social movements in twentieth century iran culture ideology and mobilizing frameworks

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Social Movements In Twentieth Century Iran

Author : Stephen C. Poulson
ISBN : 0739117572
Genre : History
File Size : 69. 45 MB
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Stephen C. Poulson investigates cycles of social protest in Iran from 1890 to the present era. This work covers the following social movements: the 1890-92 Tobacco Movement; the 1906-09 Constitutional Revolution; two post-World War II movements, the Tudeh (Masses) and the National Front; the 1963 Qom Protest; and the 1978-79 Iranian Revolution. Poulson shows how various Iranian political actors have framed their dissent, drawing on both regional and Western-influenced modes of protest to achieve their ends.

Social Movements In Egypt And Iran

Author : T. Povey
ISBN : 9781137379009
Genre : History
File Size : 61. 94 MB
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This book analyses the reform movement in Iran and the Egyptian opposition movement since the early 1990s in their historical contexts. It argues that the contemporary movements seen on the streets of the regions today represent the culmination of over twenty years of mobilisation by social movements.

Social Movements In Iran

Author : Simin Fadaee
ISBN : 9781136459146
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 72. 28 MB
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Despite the growing significance of social movements worldwide, scholarship on the subject remains largely Western in nature, with studies written primarily by Western scholars and based on the experiences of Western cultures and societies. This book makes an important contribution to the study of social movements in non-Western societies by examining their development in Iran. With a particular focus on the recent environmental movement, the author sheds new light on the implications and significance of these movements. Drawing on in-depth original research, the case study of the environmental movement is integrated into a historical and comparative analysis. Implementing the new social movement theory of Touraine and Melucci in the Iranian context, the author shows that although the reform movement of Iran is unique, in some aspects it is a continuation of the past social movements. She places emphasis on the role of women in recent Iranian social movements, exploring the significance of social movements in civil society and in instigating social change. Using the case of Iran to offer a critical framework for studying social change and transformation of non-European countries, this book fills an important gap in the existing literature on the topic. As such, it will be of great interest to scholars and students of sociology, political science and Middle Eastern studies.

Al Qaeda S Global Crisis

Author : V. G. Julie Rajan
ISBN : 9781317645375
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 63. 21 MB
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This book focuses on the crises facing Al Qaeda and how the mass killing of Muslims is challenging its credibility as a leader among Islamist jihadist organizations. The book argues that these crises are directly related to Al Qaeda’s affiliation with the extreme violence employed against Muslims in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan in the decade since 9/11. Al Qaeda’s public and private responses to this violence differ greatly. While in public Al Qaeda has justified those attacks declaring that, for the establishment of a state of ‘true believers’, they are a necessary evil, in private Al Qaeda has been advising its local affiliates to refrain from killing Muslims. To better understand the crises facing Al Qaeda, the book explores the development of Central Al Qaeda’s complex relationship with radical (mis)appropriations and manifestations of takfir, which allows one Muslim to declare another an unbeliever, and its unique relationship with each of its affiliates in Iraq, Syria, Afghanistan and Pakistan. The author then goes on to consider how the prominence of takfir is contributing to the deteriorating security in those countries and how this is affecting Al Qaeda’s credibility as an Islamist terror organization. The book concludes by considering the long-term viability of Al Qaeda and how its demise could allow the rise of the even more radical, violent Islamic State and the implications this has for the future security of the Middle East, North Africa and Central/South Asia. This book will be of much interest to students of political violence and terrorism, Islamism, global security and IR.

Why Would Anyone Do That

Author : Stephen C. Poulson
ISBN : 9780813575728
Genre : Sports & Recreation
File Size : 87. 16 MB
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Triathlons, such as the famously arduous Ironman Triathlon, and “extreme” mountain biking—hair-raising events held over exceedingly dangerous terrain—are prime examples of the new “lifestyle sports” that have grown in recent years from oddball pursuits, practiced by a handful of characters, into multi-million-dollar industries. In Why Would Anyone Do That? sociologist Stephen C. Poulson offers a fascinating exploration of these new and physically demanding sports, shedding light on why some people find them so compelling. Drawing on interviews with lifestyle sport competitors, on his own experience as a participant, on advertising for lifestyle sport equipment, and on editorial content of adventure sport magazines, Poulson addresses a wide range of issues. He notes that these sports are often described as “authentic” challenges which help keep athletes sane given the demands they confront in their day-to-day lives. But is it really beneficial to “work” so hard at “play?” Is the discipline required to do these sports really an expression of freedom, or do these sports actually impose extraordinary degrees of conformity upon these athletes? Why Would Anyone Do That? grapples with these questions, and more generally with whether lifestyle sport should always be considered “good” for people. Poulson also looks at what happens when a sport becomes a commodity—even a sport that may have begun as a reaction against corporate and professional sport—arguing that commodification inevitably plays a role in determining who plays, and also how and why the sport is played. It can even help provide the meaning that athletes assign to their participation in the sport. Finally, the book explores the intersections of race, class, and gender with respect to participation in lifestyle and endurance sports, noting in particular that there is a near complete absence of people of color in most of these contests. In addition, Poulson examines how concepts of masculinity in triathlons have changed as women’s roles in this sport increase.

