The purpose of the work is to compile and present the different procedures to assess pesticide poising in organisms related to the agroecosystem along with discussions on risk assessment procedures with clear comparison of toxicity of pesticides to target pests and non target beneficial organisms.

Prediction And Inference From Social Networks And Social Media

Author : Jalal Kawash
ISBN : 9783319510491
Genre : Computers
File Size : 37. 70 MB
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This book addresses the challenges of social network and social media analysis in terms of prediction and inference. The chapters collected here tackle these issues by proposing new analysis methods and by examining mining methods for the vast amount of social content produced. Social Networks (SNs) have become an integral part of our lives; they are used for leisure, business, government, medical, educational purposes and have attracted billions of users. The challenges that stem from this wide adoption of SNs are vast. These include generating realistic social network topologies, awareness of user activities, topic and trend generation, estimation of user attributes from their social content, and behavior detection. This text has applications to widely used platforms such as Twitter and Facebook and appeals to students, researchers, and professionals in the field.

Physical Medicine And Rehabilitation Board Review Third Edition

Author : Sara Cuccurullo
ISBN : 9781620700396
Genre : Medical
File Size : 67. 83 MB
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" Doody's Core Title 2013! ""This book does an excellent job and is currently the only known review book for physiatrists. The author has done it again, producing an excellent, concise resource that provides clinicians with an optimal solution for studying for the written board examination."" --Doodys Reviews This third edition of the incomparable review bible for the Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Board Examination has been completely updated to reflect current practice and the core knowledge tested on the exam. Known for its organization, consistency, and clarity, the book distills the essentials and provides focused reviews of all major topics. Coverage is expanded in the third edition to include dedicated sections on pain management, medical ethics, and ultrasound that reflect new board requirements. Written in outline format for readability and easy access to information, content is modeled after the topic selection of the AAPMR Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program used by residents nationwide. To aid in information retention, ìPearlsî are designated with an open-book icon to highlight key concepts and stress clinical and board-eligible aspects of each topic. The text is divided into major subspecialty areas written by authors with clinical expertise in each subject area, and content is reviewed by senior specialists to ensure the utmost accuracy. More than 500 high-quality illustrations clarify and reinforce concepts. The book also provides updated epidemiologic and statistical data throughout and includes a section on biostatistics in physical medicine and rehabilitation. In addition to its proven value as a resource for exam preparation, the book is also a must-have for practicing physiatrists seeking recertification, and for PM&R instructors helping trainees to prepare for the exam. New to the Third Edition: Thoroughly reviewed, revised, and updated to reflect current practice and core knowledge tested on Boards Improved organization, clarity, and consistency Presents new chapters/sections on pain management, medical ethics, and ultrasound Key Features: Board""Pearlsî are highlighted with an open-book icon throughout the text to flag key concepts and stress high-yield aspects of each topic Models the table of contents after the topic selection of the AAPMR Self-Directed Medical Knowledge Program used by residents nationwide Authored by physicians with special interest and clinical expertise in their respective areas and reviewed by senior specialists in those areas Organizes information in outline format and by topic for easy reference Includes over 500 illustrations to clarify concepts Provides updated epidemiologic and statistical data throughout Contains a section on biostatistics in physical medicine & rehabilitation Praise for the First Edition: ì... there is no other comparable text in PM&R. The key resource for facts needed to pass boards and useful for those in clinical practice for day to day use as well. - -Doody's Reviews ""I congratulate the editors and authors for coming up with such incredible and concise work...I think that this book is a must for all residents undergoing training in the field of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation."" -Saudi Medical Journal ""Over the years many residents have confronted the problem of what to study for the boards...This elegant volume will finally fulfill this critical void"" - From the foreword by Ernest W. Johnson, M.D. "

Assessing Social Support And Stress In Autism Focused Virtual Communities Emerging Research And Opportunities

Author : Saha, Amit
ISBN : 9781522540212
Genre : Education
File Size : 61. 24 MB
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With the high prevalence of autism spectrum disorders among the younger generation, there is a shortage of adequate resources to deliver care for these individuals. Therefore, social media and online forums help create a sense of community and a sense of social network, where members provide support for each other. Assessing Social Support and Stress in Autism-Focused Virtual Communities: Emerging Research and Opportunities is a critical reference volume featuring the latest academic research on online communities and how using social media can provide stress relief for families and individuals diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder. Including coverage among a variety of applicable viewpoints and subjects such as social media concepts, stress relief, and healthcare communities, this book is ideally designed for academics and practitioners as well as healthcare professionals, researchers, students, academics, and practitioners looking for innovative research on autism spectrum disorders.

Online Collective Action

Author : Nitin Agarwal
ISBN : 9783709113400
Genre : Computers
File Size : 89. 37 MB
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This work addresses the gap in the current collective action literature exposed by the new Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) landscape by bringing together qualitative and quantitative studies from computational and social sciences. The book offers a rigorous and systematic investigation of both methodological and theoretical underpinnings and, thus, collectively promotes a symbiotic and synergistic advancement of the multiple interconnected disciplines in studying online collective actions. More specifically, the book is intended to illuminate several fundamental and powerful yet theoretically undeveloped and largely unexplored aspects of collective action in the participatory media (e.g., social media). Through in-depth exploration of relevant concepts, theories, methodologies, applications, and case studies, the reader will gain an advanced understanding of collective action with the advent of the new generation of ICTs enabled by social media and the Internet. The developed theories will be valuable and comprehensive references for those interested in examining the role of ICTs not only in collective action but also in decision and policy making, understanding the dynamics of interaction, collaboration, cooperation, communication, as well as information flow and propagation, and social network research for years to come. Further, the book also serves as an extensive repository of data sets and tools that can be used by researchers leading to a deeper and more fundamental understanding of the dynamics of the crowd in online collective actions.

Surgical Pitfalls

Author : Stephen R. T. Evans
ISBN : 9781416029519
Genre : MEDICAL
File Size : 26. 98 MB
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This book provides a unique visual and comprehensive approach to intra-operative technical errors and covers identification, consequences, repair and prevention of those errors. Detailed analyses of all reported complications for more than 80 major operations help you minimize the risk of errors in surgical procedures ranging from general, thoracic, vascular, and pediatric...to colorectal, endocrine, breast and trauma. A practical approach provides you with the essential guidance you need to make the best clinical decisions. Offers in-depth guidance on the prevention, management, and consequences of complications and pitfalls that occur before, during, and after surgery-all in one convenient resource. Organizes sections according to area of surgery for fast reference. Features a templated outline for specific procedures, allowing you to quickly review the associated pitfalls. Presents over 800 illustrations-including full-color intraoperative and postoperative photos-which enable you to follow the progression of a surgery and watch out for "problem areas," while color line drawings help you visualize complex procedures.

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