social fabrics of the mind volume 7 psychology library editions social psychology

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Social Fabrics Of The Mind

Author : Michael R.A. Chance
ISBN : 9781317542162
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 87. 91 MB
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Originally published in 1988, this book outlines a new evolutionary paradigm for understanding human society and mental structure, originating from the editor's work in primate ethology. It is supported and further elaborated by the contributors. Chance argues that two modes of social interaction, the agonic and hedonic, underlie social life and corresponding mentality. In the agonic mode we are concerned with self-security and our attention is much taken up with being accepted by a group. This mode is based on a recently discovered state of inhibited (braked) mental arousal. Social behaviour is either authoritarian or authority subservient, and has a tendency to control or be controlled. It curbs intelligence and restricts personality development. In the hedonic mode we are freer to form a network of personal relationships that are typically mutually supportive. The hedonic mode leads to the development of self-confidence and a relaxed empathic and collaborative personality with intelligence enhanced. The volume will still be of interest to all concerned with human affairs including those working in ethology, primatology, anthropology, social psychology, psychiatry and political sociology.

Social Fabrics Of The Mind

Author : Michael Robin Alexander Chance
ISBN : 1317542142
Genre : Electronic books
File Size : 49. 69 MB
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Evolutionary Psychiatry

Author : Anthony Stevens
ISBN : 9781317580492
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 62. 46 MB
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Evolutionary Psychiatry was first published in 1996, the second edition followed in 2000. This ground breaking book challenged the medical model which supplied few effective answers to long-standing conundrums. A comprehensive introduction to the science of Darwinian Psychiatry, the second edition included important fresh material on a number of disorders, along with a chapter on research. Anthony Stevens and John Price argue that psychiatric symptoms are manifestations of ancient adaptive strategies which are no longer necessarily appropriate but which can best be understood and treated in an evolutionary and developmental context. Particularly important are the theories Stevens and Price propose to account for the worldwide existence of mood disorders and schizophrenia, as well as offering solutions for such puzzles as paedophilia, sado-masochism and the function of dreams. Readily accessible to both the specialist and non-specialist reader, Evolutionary Psychiatry describes in detail the disorders and conditions commonly encountered in psychiatric practice and shows how evolutionary theory can account for their biological origins and functional nature. This Classic Edition of the book includes a new preface by Anthony Stevens and a foreword by Paul Gilbert.

Evolutionary Psychiatry Second Edition

Author : Anthony Stevens
ISBN : 9781317724704
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 73. 46 MB
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Challenging a medical model which has supplied few effective answers to long-standing conundrums, Evolutionary Psychiatry proposes a new conceptual framework for psychiatry based on Darwinian theory. Anthony Stevens and John Price argue that psychiatric symptoms are manifestations of ancient adaptive strategies which are no longer necessarily appropriate but which can best be understood and treated in an evolutionary and developmental context. They propose theories to account for the widespread existence of affective disorders, borderline states and schizophrenia, as well as offering solutions for puzzles such as sadomasochism and the function of dreams. This comprehensive introduction to the new science of Darwinian Psychiatry is readily accessible to both the specialist and non-specialist reader. It describes in detail the disorders and conditions commonly encountered in psychiatric practice and show how evolutionary theory can account for their biological origins and functional nature.

Cultural Psychology

Author : Carl Ratner
ISBN : 0306466600
Genre : Gardening
File Size : 85. 51 MB
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This book seeks to deepen our understanding of the cultural aspects of human psychology. These are aspects of psychology that originate in, are formed by, reflect, perpetuate, and modify social processes and factors outside the individual mind. My motivation in pursuing cultural psychol ogy is both scientific and political. I believe that construing psychology as a cultural phenomenon is the scientifically correct way to understand psychology; a cultural analysis of psychology can also provide crucial insights for political action to improve human life. The scientific and political aspects of cultural psychology are inter dependent and reciprocally reinforcing. The scientific identification and explanation of cultural aspects of psychology can identify societal changes that will enhance human psychology-to help people become more intel ligent, far-sighted, logical, harmonious, helpful, moral, and secure, and less stressful, disturbed, prejudiced, competitive, aggressive, lonely, insecure, depressed, mystified, and irrational. Conversely, the political orientation of cultural psychology to enhance psychological functioning through comprehending and improving the social fabric advances the scientific understanding of psychology as a cultural phenomenon. Social goals direct cultural psychology to devise special theories and methods that investigate cultural origins, formation, characteristics, and functions of psychology. Traditional theories and methods are not necessarily appli cable because they are informed by a vision of psychology as individual, biological, or universal. The scientific study of cultural psychology is a check on political analyses.