Die Blinde Eule

Author :
ISBN : 3980790924
Genre :
File Size : 52. 67 MB
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En penneæskemaler går i sin stræben efter skønhed og renhed til grunde, og bliver med sit dybe mismod og lede over skønhedens ufuldbyrdelse et symbol på den lidende evigt søgende kunstner


Author : Annabelle Sreberny
ISBN : 9783868545463
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 41. 63 MB
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Die Protestwelle nach der umstrittenen Präsidentschaftswahl im Iran vom Juni 2009 lenkte die Aufmerksamkeit der Weltöffentlichkeit auf die lebendige Internetkultur der Islamischen Republik. Das Internet, heißt es, befördert den gesellschaftlichen Wandel in Ländern wie dem Iran, doch inwiefern unterscheidet sich das Netz von den Printmedien? Stellt es tatsächlich eine neue öffentliche Sphäre dar? Welchen Einfluss haben soziale Netzwerke wie Facebook, Twitter oder YouTube auf die Organisation von Demonstrationen? Bringt die iranische Blogosphäre eine Kultur des Dissidententums hervor, die das islamistische Regime am Ende zu Fall bringen wird? Diese wegweisende Studie bietet Einblicke in die Internetkultur im heutigen Iran und untersucht die Auswirkungen der neuen Kommunikationsformen auf Gesellschaft und Politik. Die Autoren warnen davor, "Blogger" mit "Dissident" gleichzusetzen, denn auch das Regime hat längst mit der "Kolonisierung Blogistans" begonnen. Das Internet, so eine ihrer Thesen, bringt Veränderungen mit sich, die weder die Regierung noch die Demokratiebewegungen vorhersehen konnten und können. "Blogistan" ist nicht nur eine Fallstudie zur Internetaneigung in der islamischen Welt, sondern das Buch macht auch deutlich, welche Auswirkungen die Neuen Medien auf gesellschaftliche Strukturen und Prozesse haben.


Author : Chalmers A. Johnson
ISBN : 3462008226
Genre :
File Size : 40. 47 MB
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Strategische Politische Kommunikation Im Digitalen Wandel

Author : Michael Oswald
ISBN : 9783658208608
Genre : Political Science
File Size : 37. 25 MB
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Die Digitalisierung hat in den vergangenen Jahren sowohl die Kommunikationsroutinen als auch die Agenden von politischen Akteuren nachhaltig verändert. Einerseits hat der Medienwandel neue Möglichkeiten zur politischen Partizipation und Interaktion hervorgebracht. Andererseits werden digitale Phänomene wie Fake News oder Hassrede von politischen Akteuren instrumentalisiert, um strategische Ziele durchzusetzen. Inwieweit die sozialen Medien dabei zu Echokammern der Nutzer werden, ist umstritten. An einem scheinbaren Siedepunkt der Debatte zum Medienwandel gibt dieser Sammelband einen Überblick über die Auswirkungen der Digitalisierung auf die strategische Politische Kommunikation. Anhand aktueller Untersuchungen werden dabei politik- und kommunikationswissenschaftliche Perspektiven zu einer interdisziplinären Bestandsaufnahme zusammengeführt. Der Inhalt• Kommunikationsstrukturen im Wandel• Social-Media-Kommunikation im US-Wahlkampf 2016• Digitale Strategien politischer Akteure• Kommunikations- und Kampagnenmanagement• Politische Partizipation online und offline Die Zielgruppen• Politik- und Kommunikationswissenschaftler• Politik-Journalisten• Politikberater und -strategen• Politische Akteure Die HerausgeberDr. Michael Oswald ist Akademischer Rat am Lehrstuhl für Politikwissenschaft an der Universität Passau, Associate Research Fellow und Lehrbeauftragter am John F. Kennedy Institut, Faculty-Member bei CIFE (Int. Zentrum für europäische Bildung) und bei Nautilus Politikberatung.Michael Johann ist wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Lehrstuhl für Computervermittelte Kommunikation an der Universität Passau.

Radikaler Protest

Author : Andreas Pettenkofer
ISBN : 9783593387604
Genre : Social Science
File Size : 64. 80 MB
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Die Bedingungen, unter denen radikale Protestbewegungen entstehen, sind zentral für die Erklärung sozialen Wandels. Andreas Pettenkofer liefert eine – bisher fehlende – kritische Gesamtdarstellung der entsprechenden Theorien. Darüber hinaus entwirft er in Anknüpfung an Konzepte der klassischen Religionssoziologie eine Theorie, um die Mechanismen auch des kulturellen Wandels zu erklären, die mit Protestbewegungen verbunden sind. Er ermöglicht damit ein genaueres Verständnis von Protestphänomenen. Zugleich zeigt er, welchen Nutzen die Analyse radikaler Protestbewegungen für die allgemeine sozialtheoretische Diskussion bringt.

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