Sozialpsychologie

Author : Elliot Aronson
ISBN : 382737359X
Genre : Social psychology
File Size : 76. 35 MB
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Simulating Minds

Author : Alvin I. Goldman
ISBN : 0198031769
Genre : Philosophy
File Size : 90. 66 MB
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People are minded creatures; we have thoughts, feelings and emotions. More intriguingly, we grasp our own mental states, and conduct the business of ascribing them to ourselves and others without instruction in formal psychology. How do we do this? And what are the dimensions of our grasp of the mental realm? In this book, Alvin I. Goldman explores these questions with the tools of philosophy, developmental psychology, social psychology and cognitive neuroscience. He refines an approach called simulation theory, which starts from the familiar idea that we understand others by putting ourselves in their mental shoes. Can this intuitive idea be rendered precise in a philosophically respectable manner, without allowing simulation to collapse into theorizing? Given a suitable definition, do empirical results support the notion that minds literally create (or attempt to create) surrogates of other peoples mental states in the process of mindreading? Goldman amasses a surprising array of evidence from psychology and neuroscience that supports this hypothesis.

Tribe

Author : Sebastian Junger
ISBN : 9783641203610
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 63. 24 MB
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Unser Trauma: eine Gesellschaft ohne Gemeinschaft. »Entbehrungen machen dem Menschen nichts aus, er ist sogar auf sie angewiesen; worunter er jedoch leidet, ist das Gefühl, nicht gebraucht zu werden. Die moderne Gesellschaft hat die Kunst perfektioniert, Menschen das Gefühl der Nutzlosigkeit zu geben. Es ist an der Zeit, dem ein Ende zu setzen.« Sebastian Junger Warum beschließen Soldaten nach ihrer Rückkehr aus dem Krieg und in die Heimat, sich zu neuen Einsätzen zu melden? Warum sind Belastungsstörungen und Depressionen in unserer modernen Gesellschaft so virulent? Warum erinnern sich Menschen oft sehnsüchtiger an Katastrophenerfahrungen als an Hochzeiten oder Karibikurlaube? Mit Tribe hat Sebastian Junger eines der meistdiskutierten Werke des Jahres vorgelegt. Er erklärt, was wir von Stammeskulturen über Loyalität, Gemeinschaftsgefühl und die ewige Suche des Menschen nach Sinn lernen können.

Books In Series

Author :
ISBN : UOM:39015021462695
Genre : Monographic series
File Size : 50. 73 MB
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Hilgards Einf Hrung In Die Psychologie

Author : Rita L. Atkinson
ISBN : 3827404894
Genre : Psychology
File Size : 25. 10 MB
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Eine EinfA1/4hrung in die gesamte Psychologie als Kerncurriculum fA1/4r Haupt- und Nebenfachstudenten ist der deutsche Hilgard fA1/4r die deutsche Psychologie beides, ein bereits an vielen UniversitAten als PrA1/4fungslektA1/4re empfohlener Klassiker und eine NovitAt: Es gibt nAmlich kein etabliertes Lehrbuch der gesamten Psychologie, das das Kernwissen dieses Faches fA1/4r Haupt- und NebenfAchler zusammenfaAt. Die Gutachtermeinungen waren eindeutig, die Herausgeber, Prof. Elke van der Meer, Humboldt-UniversitAt, und Prof. Joachim Grabowski, PAdagogische Hochschule Heidelberg, haben das Buch an die BedA1/4rfnisse von Haupt- und Nebenfachstudenten angepaAt, so daA es das Grundwissen fA1/4r den ersten Studienabschnitt erschlieAt. Neben den Grundthemen der Allgemeinen Psychologie als Kernfach werden die Grundlagen der Biologischen, Differentiellen, der Klinischen und der Sozialpsychologie A1/4bersichtlich dargestellt - entsprechend den groAen PrA1/4fungsfAchern im Diplomstudiengang.

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